Parthenocissus quinquefolia Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
American-ivy five-leaf-ivy Virginia-creeper woodbine

Parthenocissus quinquefolia, known as Virginia creeper, Victoria creeper, five-leaved ivy, or five-finger, is a species of flowering plant in the vine family Vitaceae, native to eastern and central North America, in southeastern Canada, the eastern and central United States, eastern Mexico, and Guatemala, west as far as Manitoba, South Dakota, Utah and Texas.

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Medical use

Economic importance of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario, Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico , Texas
    • Mexico
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala

Biological activities

Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (20000 ppm)
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Fruit
Additive
Tartaric-acid found in Fruit
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidecubitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidermatotic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antienteritic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antinitrosaminic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiophidic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antipolio
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antirhinitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (20000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiviral
Anthocyanin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Astringent
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (20000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Mucilage found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Glycolic-acid found in Fruit
Cytotoxic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Plant
Detoxicant
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Diuretic
Glycolic-acid found in Fruit
Emetic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
FLavor
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tartaric-acid found in Fruit
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (20000 ppm)
Hemostat
Anthocyanin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (20000 ppm)
Hepatotonic
Glycolic-acid found in Fruit
Hepatotoxic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Mucilage found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Irritant
Glycolic-acid found in Fruit
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (20000 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Fruit
Pesticide
Anthocyanin found in Leaf
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (20000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (20000 ppm)
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Fruit
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (20000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Anthocyanidin Leaf
Anthocyanin Leaf
Calcium-glycolate Fruit
Calcium-tartrate Fruit
Cissotannic-acid Leaf
Glycolic-acid Fruit
Leucoanthocyanidin Leaf
Mucilage Plant
Oxalic-acid Fruit 20,000
Potassium-tartrate Fruit
Pyrocatechin Leaf
Sodium-tartrate Fruit
Tannic-acid Leaf
Tartaric-acid Fruit
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]