Oenothera biennis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
common evening-primrose evening-primrose German-rampion

Oenothera biennis is a species of Oenothera native to eastern and central North America, from Newfoundland west to Alberta, southeast to Florida, and southwest to Texas, and widely naturalized elsewhere in temperate and subtropical regions. Evening primrose oil is produced from the plant.

Oenothera biennis

Medical use

Economic importance of Oenothera biennis

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas , Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota , Oklahoma , South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (86000 ppm);found in Seed (31590 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (19000 ppm);found in Seed (12150 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Absorbent
Starch found in Seed
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Seed (3629 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
O-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (266 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (100 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (41 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Plant (234000 ppm);found in Seed (429000 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (35100 ppm);found in Seed (7577 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7364 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
AntiCRP
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (200 ppm)
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Lignin found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Plant
AntiMS
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (168 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Seed (11206 ppm)
Antiacne
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (390 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (168 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Seed (11206 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Seed (3842 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (86000 ppm);found in Seed (31590 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (86000 ppm);found in Seed (31590 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (13 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (390 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (168 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (35100 ppm);found in Seed (7577 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Seed (3949 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (13 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (168 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiasphyctic
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cycloartenol found in Seed (133 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Seed (160000 ppm)
O-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (200 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (390 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Methionine found in Seed (5763 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (390 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Anticoronary
Lignin found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7364 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (35100 ppm);found in Seed (7577 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (13 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (234000 ppm);found in Seed (429000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (168 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Lignin found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (168 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Seed (168 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antieczemic
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (5763 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (266 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (100 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Taraxasterol found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed (15048 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (11206 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (10780 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (3629 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (8645 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (28068 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (168 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antifatigue
Copper found in Seed (13 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (35100 ppm);found in Seed (7577 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (86000 ppm);found in Seed (31590 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antigastritic
Glycine found in Seed (11206 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Seed (15048 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Seed (5763 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lysine found in Seed (3842 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Seed (3629 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (28068 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Arginine found in Seed (15048 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (234000 ppm);found in Seed (429000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (35100 ppm);found in Seed (7577 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed (15048 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Arginine found in Seed (15048 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (266 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (100 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Copper found in Seed (13 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed (133 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (200 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Taraxasterol found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Digallic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antilithic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (28068 ppm)
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (390 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (12593 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Seed (3949 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Seed
Antineuralgic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Lignin found in Seed (160000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (266 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (100 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (13 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (234000 ppm);found in Seed (429000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Boron found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Boron found in Seed (41 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (13 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (168 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed (7257 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (168 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Seed (5870 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Campesterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (220 ppm)
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (200 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Histidine found in Seed (3949 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Manganese found in Seed (168 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (5763 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (86000 ppm);found in Seed (31590 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (5763 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7364 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (3629 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed (5870 ppm)
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (3629 ppm)
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (200 ppm)
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (28068 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (11206 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Seed (11206 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (28068 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed (133 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antisickling
Glycine found in Seed (11206 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7364 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Potassium found in Herb (35100 ppm);found in Seed (7577 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cycloartenol found in Seed (133 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (35100 ppm);found in Seed (7577 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (168 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (266 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Erucic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant (234000 ppm);found in Seed (429000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (200 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Oenothein-a found in Leaf (1250 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Antitussive
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (266 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (100 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (234000 ppm);found in Seed (429000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (11206 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (3949 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (4600 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (3629 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Seed (3949 ppm)
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7364 ppm)
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (28068 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed (7257 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (35100 ppm);found in Seed (7577 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed (15048 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Plant (234000 ppm);found in Seed (429000 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (35100 ppm);found in Seed (7577 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Seed (5870 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant (234000 ppm);found in Seed (429000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Glycine found in Seed (11206 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (5763 ppm)
Mucilage found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Serine found in Seed (8858 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (3629 ppm)
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (13 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (234000 ppm);found in Seed (429000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (35100 ppm);found in Seed (7577 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Herb (35100 ppm);found in Seed (7577 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Chelator
Lignin found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Collagenic
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (13 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (19000 ppm);found in Seed (12150 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (200 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (266 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Seed (15048 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (234000 ppm);found in Seed (429000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (35100 ppm);found in Seed (7577 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Seed (5763 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Seed
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Seed (3949 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Seed (5870 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (10780 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (3842 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (5763 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (4600 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (8645 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (41 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (86000 ppm);found in Seed (31590 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (19000 ppm);found in Seed (12150 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (4600 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (8645 ppm)
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
O-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Fungistat
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (266 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (100 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Seed (5763 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Digallic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (86000 ppm);found in Seed (31590 ppm)
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Seed (270000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (266 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (100 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (5763 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (86000 ppm);found in Seed (31590 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (180 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed (15048 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Seed (3842 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Campesterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (220 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (13 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed (133 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (234000 ppm);found in Seed (429000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (200 ppm)
Lignin found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Mucilage found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (19000 ppm);found in Seed (12150 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (168 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hypotensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (234000 ppm);found in Seed (429000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (35100 ppm);found in Seed (7577 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Plant (234000 ppm);found in Seed (429000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (13 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed (7257 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (266 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (100 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (234000 ppm);found in Seed (429000 ppm)
Lignin found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Seed (5763 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Lubricant
Erucic-acid found in Seed
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (86000 ppm);found in Seed (31590 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (19000 ppm);found in Seed (12150 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7364 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (3629 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (100 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed (15048 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (200 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Natriuretic
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (200 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (86000 ppm);found in Seed (31590 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (12593 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Seed (11206 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (28068 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed (7257 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Oxidant
Alanine found in Seed (5870 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (3949 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
PKC-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (200 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (19000 ppm);found in Seed (12150 ppm)
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cycloartenol found in Seed (133 ppm)
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Seed (160000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
O-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (86000 ppm);found in Seed (31590 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Phytoalexin
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Pigment
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed (15048 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Seed
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Iron found in Seed (390 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (710000 ppm);found in Seed (227798 ppm);found in Seed Oil (747000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (119000 ppm);found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (86000 ppm);found in Seed (31590 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (19000 ppm);found in Seed (12150 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (12593 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (13 ppm)
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (86000 ppm);found in Seed (31590 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed (15048 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (19000 ppm);found in Seed (12150 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7364 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed (133 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Seed (2528 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Uricosuric
Glycine found in Seed (11206 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed (5763 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed (5763 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Arginine found in Seed (15048 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (23400 ppm);found in Seed (18000 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (234000 ppm);found in Seed (429000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (80000 ppm);found in Seed Oil (403000 ppm);found in Seed (48600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Herb (3900 ppm);found in Seed (5300 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (35100 ppm);found in Seed (7577 ppm)
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (90 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
Tannin found in Herb (110000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Herb ;found in Leaf (207000 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzoic-acid Plant
Alanine Seed 5,500 5,870
Alpha-amyrin Inflorescence
Seed 125 266
Alpha-linoleic-acid Seed 2,000 58,000
Alpha-linolenic-acid Leaf
Seed
Alpha-tocopherol Seed 11 100
Amino-acids Seed
Ammonia Seed 2,300 2,455
Arginine Seed 14,100 15,048
Ash Seed 47,800 78,000
Aspartic-acid Seed 11,800 12,593
Beta-amyrin Fruit
Inflorescence
Seed 47 100
Beta-linoleic-acid Seed 42,000 66,000
Beta-sitosterol Fruit
Inflorescence
Seed 1,186 2,528
Boron Seed 38 41
Caffeic-acid Leaf
Calcium Plant 12,100 23,400
Seed 12,700 18,000
Campesterol Fruit
Inflorescence
Seed 103 220
Carbohydrates Plant 460,000 671,000
Cellulose Seed 270,000
Cis-6,9,12-octadecatrienoic-acid Plant
Cis-gamma-linoleic-acid Seed 9,800 14,000
Cis-gamma-linolenic-acid Oil 90,000
Cis-linoleic-acid Oil 700,000
Seed 70,000 98,000
Citrostadieniol Seed 115 246
Copper Seed 11 13
Cycloartenol Seed 62 133
Cystine Seed 3,400 3,629
Delphinidin Leaf
Digallic-acid Leaf
Dihomo-linolenic-acid Seed Oil 1,000 3,000
Ellagic-acid Leaf
Erucic-acid Seed
Fat Plant 23,000 43,000
Seed 140,000 320,000
Fatty-acids Seed
Ferulic-acid Plant
Fiber Plant 156,000 234,000
Seed 429,000
Fixed-oil Seed 140,000
Gallic-acid Plant
Gamma-linolenic-acid Seed Essent. Oil 80,000
Seed Oil 19,000 403,000
Seed 4,860 48,600
Gamma-resorcylic-acid Plant
Gamma-tocopherol Seed 28 200
Gentisic-acid Plant
Glutamic-acid Seed 26,300 28,068
Glycine Seed 10,500 11,206
Gramisterol Seed 36 77
Histidine Seed 3,700 3,949
Iron Seed 94 390
Isoleucine Seed 4,100 5,870
Kaempferol Leaf
Leucine Seed 8,700 10,780
Lignin Seed 160,000
Linoleic-acid Seed Essent. Oil 710,000
Seed 121,500 227,798
Seed Oil 177,000 747,000
Linolenic-acid Seed Oil
Lupeol Fruit
Inflorescence
Lysine Seed 3,100 3,842
Magnesium Herb 2,700 3,900
Seed 4,300 5,300
Manganese Seed 5 168
Methionine Seed 5,400 5,763
Methylene-cycloartenol Seed 20 42
Mucilage Plant
Myristic-acid Seed
Neo-chlorogenic-acid Leaf
O-coumaric-acid Plant
O-vanillic-acid Plant
Obtusifoliol Seed 26 56
Oenothein-a Leaf 1,250
Oenotherin Plant
Oleic-acid Seed Essent. Oil 120,000
Seed Oil 22,000 119,000
Seed 15,000 50,000
P-coumaric-acid Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Plant
P-hydroxyphenylacetic-acid Plant
Palmitic-acid Seed Oil 17,000 86,000
Seed 7,500 31,590
Palmitoleic-acid Seed Oil
Phenylalanine Seed 6,900 7,364
Phlobaphene Plant
Phosphorus Plant 1,700 3,700
Seed 4,100 7,257
Phytosterol Plant
Potassium Herb 12,700 35,100
Seed 4,600 7,577
Proline Seed 5,900 6,297
Protein Plant 150,000 176,054
Protocatechuic-acid Plant
Pyrocatechuic-acid Plant
Quercetin Herb
Leaf 91,000 207,000
Resin Plant
Salicylic-acid Plant
Serine Seed 8,300 8,858
Sodium Seed 180
Starch Seed
Stearic-acid Seed Oil 5,000 19,000
Seed 1,875 12,150
Stigmasterol Fruit
Inflorescence
Syringic-acid Plant
Tannin Herb 110,000
Taraxasterol Inflorescence
Leaf
Threonine Seed 3,500 4,600
Tryptophan Seed 2,400 16,000
Tyrosine Seed 3,400 3,629
Valine Seed 5,200 8,645
Water Seed 63,000 83,000
Zinc Seed 70 90
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]