Liquidambar orientalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Oriental sweet-gum storax

Liquidambar orientalis, commonly known as oriental sweetgum or Turkish sweetgum, is a deciduous tree in the genus Liquidambar, native to the eastern Mediterranean region, that occurs as pure stands mainly in the flood plains of southwestern Turkey and on the Greek island of Rhodes.

Liquidambar orientalis

Medical use

Economic importance of Liquidambar orientalis

Food additives flavor fixative
Materials esential oils gum/resin
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar orientalis

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey

Biological activities

Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Allelochemic
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Allergenic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Benzyl-cinnamate found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Cinnamic-alcohol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Analgesic
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anesthetic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anhydrotic
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tannin found in Plant
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiallergic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antianemic
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiarrhythmic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiatherosclerotic
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tannin found in Plant
Anticancer
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tannin found in Plant
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anticonvulsant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Plant
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Plant
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiescherichic
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antigingivitic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antihepatotoxic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tannin found in Plant
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant
Antilisteria
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tannin found in Plant
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tannin found in Plant
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiperoxidant
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiplaque
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antipolio
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiradicular
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiseptic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antisickling
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antispasmodic
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antitumor
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiulcer
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tannin found in Plant
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiyeast
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Bacteristat
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Bruchifuge
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
COX-2-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Carcinogenic
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant
Choleretic
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tannin found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Diuretic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Expectorant
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
FEMA
Cinnamic-alcohol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
FLavor
Benzyl-alcohol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Benzyl-cinnamate found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Cinnamyl-cinnamate found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (100000 ppm)
Ethyl-cinnamate found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Fungicide
Benzyl-alcohol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tannin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Herbicide
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Hypertensive
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypnotic
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypocalcemic
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypotensive
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ileorelaxant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Irritant
Benzyl-cinnamate found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamic-alcohol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Styrene found in Essential Oil
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Laxative
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant
Mucotropic
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Mutagenic
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Narcotic
Styrene found in Essential Oil
Nematicide
Ethyl-cinnamate found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Neurolytic
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant
Perfumery
Benzyl-cinnamate found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Styrene found in Essential Oil
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Pesticide
Benzyl-alcohol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Phagocytotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant
Rubefacient
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Sclerosant
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Sedative
Benzyl-alcohol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Surfactant
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Teratogenic
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tremorilytic
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ethanol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (150000 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
3-epioleanolic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-sitosterol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-storesin Resin, Exudate, Sap
Benzyl-alcohol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Benzyl-cinnamate Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-sitosterol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-storesin Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap 20,000 150,000
Cinnamic-alcohol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cinnamyl-cinnamate Resin, Exudate, Sap 50,000 100,000
Eo Resin, Exudate, Sap 5,000 10,000
Ethanol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ethyl-cinnamate Resin, Exudate, Sap
Monotropeoside Plant
Oleanolic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Phenylethylene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Phenylpropyl-alcohol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Phenylpropyl-cinnamate Resin, Exudate, Sap 100,000
Shikimic-acid Plant
Storesin Resin, Exudate, Sap 330,000 500,000
Storesin-cinnamate Resin, Exudate, Sap
Styracin Resin, Exudate, Sap 50,000 100,000
Styrene Essential Oil
Styrol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tannin Plant
Vanillin Resin, Exudate, Sap
Water Resin, Exudate, Sap 150,000 300,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]