Mandragora officinarum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
autumn mandrake mandrake Mediterranean mandrake

Mandragora officinarum is a species of the plant genus mandrake. Historically, it has been associated with a variety of superstitious practices.

Mandragora officinarum

Medical use

Economic importance of Mandragora officinarum

Environmental ornamental
Medicines source of scopolamine

Gallery

Mandragora officinarum Mandragora officinarum Mandragora officinarum Mandragora officinarum Mandragora officinarum Mandragora officinarum Mandragora officinarum Mandragora officinarum Mandragora officinarum Mandragora officinarum

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Former Yugoslavia ; Greece ; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Allergenic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Amnesigenic
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Analgesic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Anesthetic-potentiator
Belladonnine found in Root
Anesthetic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Anhydrotic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antianoxic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antibacterial
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antibradycardic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Plant
Anticholinergic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Mandragorine found in Root
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Antideliriant
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiedemic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiemetic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiemphysemic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Antienuretic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Antifeedant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Antihiccup
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiiritic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antimanic
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Antimeasles
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Antimuscarinic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antineuralgic
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Antioxidant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiparkinsonian
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiperspirant
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Antipertussic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Antipolio
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiseptic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antisialogogue
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Apoatropine found in Root
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antispermatorrheic
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Antitumor
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiuveitic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Antivertigo
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Antivinous
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Antiviral
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Apoptotic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Bronchodilator
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Mandragorine found in Root
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Mandragorine found in Root
Scopoletin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Scopoletin found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Cholagogue
Scopoletin found in Plant
Choleretic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Cyclopegic
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Fungicide
Scopoletin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Scopoletin found in Plant
Herbicide
Scopoletin found in Plant
Hyperkinetic
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Hyperpyrexic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hypnotic
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Hypotensive
Scopoletin found in Plant
Insecticide
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Plant
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Mydriatic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Mandragorine found in Root
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Neurotoxic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Paralytic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Pesticide
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Photophobigenic
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Plant
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Plant
Preanesthetic
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Psychoactive
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Psychotomimetic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Respiradepressant
Apoatropine found in Root
Sedative
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Tachycardic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Root (50 ppm)
Toxic
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3500 ppm)
Transdermal
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Atropine found in Root (20 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
3,6-ditigloyloxytropane Root
3-alpha-tigloyloxytropane Plant
Alkaloids Root 3,000 4,000
Apoatropine Root
Atropine Root 10 20
Belladonnine Root
Chrysatropic-acid Plant
Cuscohygrine Root
Fat Seed 226,000
Hyoscyamine Root 2,500 3,500
Mandragorine Root
Norhyoscyamine Plant
Protein Seed 221,000
Scopine Root
Scopolamine Root 30 50
Scopoletin Plant
Scopoline Plant
Tropic-acid Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]