Hyssopus officinalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
hyssop

Hyssopus officinalis or hyssop is a herbaceous plant of the genus Hyssopus native to Southern Europe, the Middle East, and the region surrounding the Caspian Sea. Due to its properties as an antiseptic, cough reliever, and expectorant, it is commonly used as an aromatic herb and medicinal plant.

Hyssopus officinalis

Medical use

Economic importance of Hyssopus officinalis

Food additives flavoring flavoring
Materials esential oils esential oils
Medicines folklore folklore

Gallery

Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis Hyssopus officinalis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran ; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Dagestan
    Cultivated
    • China: China
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czechoslovakia; Hungary; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
    Naturalized
    • Europe
    Cultivated
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Slovakia
    • East Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • North America
    Cultivated
    • Canada
    • United States

Biological activities

ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (1880 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Abortifacient
Alpha-thujone found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Beta-thujone found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (1880 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Plant (0.014 ppm)
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (1880 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (420 ppm)
Diosmetin found in Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Camphene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Shoot (115000 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Flower (32 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (102000 ppm);found in Shoot (520 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (660 ppm);found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Shoot (930 ppm);found in Shoot (168000 ppm);found in Shoot (790 ppm);found in Shoot (780 ppm);found in Shoot (1750 ppm);found in Shoot (1080 ppm);found in Leaf (4580 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Analgesic
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Flower (32 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Estragol found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Anti-LDL
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
AntiCVI
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
AntiDNA
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
AntiEBV
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
AntiRNA
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (1880 ppm)
D-limonene found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm)
Elemol found in Flower (215 ppm);found in Leaf (608 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (420 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Estragole found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Flower (18 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiallergenic
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Antialopecic
Inositol found in Leaf (433.3 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Choline found in Plant
Diosmetin found in Essential Oil
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Marrubiin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (320 ppm);found in Flower (120 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Alpha-thujone found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-ionone found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Beta-thujone found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (420 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Iodine found in Plant (0.014 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Nerol found in Flower (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Leaf (380 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Terpinyl-acetate found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antibradykinic
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (420 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Plant
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Plant
Inositol found in Leaf (433.3 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Estragol found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Plant
Anticytotoxic
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Antidementia
Choline found in Plant
Diosmetin found in Essential Oil
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Choline found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Plant
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Plant
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Plant (0.014 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Nerol found in Flower (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Sabinene found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Leaf (380 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Plant
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (102000 ppm);found in Shoot (520 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (660 ppm);found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Shoot (930 ppm);found in Shoot (168000 ppm);found in Shoot (790 ppm);found in Shoot (780 ppm);found in Shoot (1750 ppm);found in Shoot (1080 ppm);found in Leaf (4580 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antilepric
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antimalarial
Myrtenal found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Myrtenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (250 ppm);found in Shoot (240 ppm);found in Shoot (220 ppm);found in Shoot (190 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (260 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (190 ppm);found in Flower (160 ppm);found in Leaf (520 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Trans-pinocarveol found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (180 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Plant
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Beta-ionone found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
D-limonene found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antimetrorrhagic
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Diosmetin found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (1880 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Choline found in Plant
Marrubiin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Shoot (115000 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Myrtenal found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Myrtenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (250 ppm);found in Shoot (240 ppm);found in Shoot (220 ppm);found in Shoot (190 ppm);found in Shoot (210 ppm);found in Shoot (260 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (190 ppm);found in Flower (160 ppm);found in Leaf (520 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Trans-pinocarveol found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (180 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiproteolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Flower (32 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Diosmetin found in Essential Oil
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Flower (32 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (102000 ppm);found in Shoot (520 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (660 ppm);found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Shoot (930 ppm);found in Shoot (168000 ppm);found in Shoot (790 ppm);found in Shoot (780 ppm);found in Shoot (1750 ppm);found in Shoot (1080 ppm);found in Leaf (4580 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Furfural found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Iodine found in Plant (0.014 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Nerol found in Flower (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Plant
Sabinene found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Leaf (380 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antishock
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (1880 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (102000 ppm);found in Shoot (520 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (660 ppm);found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Shoot (930 ppm);found in Shoot (168000 ppm);found in Shoot (790 ppm);found in Shoot (780 ppm);found in Shoot (1750 ppm);found in Shoot (1080 ppm);found in Leaf (4580 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (320 ppm);found in Flower (120 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (420 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antithromboxane
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Plant (0.014 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
D-limonene found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-ionone found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Elemol found in Flower (215 ppm);found in Leaf (608 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Nerol found in Flower (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Sabinene found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Leaf (380 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiuremic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Diosmetin found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Iodine found in Plant (0.014 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
D-limonene found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Arrhythmigenic
Marrubiin found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Bitter
Marrubiin found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Bruchifuge
Xanthophyll found in Plant (3556 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Estragole found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Flower (18 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Shoot (960 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
D-limonene found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm)
Diosmetin found in Essential Oil
Estragole found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Flower (18 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (102000 ppm);found in Shoot (520 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (660 ppm);found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Shoot (930 ppm);found in Shoot (168000 ppm);found in Shoot (790 ppm);found in Shoot (780 ppm);found in Shoot (1750 ppm);found in Shoot (1080 ppm);found in Leaf (4580 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Estragole found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Flower (18 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Cardioactive
Marrubiin found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Carminative
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Catabolic
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
D-limonene found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Marrubiin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Inositol found in Leaf (433.3 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Cholinergic
Choline found in Plant
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Isopinocamphone found in Essential Oil (381000 ppm);found in Shoot (2220 ppm);found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Shoot (2940 ppm);found in Shoot (3260 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Shoot (1380 ppm);found in Shoot (1410 ppm);found in Shoot (2920 ppm)
Pinocamphone found in Essential Oil (440000 ppm);found in Flower (2060 ppm);found in Shoot (4600 ppm);found in Shoot (4620 ppm);found in Shoot (691000 ppm);found in Shoot (160 ppm);found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (1970 ppm);found in Shoot (1950 ppm);found in Leaf (13820 ppm);found in Shoot (1800 ppm);found in Shoot (270 ppm);found in Shoot (4870 ppm)
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (420 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Binder
Estragole found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Flower (18 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Shoot (960 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Deliriant
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (320 ppm);found in Flower (120 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Iodine found in Plant (0.014 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Differentiator
D-limonene found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm)
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (320 ppm);found in Flower (120 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Emmenagogue
Alpha-thujone found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Beta-thujone found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Isopinocamphone found in Essential Oil (381000 ppm);found in Shoot (2220 ppm);found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Shoot (2940 ppm);found in Shoot (3260 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Shoot (1380 ppm);found in Shoot (1410 ppm);found in Shoot (2920 ppm)
Pinocamphone found in Essential Oil (440000 ppm);found in Flower (2060 ppm);found in Shoot (4600 ppm);found in Shoot (4620 ppm);found in Shoot (691000 ppm);found in Shoot (160 ppm);found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (1970 ppm);found in Shoot (1950 ppm);found in Leaf (13820 ppm);found in Shoot (1800 ppm);found in Shoot (270 ppm);found in Shoot (4870 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Diosmetin found in Essential Oil
Nerol found in Flower (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower (348 ppm);found in Shoot (310 ppm);found in Shoot (290 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (190 ppm);found in Shoot (330 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (380 ppm);found in Shoot (280 ppm);found in Leaf (800 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Camphene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Shoot (115000 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Marrubiin found in Plant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
3-octanol found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (320 ppm);found in Flower (120 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (1880 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Flower (32 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (102000 ppm);found in Shoot (520 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (660 ppm);found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Shoot (930 ppm);found in Shoot (168000 ppm);found in Shoot (790 ppm);found in Shoot (780 ppm);found in Shoot (1750 ppm);found in Shoot (1080 ppm);found in Leaf (4580 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Camphene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Shoot (115000 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (7 ppm)
D-limonene found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Flower (18 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Furfural found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Nerol found in Flower (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Nonanoic-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Terpinyl-acetate found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (320 ppm);found in Flower (120 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Flower (32 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower (348 ppm);found in Shoot (310 ppm);found in Shoot (290 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (190 ppm);found in Shoot (330 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (380 ppm);found in Shoot (280 ppm);found in Leaf (800 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Furfural found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Iodine found in Plant (0.014 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Plant (0.014 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Estragole found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Flower (18 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Shoot (960 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Choline found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (102000 ppm);found in Shoot (520 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (660 ppm);found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Shoot (930 ppm);found in Shoot (168000 ppm);found in Shoot (790 ppm);found in Shoot (780 ppm);found in Shoot (1750 ppm);found in Shoot (1080 ppm);found in Leaf (4580 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Myrtenal found in Shoot (30 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Histaminic
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Plant (0.014 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-ionone found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
D-limonene found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Choline found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Hypothermic
Estragole found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Flower (18 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Shoot (960 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (1880 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Alpha-thujone found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
D-limonene found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Flower (18 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Furfural found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Shoot (960 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (1880 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (102000 ppm);found in Shoot (520 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (660 ppm);found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Shoot (930 ppm);found in Shoot (168000 ppm);found in Shoot (790 ppm);found in Shoot (780 ppm);found in Shoot (1750 ppm);found in Shoot (1080 ppm);found in Leaf (4580 ppm)
Beta-thujone found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Shoot (115000 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
D-limonene found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Flower (18 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Terpinyl-acetate found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Xanthophyll found in Plant (3556 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (320 ppm);found in Flower (120 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (320 ppm);found in Flower (120 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (102000 ppm);found in Shoot (520 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (660 ppm);found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Shoot (930 ppm);found in Shoot (168000 ppm);found in Shoot (790 ppm);found in Shoot (780 ppm);found in Shoot (1750 ppm);found in Shoot (1080 ppm);found in Leaf (4580 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Furfural found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Larvicide
Alpha-thujone found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (320 ppm);found in Flower (120 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Lipotropic
Choline found in Plant
Inositol found in Leaf (433.3 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Litholytic
D-limonene found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
MDR-Inhibitor
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Memorigenic
Choline found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Mutagenic
Estragole found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Flower (18 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Estragol found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Diosmetin found in Essential Oil
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-ionone found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
D-limonene found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Isopinocamphone found in Essential Oil (381000 ppm);found in Shoot (2220 ppm);found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Shoot (2940 ppm);found in Shoot (3260 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Shoot (1380 ppm);found in Shoot (1410 ppm);found in Shoot (2920 ppm)
Pinocamphone found in Essential Oil (440000 ppm);found in Flower (2060 ppm);found in Shoot (4600 ppm);found in Shoot (4620 ppm);found in Shoot (691000 ppm);found in Shoot (160 ppm);found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (1970 ppm);found in Shoot (1950 ppm);found in Leaf (13820 ppm);found in Shoot (1800 ppm);found in Shoot (270 ppm);found in Shoot (4870 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Osteoblastogenic
Diosmetin found in Essential Oil
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (1880 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
D-limonene found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (420 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
PPAR-Gamma-Antagonist
Diosmetin found in Essential Oil
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Plant
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Perfumery
3-octanol found in Plant
Alpha-humulene found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (320 ppm);found in Flower (120 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (1880 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower (348 ppm);found in Shoot (310 ppm);found in Shoot (290 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (190 ppm);found in Shoot (330 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (380 ppm);found in Shoot (280 ppm);found in Leaf (800 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (102000 ppm);found in Shoot (520 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (660 ppm);found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Shoot (930 ppm);found in Shoot (168000 ppm);found in Shoot (790 ppm);found in Shoot (780 ppm);found in Shoot (1750 ppm);found in Shoot (1080 ppm);found in Leaf (4580 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Flower (18 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Myrtenal found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Myrtenyl-acetate found in Plant
Nerol found in Flower (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Nonanoic-acid found in Plant
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Plant
Pinocarvone found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Shoot (570 ppm);found in Shoot (170 ppm);found in Shoot (2550 ppm);found in Shoot (5240 ppm);found in Shoot (530 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (560 ppm);found in Shoot (2620 ppm);found in Shoot (220 ppm);found in Shoot (2530 ppm)
Sabinene found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Leaf (380 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Terpinolene found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Terpinyl-acetate found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (320 ppm);found in Flower (120 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (1880 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Alpha-thujone found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Flower (32 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (102000 ppm);found in Shoot (520 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (660 ppm);found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Shoot (930 ppm);found in Shoot (168000 ppm);found in Shoot (790 ppm);found in Shoot (780 ppm);found in Shoot (1750 ppm);found in Shoot (1080 ppm);found in Leaf (4580 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Beta-thujone found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Shoot (115000 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (7 ppm)
D-limonene found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (50 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (420 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Furfural found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (1020 ppm);found in Shoot (900 ppm);found in Shoot (950 ppm);found in Shoot (970 ppm);found in Shoot (920 ppm);found in Shoot (990 ppm);found in Shoot (1550 ppm);found in Shoot (1030 ppm);found in Shoot (670 ppm);found in Leaf (3100 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm)
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Isopinocamphone found in Essential Oil (381000 ppm);found in Shoot (2220 ppm);found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Shoot (2940 ppm);found in Shoot (3260 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Shoot (1380 ppm);found in Shoot (1410 ppm);found in Shoot (2920 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Shoot (960 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (400 ppm)
Myrtenal found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Nerol found in Flower (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Plant
Pinocamphone found in Essential Oil (440000 ppm);found in Flower (2060 ppm);found in Shoot (4600 ppm);found in Shoot (4620 ppm);found in Shoot (691000 ppm);found in Shoot (160 ppm);found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (1970 ppm);found in Shoot (1950 ppm);found in Leaf (13820 ppm);found in Shoot (1800 ppm);found in Shoot (270 ppm);found in Shoot (4870 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Terpinolene found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Terpinyl-acetate found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Xanthophyll found in Plant (3556 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (1020 ppm);found in Shoot (900 ppm);found in Shoot (950 ppm);found in Shoot (970 ppm);found in Shoot (920 ppm);found in Shoot (990 ppm);found in Shoot (1550 ppm);found in Shoot (1030 ppm);found in Shoot (670 ppm);found in Leaf (3100 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
ProHLDL
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Plant (0.014 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Radioprotective
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Marrubiin found in Plant
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Flower (32 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Nerol found in Flower (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (1880 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (102000 ppm);found in Shoot (520 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (660 ppm);found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Shoot (930 ppm);found in Shoot (168000 ppm);found in Shoot (790 ppm);found in Shoot (780 ppm);found in Shoot (1750 ppm);found in Shoot (1080 ppm);found in Leaf (4580 ppm)
Camphene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Shoot (115000 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Sweetener
Inositol found in Leaf (433.3 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Diosmetin found in Essential Oil
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (420 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Plant (0.014 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0.1 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Leaf (1460 ppm);found in Shoot (20 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (102000 ppm);found in Shoot (520 ppm);found in Shoot (620 ppm);found in Shoot (660 ppm);found in Shoot (1050 ppm);found in Shoot (930 ppm);found in Shoot (168000 ppm);found in Shoot (790 ppm);found in Shoot (780 ppm);found in Shoot (1750 ppm);found in Shoot (1080 ppm);found in Leaf (4580 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (480 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (122000 ppm);found in Shoot (610 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Nerol found in Flower (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (180 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Flower (1 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Inositol found in Leaf (433.3 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Vasodilator
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Vasopressor
Hesperidin found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (4900 ppm)
Venoprotective
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Venotonic
Diosmin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (60000 ppm)
Vermicide
Thymol found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Plant (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (443 ppm);found in Flower (624 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (3280 ppm);found in Flower (1240 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (360 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (790 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(1s,2r,5r)-3-pinanone Plant
1,8-cineole Essential Oil 122,000
Shoot 488 610
1,8-epoxy-2-p-menthene Shoot 1
1-(1,4-dimethyl-3-cyclohexen-1-yl)ethanone Shoot 0.1
Shoot 80
Shoot 70
Shoot 10
Shoot 0.1 260
Shoot 130
Shoot 100
Shoot 20
Shoot 60
Shoot 40
10-epi-(alpha)-cadinol Plant 1
2-hexanone Shoot 5 6
3-carene Shoot 1
3-octanol Plant
3-octanone Shoot 1
Allo-aromadendrene Shoot 30
Shoot 40
Shoot 10
Shoot 20
Shoot 30
Shoot 70
Shoot 30
Shoot 0.1 140
Shoot 20
Shoot 0.1
Alpha-cadinene Plant
Alpha-camphene Essential Oil
Alpha-caryophyllene Shoot 190
Shoot 200
Shoot 260
Shoot 120
Shoot 180
Shoot 100 580
Shoot 160
Shoot 260
Shoot 140
Shoot 290
Alpha-gurjunene Shoot 70
Shoot 60
Shoot 30 240
Shoot 50
Shoot 100
Shoot 120
Shoot 120
Shoot 30
Shoot 50
Shoot 40
Alpha-humulene Flower 1 12
Leaf 1 140
Alpha-phellandrene Essential Oil
Leaf 5 320
Flower 12 120
Alpha-pinene Essential Oil
Shoot 70
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 40
Shoot 80
Shoot 60
Shoot 40
Shoot 80
Leaf 0.1 1,460
Shoot 20
Shoot 30
Alpha-terpinene Leaf 1 1,880
Alpha-terpineol Flower 0.3 3
Leaf 0.1 360
Alpha-thujene Shoot 0.1
Shoot 30
Shoot 30
Shoot 20
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 50
Shoot 0.1 120
Shoot 20
Shoot 30
Shoot 60
Alpha-thujone Shoot 10
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 20
Shoot 10
Shoot 20
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 10
Shoot 0.1
Benzaldehyde Shoot
Benzyl-alcohol Essential Oil
Leaf 0.1 30
Flower 3 32
Beta-caryophyllene Flower 40 415
Leaf 3 660
Shoot 200
Shoot 330
Shoot 240
Shoot 210
Shoot 250
Shoot 270
Shoot 230
Shoot 200
Shoot 260
Beta-elemene Plant
Beta-ionone Flower 0.6 6
Leaf 0.3 4
Beta-myrcene Shoot 120
Shoot 120
Shoot 70
Shoot 70
Shoot 120
Shoot 80
Shoot 50
Shoot 130
Shoot 90
Beta-phellandrene Essential Oil
Flower 34 348
Shoot 310
Shoot 290
Shoot 50
Shoot 190
Shoot 330
Shoot 50
Shoot 60
Shoot 380
Shoot 280
Leaf 1 800
Beta-pinene Essential Oil 102,000
Shoot 520
Shoot 620
Shoot 660
Shoot 1,050
Shoot 930
Shoot 168,000
Shoot 790
Shoot 780
Shoot 1,750
Shoot 1,080
Leaf 66 4,580
Beta-selinenol Shoot 20
Shoot 0.1 80
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 0.1
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Beta-thujone Shoot 0.1
Shoot 0.1 40
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 20
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 20
Shoot 20
Shoot 20
Bicyclogermacrene Shoot 480
Shoot 760
Shoot 460
Shoot 540
Shoot 8 1,520
Shoot 460
Shoot 420
Shoot 510
Shoot 430
Shoot 520
Borneol Shoot 3 4
Borneol-acetate Essential Oil
Bornyl-acetate Plant
Caffeic-acid Plant
Camphene Essential Oil
Leaf 6 80
Shoot 115,000
Shoot 40
Shoot 30
Shoot 40
Shoot 40
Shoot 20
Shoot 20
Shoot 40
Shoot 40
Shoot 20
Camphor Essential Oil
Leaf 10 3,280
Flower 125 1,240
Car-3-ene Essential Oil
Carotenes Plant 1,080
Carvacrol Plant 1
Choline Plant
Cineol Essential Oil
Cis-beta-ocimene Flower 0.6 6
Leaf 0.1 720
Shoot 60
Shoot 50
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 10
Shoot 100
Shoot 80
Shoot 200
Shoot 10
Shoot 110
Cis-calamenene Plant
Cis-nerolidiol Leaf 2 20
Cis-nerolidol Essential Oil
Cis-pinic-acid Essential Oil
Plant
Cis-pinoic-acid Plant
Cis-pinonic-acid Essential Oil
Cryptone Shoot 7 9
Cuminaldehyde Shoot 4 7
D-2-hydroxyisopinocamphone Plant 6 140
D-limonene Shoot 50
Shoot 60
Shoot 40
Shoot 40
Shoot 40
Shoot 40
Shoot 50
Shoot 40
Shoot 60
D-terpineol Shoot 12 15
Delphinidin-3-(p-coumaroylglucoside)-5-glucoside Flower
Delta-cadinene Plant 14 420
Diosmetin Essential Oil
Diosmetin-glycosides Essential Oil
Diosmin Leaf
Shoot
Plant 30,000 60,000
Elemol Flower 21 215
Leaf 0.4 608
Eo Plant 300 20,000
Shoot 10,000
Shoot 10,000
Shoot 10,000
Shoot
Shoot 10,000
Shoot 10,000
Shoot 10,000
Shoot 10,000
Shoot 10,000
Shoot 10,000
Estragol Shoot 30
Shoot 20
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 40
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 40
Shoot 40
Shoot 40
Shoot 30
Estragole Essential Oil
Leaf 1 80
Flower 2 18
Eugenol Essential Oil
Leaf 2 443
Flower 62 624
Eugenol-methyl-ether Shoot 30
Shoot 40
Shoot 20
Shoot 50
Shoot 10 100
Shoot 20
Shoot 30
Shoot 10
Shoot 30
Shoot 40
Ferulic-acid Plant
Furfural Shoot 1 2
Gamma-cadinene Plant
Gamma-terpinene Leaf 1 60
Geraniol Flower 0.5 6
Leaf 0.1 2
Germacrene-d Essential Oil
Shoot 1,020
Shoot 900
Shoot 950
Shoot 970
Shoot 920
Shoot 990
Shoot 1,550
Shoot 1,030
Shoot 670
Leaf 4 3,100
Flower 10 200
Gum Plant
Hedycaryol Flower 10 105
Shoot 240
Shoot 680
Shoot 560
Shoot 660
Shoot 410
Shoot 530
Shoot 440
Leaf 8 1,700
Shoot 250
Shoot 350
Hesperidin Plant 50,000 60,000
Hesperidin-glycosides Essential Oil
Hexan-1-ol Flower 1 10
Leaf 1 15
Hydroxycinnamic-derivatives Plant 22,000
Hyssopin Plant
Hyssopus-polysaccharide-mar-10 Leaf 112.2
Inositol Leaf 433.3
Iodine Plant 0.014
Isopinocamphome Flower 5 55
Isopinocamphone Essential Oil 381,000
Shoot 2,220
Leaf 3 6,520
Shoot 2,940
Shoot 3,260
Shoot 110
Shoot 200
Shoot 130
Shoot 1,380
Shoot 1,410
Shoot 2,920
Ledol Shoot 30
Shoot 50
Shoot 30
Shoot 40
Shoot 20 120
Shoot 30
Shoot 30
Shoot 40
Shoot 60
Shoot 40
Limonene Flower 5 54
Leaf 7 480
Linalol Shoot 80
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 20
Shoot 70
Shoot 50
Shoot 70
Shoot 10
Shoot 20
Shoot 0.1
Linalool Essential Oil
Leaf 0.2 160
Flower 0.1 1
Marrubiin Plant
Methyl-chavicol Shoot 1 960
Methyl-eugenol Shoot 7 100
Methyl-myrtenate Flower 5 54
Shoot 20
Shoot 30
Shoot 20
Shoot 20
Shoot 20
Shoot 30
Shoot 20
Shoot 20
Leaf 4 480
Shoot 40
Myrcene Shoot 27 400
Myrtenal Shoot 24 30
Myrtenic-acid Plant
Myrtenic-acid-methyl-ester Shoot 8 11
Myrtenic-cis-pinic-acid Plant
Myrtenic-cis-pinoic-acid Plant
Myrtenoic-acid-methyl-ester Essential Oil
Myrtenol Essential Oil
Shoot 170
Shoot 250
Shoot 240
Shoot 220
Shoot 190
Shoot 210
Shoot 260
Shoot 200
Shoot 190
Flower 16 160
Leaf 0.5 520
Myrtenol-methyl-ether Essential Oil
Shoot 140
Shoot 130
Shoot 30
Shoot 40
Shoot 40
Shoot 100
Shoot 110
Shoot 80
Shoot 110
Myrtenyl-acetate Plant
Myrtenyl-methyl-ether Flower 12 120
Leaf 1 380
N-eicosane Shoot
Shoot
Shoot
Shoot
Shoot
Shoot
Shoot
Shoot
Shoot
N-tetradecane Shoot
Shoot
Shoot
Shoot
Shoot
Shoot
Shoot
Shoot
Shoot
Nerol Flower 0.8 8
Leaf 0.8 9
Nonanoic-acid Plant
Nopinone Shoot 6 8
O-vanillin Essential Oil
Plant
Leaf 0.1 21
Oct-1-en-3-ol Flower 0.1 1
Leaf 0.5 48
Octan-3-ol Essential Oil
Leaf 1
Oleanolic-acid Plant
P-cymene Essential Oil
Plant 6 180
P-cymenol-8 Shoot 1
P-cymol Shoot 3 4
P-vanillin Leaf 1 38
Phenethyl-alcohol Plant
Phenethylethanol Flower 2 21
Leaf 0.2 40
Phenylethanol Essential Oil
Pinocampheol Plant
Shoot 11,000
Pinocamphone Essential Oil 440,000
Flower 200 2,060
Shoot 4,600
Shoot 4,620
Shoot 691,000
Shoot 160
Shoot 140
Shoot 1,970
Shoot 1,950
Leaf 24 13,820
Shoot 1,800
Shoot 270
Shoot 4,870
Pinocarveol Shoot 32 40
Pinocarvone Essential Oil 203,000
Shoot 570
Shoot 170
Shoot 2,550
Shoot 120 5,240
Shoot 530
Shoot 120
Shoot 560
Shoot 2,620
Shoot 220
Shoot 2,530
Resin Plant
Rosmarinic-acid Inflorescence
Plant 5,000
Sabinene Flower 10 100
Shoot 70
Shoot 150
Shoot 90
Shoot 110
Shoot 100
Shoot 110
Shoot 80
Shoot 80
Shoot 110
Leaf 28 380
Salicylic-acid-methyl-ester Shoot 1 2
Spathulenol Flower
Shoot 100
Shoot 90
Shoot 120
Shoot 110
Shoot 130
Shoot 160
Shoot 120
Shoot 100
Shoot 130
Leaf 1 440
T-cadinol Leaf 0.1 60
Shoot 30
Shoot
Shoot 20
Shoot 30
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 0.1
Shoot 20
Shoot 30
Shoot 30
Shoot 0.1
Tannin Plant 50,000 80,000
Terpenyl-acetate Essential Oil
Terpinen-4-ol Flower 2 28
Leaf 1 790
Terpineol Essential Oil
Terpinolene Leaf 1 20
Terpinyl-acetate Shoot
Thymol Shoot 2 3
Trans-beta-ocimene Flower 6 66
Leaf 1 140
Trans-hexen-1-ol Plant
Trans-nerolidol Flower
Plant 1 80
Trans-pinocarveol Shoot 60
Shoot 90
Shoot 50
Shoot 40 180
Shoot 40
Shoot 40
Shoot 60
Shoot 40
Shoot 60
Shoot 70
Trans-sabinene-hydrate Flower 1 6
Leaf 1 40
Ursolic-acid Plant 4,900
Verbenol Essential Oil
Leaf 1 78
Xanthophyll Plant 3,556
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]