Ocimum tenuiflorum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
brush-leaf-tea holy basil sacred basil

Ocimum tenuiflorum, also known as Ocimum sanctum, holy basil, or tulasī, is an aromatic plant in the family Lamiaceae which is native to the Indian Subcontinent and widespread as a cultivated plant throughout the Southeast Asian tropics. It is an erect, many branched subshrub, 30–60 cm tall with hairy stems and simple opposite green or purple leaves that are strongly scented. Leaves have petioles and are ovate, up to 5 cm long, usually slightly toothed. The flowers are purplish in elongate racemes in close whorls. The two main morphotypes cultivated in India and Nepal are green-leaved and purple-leaved. Tulasi is cultivated for religious and medicinal purposes, and for its essential oil. It is widely known across the Indian Subcontinent as a medicinal plant and an herbal tea, commonly used in Ayurveda, and has an important role within the Vaishnavite tradition of Hinduism, in which devotees perform worship involving holy basil plants or leaves. The variety of Ocimum tenuiflorum used in Thai cuisine is referred to as Thai holy basil; it is not to be confused with Thai basil, which is a variety of Ocimum basilicum.

Ocimum tenuiflorum

Gallery

Ocimum tenuiflorum Ocimum tenuiflorum Ocimum tenuiflorum Ocimum tenuiflorum Ocimum tenuiflorum Ocimum tenuiflorum Ocimum tenuiflorum

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10700 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (3255 ppm)
ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf (2970 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Cirsilineol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Eucalyptol found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (231700 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Eucalyptol found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Leaf
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
AntiEBV
Geranial found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Leaf
Geranial found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Estragole found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Plant
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10700 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10700 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Eucalyptol found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Geranial found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Neral found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (550 ppm);found in Stem (0 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf (1260 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf (1260 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10700 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Leaf (1080 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antigonadotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Eucalyptol found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Plant
Nerol found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (550 ppm);found in Stem (0 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (231700 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf (1260 ppm)
Cirsilineol found in Leaf
Citral found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Isothymonin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Orientin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Citral found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antimalarial
Cirsilineol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Carnosic-acid found in Inflorescence (120 ppm);found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Stem (150 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Saponins found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (231700 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Tannin found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Antioxidant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Camphene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Carnosic-acid found in Inflorescence (120 ppm);found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Stem (150 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Isothymonin found in Leaf
Isothymusin found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Stem (190 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Orientin found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10700 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (550 ppm);found in Stem (0 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Vicenin found in Plant
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Vicenin found in Plant
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (550 ppm);found in Stem (0 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiproliferant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Leaf (1080 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Plant
Antiproteolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf (2970 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Eucalyptol found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Cirsilineol found in Leaf
Citral found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Neral found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antistress
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Leaf (360 ppm);found in Leaf (205 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf (1260 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (231700 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Eucalyptol found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf (2970 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (231700 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antiuremic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf (2970 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Citral found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Geranial found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Geranial found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Leaf (1080 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Citral found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Plant
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Plant (231700 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Cirsilineol found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Isothymonin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Cirsilineol found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Isothymonin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf (1260 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Estragole found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Leaf (7030 ppm);found in Leaf (35950 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Cirsilineol found in Leaf
Citral found in Plant
Estragole found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (231700 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Mucilage found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Orientin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (550 ppm);found in Stem (0 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Candidistat
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Estragole found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (231700 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Carminative
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Geranial found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Plant
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (3255 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Cyclin-B1-Inhibitor
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Cyclin-D1-Inhibitor
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Citral found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
DNA-Binder
Estragole found in Plant
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Leaf (7030 ppm);found in Leaf (35950 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Leaf
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Eucalyptol found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Deliriant
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Seed
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Seed
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (231700 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Dye
Xylose found in Seed
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Emetic
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Citral found in Plant
Geranial found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Eucalyptol found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Estragole found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10700 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (3255 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf (1260 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Geranial found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (550 ppm);found in Stem (0 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Plant
Geranial found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10700 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Estragole found in Plant
Methyl-chavicol found in Leaf (7030 ppm);found in Leaf (35950 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Histaminic
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10700 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Eucalyptol found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (231700 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Hypothermic
Estragole found in Plant
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Leaf (7030 ppm);found in Leaf (35950 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Plant (231700 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Saponins found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf (1260 ppm)
Estragole found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Leaf (7030 ppm);found in Leaf (35950 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Estragole found in Plant
Eucalyptol found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Eucalyptol found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Larvicide
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (231700 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10700 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (3255 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Estragole found in Plant
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Citral found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Narcotic
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10700 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Leaf
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Leaf
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Parasiticide
Cirsilineol found in Leaf
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-humulene found in Leaf (360 ppm);found in Leaf (205 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf (2970 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Estragole found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (3255 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf (1260 ppm)
Cirsilineol found in Leaf
Citral found in Plant
Eucalyptol found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Geranial found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Leaf (7030 ppm);found in Leaf (35950 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Neral found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10700 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (550 ppm);found in Stem (0 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Cirsilineol found in Leaf
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Plant
Progestational
Apigenin found in Leaf
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (102455 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13950 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10700 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (3255 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Plant
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (100 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Stem (340 ppm)
Vicenin found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (7740 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10700 ppm)
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf
Camphene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Spasmolytic
Geranial found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Stimulant
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf (2970 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Sunscreen
Apigenin found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (3255 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Teratogenic
Citral found in Plant
Termiticide
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Neral found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (45 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1710 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Trypanocide
Citral found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (31500 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (231700 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (2180 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Inflorescence (30 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (4780 ppm);found in Plant
Vermicide
Eucalyptol found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Eugenol found in Inflorescence (0 ppm);found in Stem (100 ppm);found in Leaf (5580 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (1785 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Orientin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf (460 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-delta-cadinene Leaf 1.5 17
(-)-linalool Leaf 1.6 36
(-)-trans-caryophyllene Leaf 4.5 140
(1s)-alpha-pinene Leaf 2.3 48
(e)-anethole Leaf 0.1
(z)-alpha-bisabolene Leaf 160 1,800
1,2-bis(4-allyl-2-methoxyphenoxy)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-3-methoxypropane Plant
1,8-cineole Leaf 35 1,710
1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,2,3-tris(4-allyl-2-methoxyphenoxy)propane Plant
1-allyl-4-(5-allyl-2-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenoxy)-3-(4-allyl-2-methoxyphenoxy)-5-methoxybenzene Plant
16-hydroxy-4,4,10,13-tetramethyl-17-(4-methyl-pentyl)-hexadecahydro-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-one Shoot
3-(5-allyl-2-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenoxy)-prop-1-ene Plant
4-allyl-1-o-beta-d-glucopyronosyl-2-hydroxybenzene Leaf
5-allyl-3-(4-allyl-2-methoxyphenoxymethyl)-2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-7-methoxy-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran Plant
6-allyl-3',8-dimethoxy-flavan-3,4'-diol Plant
6-allyl-3-(4-allyl-2-methoxyphenoxy)-3',8-dimethoxyflavan-4'-ol Plant
Acetic-acid Plant
Aldehydes Leaf 900 1,750
Alkaloids Leaf
Alpha-humulene Leaf 360
Leaf 9 205
Alpha-linolenic-acid Seed
Alpha-pinene Leaf
Leaf 45
Antistaphylocoagulase Seed
Apigenin Leaf
Apigenin-7-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Leaf
Apigenin-7-o-beta-d-glucuronic-acid Leaf
Apigenin-7-o-beta-d-glucuronic-acid-6''-methyl-ester Leaf
Apigenin-7-o-glucuronide Leaf
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 830
Ash Plant 97,500
Seed 2,000
Beta-bisabolene Leaf 0 2,970
Beta-carotene Leaf 25
Beta-caryophyllene Leaf 2,185
Leaf 30 3,060
Beta-elemene Leaf 120 1,080
Beta-pinene Leaf
Beta-sitosterol Seed
Borneol Leaf 240
Calcium Leaf 31,500
Camphene Leaf 65
Camphor Leaf
Leaf 1,785
Carbohydrates Plant 479,800 711,500
Carnosic-acid Inflorescence 100 120
Leaf 150 230
Stem 90 150
Carvacrol Leaf 180 210
Caryophyllene-oxide Leaf 75
Leaf 100 1,260
Cerebrosides Leaf
Chavibetol Leaf 700 6,300
Cineole Leaf
Cirsilineol Leaf
Cirsimaritrin Leaf
Citral Plant
Decyl-aldehyde Leaf
Dolichols Root
Eo Leaf 41,000
Leaf 1,000 9,000
Estragole Plant
Eucalyptol Leaf 35 540
Eugenol Inflorescence 0
Stem 20 100
Leaf 45 5,580
Eugenol-methyl-ether Leaf 1,200 1,400
Fat Plant 21,700
Seed 155,000
Fiber Plant 231,700
Formic-acid Plant
Gamma-selinene Leaf
Geranial Plant 350 3,150
Glycosides Leaf
Hexouronic-acid Seed 272,000
Isothymonin Leaf
Isothymusin Leaf 50 230
Stem 50 190
Limonene Leaf 145
Linalol Leaf 33
Leaf
Linoleic-acid Seed 102,455
Linolenic-acid Seed 24,355
Luteolin Leaf 190 460
Luteolin-5-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Leaf
Luteolin-7-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Leaf
Luteolin-7-o-beta-d-glucuronic-acid-6''-methyl-ester Leaf
Luteolin-7-o-glucuronide Leaf
Methyl-chavicol Leaf 20 7,030
Leaf 35,950
Methyl-eugenol Leaf 50
Leaf 130 7,740
Methyl-homoanisic-acid Plant
Molludistin Leaf
Monoterpenes Plant
Mucilage Seed
Myrcene Leaf 8
Neolignans Plant
Neral Plant 350 3,150
Nerol Leaf
Ocimarin Leaf
Ocimumoside-a Leaf
Ocimumoside-b Leaf
Oleanolic-acid Leaf 0 2,180
Oleic-acid Seed 13,950
Orientin Leaf
Oxalates Leaf 49,700
Palmitic-acid Seed 10,700
Pentoses Seed 389,000
Phenols Leaf 3,000 5,320
Phenylpropanoids Plant
Phosphorus Leaf 3,400
Phytosterols Plant
Polyisoprenoid-alcohols Root
Protein Plant 73,700
Seed 138,000
Rosmarinic-acid Inflorescence 0 100
Leaf 200 300
Stem 80 340
Saponins Plant
Sinapic-acid Inflorescence 0 100
Leaf 530 550
Stem 0
Stearic-acid Seed 3,255
Tannin Plant
Terpinen-4-ol Leaf
Terpinolene Leaf 55
Tetracyclic-triterpenoid Shoot
Ursolic-acid Inflorescence 10 30
Stem 20 100
Leaf 2,520 4,780
Plant
Vicenin Plant
Vicenin-2 Plant
Water Plant 74,800
Xylose Seed
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]