Murraya koenigii Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
currybush curryleaf Indian bay
Murraya koenigii

Medical use

Economic importance of Murraya koenigii

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Gene sources research in plant biology
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Murraya koenigii Murraya koenigii Murraya koenigii Murraya koenigii Murraya koenigii Murraya koenigii Murraya koenigii Murraya koenigii Murraya koenigii Murraya koenigii Murraya koenigii Murraya koenigii

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Cultivated
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • West Tropical Africa: Nigeria
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Guangdong, Hainan, Yunnan
    Cultivated
    • China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India - Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Meghalaya, Orissa, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; Nepal; Pakistan ; Sri Lanka
    • North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar
    • Indo-China: Laos; Myanmar; Thailand ; Vietnam
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Cultivated
    • Australia: Australia
  • PACIFIC
    Cultivated
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (885 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Acaricide
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1320 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Dipentene found in Leaf (1770 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Analeptic
Gaba found in Leaf
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Twig
Anthelmintic
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Antialopecic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (885 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (885 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Antiapertif
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Antiappetant
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Twig
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Dipentene found in Leaf (1770 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Leaf (700 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (2 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Sabinene found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Gaba found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Anticerebrotic
Gaba found in Leaf
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Anticholesteremic
Ornithine found in Leaf
Anticholinergic
Scopolin found in Leaf
Antichoreic
Gaba found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Twig
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Ornithine found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Twig
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Cadinene found in Leaf (4730 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (885 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Leaf (155 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Potassium found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Twig
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Antijet-lag
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antilethargic
Gaba found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antileukodermic
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Antilipogenic
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Antimalarial
Alpha-selinene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-selinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antimitotic
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (17800 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Leaf (700 ppm)
Mahanimbine found in Plant
Mahanine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (885 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Antiplaque
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Alpha-selinene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-selinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Leaf (155 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Antiseptic
2-nonanone found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Aromadendrene found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Hexanol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1320 ppm)
Sabinene found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Twig
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Antistroke
Potassium found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Twig
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Gaba found in Leaf
Antitubercular
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Isoimperatorin found in Seed (21 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Antitussive
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Dipentene found in Leaf (1770 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Leaf (700 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Phosphorus found in Leaf (17800 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Twig
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Leaf (155 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Artemicide
Isoimperatorin found in Seed (21 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Twig
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Scopolin found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Scopolin found in Leaf
CNS-Inhibitor
Gaba found in Leaf
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1320 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Leaf (700 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Leaf (700 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Isoimperatorin found in Seed (21 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Aromadendrene found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Candidicide
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Leaf (700 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Isosafrole found in Leaf (1145 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Twig
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Twig
Cardiovascular
Gaba found in Leaf
Carminative
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Clastogenic
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Counterirritant
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Isoimperatorin found in Seed (21 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
DME-Inhibitor
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Isoimperatorin found in Seed (21 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Dentifrice
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Asparagine found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Twig
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf (560 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Dipentene found in Leaf (1770 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Cadinene found in Leaf (4730 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Hexanol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (885 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1320 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Fungicide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf (560 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Seed (3 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (885 ppm)
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1320 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Isosafrole found in Leaf (1145 ppm)
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Leaf (700 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (885 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Ornithine found in Leaf
Hypoarginanemic
Ornithine found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Potassium found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Twig
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (17800 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Dipentene found in Leaf (1770 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1320 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Lipolytic
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (885 ppm)
Molluscicide
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Mutagenic
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (885 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Gaba found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Gaba found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Gaba found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (17800 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Alpha-selinene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf (560 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Beta-selinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Cadinene found in Leaf (4730 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Isosafrole found in Leaf (1145 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Sabinene found in Leaf (11700 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Pesticide
2-nonanone found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Aromadendrene found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Cadinene found in Leaf (4730 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Dipentene found in Leaf (1770 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Hexanol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Isoimperatorin found in Seed (21 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (53 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1320 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (885 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Phototoxic
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Piscicide
Bergapten found in Seed (12 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Prooxidant
2,3-dihydrobenzofuran found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Propecic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (885 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1320 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Dipentene found in Leaf (1770 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (885 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Spermicide
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (6840 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (9880 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (23 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (225 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1320 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (30035 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (85 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (8000 ppm);found in Twig
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (37 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (445 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (140 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(e)-beta-ocimene Leaf 40
(e,e)-2,4-heptadienal Leaf 0.1
(z)-2-hexenal Leaf 0.1
(z)-2-pentenol Leaf 0.1
(z)-3-hexenol Leaf 5
(z)-3-hexenyl-acetate Leaf 0.1
(z)-3-hexenyl-butanoate Leaf 0.1
1,2,4-trimethyl-benzene Leaf 0.1
1-methyl-2-(2-propenyl)-benzene Leaf 2
2,3-dihydrobenzofuran Leaf 2
2-acetyl-furan Leaf 0.1
2-ethyl-4-methylmaleimide Leaf 0.1
2-furancarboxaldehyde Leaf 2
2-hydroxy-6-methylcarbazole Leaf
2-methyl-butanal Plant
2-nonanone Leaf 0.1
2-octanone Leaf 0.1
3-(1,1-dimethylallyl)-xanthyletin Bark
3-methyl-but-2-en-1-ol Leaf 0.1
3-methylcarbazole Root
6-methylhep-5-en-2-one Leaf 0.1
9-carbethoxy-3-methylcarbazole Root
9-formyl-3-methylcarbazole Root
Alpha-copaene Leaf 0.1
Alpha-cubebene Plant
Alpha-humulene Leaf 14
Alpha-phellandrene Leaf 23 6,240
Alpha-pinene Leaf 0 9,880
Alpha-selinene Leaf 25
Alpha-terpinene Leaf 65
Alpha-terpineol Leaf 37
Alpha-thujene Leaf 37
Aromadendrene Leaf 2
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 40 445
Ash Leaf 15,000 125,000
Asparagine Leaf
Benzaldehyde Leaf 0.1
Bergapten Seed 12
Beta-bisabolene Leaf 0
Beta-carotene Leaf 60 225
Beta-caryophyllene Leaf 23 7,540
Beta-elemene Leaf 5 155
Beta-gurjunene Leaf 0 5,460
Beta-phellandrene Leaf 140 560
Beta-pinene Leaf 85
Beta-selinene Leaf 0.1
Beta-thujene Plant
Bicyclomahanimbene Plant
Bicyclomahanimbicine Leaf
Plant
Bicyclomahanimbine Leaf
Bornyl-acetate Leaf 0.1
Cadinene Leaf 4,730
Cadinol Leaf 3,330
Cadvirol Leaf
Calcium Leaf 8,100 30,035
Camphene Leaf 5
Carbazole Plant
Carbohydrates Leaf 141,000 665,000
Carvacrol Leaf 0.1
Caryophyllene Leaf 6,840
Cis-jasmone Leaf 2
Cis-linalool-oxide Leaf 0.1
Cis-sabinene-hydrate Leaf 12
Cis-sabinol Leaf 0.1
Curryangin Bark
Curryangine Plant
Curryanin Bark
Curryanine Plant
Cyclomahanimbene Plant
Cyclomahanimbine Plant
D-alpha-pinene Leaf 1,430
D-alpha-terpineol Leaf 830
D-sabinene Leaf 2,390
Delta-cadinene Leaf 14
Dipentene Leaf 1,770
Eo Leaf 2,300 26,000
Ethylbenzene Leaf 0.1
Fat Leaf 10,000 63,000
Fiber Leaf 64,000 190,000
Gaba Leaf
Gamma-cadinene Leaf 0
Gamma-elemene Leaf 0 230
Gamma-terpinene Leaf 115
Girinimbine Bark
Glubulol Leaf 2
Hexanol Leaf 0.1
Iron Leaf 30 115
Isoheraclenin Seed 6.4
Isoimperatorin Seed 21
Isomahanimbene Plant
Isomahanimbine Leaf
Isopimpinellin Seed 7
Isosafrole Leaf 0 1,145
Kilocalories Leaf 880 3,260
Koenigicine Leaf
Plant
Koenigine Leaf
Plant
Koenimbidine Leaf
Koenimbine Leaf
Plant
Koenine Leaf
Plant
Lauric-acid Leaf 700
Lavandulyl-acetate Leaf 20
Limonene Leaf 115
Linalool Leaf 14
Mahanimbene Plant
Mahanimbicine Leaf
Plant
Mahanimbidene Plant
Mahanimbine Plant
Mahanimbinine Leaf
Mahanimboline Root
Mahanine Leaf
Plant
Methyl-salicylate Leaf 0.1
Mukanol Bark
Mukoeic-acid Bark
Mukonicine Leaf
Plant
Mukonine Bark
Murrayacine Bark
Murrayacinine Bark
Murrayanine Bark
Leaf
Murrayazolidine Bark
Murrayazoline Bark
Murrayazolinine Bark
Myrcene Leaf 53
Napthalene Leaf 9
Nerolidol Leaf 2
Neryl-acetate Leaf 0.1
Niacin Leaf 23 85
Ornithine Leaf
Oxalates Leaf 13,500
Oxalic-acid Leaf 1,320
Oxypeucedanin Seed 3
P-cymen-8-ol Leaf 0.1
P-cymene Leaf 23
P-vinyl-guaiacol Leaf 2
Palmitic-acid Leaf 885
Phosphorus Leaf 6,000 17,800
Potassium Leaf 8,000
Twig
Protein Leaf 61,000 359,000
Riboflavin Leaf 0 8
Sabinene Leaf 0 11,700
Scopolin Leaf
Spathulenol Leaf 5
Terpinen-4-ol Leaf 140
Terpinolene Leaf 25
Thiamin Leaf 0 3
Trans-linalool-oxide Leaf 2
Trans-sabinene-hydrate Leaf 9
Water Leaf 663,000 730,000
Xylene Leaf 0.1
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]