Ilex verticillata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
black-alder Virginia winterberry winterberry

Ilex verticillata, the winterberry, is a species of holly native to eastern North America in the United States and southeast Canada, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to Alabama. Other names that have been used include Black Alder Winterberry, Brook Alder, Canada holly, Coralberry, Deciduous Holly, Deciduous Winterberry, False alder, Fever bush, Inkberry, Michigan Holly, Possumhaw, Swamp Holly, Virginian Winterberry, or Winterberry Holly. The species occurs particularly in wetland habitats, but also on dry sand dunes and grassland. The berries are an important food resource for numerous species of birds.

Ilex verticillata

Medical use

Economic importance of Ilex verticillata

Environmental ornamental

Gallery

Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri , Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

Biological activities

AntiHIV
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiflu
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antitumor
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiviral
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Betulin Bark
Fruit
Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]