Nasturtium officinale Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
watercress
Nasturtium officinale

Medical use

Economic importance of Nasturtium officinale

Human food vegetable
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Nasturtium officinale Nasturtium officinale Nasturtium officinale Nasturtium officinale Nasturtium officinale Nasturtium officinale Nasturtium officinale Nasturtium officinale Nasturtium officinale Nasturtium officinale Nasturtium officinale Nasturtium officinale Nasturtium officinale Nasturtium officinale

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt; Libya ; Morocco; Tunisia
    Naturalized
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Rwanda; Sao Tome and Principe; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Mali; Niger
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa
    Uncertain
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Naturalized
    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: Nepal; Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (U.S.) - St. Croix
    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala; Nicaragua
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

Biological activities

5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Shoot
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Plant
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Herb (1400 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Shoot
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Allelochemic
Rutin found in Shoot
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Fiber found in Herb (77670 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (66000 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Herb (22800 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Plant
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Shoot
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Herb (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Plant
Antiacid
Glycine found in Herb (22400 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Plant
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Salicylates found in Herb (85 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Herb (262 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Herb (22400 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Herb (26800 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant (62 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antialopecic
Biotin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Plant
Folacin found in Plant
Iron found in Herb (262 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Plant
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Plant
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Herb (25 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (66000 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Herb (8000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Copper found in Plant
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant (62 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticanker
Iron found in Herb (262 ppm)
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Herb (25 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Methionine found in Herb (4000 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Herb (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant (62 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Herb (25 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Folacin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Herb (25 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Plant
Iron found in Herb (262 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Herb (25 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Plant
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Plant
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Herb (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Folacin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Herb (22800 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (66000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Biotin found in Plant
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant (62 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Copper found in Plant
Fiber found in Herb (77670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Plant
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Plant
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Methionine found in Herb (4000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Herb (30000 ppm)
Glycine found in Herb (22400 ppm)
Leucine found in Herb (33200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Herb (12600 ppm)
Valine found in Herb (27400 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Herb (38000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Copper found in Plant
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant (62 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (66000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Antifeedant
Rutin found in Shoot
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Plant
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Glycine found in Herb (22400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Folacin found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Herb (25 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Shoot
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Shoot
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Herb (30000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Herb (4000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Lysine found in Herb (26800 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Herb (1400 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Herb (38000 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant (62 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Herb (30000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Fiber found in Herb (77670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (66000 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Herb (30000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Plant
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Herb (30000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Copper found in Plant
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Salicylates found in Herb (85 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Herb (25 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Plant
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Herb (38000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Plant
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antimalarial
Rutin found in Shoot
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Herb (262 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Herb (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Herb (37400 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Herb (8000 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Biotin found in Plant
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Folacin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Plant
Rutin found in Shoot
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Plant
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Fiber found in Herb (77670 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Copper found in Plant
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Herb (12000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antiototic
Manganese found in Plant
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Herb (27400 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Histidine found in Herb (8000 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant
Methionine found in Herb (4000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Herb (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Methionine found in Herb (4000 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Herb (22800 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Herb (12600 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Herb (10600 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Herb (25 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Folacin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Herb (12600 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Herb (25 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Antiplaque
Folacin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Shoot
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiprostaglandin
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Herb (38000 ppm)
Glycine found in Herb (22400 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Shoot
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Herb (22400 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Shoot
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Salicylates found in Herb (85 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Herb (38000 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Biotin found in Plant
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Herb (22400 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Herb (22800 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (66000 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (66000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Shoot
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antithyroid
Glucosinolate found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antitic
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Plant
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Plant
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antitumor-Promoter
Rutin found in Shoot
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Erucic-acid found in Seed (314200 ppm)
Fiber found in Herb (77670 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Fiber found in Herb (77670 ppm)
Glycine found in Herb (22400 ppm)
Histidine found in Herb (8000 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Threonine found in Herb (26600 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Herb (12600 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Herb (8000 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Herb (85 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Shoot
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Herb (22800 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Herb (38000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Herb (12000 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (66000 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Herb (30000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Herb (77670 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (66000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Herb (27400 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Fiber found in Herb (77670 ppm)
Glycine found in Herb (22400 ppm)
Methionine found in Herb (4000 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant (62 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Herb (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Serine found in Herb (12000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Herb (12600 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Shoot
Carcinogenic
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Copper found in Plant
Fiber found in Herb (77670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (66000 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Herb (66000 ppm)
Catabolic
Rutin found in Shoot
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Plant
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Shoot
Deodorant
Zinc found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Herb (30000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Fiber found in Herb (77670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (66000 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Herb (4000 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Plant
Essential
Histidine found in Herb (8000 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Herb (10600 ppm)
Leucine found in Herb (33200 ppm)
Lysine found in Herb (26800 ppm)
Methionine found in Herb (4000 ppm)
Threonine found in Herb (26600 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Valine found in Herb (27400 ppm)
FLavor
Threonine found in Herb (26600 ppm)
Valine found in Herb (27400 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Fungicide
Phylloquinone found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Herb (4000 ppm)
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Plant
Hemostat
Rutin found in Shoot
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Shoot
Hepatoprotective
Methionine found in Herb (4000 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Herbicide
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Herb (85 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Herb (8200 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Herb (30000 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Herb (26800 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Copper found in Plant
Fiber found in Herb (77670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Salicylates found in Herb (85 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Fiber found in Herb (77670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (66000 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Herb (77670 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Copper found in Plant
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Herb (12000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Plant
Insecticide
Rutin found in Shoot
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Shoot
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Juvabional
Rutin found in Shoot
Larvistat
Rutin found in Shoot
Laxative
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Fiber found in Herb (77670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Plant
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Herb (4000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Shoot
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Lubricant
Erucic-acid found in Seed (314200 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Herb (22800 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Herb (12600 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Mutagenic
Rutin found in Shoot
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Shoot
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Plant
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Herb (30000 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Herb (37400 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Herb (22400 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Herb (38000 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Herb (12000 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Shoot
Oxidant
Alanine found in Herb (27400 ppm)
Histidine found in Herb (8000 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Shoot
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Herb (18 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Herb (30000 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Iron found in Herb (262 ppm)
Protisticide
Rutin found in Shoot
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Shoot
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Herb (37400 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Plant
Sedative
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Herb (30000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Shoot
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Plant
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Shoot
Toxic
Phylloquinone found in Leaf (3.15 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Herb (22800 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Plant
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Herb (6000 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Herb (560 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Folacin found in Plant
Glycine found in Herb (22400 ppm)
Salicylates found in Herb (85 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Herb (4000 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Herb (4000 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Herb (30000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Calcium found in Herb (24000 ppm)
Fiber found in Herb (77670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Herb (4200 ppm)
Niacin found in Herb (113 ppm)
Potassium found in Herb (66000 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Shoot
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Herb (13690 ppm);found in Shoot (370 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Folacin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Shoot

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2-phenylethyl-isothiocyanate Herb
3-phenylpropionitrile Herb
8-methylthiooctanone-nitrile Herb
Alanine Herb 1,370 27,400
Arginine Herb 1,500 30,000
Ascorbic-acid Herb 430 13,690
Shoot 370
Ash Herb 13,000 179,000
Aspartic-acid Herb 1,870 37,400
Beta-carotene Herb 28 560
Biotin Plant
Calcium Herb 1,200 24,000
Carbohydrates Herb 12,900 25,800
Copper Plant
Cystine Herb 70 1,400
Diastase Plant
Eo Plant 600 660
Erucic-acid Seed 314,200
Fat Herb 1,000 20,000
Fiber Herb 700 77,670
Folacin Plant
Gluconasturtiin Plant
Glucosinolate Seed 5,000
Glucosinolates Plant
Glutamic-acid Herb 1,900 38,000
Glycine Herb 1,120 22,400
Histidine Herb 400 8,000
Iron Herb 2 262
Isoleucine Herb 530 10,600
Kilocalories Herb 300 2,915
Leucine Herb 1,660 33,200
Lysine Herb 1,340 26,800
Magnesium Herb 210 4,200
Manganese Plant
Methionine Herb 200 4,000
Niacin Herb 2 113
Pantothenic-acid Plant 3 62
Phenylalanine Herb 1,140 22,800
Phenylethyl-isothiocyanate Plant
Phosphorus Herb 600 12,000
Phylloquinone Leaf 3.15
Potassium Herb 3,300 66,000
Proline Herb 960 19,200
Protein Herb 23,000 460,000
Riboflavin Herb 1 25
Rutin Shoot
Salicylates Herb 8 85
Serine Herb 600 12,000
Sodium Herb 410 8,200
Thiamin Herb 1 18
Threonine Herb 1,330 26,600
Tryptophan Herb 300 6,000
Tyrosine Herb 630 12,600
Valine Herb 1,370 27,400
Vit-b-6 Herb 1 26
Water Herb 897,000 951,000
Zinc Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]