Hordeum vulgare Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
barley wild barley
Hordeum vulgare

Medical use

Economic importance of Hordeum vulgare

Environmental soil improver
Animal food foder
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Hordeum vulgare Hordeum vulgare Hordeum vulgare Hordeum vulgare Hordeum vulgare Hordeum vulgare Hordeum vulgare Hordeum vulgare Hordeum vulgare Hordeum vulgare Hordeum vulgare Hordeum vulgare Hordeum vulgare Hordeum vulgare Hordeum vulgare

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Egypt ; Libya
    Naturalized
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    Cultivated
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Mauritania; Nigeria
    • South Tropical Africa: Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan
    • Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • China: China - Sichuan , Xizang
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Asia: Korea
    Cultivated
    • Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Pakistan
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Myanmar ; Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece - Crete
    Cultivated
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia; Italy ; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Canada
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Mesoamerica: El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (14575 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4070 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1430 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Abortifacient
Betaine found in Root (234 ppm);found in Shoot (1.8 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Seed (620000 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Seed (200 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Seed
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Adrenergic
Tyramine found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm)
Allelochemic
Catechin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Coumarin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Hordatine-a found in Sprout Seedling
Hordatine-b found in Sprout Seedling
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Tricin found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Herniarin found in Plant
Mannitol found in Root
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Oleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (14575 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (14575 ppm)
Analgesic
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Coumarin found in Plant
Dicentrine found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Mannitol found in Root
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Melatonin found in Seed
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (6 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (14575 ppm)
Anesthetic
Coumarin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (446000 ppm);found in Stem (134000 ppm);found in Seed (151000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (44000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (6130 ppm);found in Stem (25000 ppm);found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Sprout Seedling (0.01 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Mannitol found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
AntiCVS
Aesculin found in Protoplast
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Riboflavin found in Seed (9 ppm);found in Stem (28 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
AntiMSG-Sensitivity
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
AntiMorning-Sickness
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm);found in Stem (60 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Seed (1.48 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
AntiTMJ
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (200 ppm)
Tin found in Stem (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiacrocyanotic
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Antiaflatoxin
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Antiaging
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (100 ppm);found in Stem (160 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Catechin found in Leaf
Fructose found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm);found in Stem (60 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Herniarin found in Plant
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (12 ppm)
Antialopecic
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Biotin found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (14575 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4070 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Antiamebic
Tryptamine found in Sprout Seedling
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (14575 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4070 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (20 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (8 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (1.48 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (100 ppm);found in Stem (160 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm);found in Stem (60 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Ubiquinone found in Sprout Seedling
Antiangiogenic
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed (9 ppm);found in Stem (28 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Alpha-allocryptopine found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Gramine found in Leaf ;found in Protoplast ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Sprout Seedling
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (44000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (6130 ppm);found in Stem (25000 ppm);found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Silicon found in Stem (34 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Catechin found in Leaf
Copper found in Seed (20 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm);found in Stem (60 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (12 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Hordenine found in Root ;found in Sprout Seedling (63 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Lutein found in Sprout Seedling
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Antiautistic
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Antibacterial
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Herniarin found in Plant
Lignin found in Plant (77000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Tin found in Stem (12 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Antibrucellosic
Coumarin found in Plant
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Lignin found in Plant (77000 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (100 ppm);found in Stem (160 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Catechin found in Leaf
Tricin found in Shoot
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (9 ppm);found in Stem (28 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Riboflavin found in Seed (9 ppm);found in Stem (28 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Anticellulitic
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (12 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (9 ppm);found in Stem (28 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (1.48 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (9 ppm);found in Stem (28 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Seed (1.48 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (100 ppm);found in Stem (160 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (9 ppm);found in Stem (28 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Antichoreic
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Dicentrine found in Root
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant (77000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (9 ppm);found in Stem (28 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (1.48 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
Potassium found in Plant (44000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (6130 ppm);found in Stem (25000 ppm);found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Antidermatitic
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Biotin found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (12 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (20 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (446000 ppm);found in Stem (134000 ppm);found in Seed (151000 ppm)
Fructose found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Maltose found in Seed
Manganese found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm);found in Stem (60 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Hordenine found in Root ;found in Sprout Seedling (63 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant (77000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm);found in Stem (60 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm);found in Stem (60 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Glucose found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antiemetic
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Catechin found in Leaf
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Antienzymatic
Piperidine found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (38000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm);found in Stem (60 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antierythemic
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Antiescherichic
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antiesherichic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (20 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (12 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (44000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (6130 ppm);found in Stem (25000 ppm);found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Catechin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Gramine found in Leaf ;found in Protoplast ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Sprout Seedling
Hordenine found in Root ;found in Sprout Seedling (63 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4070 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Betaine found in Root (234 ppm);found in Shoot (1.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (1.48 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Ubiquinone found in Sprout Seedling
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Seed (1.48 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (9 ppm);found in Stem (28 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antigout
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Fructose found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Seed (0.07 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Catechin found in Leaf
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Glucose found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (1010 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Root (234 ppm);found in Shoot (1.8 ppm)
Cystine found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (38000 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (12 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
Trigonelline found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Catechin found in Leaf
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (446000 ppm);found in Stem (134000 ppm);found in Seed (151000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (44000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (6130 ppm);found in Stem (25000 ppm);found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antihyperventilation
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Ubiquinone found in Sprout Seedling
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (9 ppm);found in Stem (28 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Seed
Glucose found in Seed
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Tricin found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (14575 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Catechin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (38000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Antilymphedemic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Lutein found in Sprout Seedling
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antimelanomic
Coumarin found in Plant
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (100 ppm);found in Stem (160 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Antimetaplastic
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Coumarin found in Plant
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (9 ppm);found in Stem (28 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Antimitotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Antimononuccleotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Antimycoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Seed (1.48 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Root (234 ppm);found in Shoot (1.8 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Seed
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Antinephritic
Mannitol found in Root
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Seed (620000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Biotin found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Antineuritic
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Folacin found in Seed (1.48 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Lignin found in Plant (77000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (20 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (8 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (1010 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Sprout Seedling
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (446000 ppm);found in Stem (134000 ppm);found in Seed (151000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Stem (34 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (1010 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (6 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (6 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (20 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm);found in Stem (60 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (6900 ppm);found in Stem (5950 ppm);found in Seed (9200 ppm)
Silicon found in Stem (34 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiosteotic
Catechin found in Leaf
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm);found in Stem (60 ppm)
Antioxaluric
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Antipanniculopathic
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Tyrosine found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Riboflavin found in Seed (9 ppm);found in Stem (28 ppm)
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Catechin found in Leaf
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (1.48 ppm)
Ubiquinone found in Sprout Seedling
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Tyrosine found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (9 ppm);found in Stem (28 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Antiplaque
Catechin found in Leaf
Folacin found in Seed (1.48 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Antipolyp
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Lutein found in Sprout Seedling
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (38000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Sprout Seedling (2340 ppm)
Antipsittacotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Seed (1.48 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Antipyretic
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (0 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antiradiation
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (38000 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antisclerodermic
Catechin found in Leaf
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Antiseborrheic
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Biotin found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiseptic
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Sulfur found in Seed (200 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed (9 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Antisickling
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Seed (7 ppm);found in Stem (212 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Herniarin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Potassium found in Plant (44000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (6130 ppm);found in Stem (25000 ppm);found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Herniarin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (44000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (6130 ppm);found in Stem (25000 ppm);found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm);found in Stem (60 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Antithyreotropic
Melatonin found in Seed
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antitic
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antitoxoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Coumarin found in Plant
Dicentrine found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Fiber found in Plant (446000 ppm);found in Stem (134000 ppm);found in Seed (151000 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant (77000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Phytic-acid found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Tricin found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Seed (7 ppm);found in Stem (212 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Seed
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Lignin found in Plant (77000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (1010 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (38000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (6900 ppm);found in Stem (5950 ppm);found in Seed (9200 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (44000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (6130 ppm);found in Stem (25000 ppm);found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Melatonin found in Seed
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (1010 ppm)
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Astringent
Catechin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Bacteristat
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Coumarin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Plant (446000 ppm);found in Stem (134000 ppm);found in Seed (151000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (44000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (6130 ppm);found in Stem (25000 ppm);found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Hordenine found in Root ;found in Sprout Seedling (63 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Root (234 ppm);found in Shoot (1.8 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Piperidine found in Seed (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
COMP-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Seed (7 ppm);found in Stem (212 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Herniarin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Capillariprotective
Leucocyanidin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Diethyl-amine found in Seed (5.7 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Cardioactive
Alpha-allocryptopine found in Root
Cardiodepressant
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Stem (49 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Betaine found in Root (234 ppm);found in Shoot (1.8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (20 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (446000 ppm);found in Stem (134000 ppm);found in Seed (151000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Potassium found in Plant (44000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (6130 ppm);found in Stem (25000 ppm);found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Silicon found in Stem (34 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Plant (44000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (6130 ppm);found in Stem (25000 ppm);found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Tyramine found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Catabolic
Tricin found in Shoot
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Chelator
Lignin found in Plant (77000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Coumarin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Herniarin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Choleretic
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (14575 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Cholinergic
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Gibberellin found in Seed
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Dimethyl-amine found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Lutein found in Sprout Seedling
Neoxanthin found in Plant
Violaxanthin found in Sprout Seedling
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Seed (200 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (20 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (8 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Cosmetic
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1430 ppm)
Curare
Candicine found in Sprout Seedling
Cyanogenic
Heterodendrin found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
DME-Inhibitor
Coumarin found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Depressant
Melatonin found in Seed
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Piperidine found in Seed (1 ppm)
Diuretic
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Betaine found in Root (234 ppm);found in Shoot (1.8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Fiber found in Plant (446000 ppm);found in Stem (134000 ppm);found in Seed (151000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Potassium found in Plant (44000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (6130 ppm);found in Stem (25000 ppm);found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Dopaminergic
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Emetic
Coumarin found in Plant
Mannitol found in Root
Methionine found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Root (234 ppm);found in Shoot (1.8 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Seed (620000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Seed (7 ppm);found in Stem (212 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Epidermal-Stimulant
Trigonelline found in Seed (9 ppm)
Epileptigenic
Candicine found in Sprout Seedling
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Stem (49 ppm)
Essential
Methionine found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Valine found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (6 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (1010 ppm)
Tricin found in Shoot
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Root (234 ppm);found in Shoot (1.8 ppm)
Expectorant
Betaine found in Root (234 ppm);found in Shoot (1.8 ppm)
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (14575 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4070 ppm)
Piperidine found in Seed (1 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1430 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Root
Raffinose found in Seed
Fungicide
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Herniarin found in Plant
Hordatine-a found in Sprout Seedling
Hordatine-b found in Sprout Seedling
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Phylloquinone found in Seed (0.07 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Fungistat
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
GABA-nergic
Melatonin found in Seed
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Seed (1.48 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4070 ppm)
Hemorrhagic
Coumarin found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Hepatotoxic
Coumarin found in Plant
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Piperidine found in Seed (1 ppm)
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Herbistat
Tricin found in Shoot
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4070 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Seed
Salicylates found in Seed (0 ppm)
Hypertensive
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Candicine found in Sprout Seedling
Sodium found in Sprout Seedling (256 ppm);found in Stem (2240 ppm)
Tryptamine found in Sprout Seedling
Tyramine found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm)
Hypnotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Melatonin found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Hypocalcemic
Phytic-acid found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Campesterol found in Sprout Seedling (330 ppm)
Catechin found in Leaf
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (20 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (446000 ppm);found in Stem (134000 ppm);found in Seed (151000 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant (77000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Melatonin found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Oleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (14575 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Sprout Seedling (2340 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1430 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (1010 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed (9 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Manganese found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm);found in Stem (60 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Salicylates found in Seed (0 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Trigonelline found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Phytic-acid found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (446000 ppm);found in Stem (134000 ppm);found in Seed (151000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Seed (0.07 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (44000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (6130 ppm);found in Stem (25000 ppm);found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Hypothermic
Melatonin found in Seed
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Plant (446000 ppm);found in Stem (134000 ppm);found in Seed (151000 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (20 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Insecticide
Gramine found in Leaf ;found in Protoplast ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Sprout Seedling
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (14575 ppm)
Piperidine found in Seed (1 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Tyramine found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm)
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Irritant
Malonic-acid found in Seed
Methyl-amine found in Seed (4.5 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (14575 ppm)
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Coumarin found in Plant
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (200 ppm)
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Coumarin found in Plant
Isoorientin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (446000 ppm);found in Stem (134000 ppm);found in Seed (151000 ppm)
Fructose found in Seed
Lignin found in Plant (77000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Sulfur found in Seed (200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Root (234 ppm);found in Shoot (1.8 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4070 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1430 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Lymphocytogenic
Coumarin found in Plant
Lymphokinetic
Coumarin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Memorigenic
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Chromium found in Stem (31 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Seed
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Microvasculokinetic
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Monoamine-Precursor
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Tyrosine found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Betaine found in Root (234 ppm);found in Shoot (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Musculotropic
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Mutagenic
Trigonelline found in Seed (9 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Narcotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4070 ppm)
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Seed
Nephrotoxic
Mannitol found in Root
Mercury found in Sprout Seedling (0.07 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (38000 ppm)
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Tyramine found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Nicotinic
Candicine found in Sprout Seedling
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Osmoregulator
Trigonelline found in Seed (9 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Plant (6900 ppm);found in Stem (5950 ppm);found in Seed (9200 ppm)
Ovicide
Coumarin found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (1010 ppm)
Oxytocic
Alpha-allocryptopine found in Root
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Seed (200 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Seed (1617 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (14575 ppm)
Perfumery
Aconitic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (14575 ppm)
Piperidine found in Seed (1 ppm)
Pyrrolidine found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1430 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Pesticide
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Aluminum found in Seed (7 ppm);found in Stem (212 ppm)
Arsenic found in Sprout Seedling (0.01 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Betaine found in Root (234 ppm);found in Shoot (1.8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Coumarin found in Plant
Dimethyl-amine found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Gramine found in Leaf ;found in Protoplast ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Sprout Seedling
Herniarin found in Plant
Hordatine-a found in Sprout Seedling
Hordatine-b found in Sprout Seedling
Hordenine found in Root ;found in Sprout Seedling (63 ppm)
Isoorientin found in Leaf
Lignin found in Plant (77000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4070 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Seed (0.07 ppm)
Piperidine found in Seed (1 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Sulfur found in Seed (200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (10 ppm);found in Stem (13 ppm)
Tin found in Stem (12 ppm)
Tricin found in Shoot
Trigonelline found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tryptamine found in Sprout Seedling
Tyramine found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Vitamin-b-1 found in Seed (4.47 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Photoactive
Herniarin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Phytoalexin
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Piscicide
Coumarin found in Plant
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Seed (620000 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Progesteronigenic
Melatonin found in Seed
Pyridoxine found in Seed (11 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Iron found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (100 ppm);found in Stem (160 ppm)
Lutein found in Sprout Seedling
Propecic
Catechin found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (24035 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (14575 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4070 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1430 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed (9 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Lutein found in Sprout Seedling
Respirodepressant
Coumarin found in Plant
Rodenticide
Coumarin found in Plant
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Seed (200 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (20 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (8 ppm)
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Coumarin found in Plant
Dicentrine found in Root
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Stigmasterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (1010 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Serotoninergic
Melatonin found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4070 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Leaf
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Spinoconvulsant
Piperidine found in Seed (1 ppm)
Sunscreen
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Sprout Seedling
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1430 ppm)
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Fructose found in Seed
Maltose found in Seed
Mannitol found in Root
Sympathomimetic
Tyramine found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm)
Taenicide
Tin found in Stem (12 ppm)
Teratogenic
Diethyl-amine found in Seed (5.7 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Melatonin found in Seed
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Toxic
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Phylloquinone found in Seed (0.07 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Seed (3000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
UV-Screen
Aesculetin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Plant (660 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Stem (312 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Lutein found in Sprout Seedling
Neoxanthin found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Violaxanthin found in Sprout Seedling
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Embryo ;found in Sprout Seedling (980 ppm)
Gluten found in Seed
Salicylic-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Urate-Solvent
Piperidine found in Seed (1 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Folacin found in Seed (1.48 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Seed (1.5 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (0 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Protoplast
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Stem (24 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (10400 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (720 ppm);found in Stem (11000 ppm);found in Seed (4100 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (446000 ppm);found in Stem (134000 ppm);found in Seed (151000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (1670 ppm);found in Stem (2250 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (115 ppm);found in Stem
Potassium found in Plant (44000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (6130 ppm);found in Stem (25000 ppm);found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Vasopressor
Gramine found in Leaf ;found in Protoplast ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Sprout Seedling
Tryptamine found in Sprout Seedling
Tyramine found in Sprout Seedling (26 ppm)
Vasoprotective
Aesculin found in Protoplast
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Stem (3300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (30 ppm);found in Stem (21 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling (20 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Seed
(+)-corydine Root
(+)-glaucine Root
(r)-epi-heterodendrin Sprout Seedling
1,4-benzoquinone Leaf
Tissue Culture
Root
1-(3-amino-propyl)-pyrollinium Sprout Seedling
2'-deoxymugineic acid Root
2-carboxyarabinitol Leaf 814
28-isofucosterol Embryo
3-hydroxy-mugenic-acid Root
5,7-dihydroxy-3',4',5'-trimethoxy-flavone Shoot
5-hydroxy-trans-ferulic-acid Plant
Abscisic-acid Seed
Aconitic-acid Root
Aesculetin Plant
Protoplast
Aesculin Protoplast
Alkyl resorcinol Seed
Alpha-allocryptopine Root
Alpha-keto-glutaric-acid Seed
Alpha-tocopherol Leaf
Root
Seed 3 11
Sprout Seedling
Tissue Culture
Alpha-tocoquinone Leaf
Root
Tissue Culture
Sprout Seedling
Aluminum Seed 7
Stem 212
Ammonia Seed 8,130
Apigenin-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
Arsenic Sprout Seedling 0.01
Ascorbic-acid Seed 0
Stem 3,300
Ash Plant 61,000 235,000
Stem 81,000
Seed 9,000 132,000
Barwin Seed 6
Beta-carotene Plant 149 660
Seed 0 1
Stem 312
Beta-glucan Seed
Beta-sitosterol Embryo
Sprout Seedling 980
Betaine Root 234
Shoot 1.8
Biotin Seed 0.1 0.9
Boron Seed 2 6
Caffeic-acid Fruit
Calcium Plant 800 10,400
Sprout Seedling 720
Stem 11,000
Seed 160 4,100
Calmodulin Cotyledon
Shoot
Campesterol Sprout Seedling 330
Candicine Sprout Seedling
Carbohydrates Plant 265,000 785,000
Seed 608,000 868,000
Stem 801,000
Catechin Leaf
Cellulose Plant 190,000 322,000
Chlorogenic-acid Fruit
Seed
Choline Seed 928 1,617
Chromium Stem 31
Chrysoeriol-7-galactoside Leaf
Chrysoeriol-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
Citrinin Seed
Cobalt Stem 49
Copper Seed 1 20
Sprout Seedling 8
Coumarin Plant
Cyanidin-3-arabinoside Leaf
Cyanidin-3-glucoside Leaf
Cyclic-amp Seed
Sprout Seedling
Cystathionine Sprout Seedling 0.07
Cystine Seed 1,000 2,000
Diamino-propane Sprout Seedling
Dicentrine Root
Diethyl-amine Seed 5.7
Dimethyl-amine Seed 1.6
Epiheterodendrin Sprout Seedling
Ethyl-amine Seed 3.4
Fat Plant 19,000 64,000
Stem 29,000
Seed 5,000 55,000
Ferulic-acid Seed
Feruloylquinic-acid Leaf
Feruloylshikimic acid Leaf
Fiber Plant 128,000 446,000
Stem 134,000
Seed 5,000 151,000
Folacin Seed 0 1.48
Folic-acid Seed 0 1.5
Fructose Seed
Gibberellin Seed
Gibberellin-a-1 Sprout Seedling
Gibberellin-a-3 Sprout Seedling
Glaucentrine Root
Glucodifructose Seed
Glucose Seed
Glutamic-acid Seed 32,000 38,000
Gluten Seed
Glycine-betaine Leaf
Gramine Leaf
Protoplast
Root
Shoot
Sprout Seedling
Herniarin Plant
Heterodendrin Plant
Hexacosan-1-al Leaf
Hexacosan-1-ol Leaf
Hordatine-a Sprout Seedling
Hordatine-b Sprout Seedling
Hordein-b Caryopsis
Hordenine Root
Sprout Seedling 63
Hordeum-protein Seed 3 80
Hordeumin Seed
Horsatine Plant
Hydroxamic-acid Leaf
Protoplast
Indole-3-carboxaldehyde Sprout Seedling
Indole-3-carboxylic-acid Sprout Seedling
Iron Seed 40 100
Sprout Seedling 100
Stem 160
Isoorientin Leaf
Isoorientin-3'-methyl-ether Leaf
Isoorientin-7-arabinosyl-glucoside Leaf
Isoorientin-7-ferulyl-glucoside Leaf
Isoorientin-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
Isoorientin-7-rhamnoglucoside Leaf
Isovitexin Leaf
Isovitexin-7-diglucoside Leaf
Isovitexin-7-o-beta-d-diglucoside Leaf
Isovitexin-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
Jasmonic-acid Fruit
Leucocyanidin Leaf
Lignin Plant 15,000 77,000
Linoleic-acid Leaf
Seed 2,185 24,035
Linolenic-acid Leaf
Seed 22 242
Lutein Sprout Seedling
Luteolin-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
Lutonarin Shoot
Lutonarine Plant
Lutonarine-3'-methylether Plant
Shoot
Magnesium Seed 100 2,300
Sprout Seedling 1,670
Stem 2,250
Malonic-acid Seed
Maltose Seed
Manganese Seed 2 120
Sprout Seedling 26
Stem 60
Mannitol Root
Melatonin Seed
Mercury Sprout Seedling 0.07
Methionine Seed 1,000 4,000
Methyl-amine Seed 4.5
Mugineic-acid Root
N-methyl-tyramine Fruit
Root
Sprout Seedling 48
Neoxanthin Plant
Nh3 Seed 8,130
Niacin Seed 17 115
Stem
O-hydroxycinnamic-acid Seed
Ochrotoxin-a Seed
Oleic-acid Leaf
Seed 1,325 14,575
Orientin Leaf
Orientin-7-o-glucoside Leaf
Oryzanol Plant
Oxalacetic-acid Seed
P-coumaric-acid Fruit
P-coumaroyl-agmatine Shoot 2.5
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Seed
P-oxybenzoic-acid Plant
P-oxycinnamic-acid Plant
Palmitic-acid Leaf
Seed 370 4,070
Palmitoleic-acid Leaf
Pantothenic-acid Seed 2 12
Pentosans Plant 83,000 239,000
Phosphorus Plant 2,300 6,900
Stem 5,950
Seed 1,890 9,200
Phylloquinone Seed 0.07
Phytate Seed 1,640 10,000
Phytic-acid Seed 5,600 11,500
Phytin Seed 12,000
Phytosterols Sprout Seedling 2,340
Piperidine Seed 1
Plastohydroquinone-9 Leaf
Root
Tissue Culture
Plastoquinone Plant
Plastoquinone 9 Leaf
Root
Tissue Culture
Sprout Seedling
Polysaccharide Seed
Potassium Plant 19,880 44,000
Sprout Seedling 6,130
Stem 25,000
Seed 1,600 9,900
Procyanidin-b-3 Seed
Prodelphinidin-b-3 Seed
Prodelphinidin-b-3-dimer Seed
Proline Root 57 219
Propelargonidin-dimer Seed
Protein Leaf
Stem 89,000
Seed 82,000 212,000
Root
Plant 25,000 344,000
Protochlorophyll Leaf
Putrescine Sprout Seedling
Pyridoxine Seed 0 11
Pyrrolidine Seed 0.9
Raffinose Seed
Riboflavin Seed 1 9
Stem 27 28
Salicylates Seed 0
Salicylic-acid Shoot 1
Saponarin Leaf
Shoot
Satiomem Seed
Scopoletin Plant
Protoplast
Selenium Stem 24
Serine Seed 5,000
Silicon Stem 34
Silicon-dioxide Seed 5,000 9,000
Sinapic-acid Plant
Sodium Sprout Seedling 256
Stem 2,240
Spermine Seed
Starch Seed 620,000
Stearic-acid Leaf
Seed 130 1,430
Stigmasterol Embryo
Sprout Seedling 1,010
Sulfur Seed 200
Syringic-acid Plant
Thiamin Seed 1 10
Stem 13
Tin Stem 12
Tocopherols Seed 56 71
Trans-ferulic-acid Plant
Tricin Shoot
Tricin-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
Trigonelline Seed 9
Tryptamine Sprout Seedling
Tryptophan Seed 1,000 3,000
Sprout Seedling
Tyramine Sprout Seedling 26
Tyrosine Seed 2,000 6,000
Ubiquinone Sprout Seedling
Umbelliferone Fruit
Sprout Seedling
Valine Seed 6,000 9,000
Vanillic-acid Fruit
Violaxanthin Sprout Seedling
Vitamin-b-1 Seed 4.47
Vitamin-b-2 Seed 1.28
Vitamin-k-1 Leaf
Tissue Culture
Root
Vitexin-7-o-beta-d-diglucoside Leaf
Vitexin-7-rhamnoglucoside Leaf
Water Plant 883,000
Stem 860,000
Seed 6,000 178,000
Wax Leaf
Zinc Seed 20 30
Stem 21
Sprout Seedling 20
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]