Panax ginseng Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Asian ginseng Asiatic ginseng Chinese ginseng ginseng Korean ginseng Manchurian ginseng Oriental ginseng
Panax ginseng

Medical use

Economic importance of Panax ginseng

Food additives flavoring
Materials gum/resin lipids
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Panax ginseng Panax ginseng Panax ginseng Panax ginseng Panax ginseng Panax ginseng Panax ginseng Panax ginseng Panax ginseng Panax ginseng Panax ginseng Panax ginseng Panax ginseng

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye
    • China: China - Heilongjiang , Jilin , Liaoning
    • Eastern Asia: Korea, North

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf Essent. Oil (160000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil (86000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (160000 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Rhizome ;found in Root (120000 ppm);found in Root (320000 ppm)
Acaricide
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Leaf (5800 ppm);found in Stem (14700 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (9000 ppm)
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Root
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Root
Adaptogenic
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Root
Tartaric-acid found in Root
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Leaf (6400 ppm);found in Stem (3500 ppm);found in Root (226000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Daucosterol found in Fruit ;found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Rhizome
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Trifolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Indole-3-acetic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Citric-acid found in Root
Ethanol found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Mannitol found in Root
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Root
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Root
Analeptic
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Analgesic
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Ginsenoside-re found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Pt (1410 ppm);found in Rhizome (5700 ppm);found in Leaf (151200 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (700 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (84800 ppm);found in Flower (60000 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Mannitol found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Ethanol found in Shoot
Ethylene found in Plant
Eucalyptol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (72000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2430 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Ethanol found in Shoot
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Eucalyptol found in Plant
Mannitol found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Leaf ;found in Root
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
AntiAddisonian
Cysteine found in Root
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
AntiEBV
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
AntiHot-Flash
Estriol found in Root
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Root
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (1.9 ppm)
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folic-acid found in Root
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiacid
Glycine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Tin found in Root (16 ppm);found in Root (16 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antiaggregant
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Ginsenoside-r-o found in Flower ;found in Root (11000 ppm);found in Rhizome (34000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Embryo ;found in Flower (3000 ppm);found in Fruit (287200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (2920 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Root (58400 ppm);found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (3270 ppm);found in Leaf (72200 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-2 found in Flower ;found in Leaf (317.5 ppm);found in Root (26700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Rhizome
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Ligustrazine found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Panaxynol found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Leaf
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Stem (1800 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (6000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (1.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Shoot
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (6.6 ppm)
Antialopecic
Biotin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf Essent. Oil (160000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil (86000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (160000 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Phosphatidyl-choline found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Antiamnesic
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Embryo ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Root (83000 ppm);found in Rhizome (14000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf Essent. Oil (160000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil (86000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (160000 ppm)
Antianemic
Adenine found in Root
Copper found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (17 ppm);found in Fruit
Folic-acid found in Root
Iron found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Leaf
Manganese found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (1.9 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Ginsenoside-rg-3 found in Leaf (195 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root (30 ppm)
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antianoxic
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Root
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiarrhythmic
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2430 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Silicon found in Root ;found in Root
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Copper found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (17 ppm);found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (1.9 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (6.6 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Root
Ethanol found in Shoot
Lutein found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Citric-acid found in Root
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Cycloeucalenol found in Seed Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Ethanol found in Shoot
Eucalyptol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Malic-acid found in Root
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Tin found in Root (16 ppm);found in Root (16 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Antibiotic
Cysteine found in Root
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Root
Anticancer
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Elemene found in Root
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Fluoride found in Root (26.3 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Cysteine found in Root
Methionine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Anticephalagic
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (6.6 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Anticerebrotic
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Folic-acid found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folic-acid found in Root
Iron found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Antichoreic
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Root
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Anticolic
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Anticolitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Maltol found in Root
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Folic-acid found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Anticystitic
Superoxide-dismutase found in Root
Anticytotoxic
Cysteine found in Root
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Potassium found in Root (2430 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Biotin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (6.6 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Copper found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (17 ppm);found in Fruit
Fiber found in Root (72000 ppm)
Fructose found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Stem (1800 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (6000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Maltose found in Root (199600 ppm);found in Stem (1300 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (1.9 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Xylose found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (1.9 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (1.9 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ginsenoside-r-o found in Flower ;found in Root (11000 ppm);found in Rhizome (34000 ppm)
Glucose found in Leaf (5800 ppm);found in Stem (14700 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (9000 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Glycine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Leucine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Valine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (1.9 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Estriol found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Copper found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (17 ppm);found in Fruit
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Embryo ;found in Flower (3000 ppm);found in Fruit (287200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (2920 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Root (58400 ppm);found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (3270 ppm);found in Leaf (72200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Maltol found in Root
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (6.6 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2430 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Cadinene found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Succinic-acid found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf Essent. Oil (160000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil (86000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (160000 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Root Essent. Oil (150000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (29000 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Folic-acid found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antigout
Folic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Antigranulocytopenic
Adenine found in Root
Antihalitosic
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Eucalyptol found in Plant
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Fructose found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Stem (1800 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (6000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Root
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Flower (69000 ppm);found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Stem (40000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root (20000 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Glucose found in Leaf (5800 ppm);found in Stem (14700 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (9000 ppm)
Lignoceric-acid found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Lysine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Leaf (6400 ppm);found in Stem (3500 ppm);found in Root (226000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (6.6 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Antihypertensive
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (72000 ppm)
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2430 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Estrone found in Root
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
24-methylene-cycloartanol found in Seed Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Shoot
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-santalene found in Flower Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Copper found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (17 ppm);found in Fruit
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Ginsenoside-r-o found in Flower ;found in Root (11000 ppm);found in Rhizome (34000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root
Superoxide-dismutase found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiinsomnic
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Stem (1800 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (6000 ppm)
Glucose found in Leaf (5800 ppm);found in Stem (14700 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (9000 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Citric-acid found in Root
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antilethargic
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Daucosterol found in Fruit ;found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Rhizome
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Pyroglutamic-acid found in Root
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Lutein found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Alpha-selinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Flower Essent. Oil
Beta-selinene found in Root Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Plant
Humulene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (24000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Patchoulene found in Root Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Antimanic
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Phosphatidyl-choline found in Root
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antimelanomic
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Estriol found in Root
Estrone found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Iron found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Antimetaplastic
Folic-acid found in Root
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Mannitol found in Root
N-nonacosane found in Leaf ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Saponins found in Flower (69000 ppm);found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Stem (40000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root (20000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antimyelotoxic
Folic-acid found in Root
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Antimyocarodtic
Ginsenoside-rb found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture (15900 ppm);found in Root (40000 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Stem (1800 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (6000 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Rhizome ;found in Root (120000 ppm);found in Root (320000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Biotin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Folic-acid found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antinociceptive
24-methylene-cycloartanol found in Seed Oil
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Copper found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (17 ppm);found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (72000 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Silicon found in Root ;found in Root
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiophthalmic
Cysteine found in Root
Sucrose found in Leaf (6400 ppm);found in Stem (3500 ppm);found in Root (226000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Superoxide-dismutase found in Root
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Copper found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (17 ppm);found in Fruit
Fluoride found in Root (26.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (1.9 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (528 ppm);found in Root (528 ppm)
Silicon found in Root ;found in Root
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiosteosclerotic
Fluoride found in Root (26.3 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Antiototic
Manganese found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (1.9 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Campesterol found in Root
Catalase found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Cholesterol found in Seed Oil
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Cysteine found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Fumaric-acid found in Root
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Heptadecanoic-acid found in Root
Histidine found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Lutein found in Leaf
Maltol found in Root
Manganese found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (1.9 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Methionine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Myristic-acid found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
P-hydroxycinnamic-acid found in Root (26 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf Essent. Oil (160000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil (86000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (160000 ppm)
Pentadecanoic-acid found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Spermidine found in Root
Spermine found in Root
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Stigmasterol found in Root
Sucrose found in Leaf (6400 ppm);found in Stem (3500 ppm);found in Root (226000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Superoxide-dismutase found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Folic-acid found in Root
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiphenylketonuric
Tyrosine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antiplaque
Folic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Alpha-selinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Flower Essent. Oil
Beta-selinene found in Root Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Plant
Humulene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (24000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Patchoulene found in Root Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antipolio
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Antipolyp
Folic-acid found in Root
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Beta-elemene found in Root Essent. Oil (150000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (29000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Lutein found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Estrone found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root
Glycine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antipruritic
Ethanol found in Shoot
Glycine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Fumaric-acid found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Folic-acid found in Root
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Embryo ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Root (83000 ppm);found in Rhizome (14000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Lutein found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antirheumatic
24-methylene-cycloartanol found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Citrostadienol found in Seed Oil
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Biotin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antisecretory
D-glucose found in Root
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Aromadendrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Citric-acid found in Root
Ethanol found in Shoot
Eucalyptol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Malic-acid found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Antisickling
Glycine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Phenylalanine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (22 ppm);found in Root (22 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Daucosterol found in Fruit ;found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Potassium found in Root (2430 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Cycloeucalenol found in Seed Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Embryo ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Root (83000 ppm);found in Rhizome (14000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Embryo ;found in Flower (3000 ppm);found in Fruit (287200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (2920 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Root (58400 ppm);found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (3270 ppm);found in Leaf (72200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2430 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (1.9 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antitachycardic
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antithrombotic
Ligustrazine found in Root
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antithyrotoxic
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Root
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Citric-acid found in Root
Cysteine found in Root
Daucosterol found in Fruit ;found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Rhizome
Erucic-acid found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Fiber found in Root (72000 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Root
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Embryo ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Root (83000 ppm);found in Rhizome (14000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rf found in Flower ;found in Root (9200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Rhizome (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (38300 ppm);found in Fruit (6900 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Embryo ;found in Flower (3000 ppm);found in Fruit (287200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (2920 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Root (58400 ppm);found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (3270 ppm);found in Leaf (72200 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-3 found in Leaf (195 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root (30 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Malic-acid found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Antitussive
Eucalyptol found in Plant
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Shoot
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Cysteine found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Fiber found in Root (72000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Embryo ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Root (83000 ppm);found in Rhizome (14000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Histidine found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Threonine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Tyrosine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Aluminum found in Root (22 ppm);found in Root (22 ppm)
Estrone found in Root
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Leaf (5800 ppm);found in Stem (14700 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (9000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Antiviral
Adenine found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Anxiolytic
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (528 ppm);found in Root (528 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2430 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Estrone found in Root
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Embryo ;found in Flower (3000 ppm);found in Fruit (287200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (2920 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Root (58400 ppm);found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (3270 ppm);found in Leaf (72200 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Root Essent. Oil (150000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (29000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Elemene found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Arteriodilator
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Astringent
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Leaf (6400 ppm);found in Stem (3500 ppm);found in Root (226000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Root
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (72000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2430 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Root
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Ethanol found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
CNS-Sedative
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Embryo ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Root (83000 ppm);found in Rhizome (14000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Maltol found in Root
CNS-Stimulant
Adenine found in Root
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Embryo ;found in Flower (3000 ppm);found in Fruit (287200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (2920 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Root (58400 ppm);found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (3270 ppm);found in Leaf (72200 ppm)
Panaxin found in Root
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Embryo ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Root (83000 ppm);found in Rhizome (14000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Embryo ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (3970 ppm);found in Shoot (4000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (23000 ppm);found in Rhizome (5700 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (58300 ppm);found in Fruit (29500 ppm);found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-3 found in Flower (136 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rc found in Embryo ;found in Fruit (36700 ppm);found in Pt (1900 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome (4700 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (37700 ppm);found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-re found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Pt (1410 ppm);found in Rhizome (5700 ppm);found in Leaf (151200 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (700 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (84800 ppm);found in Flower (60000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rf found in Flower ;found in Root (9200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Rhizome (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (38300 ppm);found in Fruit (6900 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Embryo ;found in Flower (3000 ppm);found in Fruit (287200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (2920 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Root (58400 ppm);found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (3270 ppm);found in Leaf (72200 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-2 found in Flower ;found in Leaf (317.5 ppm);found in Root (26700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Rhizome
Ginsenoside-rh1 found in Leaf (135 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Ligustrazine found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
24-methylene-cycloartanol found in Seed Oil
Alanine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Aromadendrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Cysteine found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Fiber found in Root (72000 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Root
Glycine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Indole-3-acetic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Maltol found in Root
Methionine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Myristic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Nicotinamide found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (6.6 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Serine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Stigmasterol found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Root
Tyrosine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (22 ppm);found in Root (22 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Candidistat
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Estradiol found in Root
Estrone found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root (3.1 ppm);found in Root (3.1 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Copper found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (17 ppm);found in Fruit
Fiber found in Root (72000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2430 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Silicon found in Root ;found in Root
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Panaxic-acid found in Root
Panaxin found in Root
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (2430 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Carminative
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Panacene found in Root
Panaxin found in Root
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Cholinergic
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Leaf (6400 ppm);found in Stem (3500 ppm);found in Root (226000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Lutein found in Leaf
Neoxanthin found in Leaf
Violaxanthin found in Leaf
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (17 ppm);found in Fruit
Convulsant
Harman found in Root
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Corticosterogenic
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Corticosteroidogenic
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Embryo ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Root (83000 ppm);found in Rhizome (14000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Embryo ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (3970 ppm);found in Shoot (4000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (23000 ppm);found in Rhizome (5700 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (58300 ppm);found in Fruit (29500 ppm);found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rc found in Embryo ;found in Fruit (36700 ppm);found in Pt (1900 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome (4700 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (37700 ppm);found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rd found in Embryo ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (21200 ppm);found in Leaf (65800 ppm);found in Rhizome (1600 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (1070 ppm);found in Fruit (68800 ppm);found in Flower (5000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-re found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Pt (1410 ppm);found in Rhizome (5700 ppm);found in Leaf (151200 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (700 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (84800 ppm);found in Flower (60000 ppm)
Cosmetic
Behenic-acid found in Root
Myristic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Culicide
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Dihydropanaxacol found in Tissue Culture (2 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Harman found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Panaxacol found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture (50 ppm)
Panaxydol found in Root (440 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (8 ppm)
Panaxynol found in Root
Panaxytriol found in Root (250 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Decongestant
Eucalyptol found in Plant
Demulcent
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Sucrose found in Leaf (6400 ppm);found in Stem (3500 ppm);found in Root (226000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Deodorant
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Depressant
Nicotinamide found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Cysteine found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Root
Diuretic
Adenine found in Root
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (72000 ppm)
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2430 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Dye
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Root
Xylose found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Mannitol found in Root
Methionine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Emollient
Starch found in Rhizome ;found in Root (120000 ppm);found in Root (320000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (22 ppm);found in Root (22 ppm)
Toluene found in Shoot
Endrocrin-Tonic
Panaxin found in Root
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root (3.1 ppm);found in Root (3.1 ppm)
Essential
Guanine found in Root
Histidine found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Leucine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Lysine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Methionine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Threonine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Valine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Estradiol found in Root
Estriol found in Root
Estrone found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Root
Ethanolytic
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ethanol found in Shoot
Eucalyptol found in Plant
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Cadinene found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Caryophyllene-alcohol found in Root Essent. Oil
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Citric-acid found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Fumaric-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Maltol found in Root
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf Essent. Oil (160000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil (86000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (160000 ppm)
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Shoot
Pyruvic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tartaric-acid found in Root
Threonine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Valine found in Leaf ;found in Root
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Fibrinolytic
Ginsenoside-r-o found in Flower ;found in Root (11000 ppm);found in Rhizome (34000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Panaxynol found in Root
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Root
Sucrose found in Leaf (6400 ppm);found in Stem (3500 ppm);found in Root (226000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Fungistat
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Maltol found in Root
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Gastroprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Glucogonogenic
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Glutathionergic
Cysteine found in Root
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Methionine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Hematopoietic
Folic-acid found in Root
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf Essent. Oil (160000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil (86000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (160000 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Root
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Ginsenoside-rh1 found in Leaf (135 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Hepatoregenerative
Azulene found in Shoot
Hepatotoxic
Ethanol found in Shoot
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Harman found in Root
Indole-3-acetic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Histaminic
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Homeostatic
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Embryo ;found in Flower (3000 ppm);found in Fruit (287200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (2920 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Root (58400 ppm);found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (3270 ppm);found in Leaf (72200 ppm)
Hormone
Indole-acetic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf Essent. Oil (160000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil (86000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (160000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Leaf (6400 ppm);found in Stem (3500 ppm);found in Root (226000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Leaf (5800 ppm);found in Stem (14700 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (9000 ppm)
Hypertensive
Ethanol found in Shoot
Sodium found in Root (24 ppm);found in Root (209 ppm)
Hyperuricemic
Adenine found in Root
Hypnotic
Ethanol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Hypocalcemic
Ethanol found in Shoot
Hypocholesterolemic
24-methylene-cycloartanol found in Seed Oil
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Campesterol found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Copper found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (17 ppm);found in Fruit
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Fiber found in Root (72000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Embryo ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (3970 ppm);found in Shoot (4000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (23000 ppm);found in Rhizome (5700 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (58300 ppm);found in Fruit (29500 ppm);found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Panaxic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Fruit ;found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Rhizome
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Embryo ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Root (83000 ppm);found in Rhizome (14000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Embryo ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (3970 ppm);found in Shoot (4000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (23000 ppm);found in Rhizome (5700 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (58300 ppm);found in Fruit (29500 ppm);found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Embryo ;found in Flower (3000 ppm);found in Fruit (287200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (2920 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Root (58400 ppm);found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (3270 ppm);found in Leaf (72200 ppm)
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Indole-3-acetic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Manganese found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (1.9 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Panaxan-a found in Root
Panaxan-b found in Root
Panaxan-c found in Root
Panaxan-d found in Root
Panaxan-e found in Root
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Hypotensive
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Ethanol found in Shoot
Eucalyptol found in Plant
Fiber found in Root (72000 ppm)
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2430 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Hypothermic
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Embryo ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Root (83000 ppm);found in Rhizome (14000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Hypotriglyceridemic
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Embryo ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (3970 ppm);found in Shoot (4000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (23000 ppm);found in Rhizome (5700 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (58300 ppm);found in Fruit (29500 ppm);found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Root (72000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Copper found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (17 ppm);found in Fruit
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Saponins found in Flower (69000 ppm);found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Stem (40000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root (20000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Folic-acid found in Root
Phosphorus found in Root (528 ppm);found in Root (528 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Immunosuppressant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Insectifuge
Adenine found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Eucalyptol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Trans-beta-farnesene found in Root Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Plant
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Indole-3-acetic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Insulinic
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Pyroglutamic-acid found in Root
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Insulinotonic
Indole-3-acetic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Root
Eucalyptol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Root
Tartaric-acid found in Root
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Lactogenic
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Laxative
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (72000 ppm)
Fructose found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Stem (1800 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (6000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Lipogenic
Ginsenoside-rc found in Embryo ;found in Fruit (36700 ppm);found in Pt (1900 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome (4700 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (37700 ppm);found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Lipolytic
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Embryo ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (3970 ppm);found in Shoot (4000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (23000 ppm);found in Rhizome (5700 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (58300 ppm);found in Fruit (29500 ppm);found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Lipotropic
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Lithogenic
Adenine found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Lubricant
Erucic-acid found in Root
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf Essent. Oil (160000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil (86000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (160000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
MAO-Inhibitor
Harman found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
MDR-Inhibitor
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Embryo ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Root (83000 ppm);found in Rhizome (14000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Embryo ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (3970 ppm);found in Shoot (4000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (23000 ppm);found in Rhizome (5700 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (58300 ppm);found in Fruit (29500 ppm);found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rc found in Embryo ;found in Fruit (36700 ppm);found in Pt (1900 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome (4700 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (37700 ppm);found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rd found in Embryo ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (21200 ppm);found in Leaf (65800 ppm);found in Rhizome (1600 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (1070 ppm);found in Fruit (68800 ppm);found in Flower (5000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-re found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Pt (1410 ppm);found in Rhizome (5700 ppm);found in Leaf (151200 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (700 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (84800 ppm);found in Flower (60000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rf found in Flower ;found in Root (9200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Rhizome (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (38300 ppm);found in Fruit (6900 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Embryo ;found in Flower (3000 ppm);found in Fruit (287200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (2920 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Root (58400 ppm);found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (3270 ppm);found in Leaf (72200 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-2 found in Flower ;found in Leaf (317.5 ppm);found in Root (26700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Rhizome
Memorigenic
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.1 ppm);found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Leaf (5800 ppm);found in Stem (14700 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (9000 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Tyrosine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Mosquitofuge
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Motor-Depressant
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Maltol found in Root
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Mucotropic
Ethanol found in Shoot
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Root
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
Mycorelaxant
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Myocardiotonic
Adenine found in Root
Myorelaxant
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Myostimulant
Panaxin found in Root
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Nematicide
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Root
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf Essent. Oil (160000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil (86000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (160000 ppm)
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Stem (1800 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (6000 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Mannitol found in Root
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Embryo ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Root (83000 ppm);found in Rhizome (14000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rd found in Embryo ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (21200 ppm);found in Leaf (65800 ppm);found in Rhizome (1600 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (1070 ppm);found in Fruit (68800 ppm);found in Flower (5000 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Glycine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Neurolytic
Ethanol found in Shoot
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root
Neurotransmitter
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Root
Ophthalmic-Antialkali
Cysteine found in Root
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (528 ppm);found in Root (528 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Root
Oxidant
Alanine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Histidine found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
PAF-Inhibitor
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Root (2000 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Root
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Alpha-humulene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Alpha-selinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Flower Essent. Oil
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Beta-santalene found in Flower Essent. Oil
Beta-selinene found in Root Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Plant
Cadinene found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Oleic-acid found in Root
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Shoot
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Stearic-acid found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Root
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Adenine found in Root
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Aluminum found in Root (22 ppm);found in Root (22 ppm)
Aromadendrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Arsenic found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Cadinene found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Cycloeucalenol found in Seed Oil
Cysteine found in Root
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Ethanol found in Shoot
Eucalyptol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Indole-3-acetic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Root
Maltol found in Root
Mannitol found in Root
Nerolidol found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf Essent. Oil (160000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil (86000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (160000 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant ;found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Succinic-acid found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Terpineol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Tin found in Root (16 ppm);found in Root (16 ppm)
Trans-beta-farnesene found in Root Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Phytoalexin
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Rhizome ;found in Root (120000 ppm);found in Root (320000 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Sucrose found in Leaf (6400 ppm);found in Stem (3500 ppm);found in Root (226000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Iron found in Fruit ;found in Pt ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Root (180 ppm);found in Leaf
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Lutein found in Leaf
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (140 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf Essent. Oil (160000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil (86000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (160000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Ginsenoside-rc found in Embryo ;found in Fruit (36700 ppm);found in Pt (1900 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome (4700 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (37700 ppm);found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Proteinogenic
Ginsenoside-rb-2 found in Embryo ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (3970 ppm);found in Shoot (4000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (23000 ppm);found in Rhizome (5700 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (58300 ppm);found in Fruit (29500 ppm);found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Pyrogenic
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Embryo ;found in Flower (3000 ppm);found in Fruit (287200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (2920 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Root (58400 ppm);found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (3270 ppm);found in Leaf (72200 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Lutein found in Leaf
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Root
Respirastimulant
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root
Rubefacient
Ethanol found in Shoot
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (17 ppm);found in Fruit
Sclerosant
Ethanol found in Shoot
Secretomotor
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Sedative
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Falcarinol found in Rhizome ;found in Root (310 ppm)
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Maltol found in Root
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Root
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Root
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf Essent. Oil (160000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil (86000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (160000 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Root
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Stimulant
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Embryo ;found in Flower (3000 ppm);found in Fruit (287200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (2920 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Root (58400 ppm);found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (3270 ppm);found in Leaf (72200 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Squalene found in Seed Oil
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Root
Surfactant
Ethanol found in Shoot
Sweetener
Fructose found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Stem (1800 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (6000 ppm)
Galactose found in Root
Maltol found in Root
Maltose found in Root (199600 ppm);found in Stem (1300 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Sucrose found in Leaf (6400 ppm);found in Stem (3500 ppm);found in Root (226000 ppm);found in Rhizome
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Seed Oil
Taenicide
Tin found in Root (16 ppm);found in Root (16 ppm)
Teratogenic
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ethanol found in Shoot
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Termiticide
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Thyrotropic
Ginsenosides found in Plant ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Tonic
Panaxic-acid found in Root
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Harman found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Norharman found in Root
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Embryo ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Root (83000 ppm);found in Rhizome (14000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Harman found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Estriol found in Root
Estrone found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Tremorigenic
Harman found in Root
Phenylalanine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Tremorilytic
Ethanol found in Shoot
Tremorogenic
Norharman found in Root
Trichomonicide
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Leaf (6400 ppm);found in Stem (3500 ppm);found in Root (226000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Trypanocide
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Citral found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Lutein found in Leaf
Neoxanthin found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (55 ppm)
Violaxanthin found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Ethanol found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Salicylic-acid found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Leaf (6400 ppm);found in Stem (3500 ppm);found in Root (226000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Root
Glycine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
VEGF-Inhibitor
Elemene found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Vasodilator
Adenine found in Root
Adenosine found in Rhizome ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (4140 ppm);found in Root (2880 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Fiber found in Root (72000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rb-1 found in Embryo ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (1000 ppm);found in Root (83000 ppm);found in Rhizome (14000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rc found in Embryo ;found in Fruit (36700 ppm);found in Pt (1900 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome (4700 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (37700 ppm);found in Flower (2000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-re found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Pt (1410 ppm);found in Rhizome (5700 ppm);found in Leaf (151200 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (700 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root (84800 ppm);found in Flower (60000 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg found in Root Bark (34000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (17300 ppm);found in Root (16300 ppm);found in Stem (700 ppm)
Ginsenoside-rg-1 found in Embryo ;found in Flower (3000 ppm);found in Fruit (287200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (2920 ppm);found in Shoot (15000 ppm);found in Root (58400 ppm);found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Pt (3270 ppm);found in Leaf (72200 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Root (481 ppm);found in Root (1950 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (80 ppm);found in Root (80 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2430 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (700 ppm)
Vasotonic
Panaxic-acid found in Root
Vermicide
Eucalyptol found in Plant
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Sucrose found in Leaf (6400 ppm);found in Stem (3500 ppm);found in Root (226000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Fruit ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Petiole ;found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Folic-acid found in Root
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-aromadendrene Shoot
(+)-beta-bisabolene Shoot
(+)-camphene Shoot
(-)-beta-panasinsene Root Essent. Oil
1,3-dimethyl-benzene Shoot
1,8-cineol Root Essent. Oil
1-1-diethoxy-ethane Shoot
1-2-dibutyl-phenyl-formate Shoot
1-ethoxy-butane Shoot
1-ethoxy-pentane Shoot
1-o-alpha-glucoside-propan-2-on-1-ol Root
10-acetyl-panaxytriol Root
2-3-3-trimethyl-penta-1-4-diene Shoot
2-5-dimethyl-tridecane Root Essent. Oil
Plant
2-6-diethyl-pyrazine Root
2-6-dimethyl-6-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-bicyclo-(3.1.1)-hept-2-ene Flower Essent. Oil
2-6-ditert-butyl-4-methyl-phenol Root Essent. Oil 14,000
Flower Essent. Oil 14,000
2-acetyl-pyrrole Shoot
2-ethanoyl-furan Shoot
2-ethyl-5-methyl-pyrazine Root
2-ethyl-6-methyl-pyrazine Root
2-glucoginsenoside-rf Root 50
2-iso-butyl-3-methoxy-pyrazine Root
2-iso-propyl-3-methoxy-pyrazine Root
2-iso-propyl-5-methyl-anisole Root
2-keto-octa-trans-3-trans-5-diene Shoot
2-methyl-3-o-beta-d-glucoside-pyr-4-one Plant
2-methyl-hexanoic-acid-ehtyl-ester Root
2-methyl-tetradecane Root Essent. Oil 29,000
2-sec-butyl-3-methoxy-pyrazine Root
20(r)-ginsenoside-rg-3 Fruit
20(r)-ginsenoside-rh-1 Fruit
Rhizome
20(r)-ginsenoside-rh-2 Leaf 6.7 10
Shoot
20(r)-protopanaxadiol Leaf 0.1 1.4
20(r)-protopanaxatriol Fruit
Leaf 1.4 12.5
20(s)-ginsenoside-rh-2 Leaf 7
20(s)-protopanaxadiol-3-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Root 10
20-(s)-dihydro-protopanaxatrione Root
20-gluco-ginsenoside Leaf
20-glucosyl-ginsenoside Flower
Root 50
22-trans-dehydro-24-methyl-cholesterol Seed Oil
24-ethyl-22-trans-dehydro-cholesterol Seed Oil
24-ethyl-24(25)-dehydro-cholesterol Seed Oil
24-ethyl-cholesterol Seed Oil
24-methyl-cholesterol Seed Oil
24-methylene-24-dihydro-lanosterol Seed Oil
24-methylene-cycloartanol Seed Oil
28-isofucosterol Seed Oil
3-12-diethyl-tetradeca-2-5-9-triene Shoot
3-9-10-triacetoxy-heptadeca-1-16-diene-4-6-diyne Root
3-dihydro-panaxacol Tissue Culture 2.5
3-iso-propyl-2-methoxy-5-methyl-pyrazine Root
3-sec-butyl-2-methoxy-5-methyl-pyrazine Root
4-methyl-methoxy-benzene Shoot
4-methyl-thiazole-5-ethanol Root
4-oxy-oct-6-enoic-acid-methyl-ester Root
5-ethyl-2-3-dimethyl-pyrazine Root
6-alkyne-hexadec-4-trans-ene Shoot
6-methyl-2-keto-hepta-3-5-diene Shoot
6-methyl-hept-6-en-2-one Shoot
7-alkyne-2-hydroxy-nona-trans-3-trans-5-diene Shoot
9-10-epoxy-heptadec-1-16-diene-4-6-diyn-3-one Root
9-10-epoxy-heptadeca-1-16-diene-4-6-diyn Root
Acetic-acid Shoot
Acetic-acid-ethyl-ester Shoot
Acetyl-panaxydol Root 2.1
Acidic-peptides Flower
Adenine Root
Adenosine Rhizome
Root 90
Adenyl-cyclase Root
Alanine Leaf
Root
Allo-aromadendrene Shoot Essent. Oil
Root Essent. Oil
Shoot
Plant
Flower Essent. Oil
Alpha-amylase Root
Alpha-bergamotene Shoot
Alpha-copaene Shoot Essent. Oil
Flower Essent. Oil
Alpha-cubebene Flower Essent. Oil
Shoot
Alpha-farnesene Flower Essent. Oil 14,000
Alpha-fructose Root
Alpha-gamma-dipalmitin Root
Alpha-glucose Root
Alpha-guaiene Root Essent. Oil 40,000
Root
Flower Essent. Oil 55,000
Alpha-humulene Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Alpha-maltose Root
Alpha-maltosyl-beta-d-fructofuranoside Root
Alpha-neoclovene Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Alpha-panasinsene Root Essent. Oil
Root 17.6
Plant
Alpha-phellandrene Root Essent. Oil
Root
Plant
Alpha-pinene Root Essent. Oil
Root
Alpha-pyrrolidone Root
Alpha-santalene Shoot Essent. Oil
Flower Essent. Oil
Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-selinene Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Shoot
Flower Essent. Oil
Aluminum Root 5 22
Root 22
Amino-acids Flower
Root
Tissue Culture
Arachidic-acid Root
Arginine Leaf
Root
Aromadendrane-4-beta-10-alpha-diol Plant 3
Aromadendrene Root Essent. Oil
Flower Essent. Oil
Plant
Arsenic Root
Ascorbic-acid Leaf
Root 0
Root 0
Ash Root 50,000
Root 10,600 50,000
Aspartase Root
Aspartic-acid Leaf
Root
Avenasterol Seed Oil
Azulene Shoot
Behenic-acid Root
Benzaldehyde Shoot
Benzyl-beta-primeveroside Root 47
Beta-amylase Root
Beta-amyrin Seed Oil
Beta-bisabolene Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Beta-bourbonene Flower Essent. Oil
Shoot
Beta-carotene Root
Root
Beta-caryophyllene Flower Essent. Oil
Shoot
Beta-cubebene Flower Essent. Oil
Shoot
Beta-elemene Root Essent. Oil 150,000
Shoot
Root
Flower Essent. Oil 29,000
Beta-elemenene Flower Essent. Oil
Beta-eudesmol Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Beta-farnes-(3-cis-6-trans)-ene Shoot
Beta-farnes-cis-ene Shoot
Beta-farnesene Root Essent. Oil 85,000
Leaf 1,000
Stem 1,000
Root
Flower Essent. Oil 43,000
Plant
Beta-fructose Root
Beta-glucose Root
Beta-guaiene Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Beta-gurjunene Root Essent. Oil 60,000
Plant
Beta-humulene Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Beta-maaliene Flower Essent. Oil
Root
Shoot
Beta-maltose Root
Beta-neoclovene Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Beta-panasinsene Plant
Root 10.2
Beta-patchoulene Root Essent. Oil
Root
Beta-santalene Flower Essent. Oil
Beta-selinene Root Essent. Oil 80,000
Plant
Beta-sitosterol Fruit
Rhizome
Root
Beta-sitosterol-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Root
Beta-sitosteryl-glucoside Plant
Bicyclo-(2.1.0)-pentane-5-carboxylic-acid-1-methyl-ethyl-ester Shoot
Bicyclogermacrene Plant
Root
Biotin Root 0.9
Bisabolene Flower Essent. Oil
Butyrospermol Seed Oil
Cadinene Shoot
Caffeic-acid Root
Calcium Root 2,880 4,140
Root 611 2,880
Campesterol Root
Campesterol-6'-linolenylglucoside Root
Campesterol-6'-linolylglucoside Root
Campesterol-6'-oleylglucoside Root
Campesterol-6'-palmitylglucoside Root
Campesterol-6'-stearylglucoside Root
Caproic-acid-butyl-ester Root
Caproic-acid-propyl-ester Root
Carbohydrates Root 176,808 834,000
Root 834,000
Carbon-disulfide Root 1,500
Caryophyllene Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Caryophyllene-alcohol Root Essent. Oil
Catalase Root
Cellulase Root
Cerebroside Root
Chloro-panaxydiol Tissue Culture 3
Chlorophyll Leaf
Cholesta-3-5-diene Shoot
Cholesterol Seed Oil
Choline Root 1,000 2,000
Chromium Root 0.2 1.1
Root 1.1
Cineole Plant
Cis-caryophyllene Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Citral Root Essent. Oil
Root
Citric-acid Root
Citrostadienol Seed Oil
Cobalt Root 0.7 3.1
Root 3.1
Copper Flower
Inflorescence
Leaf
Stem
Root 17
Fruit
Cycloartenol Seed Oil
Cycloeucalenol Seed Oil
Cysteine Root
Cystine Leaf
Root
D-fructose Root
D-glucose Root
D-sucrose Root
Dammaran-3-beta-6-alpha-12-beta-20(r)-25-pentaol Shoot 2
Dammaran-3-beta-6-alpha-12-beta-20(r)-25-pentaol-6-o-alpha-l-rhamnopyranosyl(1-2)-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Shoot 10
Daucosterine Leaf 3.8
Root
Daucosterol Fruit
Root
Tissue Culture
Rhizome
Deca-trans-2,trans-4-dien-1-al Shoot
Deca-trans-2-cis-4-dien-1-al Shoot
Delta-cadinene Root
Dendrolasin Shoot
Densichine Root
Di-iso-propyl-sulfide Root
Diglycosyl-diglyceride Root
Dihydroactinidiolide Shoot
Dihydropanaxacol Tissue Culture 2
Disaccharides Root 33,000
Elemene Root
Eo Root 100 500
Epsilon-muurolene Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Eremophil-1-(10)-11-ene Shoot
Eremophila-1-(10)-11-diene Flower Essent. Oil
Eremophilene Root Essent. Oil 23,000
Plant
Erucic-acid Root
Estradiol Root
Estriol Root
Estrone Root
Ethanol Shoot
Ethylbenzene Shoot
Ethylene Plant
Eucalyptol Plant
Eugenol Root Essent. Oil
Falcarinol Rhizome
Root 0.9 310
Fat Root 17,700
Root 3,752 17,700
Ferulic-acid Root
Fiber Root 72,000
Fiber(crude) Root 72,000
Fiber(dietary) Root 301,000
Fluoride Root 26.3
Folic-acid Root
Formic-acid-methyl-ester Shoot
Fructose Leaf 6,500
Stem 1,800
Tissue Culture
Root 200 6,000
Fumaric-acid Root
Furaldehyde Shoot
Gadoleic-acid Root
Galactose Root
Galanin Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid Root
Gamma-cadinene Flower Essent. Oil
Gamma-elemene Root Essent. Oil 60,000 100,000
Plant
Gamma-patchoulene Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Gamma-selinene Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Ge Root
Gensenoside-rd Root
Gentisic-acid Root
Germanium Root 0.12 320
Ginsenan-pa Root 235
Ginsenan-pb Root 170
Ginsenan-s-i-a Root 106.6
Ginsenan-s-ii-a Root 90
Ginseng-polypeptide Root
Ginseng-polypeptide-gpp Root
Ginsenol Root 9.6
Ginsenoside Plant
Root 47,000
Ginsenoside-f Leaf 12.5
Ginsenoside-f-1 Leaf 4,000
Shoot 4,000
Ginsenoside-f2 Fruit 5,000
Shoot 2,000
Leaf 2,000 18,400
Ginsenoside-f3 Flower 300
Shoot 2,000
Leaf 2,000
Ginsenoside-f4 Leaf 746.2
Ginsenoside-fc-3 Flower
Ginsenoside-fd-2 Flower
Ginsenoside-fd-3 Flower
Ginsenoside-k Root
Ginsenoside-l-a Leaf 2 6.5
Ginsenoside-m-3 Flower
Ginsenoside-m-4 Flower
Ginsenoside-m-5 Flower
Ginsenoside-m-6 Flower
Ginsenoside-m-7 Flower 300
Ginsenoside-m-7-a Flower
Ginsenoside-m-7-b Flower
Ginsenoside-m-7-cd Flower
Ginsenoside-m-7-ed Flower 10
Ginsenoside-ng-r-2 Root
Ginsenoside-r-o Flower
Root 100 11,000
Rhizome 18,000 34,000
Ginsenoside-ra Root 100 300
Shoot
Ginsenoside-ra-1 Root 100 300
Ginsenoside-ra-2 Root 300
Ginsenoside-ra-3 Root 50
Ginsenoside-ra-o Root
Ginsenoside-rb Rhizome
Tissue Culture 13,100 15,900
Root 11,300 40,000
Ginsenoside-rb-1 Embryo
Fruit
Leaf 9 8,000
Seed
Tissue Culture
Shoot 1,000
Root 1,700 83,000
Rhizome 8,800 14,000
Root Bark
Flower 2,000
Ginsenoside-rb-2 Embryo
Tissue Culture
Stem 3,970
Shoot 4,000
Seed
Root 100 23,000
Rhizome 4,500 5,700
Root Bark
Leaf 11 58,300
Fruit 200 29,500
Flower 2,000
Ginsenoside-rb-2-c Root
Ginsenoside-rb-3 Flower 136
Root 50
Ginsenoside-rb-c Root Bark 24,000
Root 14,000
Ginsenoside-rb-group Root
Tissue Culture
Ginsenoside-rc Embryo
Fruit 1,000 36,700
Pt 1,900
Tissue Culture
Shoot 2,000
Seed
Root 500 25,000
Rhizome 4,700
Root Bark
Leaf 3.5 37,700
Flower 672 2,000
Ginsenoside-rc-2 Root
Ginsenoside-rd Embryo
Tissue Culture
Shoot 15,000
Seed
Root 380 21,200
Leaf 11 65,800
Rhizome 700 1,600
Root Bark
Pt 100 1,070
Fruit 1,000 68,800
Flower 1,000 5,000
Ginsenoside-rd-2 Embryo
Root
Ginsenoside-re Fruit Juice
Fruit 25,000 60,000
Pt 600 1,410
Rhizome 4,700 5,700
Leaf 15 151,200
Shoot 15,000
Tissue Culture
Stem 700
Seed
Root 680 84,800
Flower 25,000 60,000
Ginsenoside-re-2 Root
Ginsenoside-re-3 Root
Ginsenoside-rf Flower
Root 200 9,200
Tissue Culture
Shoot
Rhizome 1,500
Leaf 24,100 38,300
Fruit 6,900
Ginsenoside-rg Root Bark 34,000
Tissue Culture 12,200 17,300
Root 4,600 16,300
Stem 700
Ginsenoside-rg-1 Embryo
Flower 400 3,000
Fruit 400 287,200
Tissue Culture
Stem 2,920
Shoot 15,000
Root 320 58,400
Rhizome 3,800 4,500
Root Bark
Pt 1,000 3,270
Leaf 5 72,200
Ginsenoside-rg-2 Flower
Leaf 67 317.5
Root 100 26,700
Shoot
Rhizome
Ginsenoside-rg-3 Leaf 25 195
Shoot
Root 3 30
Ginsenoside-rg-4 Leaf 0.16 4.5
Ginsenoside-rh Root
Shoot
Ginsenoside-rh-2 Root
Shoot 0.4
Ginsenoside-rh-3 Leaf 2.9 5
Shoot
Ginsenoside-rh1 Leaf 12.5 135
Root 15
Tissue Culture
Shoot
Ginsenoside-z-r-1 Root
Ginsenosides Plant
Root 10,720 30,000
Tissue Culture
Shoot
Ginsenoyne-a Root 12.8
Ginsenoyne-a-linoleate Root 2.8
Ginsenoyne-b Root 1.5
Ginsenoyne-c Root 1.1
Ginsenoyne-d Root 7.1
Ginsenoyne-e Root 7.1
Ginsenoyne-f Root 2.6
Ginsenoyne-g Root 0.176
Ginsenoyne-h Root 1.47
Ginsenoyne-i Root 2.6
Ginsenoyne-j Root 3.5
Ginsenoyne-k Root 14.1
Ginsenoynes Root
Glucose Leaf 5,800
Stem 14,700
Tissue Culture
Root 100 9,000
Glutamic-acid Leaf
Root
Gly-arg-gamma-glu-val-nh2 Root
Glycine Leaf
Root
Glyco-chenodeoxycholic-acid Root
Glyco-deoxy-cholic-acid Root
Glycocholic-acid Root
Gomsempsode-rb-2 Root
Guanine Root
Gum Root 27,560 130,000
Gypenoside-xvii Tissue Culture 960
Harman Root
Heneicosanoic-acid Root
Heptadec-1-en-4,6-diyn-3,9,10-triol Root
Heptadec-1-en-4,6-diyne-3,9,10-triol Root
Heptadec-1-en-4,6-diyne-3,9-diol Root 150
Heptadeca-1-4-diene-6-8-diyne-3-10-diol Root
Heptadeca-1-8-dien-4-6-diyn-3-10-diol Root
Heptadeca-1-8-diene-4-6-diyn-10-ol-3-one Root
Heptadeca-1-8-diene-4-6-diyn-3-10-dione Root
Heptadeca-1-8-diene-4-6-diyne-3-10-diol Root 14.6
Heptadeca-1-9-dien-4-6-diyn-3-ol Root
Heptadeca-1-en-4,6-diyn-3,9-diol Root 150
Heptadeca-1-ene-4-6-diyne-3-9-10-triol Root 1.5
Heptadeca-1-trans-8-diene-4-6-diyne-3-10-diol Root 5.2
Heptadecan-1-ol Root Essent. Oil 19,000
Heptadecan-2-one Leaf Essent. Oil 20,000
Root Essent. Oil 43,000
Stem Essent. Oil 20,000
Heptadecanoic-acid Root
Heteroglycan-f Fruit
Hexadecanoic-acid Shoot
Hexan-1-al Shoot
Histidine Leaf
Root 20
Humulene Leaf Essent. Oil
Root Essent. Oil 24,000
Stem Essent. Oil
Indole-3-acetic-acid Tissue Culture
Indole-3-acetyl-aspartate Tissue Culture
Indole-acetic-acid Tissue Culture
Invertase Root
Iron Fruit
Pt
Root
Stem
Root 180
Leaf
Iso-butyl-propionate Root
Iso-propyl-propionate Root
Isoleucine Leaf
Root
Kaempferol Leaf
Shoot
Karusan-a Root
Karusan-b Root
Karusan-c Root
Karusan-d Root
Karusan-e Root
Ketoglutaric-acid Root
Kilocalories Root 2,740
Kinetin Tissue Culture
Leucine Leaf
Root
Lignoceric-acid Root
Ligustrazine Root
Limonene Root Essent. Oil
Root
Linalool Root Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid Root 140
Linolein Root
Linolenic-acid Root
Linoleoyl-beta-d-glucoside Tissue Culture
Lupeol Seed Oil
Lutein Leaf
Luteolin-7-glucoside Leaf
Lysine Leaf
Root
Lysophosphatidyl-inositol Root
Lysophosphatidylcholine Root
Magnesium Root 102 481
Root 481 1,950
Maleic-acid Root
Malic-acid Root
Malonyl-ginsenoside-rb-1 Rhizome 6,900 13,000
Root 2,730 13,000
Malonyl-ginsenoside-rb-2 Rhizome 4,000 4,200
Root 1,370 11,000
Malonyl-ginsenoside-rc Rhizome 3,400 3,500
Root 1,000 8,400
Malonyl-ginsenoside-rd Rhizome
Root 400 1,200
Maltol Root
Maltose Root 5,100 199,600
Stem 1,300
Manganese Fruit
Pt
Leaf
Root 1.9 180
Stem
Root 0.4 1.9
Mannitol Root
Mayurone Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Methionine Leaf
Root
Methyl-6,9-dialkyne-octadecate Shoot
Molybdenum Fruit
Stem
Root
Pt
Leaf
Monosaccharides Root 15,000
Moretenol Seed Oil
Myristic-acid Root
N-9-formyl-harman Root 0.1
N-formyl-harman Root
N-nonacosane Leaf
Rhizome
Root
N-pentadecane Root Essent. Oil 18,000
Plant
Neo-intermedeol Plant 10.4
Neoclovene Plant
Neoxanthin Leaf
Nerolidol Shoot
Nervonic-acid Root
Niacin Root 17 80
Root 80
Nicotinamide Root
Nicotinic-acid Root
Norharman Root
Notoginsenoside-r-1 Root 20
O-alpha-d-glucopyranosyl...fructofuranoside Root
O-alpha-d-glucopyranosyl...glucopyranose Root
Obtusifoliol Seed Oil
Octacosan-1-ol Leaf
Oleanolic-acid Root 150 700
Oleic-acid Root
Oxalic-acid-ethyl-ester Root
P-coumaric-acid Root
P-hydroxycinnamic-acid Root 26
Palmitic-acid Leaf Essent. Oil 160,000
Root
Plant
Root Essent. Oil 86,000
Stem Essent. Oil 160,000
Palmitoleic-acid Root
Palmitoyl-beta-d-glucoside Tissue Culture
Panacene Root
Panasenoside Leaf
Shoot
Panasinsanol-a Root 2.3
Panasinsanol-b Root 12.5
Panax-ginseng-20(s)-prosapogenin Root
Panax-ginseng-genin-f-1 Root
Panax-ginseng-genin-f-2 Root
Panax-ginseng-genin-f-4 Root
Panax-ginseng-glycoprotein Root
Panax-ginseng-glycoside-p-1 Root
Panax-ginseng-lipolytic-peptide Root
Panax-ginseng-polyacetylene-c Root
Panax-ginseng-polyacetylene-d Root
Panax-ginseng-polyacetylene-e Root
Panax-ginseng-polyacetylene-f Root
Panax-ginseng-polyacetylene-g Root
Panax-ginseng-protein Root
Panax-glycoprotein Root
Panax-heteroglycan-gl-p-i Leaf
Panax-heteroglycan-gl-p-ii Leaf
Panax-heteroglycan-gl-p-iv Leaf
Panax-oligosaccharide Tissue Culture
Panax-pectic-heteroglycan-gl-4-ii-b-1-iii Leaf
Panax-polypeptide Root
Panax-polyphenolic-permethyl-ether Root
Panax-polysaccharide Root 30,000 40,000
Tissue Culture
Panax-polysaccharide-gh-1 Root
Panax-polysaccharide-gl-4 Root
Panax-polysaccharide-gl-4-ii-b-1-ii Root
Panax-polysaccharide-gl-ai-a Leaf
Panax-polysaccharide-gl-ai-b Leaf
Panax-polysaccharide-gl-b-iii Leaf
Panax-polysaccharide-gl-ni-a Leaf
Panax-polysaccharide-gl-ni-b Leaf
Panax-polysaccharide-p-n Leaf
Panax-polysaccharide-s-2-a Stem
Panax-protein Root
Panax-saponin-a Root
Panax-saponin-c Root
Panax-triterpene-gf-vi Fruit
Panax-triterpene-gf-vii Fruit
Panaxacol Root
Tissue Culture 37 50
Panaxadiol Root 700 6,500
Panaxadiol-saponin Shoot
Panaxan-a Root
Panaxan-b Root
Panaxan-c Root
Panaxan-d Root
Panaxan-e Root
Panaxan-f Root
Panaxan-g Root
Panaxan-h Root
Panaxan-i Root
Panaxan-j Root
Panaxan-k Root
Panaxan-l Root
Panaxan-m Root
Panaxan-n Root
Panaxan-o Root
Panaxan-p Root
Panaxan-q Root
Panaxan-r Root
Panaxan-s Root
Panaxan-t Root
Panaxan-u Root
Panaxatriol Leaf
Root 700 7,700
Panaxatriol-glycoside Root
Panaxatriol-saponin Shoot
Panaxic-acid Root
Panaxin Root
Panaxoside-a Root
Panaxoside-a-progenin-i Root
Panaxoside-b Root
Panaxoside-c Root
Panaxoside-d Root
Panaxoside-e Root
Panaxoside-f Root
Panaxydol Root 357.1 440
Tissue Culture 8
Panaxydol-chlorohydrin Root 13.5
Panaxydol-linoleate Root 8.1
Panaxyne Root
Panaxyne-epoxide Root 1.8 9
Panaxynol Root
Panaxynol-linoleate Root 1.3
Panaxytriol Root 14.2 250
Pantothenic-acid Root 6.6
Patchoulene Root Essent. Oil 20,000
Pectin Plant
Root
Pelargonidin-3-monoglucoside Fruit Epidermis
Pentadecanoic-acid Root
Perlargonidin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Root
Perlolyrine Root 1.6
Phenolase Root
Phenyl-acetaldehyde Shoot
Phenylalanine Leaf
Root
Phenylethanol Shoot
Pheophytin Leaf
Phosphatidic-acid Root
Phosphatidyl-choline Root
Phosphatidyl-ethanolamine Root
Phosphatidyl-glycerol Root
Phosphatidyl-inositol Root
Phosphorus Root 112 528
Root 528
Polyacetylenes Root
Polysaccharide Rhizome
Tissue Culture
Root
Polysaccharide-gl-p-i Leaf 5
Polysaccharide-gl-p-ii Leaf 8
Polysaccharide-gl-p-iii Leaf 2.2
Polysaccharide-gl-p-iv Leaf 2.4
Polysaccharide-sa Root
Polysaccharide-sb Root
Potassium Root 515 2,430
Root 2,430 10,700
Pro-renin Root
Proline Leaf
Root
Protein Root 109,000
Root 23,108 109,000
Protopanaxadiol Root
Protopanaxadiol-glycosides Root
Putrescine Root
Pyroglutamic-acid Root
Pyruvic-acid Root
Quinquenoside-r-1 Root 20
Rhamnose Root
Tissue Culture
Riboflavin Root 0.4 1.8
Root 1.8
Salicylic-acid Root 3.4
Santalene Shoot
Saponin-ii Plant
Root
Tissue Culture
Saponin-iii Plant
Root
Tissue Culture
Saponin-iv Plant
Root
Tissue Culture
Saponin-v Plant
Root
Tissue Culture
Saponins Flower 69,000
Leaf 128,000
Stem 16,000 40,000
Shoot
Root 20,000
Selenium Root 0.5 2.5
Root 2.5
Selina-4(14),7(11)-diene Root Essent. Oil
Senecrassidiol Root
Serine Leaf
Root
Sesquiterpenediol Root
Silicon Root
Root
Sitosterol-6'-linolenylglucoside Root
Sitosterol-6'-linolylglucoside Root
Sitosterol-6'-oleylglucoside Root
Sitosterol-6'-palmitylglucoside Root
Sitosterol-6'-stearylglucoside Root
Sodium Root 5 24
Root 24 209
Spathulenol Plant 15.9
Spermidine Root
Spermine Root
Spinacine Root 33.3
Squalene Seed Oil
Squalene-2-3-oxide Seed Oil
Starch Rhizome
Root 25,440 120,000
Root 80,000 320,000
Stearic-acid Root
Stigmasterol Root
Stigmasterol-6'-linolenylglucoside Root
Stigmasterol-6'-linolylglucoside Root
Stigmasterol-6'-oleylglucoside Root
Stigmasterol-6'-palmitylglucoside Root
Stigmasterol-6'-stearylglucoside Root
Succinic-acid Root
Sucrose Leaf 6,400
Stem 3,500
Root 1,300 226,000
Rhizome
Sugars Root 19,080 90,000
Superoxide-dismutase Root
Tannic-acid Leaf
Tartaric-acid Root
Terpineol Root Essent. Oil
Root
Thiamin Root 1.7
Thiamine Root 0.4 1.7
Threonine Leaf
Root
Thuj-4(10)-ene Root
Tin Root 16
Root 3.4 16
Toluene Shoot
Trace-elements Root
Trans-beta-farnesene Root Essent. Oil 80,000
Plant
Trans-caryophyllene Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Tricosanoic-acid Root
Trifolin Leaf
Shoot
Trimethyl-pyrazine Root
Tripalmitin Rhizome
Root
Tyrosine Leaf
Root
Uracil Root
Uridine Root
Valine Leaf
Root
Vanillic-acid Plant
Root 55
Vicilin Endosperm
Violaxanthin Leaf
Vitamin-b12 Root
Water Root 788,000
Root 788,000
Xylose Root
Tissue Culture
Zinc Fruit
Root 27
Root
Stem
Petiole
Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]