Morinda citrifolia Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
canary-wood cheesefruit great morinda Indian-mulberry rotten cheesefruit

Morinda citrifolia is a tree in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. Its native range extends through Southeast Asia and Australasia, and the species is now cultivated throughout the tropics and widely naturalised. English common names include great morinda, Indian mulberry, noni, beach mulberry, and cheese fruit.

Morinda citrifolia

Medical use

Economic importance of Morinda citrifolia

Environmental ornamental
Materials tanin/dyestuf
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Morinda citrifolia Morinda citrifolia Morinda citrifolia Morinda citrifolia Morinda citrifolia Morinda citrifolia Morinda citrifolia Morinda citrifolia Morinda citrifolia Morinda citrifolia Morinda citrifolia Morinda citrifolia

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Hainan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Sri Lanka
    • North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar
    • Indo-China: Indochina; Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - Northern Territory , Queensland, Western Australia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    • Mexico
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Pitcairn
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia; Niue; Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Bermuda; West Indies
    • Mesoamerica: Central America
    • Northern South America: Suriname; Venezuela

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alizarin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Tissue Culture
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (0.21 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Acaricide
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Hexanoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Allelochemic
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Allergenic
Alizarin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Tissue Culture
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (178570 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
AntiEBV
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (0.21 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (0.21 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Alizarin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Lauric-acid found in Fruit (0.07 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Lucidin found in Tissue Culture (600 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Asperuloside found in Fruit (480 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (1580 ppm)
Asperulosidic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Deacetylasperulosidic-acid found in Fruit (33.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Anticomplement
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (178570 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Glucose found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (0.21 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antiflu
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Paraffin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Glucose found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (178570 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Asperuloside found in Fruit (480 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (1580 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Elaidic-acid found in Fruit (0.12 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Fruit
Antileishmanic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antileukemic
Alizarin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Elaidic-acid found in Fruit (0.12 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Antilithic
Anthraquinones found in Root (4000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (2500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Antimalarial
Damnacanthal found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Rubiadin-1-methyl-ether found in Root
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Alizarin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Asperuloside found in Fruit (480 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (1580 ppm)
Asperulosidic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Deacetylasperulosidic-acid found in Fruit (33.3 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Asperuloside found in Fruit (480 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (1580 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (178570 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alizarin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Lauric-acid found in Fruit (0.07 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (0.06 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (0.21 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Damnacanthal found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Rubiadin-1-methyl-ether found in Root
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Antiproctalgic
Paraffin found in Fruit
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Caprylic-acid found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Physcion found in Heart Wood (37.5 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (178570 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (178570 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Lauric-acid found in Fruit (0.07 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (178570 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Bird-Repellent
Anthraquinones found in Root (4000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (2500 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Fruit (0.07 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Fruit (0.07 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Alizarin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Physcion found in Heart Wood (37.5 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (178570 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (0.06 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Caprylic-acid found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Fruit (0.07 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Candidistat
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Anthraquinones found in Root (4000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (2500 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (178570 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiotonic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Carminative
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Catabolic
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Cathartic
Asperuloside found in Fruit (480 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (1580 ppm)
Deacetylasperulosidic-acid found in Fruit (33.3 ppm)
Monotropein found in Leaf (1580 ppm)
Physcion found in Heart Wood (37.5 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Cholagogue
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Choleretic
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (0.06 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (178570 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Dye
Alizarin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Tissue Culture
ER-Beta-Binder
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Elastase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Emollient
Paraffin found in Fruit
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Estrogen-Agonist
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
FLavor
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Decanoic-acid found in Fruit (0.66 ppm)
Ethyl-palmitate found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Hexanoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Nonanoic-acid found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (0.21 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Flatulent
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Caprylic-acid found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Fungistat
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Genotoxic
Lucidin found in Tissue Culture (600 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (0.21 ppm)
Hemostat
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Alizarin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Herbicide-Safener
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Herbicide
Asperuloside found in Fruit (480 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (1580 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Fruit (0.07 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (0.06 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (0.21 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Fruit
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (178570 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Asperuloside found in Fruit (480 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (1580 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (178570 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (178570 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Insecticide
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Insectifuge
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Irritant
Caproic-acid found in Fruit
Caprylic-acid found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Larvicide
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Larvistat
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Laxative
Anthraquinones found in Root (4000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (2500 ppm)
Asperuloside found in Fruit (480 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (1580 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (178570 ppm)
Monotropein found in Leaf (1580 ppm)
Paraffin found in Fruit
Leucocytogenic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Litholytic
Anthraquinones found in Root (4000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (2500 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (0.06 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (0.21 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Fruit
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Molluscicide
Rubiadin found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (127.3 ppm)
Rubiadin-1-methyl-ether found in Root
Motor-Depressant
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Mutagenic
Lucidin found in Tissue Culture (600 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Nematicide
Decanoic-acid found in Fruit (0.66 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (0.06 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (0.21 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Nonanoic-acid found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Alizarin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Asperuloside found in Fruit (480 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (1580 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Caprylic-acid found in Fruit
Decanoic-acid found in Fruit (0.66 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Lucidin found in Tissue Culture (600 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (0.21 ppm)
Physcion found in Heart Wood (37.5 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Pigment
Alizarin found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Tissue Culture
Piscicide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (0.03 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (0.21 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Purgative
Physcion found in Heart Wood (37.5 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Sedative
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit (0.02 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (0.21 ppm)
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Termiticide
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Damnacanthal found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Morindone found in Heart Wood (50 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (145.5 ppm);found in Plant
Nor-damnacanthal found in Root (17000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Toxic
Anthraquinones found in Root (4000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (2500 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Transdermal
Limonene found in Fruit (0.17 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Bark (8.6 ppm);found in Fruit (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (124 ppm);found in Leaf (1615 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Fruit (0.85 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Biochanin-a found in Wood
VAM-Simulant
Biochanin-a found in Wood
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (178570 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (321 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant (0.02 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2320 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit (8 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Fruit (500 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(e)-6-dodeceno-gamma-lactone Fruit 0.04
(z)-6-dodeceno-gamma-lactone Fruit 0.04
(z,z)-2,5-undecadien-1-ol Fruit 0.18
(z,z,z)-8,11,14-eicosatrienoic-acid Fruit 0.03
1-5-6-trihydroxy-anthraquinone Tissue Culture
1-butanol Fruit 0.03
1-hexanol Fruit 0.05
2,6-di-o-(beta-d-glucopyranosyl)-1-o-octanoyl-beta-d-glucopyranose Fruit 5,000
2-heptanone Fruit 0.15
2-hydroxy-1-methoxy-7-methyl-anthraquinone Root
2-methyl-3-methylthio-propanoate Fruit 0.01
2-methyl-butanoic-acid Fruit 0.23
2-methyl-hexanoate Fruit 0.16
2-methyl-propanoic-acid Fruit 0.05
3-5-6-trihydroxy-2-methyl-anthraquinone Tissue Culture 160
3-hydroxy-2-butanone Fruit 0.03
3-hydroxy-morindone Tissue Culture 309
3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol Fruit 0.13
3-methyl-3-buten-1-ol Fruit 1.78
3-methyl-thiopropanoic-acid Fruit 0.18
5,7-dimethyl-apigenin-4'-o-beta-d(+)-galactopyranoside Flower
5-6-dihydroxy-lucidin Tissue Culture 109
6,8-dimethoxy-3-methylanthraquinone-1-o-beta-rhamnosyl-glucopyranoside Flower
7-hydroxy-8-methoxy-2-methyl-anthraquinone Root 300
Acacetin-7-o-beta-d(+)-glucopyranoside Flower
Acacetin-7-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Flower
Acetic-acid Plant 0.02
Alizarin Bark
Wood
Tissue Culture
Alizarin-alpha-methyl-ether Plant
Alph-methoxy-alizarin Bark
Root Bark
Anthragallol-2,3-dimethylether Wood
Anthraquinones Root 4,000
Tissue Culture 2,500
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 520 2,320
Ash Leaf 15,000 67,000
Asperuloside Fruit 480
Root
Leaf 1,580
Asperulosidic-acid Fruit 500
Benzoic-acid Fruit 8
Benzyl-alcohol Fruit 0.02
Beta-carotene Bark 8.6
Fruit 5.2
Leaf 124
Leaf 362 1,615
Beta-sitosterol Leaf
Tissue Culture 454.5
Biochanin-a Wood
Butanoic-acid Plant 0.31
Calcium Leaf 360 1,600
Caproic-acid Fruit
Caprylic-acid Fruit
Carbohydrates Leaf 86,000 384,000
Damnacanthal Root
Tissue Culture
Deacetylasperulosidic-acid Fruit 33.3
Decanoic-acid Fruit 0.66
Elaidic-acid Fruit 0.12
Ethyl-decanoate Fruit 0.08
Ethyl-hexanoate Fruit 0.05
Ethyl-octanoate Fruit 0.19
Ethyl-palmitate Fruit 0.02
Ethylthiomethyl-benzene Fruit 0.03
Eugenol Fruit 0.01
Fat Leaf 78,000 348,200
Fiber Leaf 40,000 178,570
Gentisic-acid Leaf
Glucose Fruit
Heptanoic-acid Fruit 0.04
Hexanamide Fruit 0.01
Hexanedioic-acid Fruit 0.03
Hexanoic-acid Fruit 8
Hexoic-acid Fruit
Iron Leaf 23 100
Kilocalories Leaf 1,070 4,775
Lauric-acid Fruit 0.07
Limonene Fruit 0.17
Linoleic-acid Fruit 0.02
Lucidin Tissue Culture 600
Lucidin-3-o-beta-primeveroside Tissue Culture 749
Lucidin-3-primeveroside Tissue Culture
Lucidin-omega-ethyl-ether Tissue Culture
Methyl-decanoate Fruit 0.25
Methyl-elaidate Fruit 0.02
Methyl-octanoate Fruit 0.37
Methyl-oleate Fruit 0.01
Methyl-palmitate Fruit 0.02
Mono-ethoxy-rubiadin Bark
Mono-methoxy-rubiadin Root Bark
Monotropein Leaf 1,580
Morindadiol Plant
Morindin Root Bark
Root
Morindone Heart Wood 50
Tissue Culture 145.5
Plant
Morindone-6beta-primeveroside Tissue Culture 709
Myristic-acid Fruit 0.06
Niacin Leaf 72 321
Nonanoic-acid Fruit 0.01
Nor-damnacanthal Root 17,000
Tissue Culture
Octanoic-acid Fruit 25
Octoic-acid Fruit
Oleic-acid Fruit 0.03
Palmitic-acid Fruit 0.21
Paraffin Fruit
Phosphorus Leaf 150 670
Physcion Heart Wood 37.5
Physcion-8-o-[(alpha-l-arabinopyranosyl(1-3)]-[beta-d-galactopyranosyl(1-6)]-beta-d-galactopyranoside Heart Wood 75
Protein Leaf 45,000 200,890
Riboflavin Leaf 0.9 4
Ruberythric-acid Bark
Rubiadin Plant
Tissue Culture 127.3
Rubiadin-1-methyl-ether Root
Rubichloric-acid Root
Rutin Fruit 500
Scopoletin Fruit 0.85
Soranjidol Root
Thiamin Leaf 1.6 7
Trihydroxymethylanthraquinone-monomethylether Root
Undecanoic-acid Fruit 0.02
Ursolic-acid Leaf
Vomifoliol Fruit 0.4
Water Leaf 776,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]