Juglans regia Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Carpathian walnut English walnut Madeira walnut Persian walnut walnut
Juglans regia

Medical use

Economic importance of Juglans regia

Environmental ornamental
Human food nut oil/fat
Gene sources primary genetic relative of English walnut secondary genetic relative of black walnut secondary genetic relative of buternut
Materials tanin/dyestuf wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Juglans regia Juglans regia Juglans regia Juglans regia Juglans regia Juglans regia Juglans regia Juglans regia Juglans regia Juglans regia Juglans regia Juglans regia Juglans regia Juglans regia

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran ; Iraq ; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan
    • Middle Asia: Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Slovakia
    • Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Macedonia; Montenegro; Serbia; Slovenia

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (49070 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (1670 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21030 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
ANS-Paralytic
Nicotine found in Leaf
ANS-Stimulant
Nicotine found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Acaricide
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Seed (1040 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Addictive
Nicotine found in Leaf
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Seed (3580 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Avicularin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Hyperin found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Leaf
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Seed (600 ppm);found in Testa (18860 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (147720 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Nicotine found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Melatonin found in Seed
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (12 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Seed (147720 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
Anesthetic
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (92000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6870 ppm)
Anorectic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Seed (6520 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
AntiCRP
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (3675 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
AntiEBV
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Pufa found in Seed (406070 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (32 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Seed (7835 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Pufa found in Seed (406070 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (1040 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Seed (3 ppm)
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (28 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (32 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Seed (7835 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Seed (4025 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Biotin found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Inositol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (49070 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (49070 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (28 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (32 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antianoxic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6870 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Seed (3725 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (32 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sulfur found in Seed (1040 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiataxic
Lecithin found in Seed
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (3675 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorine found in Seed (230 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Hyperin found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antibiotic
Avicularin found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (3675 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (28 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Betulin found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (2905 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (10 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (28 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Inositol found in Leaf
Lecithin found in Seed
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Seed (1040 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
Phenylalanine found in Seed (6520 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6870 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Biotin found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatophytic
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (92000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (32 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (32 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Lecithin found in Seed
Manganese found in Seed (32 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (2905 ppm)
Pufa found in Seed (406070 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Syringaldehyde found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Testa (325 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed
Glycine found in Seed (7835 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (10295 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4555 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (7505 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (29155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (32 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Nicotine found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (10 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6870 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Betulin found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Nicotine found in Leaf
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (49070 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiflu
Betulin found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antifumitory
Nicotine found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Antigastrisecretogogic
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (7835 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigout
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Seed (1040 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Seed (2905 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (11 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorine found in Seed (230 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lysine found in Seed (4025 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihistoplasmotic
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Seed (3580 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (29155 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (92000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6870 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Arginine found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Betulin found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (3675 ppm)
Hyperin found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (147720 ppm)
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Seed (3 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (11 ppm)
Syringaldehyde found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Testa (325 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Hyperin found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukodermic
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (147720 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (29155 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimanic
Lecithin found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (28 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Antimetaplastic
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (15310 ppm)
Antimorphinistic
Lecithin found in Seed
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Seed (3725 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Biotin found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (92000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (11 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (12 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (1040 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (12 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (32 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (32 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Seed
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed (85 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Cholesterol found in Seed (12 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Leaf
Delta-5-avenasterol found in Seed (105 ppm)
Delta-7-avenasterol found in Seed (2 ppm)
Delta-tocopherol found in Seed (2090 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (3675 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (3725 ppm)
Hyperin found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Manganese found in Seed (32 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
Methionine found in Seed (2905 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1960 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (49070 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (11 ppm)
Syringaldehyde found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Testa (325 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Seed (600 ppm);found in Testa (18860 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiparasitic
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (2905 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (6520 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4555 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed (5875 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antipeptic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Seed (600 ppm);found in Testa (18860 ppm)
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4555 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Seed (406070 ppm)
Antipolyp
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antipredatory
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (3675 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (29155 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (7835 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Seed (1120 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Seed (7835 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Hyperin found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Melatonin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Seed (600 ppm);found in Testa (18860 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Antireserpine
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (29155 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Antisclerodermic
Lecithin found in Seed
Antiscoliotic
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Biotin found in Seed (0.02 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Lecithin found in Seed
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Sulfur found in Seed (1040 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorine found in Seed (230 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Sulfur found in Seed (1040 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Seed (7835 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (6520 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6870 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Antisprue
Lecithin found in Seed
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6870 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (32 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Antithyreotropic
Melatonin found in Seed
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Betulin found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Delta-tocopherol found in Seed (2090 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (92000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (3675 ppm)
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Antitussive
Hyperin found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (92000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (7835 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (3725 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4555 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Seed (3725 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Betulin found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorine found in Seed (230 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Hyperin found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Seed (11 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (6520 ppm)
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (29155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6870 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Bark
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed
Melatonin found in Seed
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Delta-tocopherol found in Seed (2090 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (11 ppm)
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (92000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6870 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bronchoconstrictor
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Fruit
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Melatonin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Seed
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (92000 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Glycine found in Seed (7835 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (2905 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (147720 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Serine found in Seed (8115 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (11 ppm)
Syringaldehyde found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Testa (325 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4555 ppm)
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Chlorine found in Seed (230 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillarifortificant
Hyperin found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Capillarigenic
Hyperin found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Cardioparalytic
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (92000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (3675 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6870 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (6870 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Nicotine found in Leaf
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Carminative
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Mufa found in Seed (147720 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Inositol found in Leaf
Cholinergic
Lecithin found in Seed
Nicotine found in Leaf
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Coagulant
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Seed (1040 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21030 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Avicularin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (3675 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Melatonin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Galloylglucose found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Depressant
Melatonin found in Seed
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (147720 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Diaphoretic
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Diuretic
Arginine found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Avicularin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (92000 ppm)
Hyperin found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Potassium found in Seed (6870 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Dopaminigenic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Dye
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ectoparasiticide
Nicotine found in Leaf
Emetic
Methionine found in Seed (2905 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Epinephrininergic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Seed (3725 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Seed (5875 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (10295 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (4025 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (2905 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (7505 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (12 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Seed (11 ppm)
Euphoriant
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (147720 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (49070 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21030 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (7505 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorine found in Seed (230 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Melatonin found in Seed
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Seed (2905 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (49070 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Hyperin found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lecithin found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (2905 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Herbicide
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Nicotine found in Leaf
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (49070 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Seed (3 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (130 ppm)
Hypnotic
Melatonin found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Seed (4025 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed (85 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Delta-tocopherol found in Seed (2090 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (92000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (3675 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
Mufa found in Seed (147720 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Seed (1120 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21030 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (11 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (32 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Seed (3 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Bark
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (92000 ppm)
Hyperin found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Potassium found in Seed (6870 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Hypothermic
Melatonin found in Seed
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (92000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (135 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Melatonin found in Seed
Phosphorus found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insecticide
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Nicotine found in Leaf
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (147720 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Insectiphile
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (147720 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Keratolytic
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (1040 ppm)
Larvicide
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (92000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (1040 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Lipotropic
Inositol found in Leaf
Lecithin found in Seed
Methionine found in Seed (2905 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (49070 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21030 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Seed (6520 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4555 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Myostimulant
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (3675 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (3675 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nematicide
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (49070 ppm)
Nematistat
Nicotine found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (15310 ppm)
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Seed (7835 ppm)
Neuroparalytic
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (29155 ppm)
Nicotine found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Seed (11 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Seed
Histidine found in Seed (3725 ppm)
Oxytocic
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PKC-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (3675 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Paramecicide
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Seed (1040 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Seed (147720 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
Perfumery
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (147720 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21030 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Avicularin found in Leaf
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorine found in Seed (230 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Germacrene-d found in Leaf
Hyperin found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Nicotine found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (49070 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Seed (1.6 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (1040 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Leaf
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Leaf
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Progesteronigenic
Melatonin found in Seed
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Leaf
Iron found in Seed (28 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (532760 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (210300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (49070 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21030 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Stem Bark (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (15310 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Seed (1040 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Sedative
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (11 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Melatonin found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Nicotine found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (49070 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (1670 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Sternutatory
Juglone found in Leaf ;found in Testa (7630 ppm);found in Seed (205 ppm)
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Succinic-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Sudorific
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21030 ppm)
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Inositol found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratogenic
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Termiticide
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Melatonin found in Seed
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Avicularin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Nicotine found in Leaf
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (6520 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (3.5 ppm);found in Testa (600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Inositol found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Seed (600 ppm);found in Testa (18860 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (1765 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (7835 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (3 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed (2905 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed (2905 ppm)
Uteroactive
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Testa (65 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Vasoactive
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Vasoconstrictor
Serotonin found in Embryo (95 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (92000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1945 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (31 ppm)
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Potassium found in Seed (6870 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Vesicant
Plumbagin found in Fruit
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (15000 ppm);found in Seed (52 ppm);found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28 ppm);found in Testa (800 ppm)
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6 ppm);found in Testa (115 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Testa (2770 ppm);found in Seed (105 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (2 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (75100 ppm);found in Leaf (110000 ppm);found in Fruit (122000 ppm)
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,4,5-trihydroxy-napthalene-4-beta-d-glucoside Plant
1,4,5-trioxy-naphthaline-5-beta-d-glucoside Fruit
24-methylenecholesterol Seed 0 3.5
3,3'-bisjuglone Root Bark
Alanine Seed
Alpha-tocopherol Seed 0 135
Arginine Seed
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 4,500 15,000
Seed 0 52
Leaf 8,000 13,000
Ash Seed 12,000 21,000
Aspartic-acid Seed 14,750 15,310
Avicularin Leaf
Beta-carotene Seed 0 1
Beta-eudesmol Leaf 12 30
Beta-hydroplumbagin Fruit
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Seed 310 1,765
Beta-tocopherol Seed 0 0
Betulin Bark
Betulinic-acid Stem Bark 40
Biotin Seed 0.02
Boron Seed 0.5 12
Brassicasterol Seed 0 1.5
Caffeic-acid Leaf
Seed 1 6
Testa 15 115
Calcium Seed 610 1,100
Campestanol Seed 0 0.7
Campesterol Seed 20 85
Carbohydrates Seed 110,000 248,000
Carotene Leaf 300
Chlorine Seed 230
Chlorogenic-acid Seed 10 28
Testa 220 800
Cholestanol Seed 0 2
Cholesterol Seed 0 12
Citric-acid Fruit
Clerosterol Seed 5 35
Copper Seed 3 15
Cyanidin Leaf
Cyclo-trijuglone Root Bark
Cystine Seed 3,450 3,580
Delta-5,23-stigmastadienol Seed 0 5
Delta-5,24-stigmastadienol Seed 0 13
Delta-5-avenasterol Seed 20 105
Delta-7-avenasterol Seed 0 2
Delta-7-campesterol Seed 0 0
Delta-7-stigmastenol Seed 0 6
Delta-tocopherol Seed 0 2,090
Ellagic-acid Fruit
Testa 550 2,770
Seed 30 105
Ellagitannins Leaf
Eo Leaf 100 300
Eugenol Leaf 10 30
Fat Seed 400,000 701,000
Ferulic-acid Seed 0.4 1
Testa 10 65
Fiber Seed 14,000 92,000
Folacin Seed 1 2
Folic-acid Seed 1 2
Gadoleic-acid Seed 5,200 5,395
Gallic-acid Fruit
Galloylglucose Plant
Gamma-tocopherol Seed 172 3,675
Geranic-acid Leaf
Germacrene-d Leaf
Glutamic-acid Seed 28,090 29,155
Glycine Seed 7,550 7,835
Hexen-(2)-al-(1) Leaf
Histidine Seed 3,590 3,725
Hydrojuglone Fruit
Hydrojugloneglucoside Fruit
Hyperin Leaf 2,000
Hyperoside Leaf
Inositol Leaf
Iron Seed 22 28
Isoleucine Seed 5,660 5,875
Juglansin Seed
Juglone Leaf
Testa 1,980 7,630
Seed 60 205
Kaempferol Leaf
Kaempferol-3-arabinoside Leaf
Kilocalories Seed 6,420 6,665
Lecithin Seed
Leucine Seed 9,920 10,295
Linoleic-acid Seed 228,000 532,760
Linolenic-acid Seed 8,000 112,160
Lysine Seed 3,880 4,025
Magnesium Seed 1,310 1,945
Malic-acid Fruit
Manganese Seed 27 32
Melatonin Seed
Meso-inositol Leaf 3,000
Methionine Seed 2,800 2,905
Mufa Seed 141,750 147,720
Myristic-acid Seed 1,890 1,960
Neo-chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Niacin Seed 6 31
Nicotine Leaf
Oleic-acid Seed 36,000 210,300
P-coumaric-acid Leaf
Seed 0.5 3.5
Testa 160 600
Palmitic-acid Seed 12,000 49,070
Palmitoleic-acid Seed 1,610 1,670
Pantothenic-acid Seed 3 10
Peroxidase Fruit
Phenylalanine Seed 6,280 6,520
Phosphorus Seed 2,800 5,100
Phytate Seed 7,600 9,930
Phytosterols Seed 1,080 1,120
Plumbagin Fruit
Potassium Seed 4,500 6,870
Proline Seed 5,530 5,740
Protein Seed 137,000 204,000
Pufa Seed 391,250 406,070
Quercetin Leaf
Quercetin-3-arabinoside Leaf
Quercitrin Leaf
Riboflavin Seed 1 5
Salicylates Seed 3
Serine Seed 7,820 8,115
Serotonin Embryo 95
Seed 304
Sfa Seed 55,860 57,975
Sinapic-acid Seed 0.1 1.6
Testa 12 43
Sitostanol Seed 0 0
Sodium Seed 20 130
Stearic-acid Seed 2,000 21,030
Stigmasterol Seed 0 11
Sulfur Seed 1,040
Syringaldehyde Seed 6 12
Testa 200 325
Syringic-acid Seed 130 600
Testa 6,850 18,860
Tannin Bark 53,000 75,100
Leaf 90,000 110,000
Fruit 122,000
Thiamin Seed 3 5
Threonine Seed 4,480 4,650
Tocopherols Seed 25 4,410
Trisjuglone Plant
Tryptophan Seed 1,890 1,960
Tyrosine Seed 4,390 4,555
Valine Seed 7,230 7,505
Vit-b-6 Seed 4 11
Water Seed 25,000 42,000
Zinc Seed 25 30
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]