Lantana camara Health effects and herbal facts

Lantana camara, also known as big sage, wild sage, red sage, white sage and tickberry, is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family, Verbenaceae, that is native to the American tropics. L. camara has spread from its native Central and South America to around 50 different countries, where it has become an invasive species. It spread from the Americas into the rest of the world when it was brought back to Europe by Dutch explorers and cultivated widely, soon spreading into Asia and Oceania, where it established itself as a notorious weed. L. camara will often out-compete other more desirable species, leading to a reduction in biodiversity. It can also cause problems if it invades agricultural areas as a result of its toxicity to livestock as well as its ability to form dense thickets which if left unchecked can greatly reduce the productivity of farm land. The name Lantana derives from the Latin name of the wayfaring tree Viburnum lantana, the flowers of which closely resemble Lantana.

Lantana camara

Medical use

Gallery

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Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot (32 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (13 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (28 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Dipentene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Terpineol found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Terpineol found in Leaf
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Shoot (9000 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
AntiHIV
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Lignin found in Stem (140000 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (412 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Leaf
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Farnesol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Eugenol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (412 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Leaf
Terpineol found in Leaf
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antianemic
Manganese found in Shoot (412 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (9000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (412 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Terpineol found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Delta-3-carene found in Shoot (104 ppm)
Dipentene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Stem (140000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Terpineol found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Citral found in Leaf
Lignin found in Stem (140000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Terpineol found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Anticoronary
Lignin found in Stem (140000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (9000 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (412 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Lignin found in Stem (140000 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Shoot (412 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Shoot (412 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (412 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Leaf
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (9000 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Cadinene found in Leaf
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Tannin found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Citral found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (9000 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (28 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Delta-3-carene found in Shoot (104 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Leaf
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Farnesol found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Antimange
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Leaf
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Leaf
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Lignin found in Stem (140000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Tannin found in Leaf
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (412 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Shoot (1500 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Shoot (412 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Camphene found in Shoot (13 ppm)
Catalase found in Leaf
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Lignin found in Stem (140000 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (412 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiproliferant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Terpineol found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Leaf
Lantanine found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Leaf
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot (32 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Eugenol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Aromadendrene found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (28 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Furfural found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Terpineol found in Leaf
Antishock
Citral found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (28 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Lantanine found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (9000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Terpineol found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (9000 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (412 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Leaf
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Stem (140000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Terpineol found in Leaf
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot (32 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot (32 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Citral found in Leaf
Dipentene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Stem (140000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Shoot (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (9000 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Citral found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Leaf
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Shoot (9000 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Aromadendrene found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Cedrene found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (28 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Candidistat
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Cardioactive
Lancamacrone found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (9000 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Shoot (9000 ppm)
Carminative
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Leaf
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Chelator
Lignin found in Stem (140000 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Citral found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Cholagogue
Terpineol found in Leaf
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Terpineol found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Deliriant
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Delta-3-carene found in Shoot (104 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (9000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Leaf
Emetic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Leaf
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Citral found in Leaf
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (13 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Dipentene found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Terpineol found in Leaf
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (28 ppm)
Cadinene found in Leaf
Camphene found in Shoot (13 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Delta-3-carene found in Shoot (104 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Plant
Furfural found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Furfural found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (28 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Hyperthermic
Phellandrene found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Lignin found in Stem (140000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Manganese found in Shoot (412 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (9000 ppm)
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Icterogenic
Icterogenin found in Leaf
Lantadene-a found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Shoot (1500 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Leaf
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Furfural found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Terpineol found in Leaf
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (28 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (13 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Shoot (104 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Terpineol found in Leaf
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (28 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Shoot (104 ppm)
Dipentene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Furfural found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Plant
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Terpineol found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Lignin found in Stem (140000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Eugenol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Leaf
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Leaf
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Shoot (1500 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot (32 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (28 ppm)
Cadinene found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Terpineol found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Aromadendrene found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (28 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Cadinene found in Leaf
Camphene found in Shoot (13 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Delta-3-carene found in Shoot (104 ppm)
Dipentene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Plant
Furfural found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Stem (140000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Terpineol found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Pheromonal
Farnesol found in Plant
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Photosensitizer
Lantadene-a found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Piscicide
Lancamacrone found in Plant
Prooxidant
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Leaf
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Leaf
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Amylase found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Dipentene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (28 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (13 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot (32 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Teratogenic
Citral found in Leaf
Termiticide
Eugenol found in Leaf
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Leaf (1600 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Toxic
Icterogenin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (28 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Leaf
Trypanocide
Citral found in Leaf
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Leaf
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Shoot (27 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Citral found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Leaf
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Fruit (1100 ppm);found in Shoot (6100 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (1460 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (9000 ppm)
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Leaf
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Vulnerary
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Shoot 27
1-triacontanol Leaf
22-beta-{(s)-2-methylbutanoyloxy}-3-oxoolean-12-en-28-oic-acid Plant
3-ketorusolic-acid Plant
Aldehydes Leaf 12 14
Alpha-amyrin Plant
Alpha-cellulose Stem 306,000
Alpha-copaene Shoot 14
Alpha-cubebene Shoot 1
Alpha-pinene Leaf
Shoot 35
Amylase Leaf
Aromadendrene Shoot 35
Ash Fruit 37,000
Stem 35,000
Shoot 102,900
Beta-bisabolene Shoot 32
Beta-caryophyllene Shoot 188
Beta-pinene Shoot 28
Beta-sitosterol Seed
Betulinic-acid Shoot
Cadinene Leaf
Cadinol Leaf
Calcium Fruit 1,100
Shoot 6,100
Camerene Leaf
Camphene Shoot 13
Camphor Shoot 1
Caryophyllene Leaf 400 1,600
Caryophyllene-oxide Shoot 18
Catalase Leaf
Cedrene Plant
Cineole Leaf
Cis-beta-ocimene Shoot 1
Cis-nerolidol Plant
Citral Leaf
Delta-3-carene Shoot 104
Dipentene Leaf
Eo Flower 700
Leaf 500 3,200
Shoot 1,000
Eugenol Leaf
Farnesol Plant
Fat Seed 90,000 480,000
Furfural Leaf
Furfuroids Stem 216,000
Gamma-terpinene Leaf
Geraniol Leaf
Glucosidasae Leaf
Icterogenin Leaf
Invertase Leaf
Isocamarene Leaf
Lancamacrone Plant
Lantabetulic-acid Plant
Lantadene-a Leaf 3,000 7,000
Lantadene-b Leaf 2,000
Lantadenes Leaf 2,000 17,000
Lantanic-acid Leaf
Lantanilic-acid Plant
Lantanine Leaf 3,000 7,000
Lantanolic-acid Leaf
Lantic-acid Plant
Lantoic-acid Plant
Lignin Stem 140,000
Limonene Shoot 18
Linalol Leaf
Linalool Shoot 27
Lipase Leaf
Magnesium Fruit 1,460
Manganese Shoot 308 412
Methyl-3-oxo-ursolate Leaf
Nitrogen Shoot 8,800
Oct-1-en-3-ol Shoot 1
Oxidase Leaf
P-cymene Leaf
Shoot 7
Phellandral Leaf
Phellandrene Leaf 50 240
Phellandrone Leaf
Phosphorus Shoot 1,500
Pl Plant
Potassium Shoot 9,000
Protein Fruit 51,000
Seed 351,000
Sodium Leaf 8,200
Sugar Fruit 180,000
Tannase Leaf
Tannin Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol Shoot 1
Terpineol Leaf
Terpinolene Shoot 1
Theveside Plant
Theviridoside Plant
Trans-nerolidol Plant
Water Fruit 760,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]