Lippia alba Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
bushy matgrass

Lippia alba is a species of flowering plant in the verbena family, Verbenaceae, that is native to southern Texas in the United States, Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, and South America. Common names include Bushy Matgrass, Bushy Lippia, Hierba Negra, and Pitiona. It is a multi-branched shrub, reaching a height of 1.5 m. Leaves measure 1 to 3 cm in length and 0.9 to 2 cm in width and are opposite or in threes. Flowers with white, pink, or light blue-purple corollas form on spikes 2 cm long.

Lippia alba

Medical use

Economic importance of Lippia alba

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Lippia alba Lippia alba Lippia alba Lippia alba Lippia alba Lippia alba Lippia alba Lippia alba Lippia alba Lippia alba Lippia alba Lippia alba Lippia alba

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja California, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Jamaica; Puerto Rico; Trinidad and Tobago
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil - Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Para, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Rondonia, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador - Bolivar, Guayas, Los Rios, Morona-Santiago, Napo; Peru - Amazonas, Huanuco, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Loreto, Pasco, Piura, San Martin, Ucayali
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Santa Fe; Paraguay

Biological activities

AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Analgesic
Camphor found in Plant
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
2-undecanone found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Plant
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Plant
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Plant
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Neral found in Plant
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Anticancer
Citral found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Plant
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Plant
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Plant
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Citral found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Citral found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Citral found in Plant
Antilithic
Limonene found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Geraniol found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Limonene found in Plant
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Plant
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Plant
Antioxidant
Citral found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Plant
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antisalmonella
Geraniol found in Plant
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Antishock
Citral found in Plant
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Neral found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Plant
Antitumor
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Apoptotic
Citral found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Plant
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Plant
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Citral found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Candidistat
Limonene found in Plant
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Carminative
Camphor found in Plant
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Citral found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Plant
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Plant
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Citral found in Plant
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Deliriant
Camphor found in Plant
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Plant
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Plant
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Plant
Emetic
Camphor found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Plant
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Plant
Estrogenic
Citral found in Plant
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Plant
Fungistat
Limonene found in Plant
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Plant
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Plant
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Plant
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Hirudicide
2-undecanone found in Plant
Histaminic
Limonene found in Plant
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Plant
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Insect-Repellent
Camphor found in Plant
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Plant
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant
2-undecanone found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Plant
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Plant
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Plant
2-undecanone found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Neral found in Plant
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Plant
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Plant
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Plant
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Plant
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Stimulant
Camphor found in Plant
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Teratogenic
Citral found in Plant
Termiticide
Neral found in Plant
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Trypanocide
Citral found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Plant
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Plant
2-undecanone Plant
Alpha-pinene Plant
Beta-caryophyllene Leaf 300
Camphor Plant
Citral Plant
Eo Leaf 1,200
Geraniol Plant
Limonene Plant
Linalol Plant
Lippione Plant
Neral Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]