Ocimum basilicum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
basil sweet basil
Ocimum basilicum

Medical use

Economic importance of Ocimum basilicum

Food additives flavoring
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16940 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (485 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Essential Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14900 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Vicenin-2 found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Alpha-thujone found in Plant
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2600 ppm);found in Plant (6.5 ppm);found in Plant (6.5 ppm)
Beta-thujone found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Essential Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm)
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf (163 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14900 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Leaf (1590 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Aesculin found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Essential Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (66600 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14900 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Xanthomicrol found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2600 ppm);found in Plant (22 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900 ppm);found in Plant (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (900 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (241900 ppm);found in Plant (0.2 ppm);found in Plant (2419 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Analgesic
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Aesculin found in Leaf
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7400 ppm);found in Plant (74 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Boron found in Plant (31 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (240 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7400 ppm);found in Plant (74 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (154290 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42900 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Plant
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf
AntiCVS
Aesculin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Beta-eudesmol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3000 ppm)
Geranial found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Plant (3750 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Luteolin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiTNF
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Essential Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Elemol found in Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14900 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (66600 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiacrocyanotic
Aesculin found in Leaf
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Plant
Geranial found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Plant (3750 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Estragole found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Plant (9000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (872100 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antiaging
Aesculin found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Esculin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (478 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Leaf (6180 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Antialopecic
Aesculin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16940 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16940 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (478 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vicenin-2 found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antianoxic
Beta-eudesmol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3000 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiapoptotic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Leaf (2870 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Aesculin found in Leaf
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Esculin found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Luteolin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antibacillary
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
Antibacillus
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Alpha-thujone found in Plant
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Beta-thujone found in Plant
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Plant (252 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (241900 ppm);found in Plant (0.2 ppm);found in Plant (2419 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (66600 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm)
Eriodictyol found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Geranial found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Plant (3750 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Neral found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (700 ppm);found in Plant (300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (2500 ppm);found in Plant (8 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antiburn
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vicenin-2 found in Leaf
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (478 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Aesculin found in Leaf
Aesculoside found in Flower
Esculetin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vicenin-2 found in Leaf
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (66600 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Methionine found in Leaf (2020 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Anticellulitic
Aesculin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (478 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Fenchone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (12900 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Anticollegenase
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Aesculin found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Esculin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (154290 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Xylose found in Seed
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2020 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-damascenone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1700 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antielastase
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Leaf (6620 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (10780 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (4320 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (7170 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (15650 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antierythemic
Aesculin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Esculetin found in Leaf
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42900 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil
Eriodictyol found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14900 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2600 ppm);found in Plant (22 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16940 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7400 ppm);found in Plant (74 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (81600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16100 ppm);found in Plant (12 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (700 ppm);found in Plant (300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (2500 ppm);found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Aesculin found in Leaf
Aesculoside found in Flower
Esculin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Leaf (6620 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antihepatotic
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Methionine found in Leaf (2020 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Lysine found in Leaf (6180 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antihistaminic
Aesculin found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Esculin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Leaf (1590 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (15650 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antihyperglycemic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Antihyperinsulinemic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Antihyperleptinemic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Leaf (6620 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (154290 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Antihysteric
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Leaf (6620 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Leaf (6620 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Aesculin found in Leaf
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-damascenone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1700 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-santalene found in Essential Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Eriodictyol found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Orientin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vicenin-2 found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Farnesol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Antilisteria
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (15650 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antimalarial
Alpha-selinene found in Plant
Beta-selinene found in Plant
Humulene found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimange
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Plant
Beta-ionone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (478 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf (16960 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antimyopic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Antineoplastic
Xanthomicrol found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Leaf (2870 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Essential Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2600 ppm);found in Plant (22 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiobesity
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (154290 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Boron found in Plant (31 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Boron found in Plant (31 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5235 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Antioxidant
Aesculin found in Leaf
Alanine found in Leaf (7470 ppm)
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Campesterol found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900 ppm);found in Plant (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (900 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Eriodictyol found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14900 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Histidine found in Leaf (2870 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (240 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Manganese found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2020 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Orientin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16940 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2600 ppm);found in Plant (22 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7400 ppm);found in Plant (74 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipanniculopathic
Aesculin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2020 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (4320 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Leaf (5880 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antipeptic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3000 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Eriodictyol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (4320 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Alpha-selinene found in Plant
Beta-selinene found in Plant
Humulene found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (81600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16100 ppm);found in Plant (12 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Vicenin-2 found in Leaf
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (15650 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Leaf (1060 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Aesculin found in Leaf
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Antiradicular
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7400 ppm);found in Plant (74 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (15650 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2600 ppm);found in Plant (6.5 ppm);found in Plant (6.5 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Beta-eudesmol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3000 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Aesculin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Antisecretory
D-glucose found in Seed
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (241900 ppm);found in Plant (0.2 ppm);found in Plant (2419 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (700 ppm);found in Plant (300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm)
O-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (2500 ppm);found in Plant (8 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Antisickling
Glycine found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Essential Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm)
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Beta-damascenone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1700 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (240 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Neral found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Plant (252 ppm)
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (241900 ppm);found in Plant (0.2 ppm);found in Plant (2419 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (241900 ppm);found in Plant (0.2 ppm);found in Plant (2419 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (66600 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antistress
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42900 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Rutin found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antitartar
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Antituberculic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5650 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Essential Oil (31300 ppm);found in Plant (313 ppm)
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (154290 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2600 ppm);found in Plant (6.5 ppm);found in Plant (6.5 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Elemol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (154290 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Histidine found in Leaf (2870 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nerol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (700 ppm);found in Plant (300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (2500 ppm);found in Plant (8 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (5880 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (4320 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Leaf (2870 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Antivaricose
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2600 ppm);found in Plant (6.5 ppm);found in Plant (6.5 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Geranial found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Plant (3750 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antivulvitic
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Antiyeast
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Geranial found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Plant (3750 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (15650 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5235 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42900 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Aphidifuge
Eriodictyol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Leaf (6620 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (81600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16100 ppm);found in Plant (12 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Vicenin-2 found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Bacteristat
Aesculin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (154290 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bradycardic
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Bronchomucolytic
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Bronchomucotropic
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Bronchorrheic
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Bruchifuge
Butyric-acid found in Essential Oil
Bruchiphobe
Succinic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8200 ppm);found in Plant (2500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (378000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26800 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3000 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
COX-2-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Estragole found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Plant (9000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (872100 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant (8780 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7400 ppm);found in Plant (74 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Aesculin found in Leaf
Alanine found in Leaf (7470 ppm)
Alpha-cedrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Essential Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Eriodictyol found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Estragole found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Plant (9000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (872100 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8200 ppm);found in Plant (2500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (378000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26800 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (154290 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2020 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant
Mucilage found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (93000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Orientin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Serine found in Leaf (5610 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Tyrosine found in Leaf (4320 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (241900 ppm);found in Plant (0.2 ppm);found in Plant (2419 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Candidistat
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Estragole found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Plant (9000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (872100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (154290 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiotonic
Aesculin found in Leaf
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf (163 ppm)
Esculin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (42900 ppm)
Carminative
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Copaene found in Essential Oil (1400 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Cerebrotoxic
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Chemopreventive
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Geranial found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Plant (3750 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Aesculin found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Esculetin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Ciliotoxic
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Congestant
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Controlled
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Aesculin found in Leaf
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Seed (485 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Fenchone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (12900 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Culicide
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Cyclin-B1-Inhibitor
Vicenin-2 found in Leaf
Cyclin-D1-Inhibitor
Vicenin-2 found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (66600 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Rutin found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Xanthomicrol found in Leaf (350 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
DNA-Binder
Estragole found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Plant (9000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (872100 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8200 ppm);found in Plant (2500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (378000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26800 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant (8780 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Deliriant
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (93000 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2600 ppm);found in Plant (22 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Seed
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Digestive
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Diuretic
Aesculin found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Arginine found in Leaf (6620 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Esculin found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (154290 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42900 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Xylose found in Seed
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Emetic
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf (163 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2020 ppm)
Emmenagogue
Alpha-thujone found in Plant
Beta-thujone found in Plant
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Leaf (2870 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Leaf (5880 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (10780 ppm)
Lysine found in Leaf (6180 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2020 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (5880 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (7170 ppm)
Estrogenic
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Boron found in Plant (31 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Geranial found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Plant (3750 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Nerol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (700 ppm);found in Plant (300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Camphene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900 ppm);found in Plant (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (900 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Eriodictyol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Essential Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf (163 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900 ppm);found in Plant (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (900 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Cis-3-hexenol found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (241900 ppm);found in Plant (0.2 ppm);found in Plant (2419 ppm)
Estragole found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Plant (9000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (872100 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant
Fenchone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (12900 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Fenchyl-alcohol found in Plant (951 ppm);found in Plant (7 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14900 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (240 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (700 ppm);found in Plant (300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
O-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16940 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Essential Oil
Stearic-acid found in Seed (485 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2600 ppm);found in Plant (22 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (5880 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7400 ppm);found in Plant (74 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
Valine found in Leaf (7170 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Beta-ionone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil
Chavicol found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Plant (252 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (241900 ppm);found in Plant (0.2 ppm);found in Plant (2419 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant
Geranial found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Plant (3750 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
O-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2600 ppm);found in Plant (22 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Fungistat
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Gastrosedative
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Geranial found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Plant (3750 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (2020 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16940 ppm)
Hemostat
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Estragole found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Plant (9000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (872100 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant (8780 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Beta-eudesmol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Methionine found in Leaf (2020 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatoregenerative
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (241900 ppm);found in Plant (0.2 ppm);found in Plant (2419 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant
O-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Plant
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
P-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (40000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Histaminic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16940 ppm)
Hypertensive
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Aesculin found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Sodium found in Leaf (890 ppm);found in Plant (386 ppm)
Hyperthermic
Phellandrene found in Plant
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Leaf (6620 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Leaf (6180 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Campesterol found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (154290 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Mucilage found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (93000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Leaf (1060 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Seed (485 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf (163 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (154290 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42900 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Hypothermic
Estragole found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Plant (9000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (872100 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8200 ppm);found in Plant (2500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (378000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26800 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant (8780 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (154290 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5235 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Insect-attractant
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Essential Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Alpha-thujone found in Plant
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil
Estragole found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Plant (9000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (872100 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant (8780 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Ocimene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Rutin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Essential Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-thujone found in Plant
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Camphene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900 ppm);found in Plant (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (900 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Estragole found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Plant (9000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (872100 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14900 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-cedrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf (163 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Caproic-acid found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (241900 ppm);found in Plant (0.2 ppm);found in Plant (2419 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14900 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Plant
Propionic-acid found in Essential Oil
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Eriodictyol found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Lactagogue
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Larvicide
Alpha-thujone found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Laxative
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf (163 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (154290 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Leaf (2020 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Aesculin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Esculetin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16940 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (485 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Microvasculokinetic
Aesculin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Monoamine-Precursor
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (4320 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (240 ppm)
Motor-Stimulant
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Musculotropic
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Apigenin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Leaf
Mutagenic
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Apigenin found in Plant
Estragole found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Plant (9000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (872100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8200 ppm);found in Plant (2500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (378000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26800 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Leaf (6620 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Scavenger
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Chavicol found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (241900 ppm);found in Plant (0.2 ppm);found in Plant (2419 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant
Nerolidol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16940 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Nematistat
Butyric-acid found in Essential Oil
Nephroprotective
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Neurodepressant
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf (16960 ppm)
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3000 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Neuropathogenic
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (15650 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Nociceptive
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Plant
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5235 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Leaf
Vicenin-2 found in Leaf
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Leaf (7470 ppm)
Histidine found in Leaf (2870 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Plant
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Essential Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (66600 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Paralytic
Aesculoside found in Flower
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-cedrene found in Essential Oil
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5650 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Essential Oil (31300 ppm);found in Plant (313 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Alpha-selinene found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Essential Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2600 ppm);found in Plant (6.5 ppm);found in Plant (6.5 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-santalene found in Essential Oil
Beta-selinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (241900 ppm);found in Plant (0.2 ppm);found in Plant (2419 ppm)
Estragole found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Plant (9000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Flower Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (872100 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant
Fenchone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (12900 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14900 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Isocaryophyllene found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (240 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (700 ppm);found in Plant (300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm)
Nerolidiol found in Essential Oil
Nerolidol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
O-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Ocimene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Essential Oil
Sabinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (2500 ppm);found in Plant (8 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (485 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2600 ppm);found in Plant (22 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Essential Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Alpha-thujone found in Plant
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Beta-eudesmol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3000 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Beta-thujone found in Plant
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Camphene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900 ppm);found in Plant (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (900 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil
Chavicol found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (241900 ppm);found in Plant (0.2 ppm);found in Plant (2419 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (66600 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm)
Eriodictyol found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant
Furfural found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14900 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Geranial found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Plant (3750 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Shoot Essent. Oil (36200 ppm);found in Plant (35 ppm);found in Plant (35 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11100 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant (8780 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1300 ppm);found in Plant (80 ppm)
Neral found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (700 ppm);found in Plant (300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
O-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
P-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (40000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16940 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2600 ppm);found in Plant (22 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Pheromonal
Farnesol found in Plant
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Shoot Essent. Oil (36200 ppm);found in Plant (35 ppm);found in Plant (35 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11100 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Leaf (6620 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Progestational
Apigenin found in Plant
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Iron found in Leaf (478 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (145200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16940 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (485 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Psychoactive
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (1300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Vicenin-2 found in Leaf
Refrigerant
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf (16960 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Essential Oil
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Secretolytic
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Fenchone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (12900 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Beta-eudesmol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3000 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (241900 ppm);found in Plant (0.2 ppm);found in Plant (2419 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Leaf (84 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (240 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (700 ppm);found in Plant (300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16940 ppm)
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Essential Oil (400 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (900 ppm);found in Plant (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (900 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Plant
Spasmolytic
Geranial found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Plant (3750 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Leaf (6620 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Stimulant
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2600 ppm);found in Plant (6.5 ppm);found in Plant (6.5 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Sunscreen
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Aesculin found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Esculetin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (485 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Sweetener
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7400 ppm);found in Plant (74 ppm)
Sympathomimetic
Anethole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Teratogenic
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Neral found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm)
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Plant (3196 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (66600 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Plant (5 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Toxic
Aesculin found in Leaf
Cis-anethole found in Plant
Esculin found in Leaf
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Plant (180 ppm);found in Essential Oil (18000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm);found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7100 ppm);found in Plant (934 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Essential Oil (77600 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Safrole found in Plant (400 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (776 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (241900 ppm);found in Plant (0.2 ppm);found in Plant (2419 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Essential Oil (100000 ppm);found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (1 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (700 ppm);found in Plant (300 ppm);found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Plant (16 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil (2400 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant (95 ppm)
Trypanocide
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (177100 ppm);found in Plant (8730 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (593000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (416000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Essential Oil (630000 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf (2210 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf (163 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Essential Oil (700 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (700000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
UV-Screen
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1051 ppm);found in Stem (845 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (230 ppm);found in Leaf (1705 ppm);found in Seed (527 ppm);found in Root (408 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Leaf (2020 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Leaf (2020 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Varroacide
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf (163 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Vasoactive
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Arginine found in Leaf (6620 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (23700 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (154290 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4340 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (69 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vasoprotective
Aesculin found in Leaf
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Esculin found in Leaf
Vermicide
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (1415 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (6800 ppm);found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (26700 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (270000 ppm);found in Leaf (8575 ppm);found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Essential Oil (857500 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4500 ppm);found in Plant (31 ppm);found in Essential Oil (7200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Menthol found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (32 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-bisabolol found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (23900 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant (239 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25700 ppm);found in Plant (120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (6800 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (19100 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Esculetin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Orientin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-cedrenol Shoot Essent. Oil
(-)-linalool Leaf Essent. Oil 20,000
Plant 30 300
(3)-beta-farnesene Plant 7
(e)-alpha-bergamotene Plant 75
(e)-alpha-bergamottene Plant 75
(e)-beta-farnesene Plant 7
(e)-beta-ocimene Plant 1 435
(z)-beta-farnesene Plant 16
Plant 16
1,8-cineol Shoot Essent. Oil 54,400
Essential Oil 33,700 77,600
Leaf Essent. Oil 5,000 100,000
Flower Essent. Oil
Leaf
1,8-cineole Plant 135 776
Plant 135
1-epi-bicyclosesquiphellandrene Leaf Essent. Oil
Plant
Essential Oil
1-octen-3-ol Plant
2-epi-alpha-cedrene Plant
2-ethyl-furan Shoot Essent. Oil 100
3-methyl-butan-1-al Shoot Essent. Oil 100
3-octanone Leaf
5,10(15)-cadinen-4-ol Plant 1
Plant 1
Acetic-acid Essential Oil
Aesculetin Leaf
Aesculin Leaf
Aesculoside Flower
Alanine Leaf 7,470
Alpha-amorphene Essential Oil
Alpha-bergamotene Essential Oil
Plant 75
Alpha-bisabolene Shoot Essent. Oil 36,000
Plant 90
Plant 90
Alpha-bisabolol Essential Oil
Alpha-bulnesene Shoot Essent. Oil 2,600
Plant 6.5
Plant 6.5
Alpha-cadinene Plant
Alpha-caryophyllene Shoot Essent. Oil
Alpha-cedrene Essential Oil
Alpha-copaene Shoot Essent. Oil 300 3,600
Plant 0.8 20
Plant 0.8
Alpha-cubebene Shoot Essent. Oil 2,800
Essential Oil 1,200
Alpha-farnesene Plant
Alpha-fenchene Essential Oil
Alpha-fenchone Shoot Essent. Oil 1,300
Alpha-fenchyl-alcohol Shoot Essent. Oil 2,800
Alpha-guaiene Shoot Essent. Oil 1,300
Plant
Alpha-humulene Shoot Essent. Oil 6,700 11,800
Leaf Essent. Oil 5,650
Plant 16
Essential Oil 31,300
Plant 16 313
Alpha-muurolene Plant
Alpha-p-dimethyl-styrene Plant
Alpha-pinene Shoot Essent. Oil 4,600 7,200
Leaf Essent. Oil 3,700 13,000
Plant 2 180
Essential Oil 300 18,000
Alpha-santalene Essential Oil
Alpha-selinene Plant
Alpha-terpinene Shoot Essent. Oil 300
Plant 1 10
Essential Oil 400
Leaf Essent. Oil 600
Alpha-terpineol Shoot Essent. Oil 9,600
Essential Oil 6,700 23,900
Leaf Essent. Oil 5,650 7,000
Plant 36 239
Alpha-terpineol acetate Leaf Essent. Oil 45,100
Alpha-terpinyl-acetate Plant
Alpha-thujone Plant
Anethole Essential Oil
Plant
Anthocyanins Leaf
Apigenin Plant
Arginine Leaf 6,620
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 27 2,000
Ash Plant 20,000 153,000
Aspartic-acid Leaf 16,960
Benzaldehyde Essential Oil 700
Benzyl-acetate Leaf 17 163
Benzyl-alcohol Essential Oil
Beta-bisabolene Shoot Essent. Oil 2,600
Plant 6.5
Plant 6.5
Beta-bourbonene Shoot Essent. Oil 3,800
Beta-cadinene Plant
Beta-cadinol Essential Oil
Beta-carotene Leaf 4 333
Beta-caryophyllene Shoot Essent. Oil 2,300 13,900
Plant 35
Plant 0 377
Essential Oil 6,800 37,700
Leaf Essent. Oil 70,000
Beta-cedrene Plant
Beta-cubebene Shoot Essent. Oil 3,700
Beta-cymene Essential Oil 3,600
Plant 5 36
Beta-damascenone Shoot Essent. Oil 1,700
Beta-elemene Shoot Essent. Oil 4,900 81,600
Essential Oil 16,100
Plant 12
Beta-eudesmol Shoot Essent. Oil 3,000
Beta-ionone Shoot Essent. Oil 1,600
Beta-myrcene Essential Oil
Beta-ocimene Shoot Essent. Oil
Plant 1 435
Beta-pinene Shoot Essent. Oil 8,200 9,300
Leaf Essent. Oil 7,300 2,000
Plant 3 160
Essential Oil 5,500 16,000
Beta-santalene Essential Oil
Beta-selinene Plant
Beta-sitosterol Flower 1,051
Stem 845
Sprout Seedling 230
Leaf 790 1,705
Seed 527
Root 408
Beta-terpinene Leaf Essent. Oil 28,000
Beta-thujone Plant
Betapelemene Plant 12
Borneol Shoot Essent. Oil 1,200
Essential Oil 1,200
Plant 3
Plant 3
Borneol-acetate Shoot Essent. Oil 4,700
Plant 90 900
Essential Oil 5,200 90,000
Leaf Essent. Oil 10,000 14,400
Boron Plant 18 31
Butyric-acid Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid Leaf 19,100
Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid-n-butyl-ester Leaf 252
Calamene Plant
Calamenene Shoot Essent. Oil 600
Calcium Leaf 3,200 23,700
Campesterol Leaf 90
Camphene Shoot Essent. Oil 500
Leaf Essent. Oil 300 900
Plant 0 400
Essential Oil 900
Camphor Shoot Essent. Oil 4,500
Plant 2 31
Essential Oil 2,100 7,200
Leaf Essent. Oil 10,000
Caproic-acid Essential Oil
Carbohydrate Leaf 70,000 652,000
Carvacrol Shoot Essent. Oil 6,800
Plant
Carvone Shoot Essent. Oil 16,000
Plant
Caryophyllene Plant 18 3,196
Caryophyllene-oxide Essential Oil
Chavicol Plant 3
Plant 3
Chavicol-methyl-ester Shoot Essent. Oil 667,500
Essential Oil 22,400
Chavicol-methyl-ether Plant 500 5,658
Cinnamic-acid-methyl-ester Leaf Essent. Oil 45,200 538,000
Leaf
Essential Oil
Cis-3-hexenol Plant
Cis-allo-ocimene Plant
Cis-anethole Plant
Cis-cinnamic-acid-methyl-ester Shoot Essent. Oil 14,500
Plant 67 900
Flower Essent. Oil
Cis-geranyl-acetone Shoot Essent. Oil 1,400
Cis-limonene Essential Oil 93,300
Plant 30 933
Cis-linalool-oxide Essential Oil 800
Cis-ocimene Plant 3 252
Cis-sabinene-hydrate Plant
Citral Essential Oil 700,000
Plant 560 7,000
Citronellol Essential Oil 80,000 241,900
Plant 0.2
Plant 0.2 2,419
Copaene Essential Oil 1,400
Copper Leaf 14
Cyclohexanol Essential Oil
Cyclohexanone Essential Oil
Cyclosativene Plant
Cystine Leaf 1,590
D-arabinose Seed
D-galactose Seed
D-galacturonic-acid Seed
D-glucose Seed
D-linalool Plant 125 1,375
D-mannose Seed
D-mannuronic-acid Seed
Delta-cadinene Shoot Essent. Oil 2,600 66,600
Plant 5
Plant 5
Delta-guaiene Plant
Elemol Essential Oil
Eo Plant 400 15,000
Shoot
Plant 2,500
Eriodictyol Leaf
Eriodictyol-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
Eriodictyol-7-o-glucoside Leaf
Esculetin Leaf
Esculin Leaf
Estragole Shoot Essent. Oil
Leaf Essent. Oil 7,500 900,000
Plant 35 9,000
Leaf
Flower Essent. Oil
Essential Oil 300 872,100
Eugenol Shoot Essent. Oil 5,700 26,700
Plant 14
Leaf Essent. Oil 51,200 270,000
Leaf 14 8,575
Plant 14
Essential Oil 300 857,500
Eugenol-methyl-ether Shoot Essent. Oil 2,000 8,200
Plant 375 2,500
Leaf Essent. Oil 378,000
Essential Oil 26,800
Farnesol Plant
Fat Leaf 12,000 89,000
Seed 242,000
Fenchone Shoot Essent. Oil 12,900
Plant 30
Plant 30
Fenchyl-acetate Plant 1 60
Fenchyl-alcohol Plant 7 951
Plant 7
Fiber Leaf 145,790 154,290
Flavonoids Plant
Furfural Plant
Gamma-cadinene Leaf Essent. Oil 22,800
Essential Oil
Gamma-elemene Shoot Essent. Oil 5,800 16,200
Plant 15
Plant 15
Gamma-guaiene Shoot Essent. Oil 42,600
Gamma-gurjunene Plant
Gamma-muurolene Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000 14,900
Plant 1 10
Geranial Shoot Essent. Oil 2,100
Plant 5 3,750
Plant 5
Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000
Geraniol Shoot Essent. Oil 1,100 3,900
Plant 3
Essential Oil 100,000
Plant 1 1,000
Geraniol-acetate Leaf Essent. Oil 5,000
Essential Oil
Geranyl-acetate Leaf 11 84
Germacrene-a Shoot Essent. Oil 1,500
Germacrene-d Shoot Essent. Oil