Lepidium sativum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
garden cress pepperwort tongue cress town cress
Lepidium sativum

Medical use

Economic importance of Lepidium sativum

Human food vegetable
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Lepidium sativum Lepidium sativum Lepidium sativum Lepidium sativum Lepidium sativum Lepidium sativum Lepidium sativum Lepidium sativum Lepidium sativum Lepidium sativum Lepidium sativum Lepidium sativum

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    Naturalized
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Kuwait; Oman; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Naturalized
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (1510 ppm);found in Seed (3240 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (660 ppm);found in Seed (15325 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Seed (9545 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Albuminurigenic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Allergenic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (22545 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Leaf (22545 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (103775 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (57170 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anthelmintic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Pufa found in Leaf (21500 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Pufa found in Leaf (21500 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (9545 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (286 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (1510 ppm);found in Seed (3240 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (1510 ppm);found in Seed (3240 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (286 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (57170 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (9545 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Iodine found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antibiotic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (286 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (286 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Seed (9545 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (57170 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (103775 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Pufa found in Leaf (21500 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (57170 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (1510 ppm);found in Seed (3240 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Seed (9545 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Lignoceric-acid found in Seed (510 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (103775 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (57170 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (22545 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (22545 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (286 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Benzyl-thiocyanate found in Essential Oil
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (103775 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (9545 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (7170 ppm);found in Seed (17500 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (1510 ppm);found in Seed (3240 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Leaf (21500 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Seed (9545 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Benzyl-thiocyanate found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Iodine found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (9545 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (57170 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (57170 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Erucic-acid found in Leaf (8585 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (103775 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (103775 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Iodine found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (7170 ppm);found in Seed (17500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (57170 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Arylamine-N-Acetyltransferase-Inhibitor
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (103775 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (57170 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Fiber found in Leaf (103775 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Mucilage found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (22545 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (0.012 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (103775 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (57170 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (57170 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Choleretic
Mufa found in Leaf (22545 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Seed (9545 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Cosmetic
Behenic-acid found in Seed (4410 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (660 ppm);found in Seed (15325 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-2E1-Inhibitor
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (22545 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (103775 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (57170 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (0.012 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
FLavor
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Mufa found in Leaf (22545 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (1510 ppm);found in Seed (3240 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (660 ppm);found in Seed (15325 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Flatulent
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Benzyl-thiocyanate found in Essential Oil
Fungicide
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Iodine found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (1510 ppm);found in Seed (3240 ppm)
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Seed (9150 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Herbicide
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (1510 ppm);found in Seed (3240 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (1320 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Fiber found in Leaf (103775 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Mucilage found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (22545 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (660 ppm);found in Seed (15325 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (103775 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (57170 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (103775 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (66 ppm);found in Oil (1830 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (7170 ppm);found in Seed (17500 ppm)
Insecticide
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Mufa found in Leaf (22545 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Irritant
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Mufa found in Leaf (22545 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Seed (9545 ppm)
Laxative
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (103775 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (9545 ppm)
Lipolytic
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Lubricant
Erucic-acid found in Leaf (8585 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (1510 ppm);found in Seed (3240 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (660 ppm);found in Seed (15325 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Nematicide
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (1510 ppm);found in Seed (3240 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (7170 ppm);found in Seed (17500 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Seed (9545 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Leaf (22545 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Perfumery
Mufa found in Leaf (22545 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (660 ppm);found in Seed (15325 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Benzyl-thiocyanate found in Essential Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (1510 ppm);found in Seed (3240 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Sulfur found in Seed (9545 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (7.5 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (286 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf (14340 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf (8210 ppm);found in Seed (156200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (1510 ppm);found in Seed (3240 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (660 ppm);found in Seed (15325 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Radioprotective
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Seed (9545 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf (1510 ppm);found in Seed (3240 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Leaf (660 ppm);found in Seed (15325 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Triglycerolytic
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (526 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20340 ppm);found in Seed (3290 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (103775 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (57170 ppm)
Viristat
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6510 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxycinnamic-acid Seed
Alkaloid Seed 1,900 2,015
Alpha-tocopherol Leaf 7 66
Oil 1,830
Arachidic-acid Seed 2,450 3,925
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 690 6,510
Ash Leaf 18,000 169,800
Seed 57,000 60,440
Behenic-acid Seed 2,750 4,410
Benzyl-cyanide Plant
Benzyl-isothiocyanate Plant
Benzyl-thiocyanate Essential Oil
Beta-carotene Leaf 20 526
Beta-sitosterol Seed
Calcium Leaf 810 20,340
Seed 3,100 3,290
Carbohydrates Leaf 55,000 518,870
Cellulose Seed 9,150
Cobalt Leaf 0.012
D-galacturonic-acid Seed
D-glucuronic-galactoside Seed
D-xylose Seed
Diallyl-sulfide Essential Oil
Eo Plant 1,150
Erucic-acid Leaf 910 8,585
Fat Leaf 7,000 66,040
Seed 150,000 255,000
Fiber Leaf 11,000 103,775
Gadoleic-acid Leaf 610 5,755
Glucotropaeolin Plant
Iodine Leaf 0.11
Iron Leaf 13 286
Kilocalories Leaf 320 3,020
L-arabinose Seed
L-rhamnose Seed
Lignoceric-acid Seed 320 510
Linoleic-acid Leaf 1,520 14,340
Linolenic-acid Leaf 760 7,170
Seed 44,550 71,400
Mucilage Seed 50,000
Mufa Leaf 2,390 22,545
Myrosin Plant
Niacin Leaf 10 95
Nickel Leaf 0.04
Oleic-acid Leaf 870 8,210
Seed 97,450 156,200
Palmitic-acid Leaf 160 1,510
Seed 2,020 3,240
Phosphorus Leaf 760 7,170
Seed 16,500 17,500
Potassium Leaf 6,060 57,170
Protein Leaf 26,000 327,685
Seed 235,000 249,180
Pufa Leaf 2,280 21,500
Riboflavin Leaf 1.7 25
Sfa Leaf 230 2,170
Sinapic-acid Seed
Sinapin Seed
Sodium Leaf 140 1,320
Stearic-acid Leaf 70 660
Seed 9,560 15,325
Sulfur Seed 9,000 9,545
Thiamin Leaf 0.8 7.5
Uric-acid Seed 108
Vit-b-6 Leaf 2.5 23
Water Leaf 823,000 894,000
Seed 56,900
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]