Panax quinquefolius Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
American ginseng ginseng Occidental ginseng sang sheng
Panax quinquefolius

Medical use

Economic importance of Panax quinquefolius

Food additives flavoring
Materials gum/resin lipids
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • China: China
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario, Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota , Missouri, Nebraska , Oklahoma , South Dakota , Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (41917 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant (30 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
ACTH-genic
Saikosaponin-a found in Plant
AChE-Inhibitor
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Vanadium found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (58670 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Plant (320000 ppm)
Acaricide
Formic-acid found in Plant
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Root (3200 ppm)
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Plant
Adaptogenic
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Plant (108 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Plant (85000 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Root (158600 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Allergenic
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Analgesic
Adenosine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Ginsenoside-re found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Root (13800 ppm);found in Plant (1450 ppm)
Panacen found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Boron found in Plant (96 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Anesthetic
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (245000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (33800 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Plant (0.44 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Plant
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
AntiAddisonian
Cysteine found in Plant (200 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
AntiHIV
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (1 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (156 ppm)
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Elemol found in Root Essent. Oil (14637 ppm)
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Plant (1540 ppm)
Antiacne
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Sulfur found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Adenosine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Ginsenoside-r-o found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Leaf (3500 ppm);found in Plant (48 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (8600 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-2 found in Leaf ;found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Panaxynol found in Plant
Saikosaponin-a found in Plant
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Plant (407 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Root (3400 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (156 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Plant (1540 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant (10 ppm)
Antialopecic
Biotin found in Plant (9 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (41917 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant (30 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Antiamnesic
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Leaf (2900 ppm);found in Plant (1480 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (20900 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (41917 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antianemic
Adenine found in Plant
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Iron found in Plant (407 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (156 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Ginsenoside-rg-3 found in Plant (32 ppm);found in Root
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Adenosine found in Plant
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (33800 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Silicon found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (156 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant (10 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Sulfur found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Escin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Vanadium found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Iodine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Antibiotic
Cysteine found in Plant (200 ppm)
Antibradykinic
Escin found in Plant
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Anticancer
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Plant (407 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Anticapillarihemorrhagic
Escin found in Plant
Anticapillary-Fragility
Escin found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Plant (1 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Cysteine found in Plant (200 ppm)
Methionine found in Plant (340 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant (10 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (1 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (1 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Iron found in Plant (407 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Maltol found in Plant
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Anticoronary
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Anticystitic
Superoxide-dismutase found in Root
Anticytotoxic
Cysteine found in Plant (200 ppm)
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Sulfur found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Plant
Potassium found in Plant (33800 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Biotin found in Plant (9 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant (10 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (245000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root (3400 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ginsenin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Maltose found in Plant ;found in Root (3800 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (156 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant
Vanadium found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Xylose found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Plant (156 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Adenosine found in Plant
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Plant
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (156 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Antieclamptic
Escin found in Plant
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Methionine found in Plant (340 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Escin found in Plant
Ginsenoside-r-o found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Glucose found in Root (3200 ppm)
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Plant (17615 ppm)
Glycine found in Plant (1540 ppm)
Leucine found in Plant (1530 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Plant
Valine found in Plant (82 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Adenosine found in Plant
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Plant
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antiepiglottitic
Escin found in Plant
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Plant (4450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (156 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antiexudative
Escin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Leaf (3500 ppm);found in Plant (48 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (8600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Maltol found in Plant
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant (10 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (33800 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (41917 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiflu
Escin found in Plant
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Saikosaponin-a found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Glycine found in Plant (1540 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Escin found in Plant
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Plant
Antiglossitic
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Plant
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Antigout
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antigranulocytopenic
Adenine found in Plant
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Fructose found in Root (3400 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Escin found in Plant
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Plant (17615 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Antihepatoglycogenic
Prostisol found in Plant
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Plant (340 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Glucose found in Root (3200 ppm)
Glucuronic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Escin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lysine found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Plant (85000 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Root (158600 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Escin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Plant (108 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Plant (4450 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant (10 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Antihypertensive
Adenosine found in Plant
Arginine found in Plant (17615 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (245000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (33800 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Plant (17615 ppm)
Estrone found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Plant (17615 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Vanadium found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
24-methylene-cycloartanol found in Seed Oil
Alpha-curcumene found in Root Essent. Oil (8677 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-santalene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Escin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Ginsenoside-r-o found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Saikosaponin-a found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root
Superoxide-dismutase found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Adenosine found in Plant
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Antiinsulinogenic
Vanadium found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Root (3400 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Glucose found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Adenosine found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Plant (4450 ppm)
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antimalarial
Alpha-selinene found in Plant
Beta-selinene found in Plant
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Vanadium found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Estrone found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Plant (407 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antimetaplastic
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Plant (4310 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nonacosane found in Plant
Pectin found in Plant
Saponins found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Antimyasthenic
Guanidine found in Plant
Antimyelotoxic
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Antimyocarodtic
Ginsenoside-rb found in Plant
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Root (3400 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Plant (320000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Biotin found in Plant (9 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Antinociceptive
24-methylene-cycloartanol found in Seed Oil
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (245000 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Silicon found in Plant
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Antiophthalmic
Cysteine found in Plant (200 ppm)
Sucrose found in Plant (85000 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Root (158600 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Boron found in Plant (96 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Superoxide-dismutase found in Root
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Boron found in Plant (96 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (156 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (5200 ppm)
Silicon found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Antiototic
Manganese found in Plant (156 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Campesterol found in Plant
Cholesterol found in Seed Oil
Cysteine found in Plant (200 ppm)
Escin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Histidine found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Maltol found in Plant
Manganese found in Plant (156 ppm)
Methionine found in Plant (340 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
P-hydroxycinnamic-acid found in Plant (28 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (41917 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant (30 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (1 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Stigmasterol found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root
Sucrose found in Plant (85000 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Root (158600 ppm)
Superoxide-dismutase found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Methionine found in Plant (340 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Plant
Tyrosine found in Plant
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Plant (370 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontal
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Escin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tyrosine found in Plant
Antiphlebitic
Escin found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Riboflavin found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antiplaque
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Alpha-selinene found in Plant
Beta-selinene found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Antipleuritic
Escin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Antipolyp
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-elemene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Estrone found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Glutamic-acid found in Plant (4450 ppm)
Glycine found in Plant (1540 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Plant (1540 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipsychotic
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Leaf (2900 ppm);found in Plant (1480 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (20900 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Antiraucedo
Escin found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Plant (4450 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Antirheumatic
24-methylene-cycloartanol found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Escin found in Plant
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (58670 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Biotin found in Plant (9 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Sulfur found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Antisecretory
D-glucose found in Plant (15000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Iodine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Sulfur found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Antishock
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Plant
Glycine found in Plant (1540 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Plant (285 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Adenosine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (33800 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Leaf (2900 ppm);found in Plant (1480 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (20900 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Leaf (3500 ppm);found in Plant (48 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (8600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (33800 ppm)
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (156 ppm)
Vanadium found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antitachycardic
Adenosine found in Plant
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antithrombotic
Escin found in Plant
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Plant
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antitonsilitic
Escin found in Plant
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-curcumene found in Root Essent. Oil (8677 ppm)
Alpha-humulene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Cysteine found in Plant (200 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant (245000 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Leaf (2900 ppm);found in Plant (1480 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (20900 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rf found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root ;found in Plant (25 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Leaf (3500 ppm);found in Plant (48 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (8600 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-3 found in Plant (32 ppm);found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Malic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Antitussive
Pectin found in Plant
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (58670 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Cysteine found in Plant (200 ppm)
Elemol found in Root Essent. Oil (14637 ppm)
Escin found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant (245000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Leaf (2900 ppm);found in Plant (1480 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (20900 ppm)
Glycine found in Plant (1540 ppm)
Histidine found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Threonine found in Plant (1070 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Aluminum found in Plant (285 ppm)
Estrone found in Plant
Antivaricose
Escin found in Plant
Glucose found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Antiviral
Adenine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (58670 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Escin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Iodine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Nonacosane found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Saikosaponin-a found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Plant
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Adenosine found in Plant
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Plant (4450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (5200 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (33800 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Plant (17615 ppm)
Estrone found in Plant
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Leaf (3500 ppm);found in Plant (48 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (8600 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root
Arteriodilator
Adenosine found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Plant (85000 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Root (158600 ppm)
Avifuge
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Plant (245000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (33800 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant (40000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
CNS-Sedative
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Leaf (2900 ppm);found in Plant (1480 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (20900 ppm)
Maltol found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Adenine found in Plant
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Leaf (3500 ppm);found in Plant (48 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (8600 ppm)
Panacen found in Plant
Panaxin found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Leaf (2900 ppm);found in Plant (1480 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (20900 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Leaf (9300 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Plant (43 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-3 found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Root (300 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rc found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (3100 ppm)
Ginsenoside-re found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Root (13800 ppm);found in Plant (1450 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rf found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root ;found in Plant (25 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Leaf (3500 ppm);found in Plant (48 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (8600 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-2 found in Leaf ;found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rh1 found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Rhizome (9800 ppm)
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid-ethyl-ester found in Root Essent. Oil (73504 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
24-methylene-cycloartanol found in Seed Oil
Alanine found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Cysteine found in Plant (200 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant (245000 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Glycine found in Plant (1540 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Maltol found in Plant
Methionine found in Plant (340 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant (10 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (1 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Serine found in Plant (1240 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Stigmasterol found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Tyrosine found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Cancerostatic
Escin found in Plant
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Plant (285 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Estradiol found in Plant
Estrone found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Plant (0.44 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (245000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (33800 ppm)
Silicon found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Panaxic-acid found in Plant
Panaxin found in Plant
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Plant (33800 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Panaxin found in Plant
Cerebrotoxic
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Pectin found in Plant
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Cholagogue
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Cholinergic
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Plant (85000 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Root (158600 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Contraceptive
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Convulsant
Guanidine found in Plant
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Plant
Corticomimetic
Escin found in Plant
Corticosterogenic
Escin found in Plant
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Corticosteroidogenic
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Leaf (2900 ppm);found in Plant (1480 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (20900 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Leaf (9300 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Plant (43 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rc found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (3100 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rd found in Leaf (22900 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1600 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Plant (15 ppm);found in Root (7700 ppm)
Ginsenoside-re found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Root (13800 ppm);found in Plant (1450 ppm)
Cortocosterone-genic
Saikosaponin-a found in Plant
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Panaxydol found in Root (950 ppm)
Panaxynol found in Plant
Panaxytriol found in Root (59.1 ppm)
Demulcent
Pectin found in Plant
Sucrose found in Plant (85000 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Root (158600 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Iodine found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Cysteine found in Plant (200 ppm)
Glucuronic-acid found in Plant
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Root
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Diuretic
Adenine found in Plant
Arginine found in Plant (17615 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Asparagine found in Plant
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Escin found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant (245000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (33800 ppm)
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Xylose found in Root
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Plant (340 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Plant (320000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Plant (285 ppm)
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Endrocrin-Tonic
Panaxin found in Plant
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Plant (0.44 ppm)
Essential
Guanine found in Plant
Histidine found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Plant (370 ppm)
Leucine found in Plant (1530 ppm)
Lysine found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Methionine found in Plant (340 ppm)
Threonine found in Plant (1070 ppm)
Valine found in Plant (82 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Boron found in Plant (96 ppm)
Estradiol found in Plant
Estrone found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root
Ethanolytic
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
FLavor
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Isovaleric-acid found in Plant (7 ppm)
Maltol found in Plant
N-butyric-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (41917 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant (30 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Plant (4 ppm)
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Pyruvic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Threonine found in Plant (1070 ppm)
Valine found in Plant (82 ppm)
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Fibrinolytic
Ginsenoside-r-o found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Panaxynol found in Plant
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Plant
Sucrose found in Plant (85000 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Root (158600 ppm)
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Escin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Iodine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Pectin found in Plant
Propionic-acid found in Plant (4 ppm)
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Plant
Maltol found in Plant
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Glucogonogenic
Adenosine found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant
Glutathionalytic
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Glutathionergic
Cysteine found in Plant (200 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Plant (340 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Hallucinogenic
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Hematopoietic
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Hemolytic
Escin found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (41917 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant (30 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Plant
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Ginsenoside-rh1 found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Rhizome (9800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Methionine found in Plant (340 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Guanidine found in Plant
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Homeostatic
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Leaf (3500 ppm);found in Plant (48 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (8600 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Escin found in Plant
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (41917 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant (30 ppm)
Sucrose found in Plant (85000 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Root (158600 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Root (3200 ppm)
Saikosaponin-a found in Plant
Hypertensive
Guanidine found in Plant
Sodium found in Plant (4800 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Plant
Hyperuricemic
Adenine found in Plant
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Plant (17615 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
24-methylene-cycloartanol found in Seed Oil
Adenosine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Campesterol found in Plant
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Fiber found in Plant (245000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Leaf (9300 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Plant (43 ppm)
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Panaxic-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root
Vanadium found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Adenosine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Ginsenin found in Plant
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Leaf (2900 ppm);found in Plant (1480 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (20900 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Leaf (9300 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Plant (43 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Leaf (3500 ppm);found in Plant (48 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (8600 ppm)
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Guanidine found in Plant
Manganese found in Plant (156 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Panaxan-a found in Root
Panaxan-b found in Root
Panaxan-c found in Root
Panaxan-d found in Root
Panaxan-e found in Root
Pectin found in Plant
Prostisol found in Plant
Quinquefolan-a found in Root
Quinquefolan-b found in Root
Quinquefolan-c found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Vanadium found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Hypotensive
Adenosine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (245000 ppm)
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (33800 ppm)
Vanadium found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Hypothermic
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Leaf (2900 ppm);found in Plant (1480 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (20900 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Alpha-curcumene found in Root Essent. Oil (8677 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Leaf (9300 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Plant (43 ppm)
Vanadium found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Plant (245000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Adenosine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Saponins found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (5200 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Insecticide
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Insectifuge
Adenine found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Trans-beta-farnesene found in Root Essent. Oil (63517 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Insulinic
Adenosine found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Irritant
Caproic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (28600 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Isobutyric-acid found in Plant (15 ppm)
Isovaleric-acid found in Plant (7 ppm)
Malonic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Propionic-acid found in Plant (4 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Sulfur found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Lactogenic
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Laxative
Adenosine found in Plant
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant (245000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root (3400 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Lipogenic
Ginsenoside-rc found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (3100 ppm)
Lipolytic
Adenosine found in Plant
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Leaf (9300 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Plant (43 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Lipotropic
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Methionine found in Plant (340 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Tannin found in Plant
Lithogenic
Adenine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (41917 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant (30 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Lymphagogue
Escin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
MDR-Inhibitor
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Leaf (2900 ppm);found in Plant (1480 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (20900 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Leaf (9300 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Plant (43 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rc found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (3100 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rd found in Leaf (22900 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1600 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Plant (15 ppm);found in Root (7700 ppm)
Ginsenoside-re found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Root (13800 ppm);found in Plant (1450 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rf found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root ;found in Plant (25 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Leaf (3500 ppm);found in Plant (48 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (8600 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-2 found in Leaf ;found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Memorigenic
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Root (3200 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Plant
Tyrosine found in Plant
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Motor-Depressant
Maltol found in Plant
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Mycorelaxant
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Myocardiotonic
Adenine found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Adenosine found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Myostimulant
Guanidine found in Plant
Panaxin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Plant (17615 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Natriuretic
Escin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (41917 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant (30 ppm)
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Root (3400 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Nephrotoxic
Escin found in Plant
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Vanadium found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Plant (4310 ppm)
Neurogenic
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Leaf (2900 ppm);found in Plant (1480 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (20900 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rd found in Leaf (22900 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1600 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Plant (15 ppm);found in Root (7700 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Plant (1540 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Plant (4450 ppm)
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Ophthalmic-Antialkali
Cysteine found in Plant (200 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Plant (5200 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root
Oxidant
Alanine found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Histidine found in Plant (1100 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Adenosine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Pancreatoxic
Vanadium found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Alpha-humulene found in Plant
Alpha-selinene found in Plant
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (58670 ppm)
Beta-santalene found in Plant
Beta-selinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Guaiol found in Root Essent. Oil (11276 ppm)
Isovaleric-acid found in Plant (7 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Propionic-acid found in Plant (4 ppm)
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Tiglic-acid found in Plant
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Plant
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Adenine found in Plant
Aluminum found in Plant (285 ppm)
Arsenic found in Plant (0.44 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Cysteine found in Plant (200 ppm)
Escin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Germacrene-d found in Plant
Guaiol found in Root Essent. Oil (11276 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Malic-acid found in Plant
Maltol found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (41917 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant (30 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant
Propionic-acid found in Plant (4 ppm)
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Succinic-acid found in Plant (40000 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Trans-beta-farnesene found in Root Essent. Oil (63517 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Plant
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Plant (17615 ppm)
Escin found in Plant
Poultice
Starch found in Plant (320000 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Sucrose found in Plant (85000 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Root (158600 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Plant (407 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (41917 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant (30 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandigenic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Ginsenoside-rc found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (3100 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Proteinogenic
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Leaf (9300 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm);found in Plant (43 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Iodine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant
Pulifuge
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Pulmonotoxic
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Pyrogenic
Adenosine found in Plant
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Leaf (3500 ppm);found in Plant (48 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (8600 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Adenosine found in Plant
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Plant (4310 ppm)
Rubefacient
Propionic-acid found in Plant (4 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Plant (13 ppm)
Secretomotor
Adenosine found in Plant
Sedative
Adenosine found in Plant
Amylase found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Isovaleric-acid found in Plant (7 ppm)
Maltol found in Plant
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Pulegone found in Root Essent. Oil (260500 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (41917 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant (30 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Plant (17615 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Stimulant
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Leaf (3500 ppm);found in Plant (48 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (8600 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (58670 ppm)
Sunscreen
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Sweetener
Dextrose found in Plant
Fructose found in Root (3400 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Galactose found in Plant ;found in Root
Levulose found in Plant
Maltol found in Plant
Maltose found in Plant ;found in Root (3800 ppm)
Sucrose found in Plant (85000 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Root (158600 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil (8670 ppm);found in Plant
Guaiol found in Root Essent. Oil (11276 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Thymolytic
Escin found in Plant
Thyrotropic
Ginsenosides found in Leaf (55800 ppm);found in Root (38800 ppm);found in Plant
Iodine found in Plant
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tonic
Panaxic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Vanadium found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Leaf (2900 ppm);found in Plant (1480 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (20900 ppm)
Isovaleric-acid found in Plant (7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Panacen found in Plant
Transdermal
Estrone found in Plant
Isobutyric-acid found in Plant (15 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Plant
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Plant (85000 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Root (158600 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (33 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Plant (85000 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Root (158600 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Glycine found in Plant (1540 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Plant (340 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Plant (340 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Vasodilator
Adenine found in Plant
Adenosine found in Plant
Arginine found in Plant (17615 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (245000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Leaf (2900 ppm);found in Plant (1480 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (20900 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rc found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (3100 ppm)
Ginsenoside-re found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Root (13800 ppm);found in Plant (1450 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg found in Plant ;found in Root
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Leaf (3500 ppm);found in Plant (48 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (8600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (60 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (33800 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Vasoprotective
Escin found in Plant
Vasotonic
Panaxic-acid found in Plant
Venotonic
Escin found in Plant
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant (126 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (39 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Hydroxyproline found in Plant
Sucrose found in Plant (85000 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm);found in Root (158600 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (114 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Folic-acid found in Plant (68 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,3-dimethyl-acrylic-acid Plant
1,9-cis-heptadecadiene-1,6-diyn-3-ol Plant
1,9-cis-heptadecadiene-4,6-diyn-3-ol Plant
1-2-9-10-diepoxy-3-oxo-heptadeca-4-6-diyne Root 1.7
1-heptadecaene-4,6-diyn-3,8,10-triol Plant
1-heptadecaene-4,6-diyn-3,8-diol Plant
1-hydroxy-9-10-epoxy-c-oxo-heptadeca-4-6-diyne Root 7.1
1-octacosanol Plant
2-phenyl-dodecane Root Essent. Oil 41,500
22-trans-dehydro-24-methyl-cholesterol Seed Oil
24-ethyl-22-trans-dehydro-cholesterol Seed Oil
24-ethyl-24(25)-dehydro-cholesterol Seed Oil
24-ethyl-cholesterol Seed Oil
24-methyl-cholesterol Seed Oil
24-methylene-24-dihydro-lanosterol Seed Oil
24-methylene-cycloartanol Seed Oil
28-isofucosterol Seed Oil
3-hydroxy-5-methyl-gamma-pyrone Plant
3-phenyl-dodecane Root Essent. Oil 16,700
3-phenyl-undecane Root Essent. Oil 16,700
4-phenyl-dodecane Root Essent. Oil 15,600
6(r),7(s)-epoxy-tetradeca-1,3-diyne Root
6-7-epoxy-tetradeca-1-3-dien Root 2.8
8-acetoxy-9,10-epoxyheptadeca-4,6-diyn-1-en-3-ol Root 2.2
9,10-epoxy-3-hydroxyheptadeca-1-en-4,6-diyne Plant
Acetic-acid Plant 126
Acetyl-panaxydol Root 2.8
Adenine Plant
Adenosine Plant
Alanine Plant 209 2,250
Alloisoleucine Plant
Alpha-amino-butyric-acid Plant
Alpha-caryophyllene-alcohol Root Essent. Oil 1,457 23,135
Alpha-curcumene Root Essent. Oil 1,626 8,677
Alpha-elemene Root Essent. Oil 3,352 19,550
Alpha-fructose Root
Alpha-glucose Root
Alpha-humulene Plant
Alpha-maltose Root
Alpha-muurolene Root Essent. Oil 2,007 9,855
Alpha-neoclovene Plant
Alpha-panasinsene Plant
Alpha-pyrrolidone Plant
Alpha-selinene Plant
Aluminum Plant 24 285
Amino-acids Flower
Root
Seed
Leaf
Stem
Amylase Plant
Arabinofuranose Plant
Arabinose Plant
Arasaponin-a Plant
Arasaponin-b Plant
Arginine Plant 11,530 17,615
Arsenic Plant 0.25 0.44
Ascorbic-acid Plant 39
Asparagine Plant
Aspartic-acid Plant 1,265 4,310
Avenasterol Seed Oil
Benzoic-acid Plant
Beta-amino-isobutyric-acid Plant
Beta-aminobutyric-acid Plant
Beta-amyrin Seed Oil
Beta-bisabolene Root Essent. Oil 6,251 58,670
Beta-cubebene Root Essent. Oil 997 13,216
Beta-elemene Plant
Beta-farnesene Root Essent. Oil 260,500
Plant
Beta-fructose Root
Beta-glucose Root
Beta-gurjunene Root Essent. Oil 4,908 78,900
Beta-humulene Plant
Beta-maaliene Root Essent. Oil 4,938 6,134
Beta-maltose Root
Beta-n-oxalo-l-alpha-beta-diaminopropionic-acid Root 200
Beta-neoclovene Plant
Beta-panasinsene Plant
Beta-santalene Plant
Beta-selinene Plant
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Root
Beta-sitosterol-glycoside Plant
Bicyclogermacrene Plant
Biotin Plant 1 9
Boron Plant 24 96
Butyrospermol Seed Oil
Calcium Plant 2,340 10,800
Calcium-polyuronide Plant
Campesterol Plant
Caproic-acid Root Essent. Oil 28,600
Carbohydrates Plant 700,000
Caryophyllene Root Essent. Oil 8,670
Plant
Cholesterol Seed Oil
Choline Plant 1,000 2,000
Cinnamic-acid Plant
Cis-beta-farnesene Root Essent. Oil 4,961 5,279
Citric-acid Plant 3,000
Cobalt Plant 0.06 0.44
Colonin Plant
Copper Plant 6 13
Cycloartenol Seed Oil
Cysteic-acid Plant
Cysteine Plant 200
Cystine Plant 108
D-fructose Plant 4,160 5,000
D-glucose Plant 5,340 15,000
D-sucrose Root
D-xylose Plant
Daucosterin Plant 300
Daucosterine Plant 35
Dextrose Plant
Diastase Plant
Dibutyl-phthalate Root Essent. Oil 9,860 29,274
Echinocystic-acid Plant
Elemol Root Essent. Oil 2,959 14,637
Eo Root
Escin Plant
Estradiol Plant
Estrol Plant
Estrone Plant
Ethyl-machaerinate Plant
Falcalinol Root 558.3
Fat Plant 10,000
Ferulic-acid Plant
Fiber Plant 59,000 245,000
Folic-acid Plant 0 68
Formic-acid Plant
Fructose Root 3,400
Tissue Culture
Fumaric-acid Plant
Galactose Plant
Root
Galacturonic-acid Plant
Gamma-selinene Plant
Germacrene-d Plant
Germanium Plant
Ginseng-trisaccharide Plant 35
Ginsenin Plant
Ginsenoside-a-1 Root
Shoot 800
Ginsenoside-f-11 Leaf
Ginsenoside-f2 Root 180
Shoot
Ginsenoside-frc Root
Ginsenoside-r-o Leaf
Tissue Culture
Root 700 1,000
Rhizome
Ginsenoside-ra Leaf
Ginsenoside-ra-q Plant 52
Ginsenoside-rb Plant
Ginsenoside-rb-1 Leaf 1,300 2,900
Plant 1,480
Rhizome
Tissue Culture
Root 270 20,900
Ginsenoside-rb-2 Leaf 4,200 9,300
Rhizome
Tissue Culture
Shoot 1,050
Root 200 1,000
Plant 43
Ginsenoside-rb-3 Leaf
Shoot 1,000
Root 300
Ginsenoside-rc Leaf 2,200 3,900
Plant
Rhizome
Tissue Culture
Root 630 3,100
Ginsenoside-rd Leaf 10,000 22,900
Rhizome
Shoot 1,600
Tissue Culture
Plant 15
Root 950 7,700
Ginsenoside-rd-1 Root 3,400 3,700
Ginsenoside-re Leaf 12,600 17,800
Tissue Culture
Shoot 200
Root 200 13,800
Plant 1,450
Ginsenoside-re-2 Leaf
Root
Ginsenoside-re-3 Leaf
Root
Ginsenoside-rf Leaf
Tissue Culture
Root
Plant 25
Ginsenoside-rg Plant
Root
Ginsenoside-rg-1 Leaf 2,200 3,500
Plant 48
Rhizome
Shoot 820 1,000
Tissue Culture
Root 300 8,600
Ginsenoside-rg-2 Leaf
Plant 50
Root 80
Ginsenoside-rg-3 Plant 32
Root
Ginsenoside-rh-2 Rhizome 18,600
Root
Shoot
Ginsenoside-rh1 Plant 20
Root
Shoot
Rhizome 9,800
Ginsenoside-rq Plant 25
Ginsenosides Leaf 41,400 55,800
Root 24,400 38,800
Plant
Ginsenoyne-g Root 5.7
Glucose Root 3,200
Glucuronic-acid Plant
Glucuronolactone Plant
Glutamic-acid Plant 396 4,450
Glutamose Plant
Glutaric-acid Plant
Glycine Plant 23 1,540
Guaiol Root Essent. Oil 4,649 11,276
Guanidine Plant
Guanine Plant
Gypenoside-f-11 Root
Gypenoside-xvii Root 300
Heptadeca-1-8-diene-4-6-diyne-3-10-diol Root 15
Heptadeca-1-en-4,6-diyn-3,9-diol Plant
Histidine Plant 320 1,100
Hydroxycholine Plant 1
Hydroxyproline Plant
Iodine Plant
Iron Plant 49 407
Isobutyric-acid Plant 15
Isoleucine Plant 151 370
Isovaleric-acid Plant 7
Kaempferol Plant
Kaempferol-3-glucogalactoside Plant
Ketoglutaric-acid Plant 5,500
L-rhamnose Plant
Ledol Root Essent. Oil 6,831 7,680
Leucine Plant 420 1,530
Levulose Plant
Linoleic-acid Plant
Linolenic-acid Plant
Lupeol Seed Oil
Lysine Plant 2,080 2,100
Magnesium Plant 980 2,200
Maleic-acid Plant
Malic-acid Plant
Malonic-acid Plant
Malonyl-ginsenoside-rb-1 Rhizome
Root
Malonyl-ginsenoside-rb-2 Rhizome
Root
Malonyl-ginsenoside-rc Rhizome
Root
Malonyl-ginsenoside-rd Rhizome
Root
Maltol Plant
Maltose Plant
Root 3,800
Manganese Plant 19 156
Methionine Plant 34 340
Methyl-butyric-acid Plant
Molybdenum Plant 10 14
Moretenol Seed Oil
Myristic-acid Root
N-butyric-acid Plant 1
N-caproic-acid Plant 6
N-hexadecane Root Essent. Oil 88,900
N-valeric-acid Plant
Niacin Plant 47 60
Nicotinic-acid Plant 14 16
Nitrogen Plant 15,000 20,000
Nonacosane Plant
Nonadecadienoic-acid-methyl-ester Root Essent. Oil 27,682 37,935
O-monomethylaminobenzoic-acid Plant
Octadecadienoic-acid-methyl-ester Root Essent. Oil 13,701 56,439
Oleanolic-acid Plant 20
Root 600 980
Oleic-acid Plant
Root
P-hydroxycinnamic-acid Plant 28
Palmitic-acid Root Essent. Oil 6,543 41,917
Root
Plant 30
Palmitic-acid-ethyl-ester Root Essent. Oil 35,913 73,504
Palmitic-acid-methyl-ester Root Essent. Oil 16,744 63,486
Panacen Plant
Panaquilin-e-1 Root
Panaquilin-g-2 Root
Panaquilon Plant
Panasenoside Shoot
Panax-acid Plant
Panax-polyacetylene-pq-1 Root 75.8
Panax-polyacetylene-pq-2 Root 6.6
Panax-polyacetylene-pq-3 Root 29.1
Panax-protein Leaf
Root
Panaxadiol Plant 6,500 8,960
Shoot
Root 3,100 9,600
Panaxan-a Root
Panaxan-b Root
Panaxan-c Root
Panaxan-d Root
Panaxan-e Root
Panaxasapogenin Plant
Panaxasapogenol Plant
Panaxatriol Plant 7,390 12,450
Shoot
Root 1,500 12,540
Panaxic-acid Plant
Panaxin Plant
Panaxoside-a Plant
Panaxoside-b Plant
Panaxoside-c Plant
Panaxoside-d Plant
Panaxoside-e Plant
Panaxoside-f Plant
Panaxydiol Plant
Panaxydol Root 950
Panaxynol Plant
Panaxytriol Root 59.1
Pantothenic-acid Plant 7 10
Pectin Plant
Pelargonidin-3-monoglucoside Fruit Epidermis
Petroselaidic-acid Plant
Petroselinic-acid Plant
Phenolase Plant
Phenylalanine Plant
Phosphorus Plant 2,700 5,200
Potassium Plant 6,600 33,800
Proline Plant 175 1,120
Propionic-acid Plant 4
Prostisol Plant
Protein Plant 122,000
Root 80,600 102,500
Protopanaxadion Plant
Protopanaxatriol Plant
Pseudo-ginsenoside-f-11 Root 70 400
Shoot
Pulegone Root Essent. Oil 260,500
Pyruvic-acid Plant 7,000
Quinquefolan-a Root
Quinquefolan-b Root
Quinquefolan-c Root
Quinquenoside-r-1 Root 100
Raffinose Plant
Resin Plant
Riboflavin Plant 0 1
Saccharose Plant
Saikosaponin-a Plant
Saikosaponin-b Plant
Salicylic-acid Plant
Saponin Plant 7,500 10,000
Saponins Flower
Leaf
Root
Serine Plant 289 1,240
Silicon Plant
Sodium Plant 500 4,800
Squalene Seed Oil
Squalene-2-3-oxide Seed Oil
Starch Plant 80,000 320,000
Stearic-acid Plant
Stigmasterol Plant 500
Root
Strontium Plant
Succinic-acid Plant 40,000
Sucrose Plant 15,000 85,000
Plant 420
Root 39,000 158,600
Sulfur Plant 1,500
Superoxide-dismutase Root
Tannin Plant
Tartaric-acid Plant
Tenuifolic-acid Plant
Threonine Plant 584 1,070
Tiglic-acid Plant
Trans-beta-farnesene Root Essent. Oil 9,768 63,517
Tyrosine Plant
Uracil Plant
Uridine Plant
Uronic-acid Plant
Valine Plant 82
Vanadium Plant 0.02
Vanillic-acid Plant 33
Vit-b12 Plant 0.4 0.6
Xylose Root
Zinc Plant 10 114
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]