Ligustrum vulgare Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
common privet European privet privet privet-hedge wild privet

Ligustrum vulgare, is a species of Ligustrum native to central and southern Europe, north Africa and southwestern Asia, from Ireland and southwestern Sweden south to Morocco, and east to Poland and northwestern Iran. It is a semi-evergreen or deciduous shrub, growing to 3 m tall. The stems are stiff, erect, with grey-brown bark spotted with small brown lenticels. The leaves are borne in decussate opposite pairs, sub-shiny green, narrow oval to lanceolate, 2–6 cm long and 0.5–1.5 cm broad. The flowers are produced in mid summer in panicles 3–6 cm long, each flower creamy-white, with a tubular base and a four-lobed corolla 4–6 mm diameter. The flowers produce a strong, pungent fragrance that many people find unpleasant. The fruit is a small glossy black berry 6–8 mm diameter, containing one to four seeds. The berries are poisonous to humans but readily eaten by thrushes, which disperse the seeds in their droppings. Plants from the warmer parts of the range show a stronger tendency to be fully evergreen; these have sometimes been treated as a separate variety Ligustrum vulgare var. italicum Vahl, but others do not regard it as distinct.

Ligustrum vulgare

Medical use

Economic importance of Ligustrum vulgare

Environmental boundary/barier/suport ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Morocco
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran ; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Moldova; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • United States

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Syringin found in Leaf
Adaptogenic
Syringin found in Leaf
Allelopathic
Syringic-acid found in Bark
Allergenic
Mannitol found in Bark
Analgesic
Mannitol found in Bark
Anthelmintic
Mannitol found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Antibacterial
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Anticancer
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Syringin found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Mannitol found in Bark
Antihepatotoxic
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Mannitol found in Bark
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Mannitol found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Mannitol found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Antioxidant
Mannitol found in Bark
Syringic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Syringic-acid found in Bark
Antipyretic
Syringin found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Mannitol found in Bark
Syringic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Mannitol found in Bark
Antistress
Syringin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Antitumor
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Antiviral
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Cosmetic
Behenic-acid found in Bark
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Diuretic
Mannitol found in Bark
Emetic
Mannitol found in Bark
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Bark
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Syringin found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Syringin found in Leaf
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Laxative
Mannitol found in Bark
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Mannitol found in Bark
Neurotropic
Syringin found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Pesticide
Mannitol found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)
Sweetener
Mannitol found in Bark
Tonic
Syringin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Syringic-acid found in Bark
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Leaf (100000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Behenic-acid Bark
Ligustrone Bark
Malvidin-3-glucoside Leaf
Mannitol Bark
Resin Bark
Syringic-acid Bark
Syringin Leaf
Syringopicrine Bark
Tannin Bark 70,000
Leaf 60,000 100,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]