Laurus nobilis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
bay bay laurel bay-leaf laurel Grecian laurel laurel sweet bay

Laurus nobilis is an aromatic evergreen tree or large shrub with green, glossy leaves, native to the Mediterranean region. It is one of the plants used for bay leaf seasoning in cooking. It is known as bay laurel, sweet bay, bay tree, true laurel, Grecian laurel, laurel tree or simply laurel. Laurus nobilis figures prominently in classical Greek, Roman, and Biblical culture. Worldwide, many other kinds of plants in diverse families are also called "bay" or "laurel", generally due to similarity of foliage or aroma to Laurus nobilis, and the full name is used for the California bay laurel, also in the family Lauraceae.

Laurus nobilis

Medical use

Economic importance of Laurus nobilis

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils lipids
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Laurus nobilis Laurus nobilis Laurus nobilis Laurus nobilis Laurus nobilis Laurus nobilis Laurus nobilis Laurus nobilis Laurus nobilis Laurus nobilis Laurus nobilis Laurus nobilis Laurus nobilis Laurus nobilis Laurus nobilis Laurus nobilis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Lebanon; Syria ; Turkey
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (220000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (60500 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf
Boldine found in Leaf
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Acetyl-eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1700 ppm);found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil (90000 ppm);found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1700 ppm);found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Guaijaverin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Juglanin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Cyanidin found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Leaf (186 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Acetone found in Leaf
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Artemorin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (2080 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil (90000 ppm);found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Costunolide found in Fruit (2560 ppm);found in Leaf (18000 ppm);found in Root (3100 ppm)
Deacetyllaurenobiolide found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Eremanthin found in Fruit (14000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Geranyl-acetate found in Leaf
Laurenobiolide found in Leaf ;found in Root (2000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root (6422 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (220000 ppm)
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Reynosin found in Leaf (2500 ppm)
Santamarin found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Verlotorin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (220000 ppm)
Analgesic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root (6422 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Reticuline found in Leaf
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (220000 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil (90000 ppm);found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Root (6422 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
AntiCVI
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
AntiPMS
Manganese found in Leaf (82 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Carvone found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1700 ppm);found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Viridiflorol found in Leaf
Antiacne
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Leaf
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialcoholic
Manganese found in Leaf (82 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (220000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (60500 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiamebic
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (220000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (60500 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (82 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Costunolide found in Fruit (2560 ppm);found in Leaf (18000 ppm);found in Root (3100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antianoxic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Copper found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (82 ppm)
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiasthmatic
4-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Trans-carveol found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Leaf
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (100700 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil (90000 ppm);found in Leaf
Cis-ocimene found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Dehydrocostus-lactone found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (162 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Hexanal found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Fruit (192500 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
Neral found in Leaf
Nerol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Reticuline found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (82900 ppm);found in Leaf (2650 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Terpinyl-acetate found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Butyric-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anticaries
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticolic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidementia
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Elemicin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Procyanidin-b-4 found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Boldine found in Leaf
Copper found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (82 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (82 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antidopaminergic
Reticuline found in Leaf
Antidote
Methanol found in Leaf
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (82 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Boldine found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antienzymatic
Piperidine found in Leaf
Antiepileptic
Manganese found in Leaf (82 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Artecanin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant
Elemicin found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1700 ppm);found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (60500 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastrotic
Procyanidin-b-4 found in Leaf
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Antigiardial
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Mannitol found in Root (6422 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Nerol found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (82900 ppm);found in Leaf (2650 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihepatotic
Boldine found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Elemicin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiischemic
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilepric
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Astragalin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (220000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Boldine found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Antimalarial
Alpha-selinene found in Leaf
Beta-selinene found in Leaf
Humulene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Myrtenal found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Myrtenol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Trans-pinocarveol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antimange
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimigraine
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Antimite
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Mannitol found in Root (6422 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Antineuritic
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiosteoarthritic
Boron found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Boron found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (82 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (82 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Antiperiodontal
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiplasmodial
Alpha-selinene found in Leaf
Beta-selinene found in Leaf
Humulene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Myrtenal found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Myrtenol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Trans-pinocarveol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Leaf
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Seed (1510 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Boldine found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Salicylates found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Hexanal found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antisecretory
Artecanin found in Leaf
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Actinodaphnine found in Bark (100 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Wood
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (2080 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Caprylic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Guaijaverin found in Leaf
Hexanal found in Leaf
Hexanol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (82900 ppm);found in Leaf (2650 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiserotonic
Elemicin found in Plant
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antishock
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (2080 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil (90000 ppm);found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Eugenyl-acetate found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root (6422 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
Neral found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Reticuline found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Santamarin found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Santamarine found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Valerianic-acid found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (100700 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cis-ocimene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antistress
Elemicin found in Plant
Antistroke
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Manganese found in Leaf (82 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitumor
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Butyric-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Costunolide found in Fruit (2560 ppm);found in Leaf (18000 ppm);found in Root (3100 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Santamarin found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Santamarine found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Tulipinolide found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Fruit (192500 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Bruchifuge
Butyric-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Acetone found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Piperidine found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Carvone found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Reticuline found in Leaf
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Leaf
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Estragole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Boldine found in Leaf
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (2080 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Caprylic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Lauric-acid found in Fruit (192500 ppm)
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Candidistat
Carvone found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Leucocyanidin found in Leaf
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Estragole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Carminative
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Boldine found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Acetyl-eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Boldine found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil (90000 ppm);found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (220000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Collagenic
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Boldine found in Leaf
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Reticuline found in Leaf
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Culicide
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
DNA-Binder
Elemicin found in Plant
Estragole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Deliriant
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Deodorant
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (100700 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Piperidine found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
4-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Boldine found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Mannitol found in Root (6422 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Dye
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (100700 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Root (6422 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Toluene found in Leaf
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nerol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Leaf (186 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
4-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (100700 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (2080 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Leaf (186 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil (90000 ppm);found in Leaf
Cinnamyl-acetate found in Leaf
Cis-3-hexenol found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (162 ppm)
Estragole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1700 ppm);found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Geranyl-acetate found in Leaf
Hexanal found in Leaf
Hexanol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Fruit
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
Neryl-acetate found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (220000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (60500 ppm)
Piperidine found in Leaf
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Terpinyl-acetate found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Trans-2-hexenal found in Leaf
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Root (6422 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (100700 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Caprylic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil (90000 ppm);found in Leaf
Cis-ocimene found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Elemicin found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Reticuline found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Fungistat
Carvone found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Leaf
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Gastrostimulant
Boldine found in Leaf
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hallucinogenic
Elemicin found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (60500 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Estragole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Piperidine found in Leaf
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (2080 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil (90000 ppm);found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Cumambrin-b found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Myrtenal found in Leaf (90 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Viscidulin-c found in Leaf
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Histaminic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Hydrogen-Peroxide-Inhibitor
Boldine found in Leaf
Hypercalcuric
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Fruit (192500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (60500 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Hyperthermic
Reticuline found in Leaf
Hypnotic
Boldine found in Leaf
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Campesterol found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (220000 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Seed (1510 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (82 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Elemicin found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hypothermic
Estragole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Boldine found in Leaf
Copper found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Carvone found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant
Elemicin found in Plant
Estragole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
4-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (2080 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Leaf (186 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (162 ppm)
Elemicin found in Plant
Estragole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1700 ppm);found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (220000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Phenylhydrazine found in Leaf
Piperidine found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Terpinyl-acetate found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (100700 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Geranyl-acetate found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (100700 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (2080 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Caproic-acid found in Leaf
Caprylic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (162 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1700 ppm);found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Isobutyric-acid found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (220000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Elemicin found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (100700 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil (90000 ppm);found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Root (6422 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil (90000 ppm);found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (60500 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Carvone found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Mutagenic
Estragole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Boldine found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Narcotic
Acetone found in Leaf
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Leaf
Cinnamyl-acetate found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Fruit
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (60500 ppm)
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Nematistat
Butyric-acid found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
Mannitol found in Root (6422 ppm)
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Neuroleptic
Boldine found in Leaf
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Elemicin found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Leaf
Oxidant
Verlotorin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Paramecicide
Trans-2-hexenal found in Leaf
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (220000 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Perfumery
4-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (100700 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Alpha-selinene found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf
Beta-myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (2080 ppm)
Beta-selinene found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Carvone found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Estragole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Eugenyl-acetate found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1700 ppm);found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Geranyl-acetate found in Leaf
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Fruit
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
Myrtenal found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
Neryl-acetate found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (220000 ppm)
Pinocarvone found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Piperidine found in Leaf
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (82900 ppm);found in Leaf (2650 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Terpinyl-acetate found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Peroxynitrite-Scavenger
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Leaf
Pesticide
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Leaf
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
4-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Actinodaphnine found in Bark (100 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Wood
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (100700 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (2080 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Butyric-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Leaf (186 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Caprylic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil (90000 ppm);found in Leaf
Cinnamyl-acetate found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Costunolide found in Fruit (2560 ppm);found in Leaf (18000 ppm);found in Root (3100 ppm)
Cumambrin-b found in Leaf
Cyanidin found in Plant
Dehydrocostus-lactone found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (162 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Elemicin found in Plant
Eremanthin found in Fruit (14000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1700 ppm);found in Leaf (290 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Guaijaverin found in Leaf
Hexanal found in Leaf
Hexanol found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root (6422 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Fruit
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46800 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm)
Myrtenal found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Neral found in Leaf
Nerol found in Leaf
Neryl-acetate found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (60500 ppm)
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Phenylhydrazine found in Leaf
Piperidine found in Leaf
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Reticuline found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (109000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Terpinyl-acetate found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Trans-2-hexenal found in Leaf
Viscidulin-c found in Leaf
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Phytohormonal
Dehydrocostus-lactone found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cyanidin found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (176000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (220000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (60500 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Boldine found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Eugenol-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Parthenolide found in Leaf
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Prosticide
Trans-2-hexenal found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Leaf
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Eremanthin found in Fruit (14000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Pyrogenic
Reticuline found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Schistosomicide
Costunolide found in Fruit (2560 ppm);found in Leaf (18000 ppm);found in Root (3100 ppm)
Elemicin found in Plant
Eremanthin found in Fruit (14000 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Carvone found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Geranyl-acetate found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf (2608 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (60500 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (2080 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Leaf (186 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Spinoconvulsant
Piperidine found in Leaf
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Stimulant
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Sweetener
Mannitol found in Root (6422 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratogenic
Boldine found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Neral found in Leaf
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4700 ppm);found in Leaf
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (27 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (93000 ppm);found in Wood (0 ppm);found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Leaf (125 ppm);found in Flower (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (76600 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (2080 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Isobutyric-acid found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Trematodicide
Costunolide found in Fruit (2560 ppm);found in Leaf (18000 ppm);found in Root (3100 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit Essent. Oil (283700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (24800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (620000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (198300 ppm);found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Trypanocide
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Eugenyl-acetate found in Leaf
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (183700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3340 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil (90000 ppm);found in Leaf
Citral found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf (192 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Catechins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Urate-Solvent
Piperidine found in Leaf
Uricosuric
Boldine found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Costunolide found in Fruit (2560 ppm);found in Leaf (18000 ppm);found in Root (3100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vasorelaxant
Proanthocyanidins found in Leaf
Vermicide
Carvone found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil (90000 ppm);found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1335 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (58500 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (92700 ppm);found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Procyanidin-b-4 found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (22000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (1380 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-actinodaphnine Leaf
Root
Stem Bark
(+)-boldine Leaf
(+)-catechin Leaf
(+)-cryptodorine Leaf
(+)-gallocatechin Leaf
(+)-isodomesticine Leaf
(+)-launobine Leaf
Stem Bark
Root
(+)-limonene Leaf Essent. Oil 29,000
(+)-linalool Leaf Essent. Oil
(+)-n-methyl-actinodaphnine Leaf
(+)-nandigerine Leaf
(+)-neolitsine Leaf
(+)-nor-isodomesticine Leaf
(+)-reticuline Leaf
Stem Bark
(-)-alpha-pinene Fruit Essent. Oil
(-)-alpha-terpineol Leaf Essent. Oil
(-)-beta-pinene Fruit Essent. Oil
(-)-epicatechin Leaf
(-)-epigallocatechin Leaf
(-)-linalool Leaf
(e)-sabinene-hydrate Leaf 7 100
(z)-p-menth-2-en-1-ol Leaf 4 65
1,8-cineole Fruit Essent. Oil 228,000 283,700
Essential Oil
Leaf 375 24,800
Leaf Essent. Oil 211,400 620,000
1-epi-bicyclosesquiphellandrene Leaf
1-penten-3-ol Leaf
11-hydroxytriacontan-9-one Fruit
2-ethyl-furan Leaf
2-methyl-butanal Leaf
2-methyl-propanol Leaf
2-methyl-propionic-acid Leaf
2-methyl-propyl-2-methyl-propionate Leaf
2-methylethyl-2-methylpropionate Leaf
2-methylpropyl-acetate Leaf
3,4-dimethoxy-allyl-benzene Leaf
3-methyl-butanal Leaf
3-methyl-butanol Leaf
4-terpineol Leaf Essent. Oil
8-acetoxycarvotanacetone Leaf
Acetic-acid Leaf
Acetoeugenol Leaf 1 42
Acetone Leaf
Acetyl-eugenol Leaf Essent. Oil
Actinodaphnine Bark 100
Stem Bark
Wood
Allo-aromadendrene Leaf
Alpha-amorphene Leaf
Alpha-bourbonene Plant
Alpha-cadinene Leaf
Alpha-caryophyllene Fruit Essent. Oil
Alpha-copaene Plant
Alpha-cubebene Leaf
Alpha-guaiene Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf
Alpha-gurjunene Leaf
Alpha-muurolene Leaf
Alpha-phellandrene Fruit Essent. Oil 100,700
Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 0 120
Alpha-pinene Bark 27
Fruit Essent. Oil 93,000
Wood 0
Leaf 115 2,400
Leaf 125
Flower 0
Leaf Essent. Oil 1,300 76,600
Alpha-selinene Leaf
Alpha-terpinene Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 14 300
Alpha-terpineol Fruit Essent. Oil 58,500
Leaf Essent. Oil 4,000 92,700
Leaf 140 1,380
Alpha-terpineol acetate Leaf Essent. Oil 38,000 71,400
Alpha-terpinolene Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpinyl-acetate Leaf 540 4,000
Alpha-terpinyl-formate Leaf
Alpha-thujene Bark 0
Wood 0
Leaf 5.7
Leaf 480 600
Leaf Essent. Oil
Flower 12.6
Alpha-ylangene Leaf
Artecanin Leaf
Artemorin Leaf 140 5,000
Astragalin Leaf
Bassorin Plant
Benzaldehyde Leaf
Beta-bisabolene Leaf
Beta-caryophyllene Leaf Essent. Oil 200
Leaf 4 180
Beta-cubebene Leaf
Beta-elemene Leaf Essent. Oil
Plant
Beta-eudesmol Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf
Beta-myrcene Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-phellandrene Leaf
Beta-pinene Leaf Essent. Oil 1,600 54,000
Leaf 130 2,080
Beta-selinene Leaf
Beta-sitosterol Leaf 1,450
Bicyclogermacrene Leaf
Bicyclosesquiphellandrene Plant
Boldine Leaf
Borneol Leaf Essent. Oil 4,700
Leaf
Borneol-acetate Leaf Essent. Oil
Bornyl-acetate Plant
Boron Leaf 9 16
Butanal Leaf
Butanol Leaf
Butyric-acid Leaf
Cadina-1(6),5-diene Leaf
Cadina-3,5-diene Leaf
Caffeic-acid Fruit
Leaf
Calamene Leaf
Campesterol Leaf 60
Camphene Leaf Essent. Oil 7,000
Leaf 24 186
Camphor Leaf Essent. Oil
Plant
Caproic-acid Leaf
Caprylic-acid Plant
Car-3-ene Leaf Essent. Oil
Carvacrol Leaf Essent. Oil
Carvone Leaf
Caryophyllene Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide Plant
Catechins Leaf
Cinnamic-acid Fruit Essent. Oil 90,000
Leaf
Cinnamic-acid-methyl-ester Fruit Essent. Oil 172,000
Cinnamyl-acetate Leaf
Cis-3-hexanol Leaf
Cis-3-hexenol Leaf
Cis-alpha-bisabolene Plant
Cis-ocimene Leaf
Cis-p-menth-2-en-1-ol Leaf
Cis-p-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol Leaf
Cis-sabinene-hydrate Leaf
Cis-thuj-2-en-4-ol Leaf
Citral Fruit Essent. Oil
Leaf
Copper Leaf 4
Costunolide Fruit 2,560
Leaf 1,191 18,000
Root 3,100
Cubebene Leaf
Cumambrin-a Leaf
Cumambrin-b Leaf
Cuminyl-alcohol Leaf
Cyanidin Plant
Cyclosativene Leaf
Deacetyllaurenobiolide Leaf 50
Deacetylmatricarin Leaf
Dehydro-1,8-cineole Essential Oil
Leaf
Dehydrocostus-lactone Fruit 14,000
Leaf
Delta-3-carene Leaf 15 162
Delta-cadinene Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf
Desacetyllaurenobiolide Leaf 60
Dihydroparthenolide Leaf
Docosan-1-ol-tetradecanoate Fruit
E-pinocarveol Leaf 25 125
Elemicin Plant
Enanthic-acid Leaf
Eo Bark 6,800
Wood 700
Leaf 3,000 41,000
Leaf 5,700
Fruit 10,000 40,000
Flower 1,800
Eremanthin Fruit 14,000
Estragole Leaf Essent. Oil
Ethyl-2-methyl-propionate Leaf
Ethyl-pentanoate Leaf
Eugenol Leaf Essent. Oil 10,200
Essential Oil
Leaf 18 1,335
Eugenol-acetate Leaf Essent. Oil 5,000
Eugenol-methyl-ether Leaf Essent. Oil 5,000 77,000
Essential Oil
Eugenyl-acetate Leaf
Fat Fruit 200,000 550,000
Formic-acid Leaf
Gamma-cadinene Leaf
Gamma-elemene Plant
Gamma-muurolene Leaf
Gamma-terpinene Leaf Essent. Oil 1,700
Leaf 35 290
Geraniol Leaf Essent. Oil 13,000
Fruit
Leaf
Geraniol-acetate Leaf Essent. Oil
Geranyl-acetate Leaf
Germacranolides Leaf
Guaijaverin Leaf
Gum Plant
Hex-cis-3-en-1-ol-o-xyloside Leaf 16
Hexadecane Leaf
Hexanal Leaf
Hexanol Leaf
Humulene Leaf Essent. Oil
Isobutyric-acid Leaf
Isodomesticine Leaf
Isoquercitrin Leaf
Juglanin Leaf
Kaempferol Plant
Kaempferol-3-o-alpha-l-(2'',4''-cis-p-coumaroyl)-rhamnoside Leaf 21
Kaempferol-3-o-alpha-l-(2''-trans-p-coumaroyl)-rhamnoside Leaf 3.3
Kaempferol-3-o-alpha-l-(3'',4''-di-trans-p-coumaroyl)-rhamnoside Leaf 20
Kaempferol-3-o-alpha-l-galactoside Leaf
Kaempferol-3-o-alpha-l-rhamnoside Leaf
Kaempferol-3-o-beta-d-rutinoside Leaf
Laundobine Leaf
Launobine Plant
Laurenobiolide Leaf
Root 600 2,000
Laurenolide Leaf
Laurenoniolide Root
Lauric-acid Fruit 60,000 192,500
Ledene Leaf
Leucocyanidin Leaf
Limonene Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 55 500
Linalool Leaf Essent. Oil 4,000 183,700
Essential Oil
Leaf 20 3,340
Linalool-acetate Leaf Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid Fruit 36,000 176,000
Linolenic-acid Plant
Manganese Leaf 82
Mannitol Root 6,422
Methanol Leaf
Methyl-cinnamate Fruit
Methyl-eugenol Leaf 20 2,608
Methyl-heptenone Leaf
Myrcene Leaf Essent. Oil 46,800
Leaf 5 320
Myrtenal Leaf 18 90
Myrtenol Leaf
N-decane Leaf Essent. Oil
N-nonane Leaf Essent. Oil
N-tridecane Leaf Essent. Oil
N-undecane Leaf Essent. Oil
Nandigerine Leaf
Neolitsine Leaf
Neral Leaf
Nerol Leaf
Neryl-acetate Leaf
Oleic-acid Fruit 66,000 220,000
P-coumaric-acid Fruit 20
Leaf 192
P-cymene Leaf Essent. Oil 198,300
Leaf 62 540
Palmitic-acid Fruit 20,000 60,500
Parthenolide Leaf
Pelargonic-acid Leaf
Pentanal Leaf
Pentanoic-acid Leaf
Pentanol Leaf
Pentyl-acetate Leaf
Perillyl-alcohol Leaf
Phellandral Leaf
Phenylhydrazine Leaf
Phytosterols Seed 1,510
Pinocarvone Leaf 35 170
Piperidine Leaf
Proanthocyanidins Leaf
Procyanidin-b-2 Leaf
Procyanidin-b-4 Leaf
Procyanidin-b-5 Leaf
Procyanidin-b-7 Leaf
Propionic-acid Leaf
Quercetin Leaf
Quercetin-3-o-alpha-l-galactoside Leaf
Quercitrin Leaf
Reticuline Leaf
Reynosin Leaf 67 2,500
Ridentin-b Leaf
Rothin-b Leaf
Rutin Leaf
Sabinene Leaf Essent. Oil 42,000 82,900
Leaf 25 2,650
Salicylates Leaf 10 25
Santamarin Leaf 73
Santamarine Leaf 44 1,500
Schizandraside Leaf 24
Spathulenol Leaf Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 7,800 22,000
Essential Oil
Leaf 190 1,380
Terpineol Fruit Essent. Oil 109,000
Terpinolene Leaf 4 200
Terpinyl-acetate Essential Oil
Tetradecane Leaf
Thuj-2-en-4-ol Leaf
Thymol Leaf Essent. Oil
Toluene Leaf
Trans-2-hexenal Leaf
Trans-carveol Leaf
Trans-methyl-eugenol Leaf
Trans-ocimene Leaf
Trans-pinocarveol Leaf Essent. Oil
Trans-sabinene-hydrate Leaf
Tridecane Leaf
Trilaurin Fruit 72,000 132,000
Tulipinolide Leaf
Root
Valerianic-acid Leaf
Verlotorin Leaf 90 1,400
Viridiflorol Leaf
Viscidulin-c Leaf
Zaluzanin-d Fruit 3,200
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]