Luffa aegyptiaca Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
dishrag gourd loofah rag gourd smooth loofah sponge gourd vegetable-sponge

Luffa aegyptiaca, aka Egyptian cucumber, aka Vietnamese luffa, is a species of Luffa grown for its fruit. In English, luffa is also spelled loofah. The plant is an annual vine, native to South Asia and Southeast Asia. The about-30-cm-long fruit resembles a cucumber and the young fruit is eaten likewise as a vegetable and is commonly grown for that purpose in tropical Asia. Unlike the young fruit, the fully ripened fruit is strongly fibrous and inedible, and is used to make scrubbing bath sponges. Due to the use as a scrubbing sponge, it is also known by the common names dishrag gourd, rag gourd, sponge gourd, and vegetable-sponge. It is also called smooth luffa to distinguish it from the ridged luffa, which is used for the same purposes. Due to its big yellow flowers, Luffa aegyptiaca is occasionally grown as an ornamental. Luffa aegyptiaca is best grown with a trellis support. It requires lots of heat and lots of water to thrive. In Vietnam, its native habitat, it is called mướp hương. Its botanical specific epithet "aegyptiaca" was given to it because in the 16th century European botanists were introduced to the plant from its cultivation in Egypt.

Luffa aegyptiaca

Medical use

Economic importance of Luffa aegyptiaca

Human food potential as oil/fat vegetable
Materials fiber
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Luffa aegyptiaca Luffa aegyptiaca Luffa aegyptiaca Luffa aegyptiaca Luffa aegyptiaca Luffa aegyptiaca Luffa aegyptiaca

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (2200 ppm);found in Seed (40500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (1000 ppm);found in Seed (81000 ppm)
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Mufa found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (27800 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
AntiHIV
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Pufa found in Fruit (17400 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Pufa found in Fruit (17400 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1162 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Bryonolic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (2200 ppm);found in Seed (40500 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Bryonolic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (2200 ppm);found in Seed (40500 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1162 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Potassium found in Fruit (27800 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1162 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1162 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (27800 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Pufa found in Fruit (17400 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (27800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antifertility
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (2200 ppm);found in Seed (40500 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antigibberellin
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (27800 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-spinasterol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Bryonolic-acid found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Mufa found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antileukemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Mufa found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antimanic
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1162 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Leaf (14141 ppm);found in Seed (18300 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (2200 ppm);found in Seed (40500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Fruit (17400 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antipyretic
Alpha-spinasterol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (27800 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (27800 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Leaf (14141 ppm);found in Seed (18300 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (27800 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Potassium found in Fruit (27800 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Mufa found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (12 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Potassium found in Fruit (27800 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (27800 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Choleretic
Mufa found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Cholinergic
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (1000 ppm);found in Seed (81000 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Cytotoxic
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Mufa found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Potassium found in Fruit (27800 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
FLavor
Mufa found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (2200 ppm);found in Seed (40500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (1000 ppm);found in Seed (81000 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (2200 ppm);found in Seed (40500 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (2200 ppm);found in Seed (40500 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Mufa found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (1000 ppm);found in Seed (81000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Potassium found in Fruit (27800 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Leaf (14141 ppm);found in Seed (18300 ppm)
Insectifuge
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Mufa found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Insectiphile
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Irritant
Mufa found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Lipotropic
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (2200 ppm);found in Seed (40500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (1000 ppm);found in Seed (81000 ppm)
Memorigenic
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (2200 ppm);found in Seed (40500 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Leaf (14141 ppm);found in Seed (18300 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Fruit (2090 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Perfumery
Mufa found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (1000 ppm);found in Seed (81000 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (2200 ppm);found in Seed (40500 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (10 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1162 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (17400 ppm);found in Seed (211500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (7400 ppm);found in Seed (135000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (2200 ppm);found in Seed (40500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (1000 ppm);found in Seed (81000 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Sedative
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (2200 ppm);found in Seed (40500 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (1000 ppm);found in Seed (81000 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (34 ppm);found in Leaf (933 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (55000 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2800 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (27800 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (9596 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Aegyptinin-a Plant
Alpha-spinasterol Plant
Amarin Seed
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 120 2,400
Leaf 950 9,596
Ash Fruit 4,000 80,000
Leaf 7,000 71,000
Beta-carotene Fruit 1.2 34
Leaf 92 933
Bryonolic-acid Plant
Calcium Fruit 200 4,000
Leaf 560 55,000
Carbohydrates Fruit 43,600 872,000
Leaf 27,000 804,000
Choline Fruit 104 2,090
Cucurbitacin-b Plant
Fat Fruit 2,000 40,000
Seed 200,000 450,000
Leaf 0 17,000
Fiber Fruit 5,000 100,000
Leaf 15,000 152,000
Gypsogenin Seed
Gypsogenin-lactone Seed
Iron Fruit 3 80
Leaf 115 1,162
Kilocalories Fruit 200 4,000
Leaf 140 2,730
Linoleic-acid Fruit 870 17,400
Seed 94,000 211,500
Luffamarin Seed
Magnesium Fruit 140 2,800
Mufa Fruit 370 7,400
Niacin Fruit 4 80
Oleanolic-acid Seed
Oleic-acid Fruit 370 7,400
Seed 60,000 135,000
Palmitic-acid Fruit 110 2,200
Seed 18,000 40,500
Phosphorus Fruit 190 6,400
Leaf 330 14,141
Seed 18,300
Phytin Fruit
Potassium Fruit 1,390 27,800
Protein Fruit 12,000 240,000
Leaf 16,000 515,000
Pufa Fruit 870 17,400
Riboflavin Fruit 0.6 12
Leaf 0.6 6
Sfa Fruit 160 3,200
Sodium Fruit 30 600
Stearic-acid Fruit 50 1,000
Seed 36,000 81,000
Thiamin Fruit 0.5 10
Leaf 0.5 5
Water Fruit 930,000 950,000
Leaf 901,000 940,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]