Myristica fragrans Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
mace nutmeg

Myristica fragrans is an evergreen tree indigenous to the Moluccas of Indonesia. It is important as the main source of the spices nutmeg and mace. It is widely grown across the tropics including Guangdong and Yunnan in China, Taiwan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Grenada in the Caribbean, Kerala in India, Sri Lanka and South America.

Myristica fragrans

Medical use

Economic importance of Myristica fragrans

Food additives flavoring
Environmental hemiparasite host
Human food fruit
Materials esential oils gum/resin lipids
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Social halucinogen

Gallery

Myristica fragrans Myristica fragrans Myristica fragrans Myristica fragrans Myristica fragrans Myristica fragrans Myristica fragrans Myristica fragrans Myristica fragrans Myristica fragrans Myristica fragrans Myristica fragrans Myristica fragrans Myristica fragrans

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Kerala; Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Caribbean: Grenada

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed (3200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (42000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (68000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (47000 ppm);found in Seed (4640 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Absorbent
Starch found in Aril (317000 ppm);found in Seed (300000 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed (3200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (42000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (68000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (47000 ppm);found in Seed (4640 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Seed
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed (3200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (42000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (68000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (47000 ppm);found in Seed (4640 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Cyanidin found in Plant ;found in Seed
Delphinidin found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm);found in Essential Oil (17000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Sclareol found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (191000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (150000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Delphinidin found in Seed
Dipentene found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Geranyl-acetate found in Seed (160 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
Pinene found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
Amphetaminagenic
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Analgesic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpineol found in Seed
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (13 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Seed (550 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Terpineol found in Seed
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Aril (48000 ppm);found in Seed (116000 ppm)
Potassium found in Aril (4630 ppm);found in Seed (5210 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
AntiAGE
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
AntiCFS
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Aril (5 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Manganese found in Aril (14 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed (3200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (42000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (68000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (47000 ppm);found in Seed (4640 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Seed (550 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Salicylates found in Aril (320 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Aril (140 ppm);found in Seed (45 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Manganese found in Aril (14 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Terpineol found in Seed
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Aril (25 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm)
Iron found in Aril (140 ppm);found in Seed (45 ppm)
Manganese found in Aril (14 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Aril (5 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Potassium found in Aril (4630 ppm);found in Seed (5210 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Copper found in Aril (25 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Manganese found in Aril (14 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Seed
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Seed (1440 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Dehydroisoeugenol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Dipentene found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1600 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Malabaricone-b found in Seed (172 ppm)
Malabaricone-c found in Seed (172 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Seed (550 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
Nerol found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Pinene found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Sabinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (507000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (420000 ppm);found in Seed (62400 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Sclareol found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Seed
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Elemene found in Aril
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Seed
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Anticanker
Iron found in Aril (140 ppm);found in Seed (45 ppm)
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Aril (5 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Aril (5 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Aril (5 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Riboflavin found in Aril (5 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Aril (140 ppm);found in Seed (45 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Aril (5 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Riboflavin found in Aril (5 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antidementia
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Potassium found in Aril (4630 ppm);found in Seed (5210 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Copper found in Aril (25 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm)
Fiber found in Aril (48000 ppm);found in Seed (116000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Manganese found in Aril (14 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Aril (14 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Aril (14 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Glucose found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Manganese found in Aril (14 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Copper found in Aril (25 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Potassium found in Aril (4630 ppm);found in Seed (5210 ppm)
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (68000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (47000 ppm);found in Seed (4640 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm);found in Essential Oil (17000 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antigallstone
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastritic
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Aril (5 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Antihangover
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Nerol found in Essential Oil
Sabinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (507000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (420000 ppm);found in Seed (62400 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Glucose found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Aril (110 ppm);found in Seed (130 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Seed (550 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Fiber found in Aril (48000 ppm);found in Seed (116000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Potassium found in Aril (4630 ppm);found in Seed (5210 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (191000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (150000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Copper found in Aril (25 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Salicylates found in Aril (320 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Aril (110 ppm);found in Seed (130 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Aril (5 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Seed
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilisteria
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Antilithic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimange
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Aril (140 ppm);found in Seed (45 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Aril (5 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antimutagenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Aril (317000 ppm);found in Seed (300000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed (3200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (42000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm);found in Essential Oil (17000 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Copper found in Aril (25 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Aril (110 ppm);found in Seed (130 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Fiber found in Aril (48000 ppm);found in Seed (116000 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Aril (110 ppm);found in Seed (130 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Boron found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Boron found in Seed (13 ppm)
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Copper found in Aril (25 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Manganese found in Aril (14 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Aril (1100 ppm);found in Seed (2400 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antiototic
Manganese found in Aril (14 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antioxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Campesterol found in Aril (60 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Plant ;found in Seed
Delphinidin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (68000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (47000 ppm);found in Seed (4640 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Heptadecanoic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1600 ppm)
Manganese found in Aril (14 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Pentadecanoic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Aril (5 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Aril (110 ppm);found in Seed (130 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm);found in Essential Oil (17000 ppm)
Tridecanoic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipellagric
Riboflavin found in Aril (5 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Riboflavin found in Aril (5 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Antipoliomyelitic
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpineol found in Seed
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Aril (730 ppm);found in Seed (620 ppm)
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Salicylates found in Aril (320 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (191000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (150000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Citronellol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Furfural found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Licarin-a found in Aril
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Nerol found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Pinene found in Seed
Sabinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (507000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (420000 ppm);found in Seed (62400 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Seed
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiserotonic
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antishock
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Antisickling
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed (3200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (42000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (191000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (150000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Seed (550 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Pinene found in Seed
Potassium found in Aril (4630 ppm);found in Seed (5210 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Seed
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Seed (1440 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Potassium found in Aril (4630 ppm);found in Seed (5210 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Antisyndrome-X
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Manganese found in Aril (14 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Fiber found in Aril (48000 ppm);found in Seed (116000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Seed
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Fiber found in Aril (48000 ppm);found in Seed (116000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nerol found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Sabinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (507000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (420000 ppm);found in Seed (62400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Aril (320 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Seed
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Dipentene found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1600 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Aril (110 ppm);found in Seed (130 ppm)
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Aril (1100 ppm);found in Seed (2400 ppm)
Potassium found in Aril (4630 ppm);found in Seed (5210 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Seed
Elemene found in Aril
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Aril (110 ppm);found in Seed (130 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Bacteristat
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Aril (48000 ppm);found in Seed (116000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Potassium found in Aril (4630 ppm);found in Seed (5210 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Bruchifuge
Butyric-acid found in Seed
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Seed Essent. Oil (6000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1600 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Delphinidin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Seed Essent. Oil (6000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed
Fiber found in Aril (48000 ppm);found in Seed (116000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Seed (550 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Aril (5 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Aril (110 ppm);found in Seed (130 ppm)
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (191000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (150000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1600 ppm)
Malabaricone-b found in Seed (172 ppm)
Malabaricone-c found in Seed (172 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Seed (550 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Candidistat
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Aril (0.4 ppm);found in Seed (0.6 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Copper found in Aril (25 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm)
Fiber found in Aril (48000 ppm);found in Seed (116000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Potassium found in Aril (4630 ppm);found in Seed (5210 ppm)
Cardiotonic
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Aril (4630 ppm);found in Seed (5210 ppm)
Carminative
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Copaene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Terpineol found in Seed
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Aril (25 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm)
Controlled
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
D-borneol found in Seed (25600 ppm)
Pinene found in Seed
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Stearic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Culicide
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Seed
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Cytotoxic
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
DNA-Binder
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Seed Essent. Oil (6000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Deliriant
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Demulcent
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm);found in Essential Oil (17000 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Seed (1440 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Fiber found in Aril (48000 ppm);found in Seed (116000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Potassium found in Aril (4630 ppm);found in Seed (5210 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Seed (1440 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
D-borneol found in Seed (25600 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Emollient
Starch found in Aril (317000 ppm);found in Seed (300000 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Pinene found in Seed
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Aril (0.4 ppm);found in Seed (0.6 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nerol found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Aril (110 ppm);found in Seed (130 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Dipentene found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Seed (550 ppm)
Pinene found in Seed
Terpineol found in Seed
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Seed (1440 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed (3200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (42000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (191000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (150000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Fenchyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Formic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Furfural found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (68000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (47000 ppm);found in Seed (4640 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Geranyl-acetate found in Seed (160 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Seed (550 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Nerol found in Essential Oil
Octanoic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm);found in Essential Oil (17000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Seed (1440 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Dehydroisoeugenol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Furfural found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Isoelemicin found in Seed (150 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Malabaricone-b found in Seed (172 ppm)
Malabaricone-c found in Seed (172 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Pinene found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Sclareol found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm);found in Essential Oil (17000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hallucinogenic
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Hemostat
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoregenerative
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (191000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (150000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Seed (550 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Pinene found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1600 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Seed
Salicylates found in Aril (320 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Aril (800 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Campesterol found in Aril (60 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Copper found in Aril (25 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm)
Fiber found in Aril (48000 ppm);found in Seed (116000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Aril (730 ppm);found in Seed (620 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Aril (110 ppm);found in Seed (130 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Manganese found in Aril (14 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Salicylates found in Aril (320 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Fiber found in Aril (48000 ppm);found in Seed (116000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Potassium found in Aril (4630 ppm);found in Seed (5210 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Hypothermic
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Seed Essent. Oil (6000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Aril (48000 ppm);found in Seed (116000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Copper found in Aril (25 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Immunostimulant
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Aril (1100 ppm);found in Seed (2400 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Insect-attractant
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Seed (550 ppm)
Insecticide-Synergist
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed (3200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (42000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Furfural found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Seed
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed (3200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (42000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (191000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (150000 ppm)
Beta-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (68000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (47000 ppm);found in Seed (4640 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Seed
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Seed (1440 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Geranyl-acetate found in Seed (160 ppm)
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Seed (1440 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (191000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (150000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
D-borneol found in Seed (25600 ppm)
Dipentene found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Furfural found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (68000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (47000 ppm);found in Seed (4640 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Isoelemicin found in Seed (150 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Seed
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Seed (1440 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Fiber found in Aril (48000 ppm);found in Seed (116000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Aril (13.2 ppm);found in Seed (16.4 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Seed
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Motor-Stimulant
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Seed Essent. Oil (6000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Delphinidin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Narcotic
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Seed (550 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Nematistat
Butyric-acid found in Seed
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Aril (1100 ppm);found in Seed (2400 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Aril (110 ppm);found in Seed (130 ppm)
Oxytocic
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed (3200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (42000 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Paralytic
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
D-borneol found in Seed (25600 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Alpha-humulene found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Seed (1440 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed (3200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (42000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil
Beta-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (191000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (150000 ppm)
Beta-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (68000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (47000 ppm);found in Seed (4640 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Geranyl-acetate found in Seed (160 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Seed (550 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
Nerol found in Essential Oil
Octanoic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
Pinene found in Seed
Sabinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (507000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (420000 ppm);found in Seed (62400 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Sclareol found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Terpineol found in Seed
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm);found in Essential Oil (17000 ppm)
Tridecanoic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Pesticide
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Seed (1440 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed (3200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (42000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Arsenic found in Seed (0.01 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (191000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (150000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Beta-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Butyric-acid found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Cyanidin found in Plant ;found in Seed
Dehydroisoeugenol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Delphinidin found in Seed
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Dipentene found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Furfural found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (68000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (47000 ppm);found in Seed (4640 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Germacrene-d found in Essential Oil
Isoelemicin found in Seed (150 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Licarin-a found in Aril
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Malabaricone-b found in Seed (172 ppm)
Malabaricone-c found in Seed (172 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Seed (550 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Seed (5920 ppm);found in Essential Oil (37000 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Nerol found in Essential Oil
Octanoic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Pinene found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Sclareol found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Seed
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm);found in Essential Oil (17000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Aril (3 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Vanillin found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Essential Oil
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Plant ;found in Seed
Delphinidin found in Seed
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Poultice
Starch found in Aril (317000 ppm);found in Seed (300000 ppm)
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Plant ;found in Seed
Delphinidin found in Seed
Iron found in Aril (140 ppm);found in Seed (45 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (176000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Psychoactive
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Schistosomicide
Elemicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (21000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (4000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Aril (25 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Dipentene found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Geranyl-acetate found in Seed (160 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Licarin-b found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Seed (900 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Nerol found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Aril (110 ppm);found in Seed (130 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed (3200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (42000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (191000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (150000 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (640 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm)
Pinene found in Seed
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tachycardic
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Seed (550 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (265000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (265000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (191000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (150000 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5760 ppm);found in Essential Oil (44000 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Seed (2720 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (5600 ppm)
Citronellol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed Essent. Oil (119000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Nerol found in Essential Oil
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Seed (960 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (320 ppm)
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (106000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Catechins found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Aril (560 ppm);found in Seed (460 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Uricosuric
Salicylates found in Aril (320 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Uterotonic
Myristicin found in Seed Essent. Oil (124000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Seed (12800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Essential Oil (140000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Elemene found in Aril
Quercetin found in Plant
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Calcium found in Aril (2400 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Fiber found in Aril (48000 ppm);found in Seed (116000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Aril (1630 ppm);found in Seed (2030 ppm)
Potassium found in Aril (4630 ppm);found in Seed (5210 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil (38000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (320 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil (34000 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Seed (9600 ppm);found in Essential Oil (14000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (247000 ppm);found in Seed (4800 ppm);found in Essential Oil (63000 ppm)
Zinc found in Aril (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-beta-pinene Seed Essent. Oil 680,000
(+)-borneol Seed Essent. Oil
(+)-limonene Seed Essent. Oil 42,000
(+)-linalool Seed Essent. Oil
(+)-myrisfragransin Seed
(+)-pinene Seed Essent. Oil
(-)-epicatechin Seed
1,8-cineol Seed Essent. Oil 22,000 32,000
Essential Oil 22,000 42,000
Leaf Essent. Oil
1,8-cineole Seed 440 5,600
1-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-allyl-2,6-dime...propan-1-ol Plant
1-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-allyl-2,6-dimethox...propane Plant
1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-(4-allyl-2,...propyl-acetate Plant
1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-(4-allyl-2,...propyl-benzoate Plant
1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-(4-allyl-2,6di...propan-1-ol Plant
1-(5-acetoxy-3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-ally...propyl-acetate Plant
2-(4-allyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenoxy)-1-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-propane Plant
2-(4-allyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenoxy)-1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-1-propanol Plant
2-(4-allyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenoxy)-1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-acetic-acid-propyl-ester Seed
2-(4-allyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenoxy)-1-(4-acetoxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-acetic-acid-propyl-ester Seed
2-(4-allyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenoxy)-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-propanol Plant
3-methyl-acetate-dec-4-en-1-ol Essential Oil
3-methyl-dec-4-en-1-ol Essential Oil
5-methoxydehydrodi-isoeugenol Aril
Seed
5-methoxyeugenol Essential Oil
6-methoxydihydroisoeugenol Plant
Acetic-acid Seed Essent. Oil
Seed
Alpha-bergamotene Essential Oil 20,000
Alpha-copaene Essential Oil 3,000
Alpha-cubebene Essential Oil 10,000
Alpha-farnesene Essential Oil 40,000
Alpha-humulene Essential Oil 30,000
Alpha-phellandrene Seed Essent. Oil 4,000 10,000
Seed 180 1,440
Leaf Essent. Oil
Essential Oil 7,000 16,000
Alpha-pinene Seed Essent. Oil 106,000 265,000
Leaf Essent. Oil
Seed
Essential Oil 132,000 265,000
Alpha-terpinene Seed Essent. Oil 8,000 40,000
Seed 400 3,200
Essential Oil 14,000 42,000
Alpha-terpineol Seed Essent. Oil 50,000 77,000
Seed 120 9,600
Essential Oil 6,000 14,000
Alpha-terpineol acetate Essential Oil
Alpha-thujene Seed Essent. Oil 30,000
Seed
Amylodextrin Seed 250,000
Arsenic Seed 0.01
Beta-bisabolene Essential Oil
Beta-caryophyllene Seed Essent. Oil
Seed
Beta-phellandrene Seed Essent. Oil 34,000
Essential Oil 20,000
Beta-pinene Seed Essent. Oil 78,000 191,000
Seed
Leaf Essent. Oil
Essential Oil 80,000 150,000
Beta-sitosterol Aril 560
Seed 460
Beta-terpineol Seed Essent. Oil
Borneol Essential Oil
Borneol-acetate Seed Essent. Oil 9,000
Essential Oil
Boron Seed 3 13
Butyric-acid Seed
Caffeic-acid Plant 16
Calcium Aril 2,400
Seed 1,110 2,000
Campesterol Aril 60
Seed 30
Camphene Seed Essent. Oil 2,000 4,000
Leaf Essent. Oil
Seed 80 640
Essential Oil 2,000 4,000
Camphor Seed Essent. Oil 34,000
Caprylic-acid Seed
Car-3-ene Seed Essent. Oil 24,000
Essential Oil 14,000
Carbohydrates Aril 478,000
Seed 285,000
Caryophyllene Essential Oil
Catechins Seed
Cerotic-acid Seed
Cerotinic-acid Seed
Chromium Aril 13.2
Seed 16.4
Cis-isoelemicin Seed Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Cis-p-ment-2-en-1-ol Seed 20 160
Cis-piperitol Seed Essent. Oil 1,000 6,000
Seed 20 160
Essential Oil 1,000 12,000
Cis-sabinene-hydrate Seed Essent. Oil 2,000 7,000
Seed
Essential Oil 2,000 5,000
Citronellol Seed Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Citronellol-acetate Essential Oil
Cobalt Aril 0.4
Seed 0.6
Copaene Seed Essent. Oil 2,000 3,000
Seed
Essential Oil 2,000 8,000
Copper Aril 6 25
Seed 10 21
Cyanidin Plant
Seed
Cymene Seed
D-alpha-pinene Seed 2,600 64,000
D-beta-pinene Seed 1,800 64,000
D-borneol Seed 4,200 25,600
Dehydrodiisoeugenol Fruit
Dehydroisoeugenol Plant
Seed
Delphinidin Seed
Delta-cadinene Essential Oil
Diarylpropanoids Seed
Dipentene Seed 3,200 12,800
Dl-alpha-pinene Seed Essent. Oil 30,000
Dl-dehydroisoeugenol Aril
Dl-limonene Seed Essent. Oil 26,000 80,000
Elemene Aril
Elemicin Seed Essent. Oil 1,000 21,000
Fruit
Seed 20 4,000
Essential Oil 1,000 12,000
Eo Aril 40,000 150,000
Seed 20,000 160,000
Leaf 4,100 6,200
Bark 1,400
Eugenol Seed Essent. Oil 1,000 38,000
Essential Oil 2,000 3,000
Seed 40 320
Eugenol-methyl-ether Seed Essent. Oil 1,000 6,000
Fruit
Essential Oil 1,000 3,000
Seed
Fat Aril 244,000 324,000
Seed 250,000 400,000
Fenchyl-alcohol Essential Oil
Fiber Aril 38,000 48,000
Seed 40,000 116,000
Formic-acid Seed Essent. Oil
Seed
Furfural Seed 15,000
Furfurol Seed 15,000
Gamma-terpinene Seed Essent. Oil 19,000 68,000
Essential Oil 21,000 47,000
Seed 580 4,640
Gentisic-acid Leaf
Geraniol Seed Essent. Oil 36,000 119,000
Essential Oil
Seed
Geraniol-acetate Seed Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Geranyl-acetate Seed 20 160
Germacrene-d Essential Oil
Glucose Seed
Glyceryl-trimyristate Seed Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Fruit
Guaiacin Aril
Heptadecanoic-acid Seed Essent. Oil
Seed
Hexadecanoic-acid Seed
Ipuranol Seed
Iron Aril 126 140
Seed 30 45
Iso-trans-eugenol Essential Oil
Isoelemicin Seed 150
Isoeugenol Seed Essent. Oil 1,000 2,000
Essential Oil
Seed 40 320
Isoeugenol-methyl-ether Essential Oil
Seed
Kaempferol Plant
Lauric-acid Seed Essent. Oil
Seed 375 1,600
Licarin-a Aril
Licarin-b Seed
Limonene Seed Essent. Oil 31,000 119,000
Leaf Essent. Oil
Seed 720 5,760
Essential Oil 36,000 44,000
Linalool Seed Essent. Oil 2,000 106,000
Seed
Essential Oil 2,000 10,000
Linalool-acetate Seed Essent. Oil 15,000
Essential Oil
Linoleic-acid Seed 0 6,000
Macilenic-acid Aril 50,000
Macilolic-acid Aril 50,000
Magnesium Aril 1,630
Seed 1,830 2,030
Malabaricone-b Seed 172
Malabaricone-c Seed 172
Manganese Aril 14
Seed 23 29
Methoxyeugenol Seed 400
Methyl-eugenol Seed 20 900
Methyl-isoeugenol Seed 550
Myrcene Seed Essent. Oil 25,000 38,000
Seed 740 5,920
Essential Oil 16,000 37,000
Myristic-acid Seed Essent. Oil 3,000
Seed 60 320,000
Essential Oil
Myristicin Seed Essent. Oil 5,000 124,000
Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 410 620
Seed 800 12,800
Fruit
Essential Oil 9,000 140,000
Nerol Essential Oil
Nerol-acetate Essential Oil
Octanoic-acid Seed Essent. Oil
Oleanolic-acid Seed
Oleic-acid Seed Essent. Oil
Seed 13,000 176,000
P-coumaric-acid Seed 7
P-cymen-8-ol Essential Oil
P-cymene Seed Essent. Oil 6,000 43,000
Seed 120 960
Essential Oil 5,000 8,000
Leaf Essent. Oil
P-menth-cis-2-en-1-ol Seed Essent. Oil 1,000 4,000
Essential Oil 1,000 3,000
P-menth-trans-2-en-1-ol Essential Oil
P-menth-trans-2-ene-1,4-diol Essential Oil
Palmitic-acid Seed Essent. Oil
Seed 25,000 128,000
Pectin Seed 5,000 6,000
Pentadecanoic-acid Seed Essent. Oil
Seed
Pentosans Seed 22,500
Phosphorus Aril 1,000 1,100
Seed 2,130 2,400
Phytosterols Aril 730
Seed 620
Pinene Seed
Potassium Aril 4,630
Seed 3,500 5,210
Proanthocyanins Seed
Protein Aril 65,000 67,000
Seed 58,000 75,000
Quercetin Plant
Riboflavin Aril 4 5
Seed 0 1
Sabinene Seed Essent. Oil 178,000 507,000
Essential Oil 210,000 420,000
Seed 5,420 62,400
Safrole Seed Essent. Oil 1,000 60,000
Essential Oil 1,000 33,000
Seed 120 2,720
Salicylates Aril 30 320
Seed 2 25
Sclareol Seed
Sodium Aril 800
Seed 109 160
Starch Aril 317,000
Seed 300,000
Stearic-acid Seed Essent. Oil
Seed
Stigmasterol Aril 110
Seed 130
Terpinen-4-ol Seed Essent. Oil 30,000 247,000
Seed 600 4,800
Essential Oil 30,000 63,000
Terpinen-4-ol-acetate Seed Essent. Oil 1,000
Essential Oil 1,000 2,000
Terpinen-4-yl-acetate Seed 20 160
Terpineol Seed
Terpinolene Seed Essent. Oil 14,000 26,000
Seed 340 2,720
Essential Oil 10,000 17,000
Thiamin Aril 3
Seed 3 4
Trans-isoelemicin Seed Essent. Oil 1,000
Essential Oil
Trans-isoeugenol Essential Oil
Trans-isoeugenol-methyl-ether Essential Oil
Trans-piperitol Essential Oil
Trans-sabinene-hydrate Seed Essent. Oil 3,000 8,000
Seed 60 480
Essential Oil 3,000 9,000
Tridecanoic-acid Seed Essent. Oil
Seed
Trimyristin Essential Oil
Seed
Vanillin Essential Oil
Water Aril 82,000 159,000
Seed 62,000 143,000
Zinc Aril 20
Seed 13 20
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]