Momordica charantia Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
balsam-apple balsam-pear bitter gourd bitter-cucumber bitter-melon carilla gourd

Momordica charantia often called bitter melon, bitter gourd or bitter squash in English, has many other local names. Goya from the indigenous language of Okinawa and karela from Sanskrit are also used by English-language speakers. It is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean for its edible fruit, which is extremely bitter. Its many varieties differ substantially in the shape and bitterness of the fruit. Bitter melon originated on the Indian subcontinent, and was introduced into China in the 14th century.

Momordica charantia

Medical use

Economic importance of Momordica charantia

Harmful organism host crop diseases crop pests
Human food vegetable
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Momordica charantia Momordica charantia Momordica charantia Momordica charantia Momordica charantia Momordica charantia Momordica charantia Momordica charantia Momordica charantia Momordica charantia Momordica charantia Momordica charantia Momordica charantia Momordica charantia

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Liberia; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - Queensland
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, Louisiana
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Mexico
  • PACIFIC
    Native
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Cotyledon (519500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Palmitoleic-acid found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Cotyledon (241800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (147800 ppm)
ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Abortifacient
Alpha-momorcharin found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Beta-momorcharin found in Seed (800 ppm)
Charantin found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Seed
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Fruit (0.41 ppm)
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Fruit (10000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (19000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Allergenic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Nerolidol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Analeptic
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Anesthetic
Ethylene found in Fruit
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (257800 ppm);found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (45000 ppm);found in Leaf (33117 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Fruit
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
AntiHIV
Alpha-momorcharin found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (9 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
(-)-menthol found in Seed Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antiacid
Glycine found in Seed (38.2 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Nerolidol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (560 ppm);found in Leaf (357 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Seed (38.2 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Seed (149 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Cotyledon (519500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Cotyledon (519500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Antianemic
Copper found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (560 ppm);found in Leaf (357 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (9 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (45000 ppm);found in Leaf (33117 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Seed (43.6 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Antiasthenic
Citrulline found in Fruit ;found in Fruit (41.2 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Lutein found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Iodine found in Fruit (0.41 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Nerolidol found in Seed Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Pectin found in Fruit
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Squalene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (560 ppm);found in Leaf (357 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Cucurbitacin-k found in Seed
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Fluoride found in Fruit (0.5 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (9 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (9 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (9 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Anticerebrotic
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Riboflavin found in Fruit (9 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (560 ppm);found in Leaf (357 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (9 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Anticholesteremic
Ornithine found in Seed (63.2 ppm)
Antichoreic
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Anticonvulsant
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (9 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antidepressant
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (45000 ppm);found in Leaf (33117 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Charantin found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Seed
Copper found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (257800 ppm);found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Inulin found in Fruit (10000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (19000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Fruit (10000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (19000 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed (323 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (38.2 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (41.6 ppm)
Ornithine found in Seed (63.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (517 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed (212 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Fruit (1.69 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (13.66 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (45000 ppm);found in Leaf (33117 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-eleostearic-acid found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Cotyledon (519500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antiflu
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (38.2 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antigibberellin
Cucurbitacin-b found in Seed
Cucurbitacin-k found in Seed
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (9 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Fruit (0.41 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Antigonadotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Seed (323 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Citrulline found in Fruit ;found in Fruit (41.2 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Cucurbitacin-b found in Seed
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (149 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed (212 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Seed (323 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (257800 ppm);found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (45000 ppm);found in Leaf (33117 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Antihyperthyroid
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Antiimplantation
Alpha-momorcharin found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed (323 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Seed (323 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-spinasterol found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Copper found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Cucurbitacin-b found in Seed
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Diosgenin found in Fruit (1.69 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (13.66 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (9 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antilethargic
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed (212 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Lutein found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (560 ppm);found in Leaf (357 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (9 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (90 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Cryptoxanthin found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Pectin found in Fruit
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antimutilation
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Fruit
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Seed (43.6 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Copper found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (257800 ppm);found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Fluoride found in Fruit (0.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (8333 ppm);found in Leaf (33467 ppm)
Antiosteosclerotic
Fluoride found in Fruit (0.5 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Fruit ;found in Seed (157.7 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Cholesterol found in Fruit
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Histidine found in Seed (43.6 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Lutein found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Lycopene found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit (231 ppm);found in Pericarp
Manganese found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Cotyledon (519500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Riboflavin found in Fruit (9 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Squalene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Antiparkinsonian
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit
Tyrosine found in Seed (517 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed (38.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (9 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tyrosine found in Seed (517 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Riboflavin found in Fruit (9 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Lutein found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed (212 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (38.2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Lycopene found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit (231 ppm);found in Pericarp
Antiproteolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Seed (38.2 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antipyretic
Alpha-spinasterol found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Lutein found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Lycopene found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit (231 ppm);found in Pericarp
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed (212 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Antisecretory
Taraxerol found in Seed Oil
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Iodine found in Fruit (0.41 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Antishock
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Seed
Glycine found in Seed (38.2 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (45000 ppm);found in Leaf (33117 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antistaph
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Antistaphylococcic
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Antistreptococcic
Nerolidol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Fruit (1.69 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (13.66 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (45000 ppm);found in Leaf (33117 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Antitesticular
Charantin found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Seed
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antithyroid
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Fruit (0.41 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antitourette
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Fruit
Antitumor
Alpha-momorcharin found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Beta-momorcharin found in Seed (800 ppm)
Cucurbitacin-b found in Seed
Fiber found in Fruit (257800 ppm);found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Lycopene found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit (231 ppm);found in Pericarp
Squalene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Antitussive
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Fiber found in Fruit (257800 ppm);found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (38.2 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (43.6 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Taraxerol found in Seed Oil
Threonine found in Seed (17.8 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (517 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Seed (43.6 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Iodine found in Fruit (0.41 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Fruit
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed (212 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (8333 ppm);found in Leaf (33467 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (45000 ppm);found in Leaf (33117 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed (323 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Avicide
Beta-alanine found in Fruit
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (257800 ppm);found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (45000 ppm);found in Leaf (33117 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Fruit (10000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (19000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
CNS-Inhibitor
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (5 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Lauric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Lauric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Fruit
Alanine found in Fruit ;found in Seed (157.7 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Cucurbitacin-b found in Seed
Fiber found in Fruit (257800 ppm);found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (38.2 ppm)
Lanosterol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Lycopene found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit (231 ppm);found in Pericarp
Myristic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Fruit (9 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Serine found in Seed (39.9 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Tyrosine found in Seed (517 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Lauric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (257800 ppm);found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (45000 ppm);found in Leaf (33117 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (45000 ppm);found in Leaf (33117 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Cerebrophilic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Fruit
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Pectin found in Fruit
Squalene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Delta-carotene found in Pericarp
Gamma-carotene found in Pericarp
Lutein found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Lycopene found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit (231 ppm);found in Pericarp
Rubixanthin found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Zeaxanthin found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Contraceptive
Copper found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Convulsant
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Stearic-acid found in Cotyledon (241800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (147800 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Cucurbitacin-b found in Seed
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Demulcent
Pectin found in Fruit
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Fruit (0.41 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Seed (323 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Asparagine found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Citrulline found in Fruit ;found in Fruit (41.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (257800 ppm);found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (45000 ppm);found in Leaf (33117 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Seed (43.6 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Seed (38.4 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (41.6 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (149 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (17.8 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Diosgenin found in Fruit (1.69 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (13.66 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Expectorant
Inulin found in Fruit (10000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (19000 ppm)
FLavor
Nerolidol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Cotyledon (519500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Stearic-acid found in Cotyledon (241800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (147800 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (17.8 ppm)
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Fungicide
Capric-acid found in Seed Oil
Iodine found in Fruit (0.41 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Pectin found in Fruit
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Gastroprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Fruit (10000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (19000 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Fruit (0.41 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Cotyledon (519500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Hemostat
Pectin found in Fruit
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Diosgenin found in Fruit (1.69 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (13.66 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Zeaxanthin found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Herbicide
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Herbistat
Pipecolic-acid found in Fruit
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Myristic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Cotyledon (519500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Hypertensive
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Fruit
Sodium found in Fruit (333 ppm);found in Leaf (1234 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Fruit (0.41 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed (323 ppm)
Ornithine found in Seed (63.2 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Seed (149 ppm)
Ornithine found in Seed (63.2 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Diosgenin found in Fruit (1.69 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (13.66 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Fiber found in Fruit (257800 ppm);found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Inulin found in Fruit (10000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (19000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Lycopene found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit (231 ppm);found in Pericarp
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Cotyledon (241800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (147800 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Charantin found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Seed
Inulin found in Fruit (10000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (19000 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (257800 ppm);found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (45000 ppm);found in Leaf (33117 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (257800 ppm);found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Inulin found in Fruit (10000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (19000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (8333 ppm);found in Leaf (33467 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Squalene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Immunosuppressant
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Insecticide
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Fruit
Alpha-eleostearic-acid found in Fruit
Insectifuge
Cucurbitacin-b found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Insectiphile
Cucurbitacin-b found in Seed
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Irritant
Capric-acid found in Seed Oil
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (257800 ppm);found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Inulin found in Fruit (10000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (19000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Lipolytic
Inulin found in Fruit (10000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (19000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Squalene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Cotyledon (519500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Stearic-acid found in Cotyledon (241800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (147800 ppm)
Mastogenic
Diosgenin found in Fruit (1.69 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (13.66 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Mitotic
Zeatin found in Seed
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Fruit
Tyrosine found in Seed (517 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed (323 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Myristic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Nerolidol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Cotyledon (519500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (90 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Glycine found in Seed (38.2 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Beta-alanine found in Fruit
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed (212 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (8333 ppm);found in Leaf (33467 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Oxidant
Alanine found in Fruit ;found in Seed (157.7 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (43.6 ppm)
PKC-Inhibitor
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Perfumery
Nerolidol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Stearic-acid found in Cotyledon (241800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (147800 ppm)
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Fruit
Pesticide
(-)-menthol found in Seed Essent. Oil
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Fruit
Alpha-eleostearic-acid found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Capric-acid found in Seed Oil
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Cotyledon (519500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Pectin found in Fruit
Pipecolic-acid found in Fruit
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Squalene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Thiamin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Phytoalexin
Verbascoside found in Shoot
Phytohormonal
Zeatin found in Seed
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed (323 ppm)
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Fruit (10000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (19000 ppm)
Previtamin-A
Gamma-carotene found in Pericarp
Probiotic
Inulin found in Fruit (10000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (19000 ppm)
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Fruit (10000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (19000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Iron found in Fruit (560 ppm);found in Leaf (357 ppm)
Lutein found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Lycopene found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit (231 ppm);found in Pericarp
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Cotyledon (103900 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (38192 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Oleic-acid found in Cotyledon (155800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed (77376 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Cotyledon (519500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Stearic-acid found in Cotyledon (241800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (147800 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Fruit (0.41 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Lutein found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Zeaxanthin found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Radioprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Shoot
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Ribosome-Inactivator
Alpha-momorcharin found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Beta-momorcharin found in Seed (800 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (90 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Secretogogue
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Fruit
Sedative
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Cotyledon (519500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil
Palmitoleic-acid found in Fruit
Spasmogenic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Fruit
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed (323 ppm)
Sunscreen
Squalene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Cotyledon (241800 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (147800 ppm)
Termiticide
(-)-menthol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Fruit (0.41 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Fruit
Trichomonicide
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Pericarp
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Lutein found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Ulcerogenic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Tissue Culture
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (38.2 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Vasoconstrictor
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Fruit
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Seed (323 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4333 ppm);found in Leaf (18701 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (257800 ppm);found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (50 ppm);found in Leaf (103 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (45000 ppm);found in Leaf (33117 ppm)
Vitamin-A-Activity
Cryptoxanthin found in Fruit ;found in Pericarp
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (36447 ppm);found in Leaf (12412 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-menthol Seed Essent. Oil
10-alpha-cucurbita-5-24-dien-3-beta-ol Seed Oil
24-methylene-cycloartenol Seed Oil
3-o-(6'-o-palmitoyl-beta-d-glucosyl)-stigmasta-5-25(27)-dien-3-beta-ol Fruit
3-o-(6'-o-stearoyl-beta-d-glucosyl)-stigmasta-5-25(27)-dien-3-beta-ol Fruit
5-alpha-stigmasta-7,22,25-trien-3-beta-ol Plant
5-alpha-stigmasta-7,25-dien-3-beta-ol Plant
5-hydroxytryptamine Fruit
Alanine Fruit
Seed 157.7
Alkaloids Fruit 380
Alpha-alpha-trehalose Seed
Alpha-elaeostearic-acid Cotyledon 658,900
Seed
Seed 4,670 231,632
Alpha-eleostearic-acid Fruit
Alpha-glucose Seed
Alpha-momorcharin Seed 1,000
Alpha-spinasterol Fruit
Arginine Seed 323
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 570 36,447
Leaf 1,700 12,412
Ascorbigen Fruit
Ash Fruit 4,000 142,000
Leaf 21,000 149,000
Asparagine Seed
Aspartic-acid Seed 90
Beta-alanine Fruit
Beta-amyrin Seed Oil
Beta-carotene Fruit 18
Leaf 51 330
Pericarp
Beta-glucose Seed
Beta-momorcharin Seed 800
Beta-sitosterol Fruit
Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol-d-glucoside Fruit
Bitter-gourd-inhibitor-bg-i-a Seed
Calceolarioside-e Shoot
Calcium Fruit 130 4,333
Leaf 2,640 18,701
Capric-acid Seed Oil
Carbohydrates Fruit 47,000 763,000
Leaf 70,000 618,000
Charantin Fruit 1,500
Fruit 350 1,500
Seed
Charine Fruit
Cholesterol Fruit
Citrulline Fruit
Fruit 41.2
Copper Fruit 30
Cryptoxanthin Fruit
Pericarp
Cucurbitacin-b Seed
Cucurbitacin-k Seed
Cycloartenol Seed Oil
D-galacturonic-acid Fruit 600
Delta-carotene Pericarp
Diosgenin Fruit 1.69
Tissue Culture 13.66
Tissue Culture
Elasterol Plant
Ethylene Fruit
Fat Leaf 4,000 39,000
Seed 2,000 60,000
Seed 10,000 496,000
Fiber Fruit 10,000 257,800
Leaf 5,000 104,000
Flavochrome Fruit
Fluoride Fruit 0.2 0.5
Fluorine Fruit 4.8
Gaba Fruit
Galacturonic-acid Fruit
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid Fruit
Seed
Gamma-carotene Pericarp
Gentisic-acid Leaf
Glutamic-acid Fruit
Seed 212
Glycine Seed 38.2
Hexadecan-1-ol Seed Essent. Oil
Histidine Seed 43.6
Inulin Fruit 10,000
Tissue Culture 19,000
Iodine Fruit 0.41
Iron Fruit 2 560
Leaf 50 357
Isoleucine Seed 38.4
Kilocalories Fruit 190 3,290
Fruit 440 3,020
Lanosterol Fruit
Lauric-acid Fruit
Seed Oil
Lead Fruit 5
Lectin Seed
Lectin-inhibitor Seed
Leucine Seed 41.6
Linoleic-acid Cotyledon 72,200 103,900
Fruit
Seed 770 38,192
Seed Oil
Linolenic-acid Cotyledon 99,600
Fruit
Seed Oil
Lutein Fruit
Pericarp
Lycopene Fruit
Seed
Fruit 231
Pericarp
Lysine Seed 149
Magnesium Fruit 195 3,800
Manganese Fruit 10
Map-30 Seed
Momorcharaside-a Seed
Momorcharaside-b Seed
Momorcharin-i Seed
Momorcharin-ii Seed
Momordica-agglutinin Seed
Momordica-anti-hiv-protein-map-30 Seed
Momordica-charanthia-inhibitor-protein Seed
Momordica-charantia-cytostatic-factor Fruit
Momordica-charantia-lectin Seed 160
Momordica-charantia-steroid-glycoside Fruit
Momordica-charantia-triterpene-glycoside Cotyledon
Momordica-cucurbitane-3 Leaf 204.7
Momordica-cucurbitane-6 Leaf 200
Momordica-elastase-inhibitor-mcei-i Seed
Momordica-protein-map-30 Fruit
Seed
Momordica-trypsin-inhibitor-mcti-i Seed
Momordica-trypsin-inhibitor-mcti-ii Seed
Momordicin Fruit
Momordicin-8 Leaf 440.4
Momordicin-ii Leaf 1,919
Momordicine Leaf 80
Plant
Momordicine-i Shoot 700
Momordicine-ii Leaf
Shoot 700
Momordicine-iii Shoot 1,200
Momordicoside-a Seed 1,287.4
Seed
Momordicoside-b Seed 89.8
Seed
Momordicoside-c Seed 114.1
Seed
Momordicoside-d Seed 22.8
Seed
Momordicoside-e Fruit 10.4
Seed
Seed 36.5
Momordicoside-e-1 Fruit 756
Momordicoside-ex Fruit 12.6
Momordicoside-f' Fruit 6
Fruit 72
Momordicoside-f-1 Fruit
Fruit 434
Momordicoside-f-2 Fruit 40
Fruit
Momordicoside-g Fruit 123.6
Fruit
Momordicoside-h Fruit 74
Momordicoside-i Fruit 81.8
Fruit
Momordicoside-j Fruit 8
Momordicoside-k Fruit
Seed
Momordicoside-l Fruit 36
Seed
Momordin Seed
Momordin-2 Seed
Momordin-a Seed
Momordin-b Seed
Multiflorenol Seed Oil
Mutachrome Fruit
Mutatochrome Pericarp
Mycose Seed
Myristic-acid Fruit
Seed Oil
Nerolidol Seed Essent. Oil
Niacin Fruit 3 50
Leaf 15 103
Nickel Fruit 10
Nitrogen Fruit 33,800
Oleic-acid Cotyledon 155,800
Fruit
Seed 1,580 77,376
Ornithine Seed 63.2
Oxalate Fruit 185 1,444
Oxalic-acid Fruit 5
P-cymene Seed Essent. Oil
P-insulin Fruit
Seed
Palmitic-acid Cotyledon 27,100 519,500
Fruit
Seed Oil
Palmitoleic-acid Fruit
Pectin Fruit
Pentadecan-1-ol Seed Essent. Oil
Peroxidase Fruit
Petroselinic-acid Seed Oil
Phenylalanine Fruit
Phosphorus Fruit 320 8,333
Leaf 540 33,467
Phytofluene Pericarp
Seed
Pipecolic-acid Fruit
Polypeptide-p Fruit
Potassium Fruit 2,700 45,000
Leaf 5,100 33,117
Proline Fruit
Protein Fruit 9,000 181,000
Leaf 51,000 371,000
Riboflavin Fruit 0.4 9
Leaf 4.6 31
Ribosome-inactivating-protein Seed
Rosmarinic-acid Shoot
Rubixanthin Fruit
Pericarp
Serine Seed 39.9
Sodium Fruit 20 333
Leaf 190 1,234
Squalene Seed Essent. Oil
Stearic-acid Cotyledon 121,200 241,800
Fruit
Seed Oil
Seed 29,800 147,800
Stigmast-5-ene-3-beta-25-diol Fruit
Stigmasta-5,25-dien-3-beta-ol Fruit
Plant
Stigmasta-5-25-diene-3-beta-d-glucoside Fruit
Stigmasta-7,22-dien-3beta-ol Fruit
Stigmasta-7-22-25-trien-3-beta-ol Fruit
Stigmasterol Fruit
Tissue Culture
Sugars Fruit 35,000 45,000
Taraxerol Seed Oil
Thiamin Fruit 0.2 12
Leaf 1.3 8
Threonine Seed 17.8
Titanium Fruit 100
Trehalose Seed 3,960
Trypsin-inhibitor-mci-3 Seed
Tyrosine Seed 517
Urease Seed
V-insulin Fruit
Verbascoside Shoot
Vicine Seed 4,000
Seed 500
Water Fruit 795,000 934,000
Leaf 801,000 846,000
Zeatin Seed
Zeatin-riboside Seed
Zeaxanthin Fruit
Pericarp
Zeinoxanthin Fruit
Pericarp
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]