Nelumbo nucifera Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
East Indian lotus lotus lotusroot Oriental lotus sacred lotus
Nelumbo nucifera

Medical use

Economic importance of Nelumbo nucifera

Bee plants honey production
Environmental ornamental
Human food nut vegetable
Materials beads
Medicines folklore
Social religious/secular

Gallery

Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo nucifera Nelumbo nucifera

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran
    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Primorye
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - Northern Territory , Queensland
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • East Europe: Russian Federation - European part

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Rhizome (1340 ppm);found in Seed (2333 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Rhizome (95 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome (50 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Embryo
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
ACE-Inhibitor
Glutathione found in Seed
N-methylcoclaurine found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Absorbent
Starch found in Rhizome (570988 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Rhizome (1055 ppm);found in Seed (1636 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Fruit (45556 ppm);found in Rhizome (25309 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Embryo
Nelumboside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Mufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (3152 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Flower
Liriodenine found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (3152 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Anesthetic
Pronuciferine found in Seed
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Fiber found in Fruit (28889 ppm);found in Seed (131000 ppm);found in Rhizome (49383 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (34925 ppm);found in Seed (16652 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Rhizome (2250 ppm);found in Seed (6242 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Embryo
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiHIV
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Rhizome (3.7 ppm);found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Pufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (9454 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (125 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiacid
Glycine found in Rhizome (7464 ppm);found in Seed (6697 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Pufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (9454 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Rhizome (70 ppm);found in Seed (71 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (125 ppm)
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Rhizome (7464 ppm);found in Seed (6697 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Rhizome (1340 ppm);found in Seed (2333 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Rhizome (1340 ppm);found in Seed (2333 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (17 ppm)
Iron found in Rhizome (70 ppm);found in Seed (71 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (125 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Embryo
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Rhizome (3.7 ppm);found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Higenamine found in Plant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (34925 ppm);found in Seed (16652 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Rhizome (1820 ppm);found in Seed (3485 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (17 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (125 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiatherogenic
Luteolin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antiazotemic
Robinin found in Plant
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Antibacterial
Anonaine found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Liriodenine found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Robinin found in Plant
Rutin found in Embryo
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Robinin found in Plant
Rutin found in Embryo
Anticanker
Iron found in Rhizome (70 ppm);found in Seed (71 ppm)
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Anticarcinogenic
Luteolin found in Flower
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Luteolin found in Flower
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Rhizome (3.7 ppm);found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Luteolin found in Flower
Methionine found in Rhizome (1050 ppm);found in Seed (2182 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Riboflavin found in Rhizome (3.7 ppm);found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Rutin found in Embryo
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Rhizome (3.7 ppm);found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Rhizome (3.7 ppm);found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Rhizome (70 ppm);found in Seed (71 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Rhizome (3.7 ppm);found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Embryo
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Anticoagulant
D-catechin found in Root
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Rutin found in Embryo
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticytotoxic
Glutathione found in Seed
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Riboflavin found in Rhizome (3.7 ppm);found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Rutin found in Embryo
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Rhizome (2250 ppm);found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (34925 ppm);found in Seed (16652 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Flower
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Embryo
Antidermatitic
Hyperoside found in Flower
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antidermatophytic
Liriodenine found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Antidermatotic
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Copper found in Seed (17 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (28889 ppm);found in Seed (131000 ppm);found in Rhizome (49383 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (125 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (125 ppm)
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Seed (125 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Glutathione found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Methionine found in Rhizome (1050 ppm);found in Seed (2182 ppm)
Pufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (9454 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Oxoushinsunine found in Seed
Rutin found in Embryo
Antielastase
Hyperoside found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Rhizome (4210 ppm);found in Seed (10242 ppm)
Glycine found in Rhizome (7464 ppm);found in Seed (6697 ppm)
Leucine found in Rhizome (3300 ppm);found in Seed (9879 ppm)
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Rhizome (1390 ppm);found in Seed (3030 ppm)
Valine found in Rhizome (2630 ppm);found in Seed (8061 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antienteritic
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Rhizome (6650 ppm);found in Seed (29000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (125 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Embryo
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiestrogenic
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Copper found in Seed (17 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (34925 ppm);found in Seed (16652 ppm)
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Antifeedant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Rhizome (1340 ppm);found in Seed (2333 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiflu
Hyperoside found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Glycine found in Rhizome (7464 ppm);found in Seed (6697 ppm)
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Rutin found in Embryo
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Rhizome (3.7 ppm);found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Embryo
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Embryo
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Rhizome (4210 ppm);found in Seed (10242 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Glutathione found in Seed
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Rhizome (1050 ppm);found in Seed (2182 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Embryo
Lysine found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Fruit (45556 ppm);found in Rhizome (25309 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Luteolin found in Flower
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Rhizome (1055 ppm);found in Seed (1636 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Rhizome (6650 ppm);found in Seed (29000 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
Trigonelline found in Rhizome
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Rhizome (4210 ppm);found in Seed (10242 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (28889 ppm);found in Seed (131000 ppm);found in Rhizome (49383 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (34925 ppm);found in Seed (16652 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Rhizome (4210 ppm);found in Seed (10242 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Rhizome (4210 ppm);found in Seed (10242 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Copper found in Seed (17 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Leucodelphinidin found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Luteolin found in Flower
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Embryo
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Mufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (3152 ppm)
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Flower
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Rhizome (3.7 ppm);found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antileukemic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Mufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (3152 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Glutamic-acid found in Rhizome (6650 ppm);found in Seed (29000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Luteolin found in Flower
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Antimelanomic
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Rhizome (70 ppm);found in Seed (71 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Rhizome (3.7 ppm);found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Rhizome
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Rhizome (17655 ppm);found in Seed (15303 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Robinin found in Plant
Rutin found in Embryo
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Leucodelphinidin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Rhizome (1820 ppm);found in Seed (3485 ppm)
Rutin found in Embryo
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Rhizome (570988 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Seed (17 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (28889 ppm);found in Seed (131000 ppm);found in Rhizome (49383 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Fruit (45556 ppm);found in Rhizome (25309 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (17 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (125 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3267 ppm);found in Seed (7130 ppm);found in Rhizome (4785 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (125 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Rhizome (2585 ppm);found in Seed (7242 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Glutathione found in Seed
Histidine found in Rhizome (1820 ppm);found in Seed (3485 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Manganese found in Seed (125 ppm)
Methionine found in Rhizome (1050 ppm);found in Seed (2182 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (30 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Rhizome (1340 ppm);found in Seed (2333 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Riboflavin found in Rhizome (3.7 ppm);found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Robinin found in Plant
Rutin found in Embryo
Sucrose found in Fruit (45556 ppm);found in Rhizome (25309 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Methionine found in Rhizome (1050 ppm);found in Seed (2182 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Rhizome (2250 ppm);found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Rhizome (1390 ppm);found in Seed (3030 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Rhizome (2585 ppm);found in Seed (6212 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Rhizome (3.7 ppm);found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Rhizome (1390 ppm);found in Seed (3030 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Rhizome (3.7 ppm);found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Embryo
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (9454 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antiprostaglandin
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Rhizome (6650 ppm);found in Seed (29000 ppm)
Glycine found in Rhizome (7464 ppm);found in Seed (6697 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Embryo
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Rhizome (7464 ppm);found in Seed (6697 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Embryo
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Robinin found in Plant
Rutin found in Embryo
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Rhizome (6650 ppm);found in Seed (29000 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Antiretroviral
Isoquercetin found in Flower
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Antiseptic
Anonaine found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oxoushinsunine found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Trigonelline found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Rhizome (20000 ppm)
Glycine found in Rhizome (7464 ppm);found in Seed (6697 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Rhizome (2250 ppm);found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Nornuciferine found in Leaf
Nuciferine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Potassium found in Rhizome (34925 ppm);found in Seed (16652 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antispasmolytic
Pronuciferine found in Seed
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (34925 ppm);found in Seed (16652 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Embryo
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (125 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombic
Higenamine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Embryo
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Embryo
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Robinin found in Plant
Rutin found in Embryo
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Erucic-acid found in Seed (939 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (28889 ppm);found in Seed (131000 ppm);found in Rhizome (49383 ppm)
Isoliensinine found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Liriodenine found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Antitussive
Higenamine found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (28889 ppm);found in Seed (131000 ppm);found in Rhizome (49383 ppm)
Glycine found in Rhizome (7464 ppm);found in Seed (6697 ppm)
Histidine found in Rhizome (1820 ppm);found in Seed (3485 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Threonine found in Rhizome (2440 ppm);found in Seed (6060 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Rhizome (1390 ppm);found in Seed (3030 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Rhizome (1820 ppm);found in Seed (3485 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Embryo
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isoquercetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Embryo
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Rhizome (2250 ppm);found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Flower
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Rhizome (6650 ppm);found in Seed (29000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3267 ppm);found in Seed (7130 ppm);found in Rhizome (4785 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (34925 ppm);found in Seed (16652 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Flower
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Rhizome (4210 ppm);found in Seed (10242 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Astringent
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (45556 ppm);found in Rhizome (25309 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Flower
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (28889 ppm);found in Seed (131000 ppm);found in Rhizome (49383 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (34925 ppm);found in Seed (16652 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Luteolin found in Flower
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Flower
Liensinine found in Seed
Luteolin found in Flower
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Rhizome (2585 ppm);found in Seed (7242 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
D-catechin found in Root
Fiber found in Fruit (28889 ppm);found in Seed (131000 ppm);found in Rhizome (49383 ppm)
Glutathione found in Seed
Glycine found in Rhizome (7464 ppm);found in Seed (6697 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Luteolin found in Flower
Methionine found in Rhizome (1050 ppm);found in Seed (2182 ppm)
Mufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (3152 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (30 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Riboflavin found in Rhizome (3.7 ppm);found in Seed (2.6 ppm)
Robinin found in Plant
Rutin found in Embryo
Serine found in Rhizome (2870 ppm);found in Seed (7636 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Rhizome (1390 ppm);found in Seed (3030 ppm)
Candidicide
Anonaine found in Leaf
Liriodenine found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Quercetin found in Flower
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Flower
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Flower
Capillariprotective
Leucocyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Copper found in Seed (17 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (28889 ppm);found in Seed (131000 ppm);found in Rhizome (49383 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (34925 ppm);found in Seed (16652 ppm)
Cardiotonic
D-catechin found in Root
Higenamine found in Plant
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Rhizome (34925 ppm);found in Seed (16652 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Luteolin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Mufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (3152 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Cholinergic
Pronuciferine found in Seed
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Fruit (45556 ppm);found in Rhizome (25309 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (17 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (30 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome (50 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Flower
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Embryo
Cytotoxic
Anonaine found in Leaf
Isoliensinine found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Liriodenine found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Luteolin found in Flower
Oxoushinsunine found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Fruit (45556 ppm);found in Rhizome (25309 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Mufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (3152 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Diuretic
Arginine found in Rhizome (4210 ppm);found in Seed (10242 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Asparagine found in Rhizome (20000 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (28889 ppm);found in Seed (131000 ppm);found in Rhizome (49383 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (34925 ppm);found in Seed (16652 ppm)
Robinin found in Plant
Dopamine-Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Anonaine found in Leaf
Emetic
Methionine found in Rhizome (1050 ppm);found in Seed (2182 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Emollient
Starch found in Rhizome (570988 ppm)
Epidermal-Stimulant
Trigonelline found in Rhizome
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Rhizome (1820 ppm);found in Seed (3485 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Rhizome (2585 ppm);found in Seed (6212 ppm)
Leucine found in Rhizome (3300 ppm);found in Seed (9879 ppm)
Lysine found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Methionine found in Rhizome (1050 ppm);found in Seed (2182 ppm)
Threonine found in Rhizome (2440 ppm);found in Seed (6060 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Valine found in Rhizome (2630 ppm);found in Seed (8061 ppm)
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
FLavor
Mufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (3152 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Rhizome (1340 ppm);found in Seed (2333 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome (50 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Threonine found in Rhizome (2440 ppm);found in Seed (6060 ppm)
Valine found in Rhizome (2630 ppm);found in Seed (8061 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Rhizome
Stachyose found in Rhizome
Sucrose found in Fruit (45556 ppm);found in Rhizome (25309 ppm)
Fungicide
Anonaine found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Liriodenine found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Quercetin found in Flower
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Rhizome (1050 ppm);found in Seed (2182 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Rhizome (1340 ppm);found in Seed (2333 ppm)
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Hepatoprotective
Hyperoside found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Luteolin found in Flower
Methionine found in Rhizome (1050 ppm);found in Seed (2182 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Histaminic
Liensinine found in Seed
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (30 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Rhizome (1340 ppm);found in Seed (2333 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit (45556 ppm);found in Rhizome (25309 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Rhizome (1935 ppm);found in Seed (490 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Rhizome (4210 ppm);found in Seed (10242 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Rhizome (4500 ppm);found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (17 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (28889 ppm);found in Seed (131000 ppm);found in Rhizome (49383 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Luteolin found in Flower
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Mufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (3152 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Rutin found in Embryo
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome (50 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Rhizome
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Manganese found in Seed (125 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Trigonelline found in Rhizome
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Hypotensive
Anonaine found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (28889 ppm);found in Seed (131000 ppm);found in Rhizome (49383 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Liensinine found in Seed
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (34925 ppm);found in Seed (16652 ppm)
Rutin found in Embryo
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (28889 ppm);found in Seed (131000 ppm);found in Rhizome (49383 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Copper found in Seed (17 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Rutin found in Embryo
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3267 ppm);found in Seed (7130 ppm);found in Rhizome (4785 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Insecticide
Anonaine found in Leaf
Rutin found in Embryo
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Mufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (3152 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Embryo
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Irritant
Mufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (3152 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (28889 ppm);found in Seed (131000 ppm);found in Rhizome (49383 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Rhizome (1050 ppm);found in Seed (2182 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Lubricant
Erucic-acid found in Seed (939 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (30 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Rhizome (1340 ppm);found in Seed (2333 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome (50 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Rhizome (2250 ppm);found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Rhizome (1390 ppm);found in Seed (3030 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Trigonelline found in Rhizome
Mycoplasmicide
Anonaine found in Leaf
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Embryo
Myorelaxant
Luteolin found in Flower
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Rutin found in Embryo
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Rhizome (4210 ppm);found in Seed (10242 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (30 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Rhizome (1340 ppm);found in Seed (2333 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Rhizome (17655 ppm);found in Seed (15303 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Rhizome (7464 ppm);found in Seed (6697 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Rhizome (6650 ppm);found in Seed (29000 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Osmoregulator
Trigonelline found in Rhizome
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3267 ppm);found in Seed (7130 ppm);found in Rhizome (4785 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Embryo
Oxidant
Alanine found in Rhizome (2585 ppm);found in Seed (7242 ppm)
Histidine found in Rhizome (1820 ppm);found in Seed (3485 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Flower
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Embryo
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (3152 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Perfumery
Mufa found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (3152 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome (50 ppm)
Pesticide
Anonaine found in Leaf
Arsenic found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isoquercetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Liriodenine found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Luteolin found in Flower
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Embryo
N-methylcoclaurine found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Rhizome (1340 ppm);found in Seed (2333 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Robinin found in Plant
Rutin found in Embryo
Tannic-acid found in Rhizome
Thiamin found in Rhizome (14 ppm);found in Seed (7.5 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Rhizome (4210 ppm);found in Seed (10242 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower
Poultice
Starch found in Rhizome (570988 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Fruit (45556 ppm);found in Rhizome (25309 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Iron found in Rhizome (70 ppm);found in Seed (71 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (8636 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome (670 ppm);found in Seed (1879 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Rhizome (1340 ppm);found in Seed (2333 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome (50 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Rhizome
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Embryo
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Embryo
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Rhizome (17655 ppm);found in Seed (15303 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (17 ppm)
Sedative
Liriodenine found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Rhizome (1340 ppm);found in Seed (2333 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Rhizome (95 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Rhizome (4210 ppm);found in Seed (10242 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Embryo
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome (50 ppm)
Sweetener
Sucrose found in Fruit (45556 ppm);found in Rhizome (25309 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Flower
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Liriodenine found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Rhizome (2250 ppm);found in Seed (6242 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (45556 ppm);found in Rhizome (25309 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Rhizome (955 ppm);found in Seed (1788 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (0.18 ppm)
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (45556 ppm);found in Rhizome (25309 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Glycine found in Rhizome (7464 ppm);found in Seed (6697 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Rhizome (1050 ppm);found in Seed (2182 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Rhizome (1050 ppm);found in Seed (2182 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Vasoconstrictor
D-catechin found in Root
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Rhizome (4210 ppm);found in Seed (10242 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (1511 ppm);found in Seed (13333 ppm);found in Rhizome (3704 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (28889 ppm);found in Seed (131000 ppm);found in Rhizome (49383 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Liensinine found in Seed
Liriodenine found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Luteolin found in Flower
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1215 ppm);found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Rhizome (130 ppm);found in Seed (78 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (34925 ppm);found in Seed (16652 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Embryo
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (15 ppm);found in Seed
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Sucrose found in Fruit (45556 ppm);found in Rhizome (25309 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (28 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Flower
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Embryo
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-(p-hydroxybenzyl)-6,7-dihydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoqu... Plant
2-hydroxy-1-methoxyaporphine Plant
4'methyl-n-methylcoclaurine Leaf
Alanine Rhizome 540 2,585
Seed 2,390 7,242
Anonaine Leaf
Arginine Rhizome 880 4,210
Seed 3,380 10,242
Arsenic Seed 0.11
Ascorbic-acid Rhizome 15
Seed
Ash Rhizome 9,700 68,000
Seed 9,000 52,000
Asparagine Rhizome 20,000
Aspartic-acid Rhizome 3,690 17,655
Seed 5,050 15,303
Beta-carotene Rhizome
Seed 0.06 0.18
Calcium Fruit 1,360 1,511
Seed 590 13,333
Rhizome 450 3,704
Carbohydrates Fruit 666,000 740,000
Rhizome 120,000 824,880
Seed 139,000 762,000
Ceryl-alcohol Leaf
Cetyl-alcohol Leaf
Copper Seed 17
Cystine Rhizome 220 1,055
Seed 540 1,636
D-catechin Root
D-gallocatechin Root
D-pronuciferine Leaf
Dehydroanonaine Leaf
Dehydronuciferine Leaf
Dehydroroemerine Leaf
Demethylcoclaurine Seed
Dl-armepavine Leaf
Dl-n-norarmepavine Stem
Erucic-acid Seed 310 939
Fat Fruit 24,000 26,667
Rhizome 1,000 6,790
Seed 2,000 27,000
Fiber Fruit 26,000 28,889
Seed 10,700 131,000
Rhizome 8,000 49,383
Gadoleic-acid Rhizome 20 95
Seed 120 364
Glucoluteolin Leaf
Glutamic-acid Rhizome 1,390 6,650
Seed 9,570 29,000
Glutathione Seed
Glycine Rhizome 1,560 7,464
Seed 2,210 6,697
Higenamine Plant
Histidine Rhizome 380 1,820
Seed 1,150 3,485
Hyperoside Flower
Iron Rhizome 7 70
Seed 9.5 71
Isoleucine Rhizome 540 2,585
Seed 2,050 6,212
Isoliensine Plant
Isoliensinine Seed
Isoquercetin Flower
Kaempferol Plant
Kaempferol-3-glucuronide Flower
Kilocalories Rhizome 560 2,680
Seed 630 3,900
Leucine Rhizome 690 3,300
Seed 3,260 9,879
Leucocyanidin Leaf
Leucodelphinidin Leaf
Liensinine Seed
Linoleic-acid Rhizome 140 670
Seed 2,850 8,636
Linolenic-acid Rhizome 60 285
Seed 270 818
Liriodenine Leaf
Stem
Lotusine Seed
Lotusine-chloride Embryo
Luteolin Flower
Luteolin-7-glucoside Embryo
Lysine Rhizome 940 4,500
Seed 2,640 8,000
Magnesium Rhizome 200 1,215
Seed 560 2,650
Manganese Seed 125
Meratine Flower
Methionine Rhizome 220 1,050
Seed 720 2,182
Mufa Rhizome 200 955
Seed 1,040 3,152
Myristic-acid Rhizome
Seed 10 30
N-methylcoclaurine Leaf
N-methylisococlaurine Leaf
N-nor-armepavine Seed
N-nornuciferine Seed
Neferin Seed
Nelumbine Leaf
Nelumboside Leaf
Neo-chlorogenic-acid Root
Niacin Rhizome 21 130
Seed 4 78
Nornuciferine Leaf
Nuciferine Leaf
Seed
O-methylcorypalline Seed
Oleic-acid Rhizome 140 670
Seed 620 1,879
Oxoushinsunine Seed
Palmitic-acid Rhizome 280 1,340
Seed 770 2,333
Palmitoleic-acid Rhizome 20 95
Phenylalanine Rhizome 470 2,250
Seed 2,060 6,242
Phosphorus Fruit 2,940 3,267
Seed 590 7,130
Rhizome 1,000 4,785
Potassium Rhizome 3,820 34,925
Seed 3,670 16,652
Proline Rhizome 1,360 6,500
Seed 3,440 10,424
Pronuciferine Seed
Protein Fruit 172,000 191,111
Seed 41,300 242,000
Rhizome 26,000 167,000
Pufa Rhizome 200 955
Seed 3,120 9,454
Quercetin Flower
Quercetin-3-glucuronide Flower
Raffinose Rhizome
Reducing-sugars Fruit 24,000 26,667
Rhizome 15,600 96,296
Riboflavin Rhizome 0.6 3.7
Seed 0.4 2.6
Robinin Plant
Roemerine Leaf
Rutin Embryo
Serine Rhizome 600 2,870
Seed 2,520 7,636
Sfa Seed 880 2,667
Sodium Rhizome 395 1,935
Seed 10 490
Stachyose Rhizome
Starch Rhizome 92,500 570,988
Stearic-acid Rhizome 10 50
Sucrose Fruit 41,000 45,556
Rhizome 4,100 25,309
Tannic-acid Rhizome
Thiamin Rhizome 2.2 14
Seed 1.5 7.5
Threonine Rhizome 510 2,440
Seed 2,000 6,060
Trigonelline Rhizome
Tryptophan Rhizome 200 955
Seed 590 1,788
Tyrosine Rhizome 290 1,390
Seed 1,000 3,030
Valine Rhizome 550 2,630
Seed 2,660 8,061
Water Rhizome 750,000 838,000
Seed 143,000 80,200
Zinc Seed 28
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]