Isatis tinctoria Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
dyer's woad woad

Isatis tinctoria, with woad or glastum as the common name, is a flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae. It is commonly called dyer's woad. It is occasionally known as Asp of Jerusalem. Woad is also the name of a blue dye produced from the leaves of the plant. Woad is native to the steppe and desert zones of the Caucasus, Central Asia to eastern Siberia and Western Asia but is now found in southeastern and Central Europe as well. Long important as a source of blue dye, it has been cultivated throughout Europe, especially in Western and southern Europe, since ancient times. In medieval times there were important woad-growing regions in England, Germany and France. Towns such as Toulouse became prosperous from the woad trade. Woad was eventually replaced by the stronger indigo and, in the early 20th century, both woad and indigo were replaced by synthetic indigos. Used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries, woad is now being studied for use in the treatment of cancer. There has also been some revival of the use of woad for craft purposes.

Isatis tinctoria

Medical use

Economic importance of Isatis tinctoria

Bee plants honey production
Gene sources tertiary genetic relative of radish
Materials lipids tanin/dyestuf
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria Isatis tinctoria

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Lebanon; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
    • China: China - Fujian, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu ; Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland ; Sweden
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Slovakia
    • East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Russian Federation - European part ; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Norway; United Kingdom - England
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic
    • East Europe: Belarus; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part
    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Newfoundland, Ontario, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - New York, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Missouri
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, Nevada, Utah
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southern South America: Chile

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Plant
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Analgesic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Root (132 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (181 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (150 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (181 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Root (10 ppm)
Iron found in Root (150 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (181 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Copper found in Root (10 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (181 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antibacterial
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticancer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (150 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (150 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Root (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (181 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (181 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (181 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (181 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Copper found in Root (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Antifeedant
Quercetin found in Plant
Sinigrin found in Root
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Copper found in Root (10 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antileukemic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (150 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antimutagenic
3-butenyl-isothiocyanate found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Root (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Copper found in Root (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (181 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (181 ppm)
Antioxidant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Manganese found in Root (181 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiradicular
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiseptic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (181 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitumor
Erucic-acid found in Seed (80640 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiviral
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Apoptotic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Sinigrin found in Root
Candidicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Indican found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Root (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (10 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Dermatophyticide
Tryptanthrin found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Flatugenic
Stachyose found in Plant
Fungicide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tryptanthrin found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (134 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Copper found in Root (10 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Manganese found in Root (181 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Root (10 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Plant
Larvicide
Sinigrin found in Root
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Lubricant
Erucic-acid found in Seed (80640 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Sinigrin found in Root
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Pesticide
Arsenic found in Root (132 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Sinigrin found in Root
Tryptanthrin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Sinigrin found in Root
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Iron found in Root (150 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (72960 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (103680 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Sinigrin found in Root
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (10 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (4410 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Root (40 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-sulfo-3-indolylmethylglucosinolate Plant
3-butenyl-isothiocyanate Root
Arsenic Root 132
Beta-galactan Plant
Calcium Root 16,300
Cicerose Plant
Copper Root 10
Erucic-acid Seed 26,460 80,640
Fat Seed 126,000 384,000
Gamma-galactan Plant
Indican Root
Iron Root 150
Isatan Plant
Kaempferol Plant
Linoleic-acid Seed 23,940 72,960
Linolenic-acid Seed Oil 30,240 92,160
Lupeose Plant
Magnesium Root 4,410
Manganese Root 181
Manneotetrose Plant
Myrosin Root
Oleic-acid Seed 34,020 103,680
Potassium Root 16,300
Protein Seed 125,000 340,000
Quercetin Plant
Sinigrin Root
Sodium Root 134
Stachyose Plant
Tryptanthrin Leaf
Zinc Root 40
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]