Passiflora incarnata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
apricot-vine maypop maypop passionflower passionflower
Passiflora incarnata

Medical use

Economic importance of Passiflora incarnata

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Human food potential as fruit
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Passiflora incarnata Passiflora incarnata Passiflora incarnata Passiflora incarnata Passiflora incarnata Passiflora incarnata Passiflora incarnata Passiflora incarnata Passiflora incarnata Passiflora incarnata Passiflora incarnata Passiflora incarnata Passiflora incarnata

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana , Ohio , West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois , Kansas , Missouri , Oklahoma
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Isovitexin found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Vitexin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Flower
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Acaricide
Formic-acid found in Plant
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Shoot
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Vitexin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Anesthetic
Scopoletin found in Root
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (265000 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (20000 ppm)
Anorexic
Selenium found in Flower
Anthelmintic
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Plant
Phenylalanine found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Stem
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Flower
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Plant
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (0.5 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Flower
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (2.1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Flower
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Root
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Root
Antiaggregant
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Flower
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Fruit (58 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Glutamine found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (2.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antianemic
Iron found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Fruit (58 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (2.1 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Flower
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Flower
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Flower (0.5 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Apigenin found in Plant
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Vitexin found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Flower
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (2.1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Flower
Antiatherogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Flower
Antibacterial
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmalol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Antibradiquinic
Vitexin found in Plant
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Root
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Fruit (58 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Flower (0.5 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Flower (0.5 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (0.5 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (0.5 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Fruit (58 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (0.5 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Root
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Flower
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Flower
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Maltol found in Shoot (500 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (0.5 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Glutamine found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Stem
Potassium found in Flower (20000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Flower
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Plant
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Vitexin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (265000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (2.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Flower (2.1 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Flower
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Flower (2.1 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Tyrosine found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Seed
Valine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Stem
Zinc found in Flower
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (2.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Maltol found in Shoot (500 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (20000 ppm)
Antifeedant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Flower
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antiganglionic
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Flower (0.5 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigout
Selenium found in Flower
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Plant
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Shoot
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Root
Vitexin found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (265000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (20000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Flower
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Flower
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower
Antiinflammatory
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Orientin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Root
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Vitexin found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Flower (0.5 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Flower
Antileishmanic
Harmaline found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Flower
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Flower
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Flower
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Root
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Luteolin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
Antimalarial
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Flower
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Fruit (58 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (0.5 ppm)
Antimitotic
Harmalol found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Root
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
N-nonacosane found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Flower
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Flower
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Flower
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (265000 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Flower
Antiophidic
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Shoot
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (2.1 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Flower (3700 ppm);found in Fruit (1564 ppm)
Silicon found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
Antiototic
Manganese found in Flower (2.1 ppm)
Antioxidant
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Isoorientin found in Plant
Isovitexin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Maltol found in Shoot (500 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (2.1 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Orientin found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Flower (0.5 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Sucrose found in Shoot
Vicenin found in Plant
Vitexin found in Plant
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Stem
Selenium found in Flower
Tyrosine found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Seed
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (0.5 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Isoorientin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Vicenin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiphenylketonuric
Tyrosine found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Seed
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (0.5 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Flower
Antiproliferant
Apigenin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Flower
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Flower
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Antisecretory
D-glucose found in Plant
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Zinc found in Flower
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiserotoninic
Vitexin found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Antisickling
Glutamine found in Fruit
Phenylalanine found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Stem
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Flower
Antispasmodic
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (20000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Root
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Flower
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (20000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Plant
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (2.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Plant
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Vitexin found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Flower
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower
Antitrypanosomic
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Harmol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antitumor
Apigenin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (265000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Flower
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (265000 ppm)
Glutamine found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Tyrosine found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Flower
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Plant
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Antiviral
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Stem
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Plant
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Flower (3700 ppm);found in Fruit (1564 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (20000 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Plant
Vitexin found in Plant
Aphrodisiac
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmalol found in Shoot
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Flower
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Artemicide
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Shoot
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (265000 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (20000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bradycardic
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Root
Bruchifuge
Butyric-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
CNS-Sedative
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Maltol found in Shoot (500 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmalol found in Shoot
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (265000 ppm)
Isovitexin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Maltol found in Shoot (500 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Orientin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Flower (0.5 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Tyrosine found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Root
Vitexin found in Plant
Candidicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Root
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Flower (10 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (265000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (20000 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower
Silicon found in Flower
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Flower (20000 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Catabolic
Glutamine found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Cholagogue
Scopoletin found in Root
Choleretic
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Shoot
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Convulsant
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmane found in Plant (120 ppm)
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Flower
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Plant
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Cyclin-B1-Inhibitor
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Cyclin-D1-Inhibitor
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Apigenin found in Plant
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmalol found in Shoot
Harmane found in Plant (120 ppm)
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Root
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Shoot
Deodorant
Zinc found in Flower
Depressant
Selenium found in Flower
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Desmutagenic
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmalol found in Shoot
Harmane found in Plant (120 ppm)
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (265000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (20000 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Flower
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Flower (10 ppm)
Essential
Valine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Stem
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Euphoriant
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
FLavor
Formic-acid found in Plant
Maltol found in Shoot (500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Valine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Stem
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Shoot
Sucrose found in Shoot
Fungicide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Flower
Umbelliferone found in Root
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Plant
Maltol found in Shoot (500 ppm)
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Goitrogenic
Vitexin found in Plant
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hallucinogenic
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Herbicide
Harmane found in Plant (120 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Sucrose found in Shoot
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Flower (50 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (265000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (2.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Root
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Hypotensive
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (265000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (20000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Vitexin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (265000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Flower (3700 ppm);found in Fruit (1564 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
Immunosuppressant
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insecticide
Rutin found in Plant
Insectifuge
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Plant
Schaftoside found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Irritant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Larvistat
Isoorientin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (265000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Flower
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Root
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Harmane found in Plant (120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-B-Inhibitor
Harmane found in Plant (120 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Flower (2.5 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Stem
Tyrosine found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Seed
Motor-Depressant
Harmane found in Plant (120 ppm)
Maltol found in Shoot (500 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nematicide
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Nematistat
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Neurotoxic
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Flower
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Flower (3700 ppm);found in Fruit (1564 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Plant
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Root
Pesticide
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmalol found in Shoot
Harmane found in Plant (120 ppm)
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Isoorientin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Maltol found in Shoot (500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Flower
Umbelliferone found in Root
Zinc found in Flower
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Photoactive
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Root
Phototoxic
Harmaline found in Shoot
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Root
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Root
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Selenium found in Flower
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Plant
Sucrose found in Shoot
Progestational
Apigenin found in Plant
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Iron found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Fruit (58 ppm)
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Flower
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Flower
Protisticide
Harmaline found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Psychotropic
Harmaline found in Shoot
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Vicenin found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Sedative
Apigenin found in Plant
Maltol found in Shoot (500 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Flower
Spinodepressant
Harmaline found in Shoot
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Sunscreen
Apigenin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Root
Sweetener
Maltol found in Shoot (500 ppm)
Sucrose found in Shoot
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Flower
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Thyroid-Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Vitexin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gynocardin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Harmane found in Plant (120 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmane found in Plant (120 ppm)
Harmine found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Stem
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Flower
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Shoot
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Flower (48 ppm)
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Shoot
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Uteroactive
Harmaline found in Shoot
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Root
Uterotonic
Harmaline found in Shoot
Harmane found in Plant (120 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Flower
Vasodilator
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (4600 ppm);found in Fruit (509 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (265000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2500 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (95 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (20000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm)
Sucrose found in Shoot
Zinc found in Flower
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Root
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Orientin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Vitexin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alkaloids Shoot 100 900
Alpha-alanine Plant
Apigenin Plant
Ascorbic-acid Flower 11 100
Ash Flower 3,190 29,000
Beta-carotene Flower 5.3 48
Butyric-acid Plant
Calcium Flower 506 4,600
Fruit 140 509
Campherol Plant
Carbohydrates Fruit 210,000 764,000
Chromium Flower 0.3 2.5
Cobalt Flower 1 10
D-fructose Plant
D-glucose Plant
Ethyl-maltol Shoot
Fat Flower 9,130 83,000
Fruit 33,000 120,000
Fiber Fruit 73,000 265,000
Fiber(crude) Flower 70,000
Fiber(dietary) Flower 420,000
Flavonoids Plant 15,000 25,000
Formic-acid Plant
Glutamine Fruit
Gum Plant 2,500
Gynocardin Leaf 100 1,000
Harmaline Shoot
Harmalol Shoot
Harmane Plant 1 120
Harmine Shoot 70
Harmol Shoot
Homoorientin Plant
Iron Flower 0.8 7
Fruit 16 58
Isoorientin Plant
Isoorientin-2''-glucoside Plant
Isoschaftoside Plant
Isovitexin Plant
Isovitexin-2''-beta-d-glucoside Shoot
Kaempferol Plant
Lucenin-2 Plant
Lutenin-2 Plant
Luteolin Plant
Magnesium Flower 275 2,500
Maltol Shoot 500
Manganese Flower 0.2 2.1
Myristic-acid Plant
N-nonacosane Shoot
Niacin Flower 11 95
Oleic-acid Plant
Orientin Plant
Palmitic-acid Plant
Passicol Plant
Passiflorine Plant
Phenylalanine Fruit
Leaf
Seed
Stem
Phosphorus Flower 407 3,700
Fruit 430 1,564
Potassium Flower 2,200 20,000
Proline Plant
Protein Flower 13,200 120,000
Fruit 23,000 84,000
Quercetin Leaf
Raffinose Shoot
Riboflavin Flower 0.1 0.5
Rutin Plant
Saponaretin Plant
Saponarin Plant
Saponarine Plant
Schaftoside Plant
Scopoletin Root
Selenium Flower
Silicon Flower
Sitosterol Shoot
Sodium Flower 6 50
Stigmasterol Shoot
Sucrose Shoot
Thiamine Flower
Tyrosine Leaf
Stem
Seed
Umbelliferone Root
Valine Leaf
Seed
Stem
Vicenin Plant
Vicenin-2 Plant
Vitexin Plant
Water Flower 890,000
Zinc Flower
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]