Mercurialis annua Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
annual mercury French mercury herb mercury

Mercurialis annua is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family known by the common name annual mercury. It is native to Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East but it is known on many other continents as an introduced species. Mercurialis annua grows in many types of habitat, including disturbed areas. This is an annual herb growing 10 to 30 centimeters tall with oppositely arranged oval leaves each a few centimeters long. The plant is mostly dioecious with male and female plants producing different types of inflorescence, Mercurialis annua can also be found to be monooecious or androdioecious, their complicated sexuality makes them the ideal model plant for studying sexual systems in plants. The male flowers are borne in spikelike clusters sprouting from leaf axils, and female flowers grow in clusters of 2 or 3. The fruit is a bristly capsule 2 or 3 millimeters wide containing shiny, pitted seeds.

Mercurialis annua

Medical use

Economic importance of Mercurialis annua

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Georgia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Rutin found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Rutin found in Plant
Antiallergic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Rutin found in Plant
Antibacterial
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Anticancer
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Anticataract
Rutin found in Plant
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Plant
Antidementia
Rutin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Rutin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Maltose found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Xylose found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Antiedemic
Glucose found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Plant
Antifeedant
Rutin found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Plant
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Plant
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Root (22500 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Rutin found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Antimalarial
Rutin found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Rutin found in Plant
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Rutin found in Plant
Saponins found in Root (22500 ppm)
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Rutin found in Plant
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Antioxidant
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Rutin found in Plant
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Rutin found in Plant
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Plant
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antiradicular
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Plant
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Plant
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Plant
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Antitumor
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Antiulcer
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antiviral
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Apoptotic
Rutin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Mucilage found in Root (28000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Catabolic
Rutin found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Rutin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Root (28000 ppm)
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Plant
Dye
Xylose found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Hemostat
Rutin found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Mucilage found in Root (28000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Hypotensive
Rutin found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Rutin found in Plant
Saponins found in Root (22500 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Insecticide
Rutin found in Plant
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Plant
Irritant
Methyl-amine found in Seed
Propylamine found in Plant
Juvabional
Rutin found in Plant
Larvistat
Rutin found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Plant
Mutagenic
Rutin found in Plant
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
Pesticide
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Protisticide
Rutin found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Plant
Sweetener
Maltose found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root (33500 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Cyanogenic-glucosides Juice 13,500
Eo Root 800
Ethyl-amine Plant
Fat Root 1,200
Glucose Plant
Hermidine Plant
Isoamyl-amine Plant
Isobutyl-amine Plant
Isorhamnetin Plant
Maltose Plant
Mercurialin Root
Methyl-amine Seed
Mucilage Root 28,000
Narcissin Plant
Propylamine Plant
Rhamnose Plant
Rutin Plant
Saponins Root 18,000 22,500
Sio2 Plant
Tannin Root 33,500
Xylose Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]