Juniperus virginiana Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
coast juniper coastal red-cedar eastern red-cedar pencil-cedar red juniper red-cedar sand-cedar southern red-cedar Virginia juniper Virginia-cedar

Juniperus virginiana is a species of juniper native to eastern North America from southeastern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico and east of the Great Plains. Further west it is replaced by the related Juniperus scopulorum and to the southwest by Juniperus ashei. The Lakota Native American name is Chansha, "redwood" or Hante'. In its native range it is commonly called "cedar" or "red cedar," names rejected by the American Joint Committee on Horticultural Nomenclature as it is a juniper, not a true cedar. However, "Red Cedar" is the most used common name.

Juniperus virginiana

Medical use

Economic importance of Juniperus virginiana

Harmful organism host crop diseases
Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils wod
Medicines folklore
Social religious/secular

Gallery

Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario, Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Vanadium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Abortifacient
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Acaricide
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Citronellol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Analgesic
Myrcene found in Leaf
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Anesthetic
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Shoot (14080 ppm)
Anorexic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
AntiAGE
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
AntiCFS
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
AntiEBV
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (0.352 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (2640 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Elemol found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Leaf
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Shoot (17.6 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Elemicin found in Leaf
Estragole found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Antiaging
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Shoot (1320 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (2640 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Shoot (17.6 ppm)
Iron found in Shoot (1320 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (2640 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antianoxic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (14080 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (17.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (2640 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Citronellol found in Leaf
Iodine found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
Silver found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Anticancer
Limonene found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Shoot (1320 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Anticataract
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Shoot (1320 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Anticondylomata
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf
Lithium found in Shoot (0.352 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (14080 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (17.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (2640 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Shoot (2640 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Shoot (2640 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (2640 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (17.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (14080 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Cadinene found in Leaf
Elemicin found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf
Antifertility
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Elemicin found in Leaf
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (14080 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Lithium found in Shoot (0.352 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Vanadium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Copper found in Shoot (17.6 ppm)
Cuparene found in Wood (900 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiinsulinogenic
Vanadium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antileukemic
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Leaf
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antimanic
Lithium found in Shoot (0.352 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antimeasles
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Shoot (1320 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antimitotic
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Shoot (17.6 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Boron found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Boron found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (17.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (2640 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Shoot (3168 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Shoot (2640 ppm)
Antioxidant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Manganese found in Shoot (2640 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf
Antiparkinsonian
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Antipeptic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Lithium found in Shoot (0.352 ppm)
Antiradicular
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Antisarcomic
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Antischizophrenic
Lithium found in Shoot (0.352 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Citronellol found in Leaf
Iodine found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiserotonic
Elemicin found in Leaf
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf
Potassium found in Shoot (14080 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Citronellol found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Citronellol found in Leaf
Antistress
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (14080 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (2640 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Antitumor
Limonene found in Leaf
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Elemol found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Iodine found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf
Lithium found in Shoot (0.352 ppm)
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Shoot (3168 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (14080 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Apoptotic
Limonene found in Leaf
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Astringent
Silver found in Plant
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Shoot (14080 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
Safrole found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Estragole found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-cedrene found in Wood (15750 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Cedrene found in Wood (36000 ppm)
Estragole found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Citronellol found in Leaf
Candidistat
Limonene found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Estragole found in Leaf
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Shoot (1.32 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (17.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (14080 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Shoot (14080 ppm)
Carminative
Safrole found in Leaf
Cathartic
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Leaf
Cholinergic
Lithium found in Shoot (0.352 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Collagenic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Colorant
Rhodoxanthin found in Leaf
Contraceptive
Copper found in Shoot (17.6 ppm)
Controlled
Safrole found in Leaf
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Safrole found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer
Safrole found in Leaf
DNA-Binder
Elemicin found in Leaf
Estragole found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
Deliriant
Lithium found in Shoot (0.352 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Leaf
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Leaf
Diuretic
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (14080 ppm)
Embryocide
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Leaf
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Shoot (1.32 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Cadinene found in Leaf
Citronellol found in Leaf
Estragole found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf
Fumigant
Thujopsene found in Wood (13500 ppm)
Fungicide
Citronellol found in Leaf
Elemicin found in Leaf
Iodine found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Leaf
Fungistat
Limonene found in Leaf
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Hallucinogenic
Elemicin found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Estragole found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Hepatoregenerative
Safrole found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Safrole found in Leaf
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Citronellol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Histaminic
Limonene found in Leaf
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Sodium found in Shoot (422 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (17.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (2640 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (14080 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Hypothermic
Estragole found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
Hypotriglyceridemic
Vanadium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (17.6 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Shoot (3168 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Elemicin found in Leaf
Estragole found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Elemicin found in Leaf
Estragole found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Shoot (17.6 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf
Irritant
Alpha-cedrene found in Wood (15750 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Citronellol found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
Juvabional
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Larvicide
Elemicin found in Leaf
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Cadmium found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Mutagenic
Estragole found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Limonene found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Leaf
Narcotic
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Lithium found in Shoot (0.352 ppm)
Nematicide
Citronellol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (0.352 ppm)
Mercury found in Shoot (0.025 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Neurotoxic
Elemicin found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Shoot (3168 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Leaf
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Leaf
Pancreatoxic
Vanadium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Pediculicide
Safrole found in Leaf
Perfume
Alpha-cedrene found in Wood (15750 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Cadinene found in Leaf
Cedrol found in Wood (6300 ppm)
Citronellol found in Leaf
Estragole found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Leaf
Pesticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Aluminum found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Cadinene found in Leaf
Cedrol found in Wood (6300 ppm)
Citronellol found in Leaf
Elemicin found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Safrole found in Leaf
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Silver found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf
Thujopsene found in Wood (13500 ppm)
Widdrol found in Wood (900 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Leaf
Piscicide
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Shoot (1320 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Psychoactive
Safrole found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)
Purgative
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Schistosomicide
Elemicin found in Leaf
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Shoot (17.6 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Citronellol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Methyl-eugenol found in Leaf
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Termiticide
Cedrol found in Wood (6300 ppm)
Widdrol found in Wood (900 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Podophyllotoxin found in Leaf
Toxic
Vanadium found in Shoot (2.64 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf
Tremorigenic
Safrole found in Leaf
Trichomonicide
Citronellol found in Leaf
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Shoot (0.04 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Shoot (31680 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (8800 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (14080 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Shoot (317 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (86000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
3-carene Leaf
4-terpinenol Leaf
Alpha-cedrene Wood 5,250 15,750
Alpha-eudesmol Leaf
Alpha-pinene Leaf
Alpha-thujene Leaf
Aluminum Shoot 57 8,800
Ash Shoot 38,000 88,000
Barium Shoot 4 880
Beta-eudesmol Leaf
Boron Shoot 4 44
Cadinene Leaf
Cadmium Shoot 0 1
Calcium Shoot 7,980 31,680
Cedrene Wood 12,000 36,000
Cedrenol Wood
Cedrol Wood 450 6,300
Chromium Shoot 0.08 2.64
Citronellol Leaf
Cobalt Shoot 0 1.32
Copper Shoot 0.8 17.6
Cuparene Wood 300 900
Cymene Leaf
Elemicin Leaf
Elemol Leaf
Elemol-acetate Leaf
Eo Leaf 2,000
Wood 15,000 45,000
Estragole Leaf
Fluorine Shoot 0 0.264
Gamma-eudesmol Leaf
Gamma-terpinene Leaf
Iodine Shoot 3 10
Iron Shoot 11 1,320
Lead Shoot 0.7 132
Limonene Leaf
Linalol Leaf
Lithium Shoot 0.152 0.352
M-methyl-p-vinylanisole Leaf
Magnesium Shoot 266 8,800
Manganese Shoot 11 2,640
Mercury Shoot 0 0.025
Methyl-eugenol Leaf
Molybdenum Shoot 0 2.64
Myrcene Leaf
Nickel Shoot 0 17.6
Phosphorus Shoot 228 3,168
Podophyllotoxin Leaf
Podophyllotoxin-beta-d-glucoside Plant
Potassium Shoot 1,368 14,080
Pseudocedrol Wood
Rhodoxanthin Leaf
Sabinene Leaf
Safrole Leaf
Selenium Shoot 0.01 0.04
Silver Plant
Sodium Shoot 3.8 422
Strontium Shoot 7 440
Tannin Bark 21,000 86,000
Terpinolene Leaf
Thujopsene Wood 4,500 13,500
Titanium Shoot 2.7 128
Vanadium Shoot 0.19 2.64
Widdrol Wood 300 900
Zinc Shoot 7 317
Zirconium Shoot 0.8 8.8
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]