Helianthus tuberosus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
earth-apple Jerusalem-artichoke sunchoke topinambur
Helianthus tuberosus

Medical use

Economic importance of Helianthus tuberosus

Human food starch vegetable
Animal food foder forage
Fuels potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol
Gene sources disease resistance for sunflower tertiary genetic relative of sunflower
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Helianthus tuberosus Helianthus tuberosus Helianthus tuberosus Helianthus tuberosus Helianthus tuberosus Helianthus tuberosus Helianthus tuberosus Helianthus tuberosus Helianthus tuberosus Helianthus tuberosus Helianthus tuberosus Helianthus tuberosus Helianthus tuberosus Helianthus tuberosus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • Western Asia: Cyprus
    • Caucasus: Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy ; Macedonia; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario , Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba , Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine , Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Washington, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama , Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida , Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana , Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Uruguay

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Abortifacient
Betaine found in Tuber
Absorbent
Starch found in Tuber (262600 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Tuber
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Tuber (0.012 ppm)
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Tuber
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Root (3 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (59000 ppm)
Potassium found in Tuber (39700 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Tuber (2668 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Tuber (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Manganese found in Tuber (228 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Tuber (2478 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Tuber (168 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Manganese found in Tuber (228 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Tuber (2478 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Tuber (4288 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Choline found in Tuber
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Plant (30 ppm)
Iron found in Tuber (168 ppm)
Manganese found in Tuber (228 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Tuber (3 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Potassium found in Tuber (39700 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Tuber (1906 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Manganese found in Tuber (228 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Iodine found in Tuber (0.012 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Tuber (168 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Tuber (3 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Methionine found in Tuber (858 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Tuber (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Tuber (3 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Tuber (3 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Tuber (168 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Tuber (3 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Tuber
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Tuber
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Tuber
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Tuber (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Choline found in Tuber
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Tuber (2668 ppm)
Potassium found in Tuber (39700 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Choline found in Tuber
Copper found in Plant (30 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (59000 ppm)
Inulin found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Manganese found in Tuber (228 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Tuber
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Tuber (228 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Tuber
Manganese found in Tuber (228 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Methionine found in Tuber (858 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Glucose found in Tuber
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Tuber (11627 ppm)
Glycine found in Tuber (2478 ppm)
Leucine found in Tuber (4384 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Tuber (1715 ppm)
Valine found in Tuber (4098 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Tuber (26493 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Manganese found in Tuber (228 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Potassium found in Tuber (39700 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Betaine found in Tuber
Glycine found in Tuber (2478 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Tuber (3 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Tuber (0.012 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Tuber (11627 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Tuber (858 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Glucose found in Tuber
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Lysine found in Tuber (4288 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Tuber
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Tuber
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Tuber (26493 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Tuber (11627 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (59000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Potassium found in Tuber (39700 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Tuber (11627 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Tuber (11627 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Tuber (3 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Tuber
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Tuber (26493 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Tuber
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Tuber (168 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Tuber (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Tuber (16852 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Tuber
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Tuber (1906 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Tuber (262600 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Tuber
Copper found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (59000 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Boron found in Root (3 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Boron found in Root (3 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Manganese found in Tuber (228 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Tuber (5200 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Tuber (228 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Tuber (2573 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Catalase found in Tuber
Histidine found in Tuber (1906 ppm)
Manganese found in Tuber (228 ppm)
Methionine found in Tuber (858 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Tuber (3 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Methionine found in Tuber (858 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Tuber (2668 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Tuber (1715 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Tuber (3145 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Tuber (3 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Tuber (1715 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Tuber (3 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Tuber (26493 ppm)
Glycine found in Tuber (2478 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Tuber (2478 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Tuber (26493 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Iodine found in Tuber (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Tuber (2478 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Tuber (2668 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Potassium found in Tuber (39700 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Tuber
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Potassium found in Tuber (39700 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Manganese found in Tuber (228 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Tuber (0.012 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (59000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (59000 ppm)
Glycine found in Tuber (2478 ppm)
Histidine found in Tuber (1906 ppm)
Threonine found in Tuber (3431 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Tuber (1715 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Tuber (1906 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Tuber
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Iodine found in Tuber (0.012 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Tuber (2668 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Tuber (26493 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Tuber (5200 ppm)
Potassium found in Tuber (39700 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Tuber (11627 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Tuber (59000 ppm)
Potassium found in Tuber (39700 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Tuber
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Tuber
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Tuber (2573 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (59000 ppm)
Glycine found in Tuber (2478 ppm)
Methionine found in Tuber (858 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Tuber (3 ppm)
Serine found in Tuber (2954 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Tuber (1715 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Tuber
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Betaine found in Tuber
Copper found in Plant (30 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (59000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Potassium found in Tuber (39700 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Tuber (39700 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Tuber
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Cholinergic
Choline found in Tuber
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Plant (30 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Tuber (0.012 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Tuber (11627 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Betaine found in Tuber
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (59000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Potassium found in Tuber (39700 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Tuber (858 ppm)
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Tuber
Emollient
Starch found in Tuber (262600 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Tuber (1906 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Tuber (3145 ppm)
Leucine found in Tuber (4384 ppm)
Lysine found in Tuber (4288 ppm)
Methionine found in Tuber (858 ppm)
Threonine found in Tuber (3431 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Valine found in Tuber (4098 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Root (3 ppm)
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Tuber
Expectorant
Betaine found in Tuber
Inulin found in Tuber
FLavor
Threonine found in Tuber (3431 ppm)
Valine found in Tuber (4098 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Fungicide
Iodine found in Tuber (0.012 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Tuber
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Tuber (858 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Tuber (0.012 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Betaine found in Tuber
Choline found in Tuber
Methionine found in Tuber (858 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Tuber
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Tuber (2400 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Tuber (0.012 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Tuber (11627 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Tuber (4288 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (30 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (59000 ppm)
Inulin found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Inulin found in Tuber
Manganese found in Tuber (228 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Choline found in Tuber
Fiber found in Tuber (59000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Potassium found in Tuber (39700 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Tuber (59000 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Tuber
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Inulin found in Tuber
Phosphorus found in Tuber (5200 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (59000 ppm)
Inulin found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Lipolytic
Inulin found in Tuber
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Tuber
Choline found in Tuber
Methionine found in Tuber (858 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Memorigenic
Choline found in Tuber
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Tuber
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Tuber (2668 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Tuber (1715 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Betaine found in Tuber
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Tuber (11627 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Tuber (16852 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Tuber (2478 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Tuber (26493 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Tuber (5200 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Tuber (2573 ppm)
Histidine found in Tuber (1906 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Tuber
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Betaine found in Tuber
Thiamin found in Tuber (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Tuber (11627 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Tuber (262600 ppm)
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Tuber
Probiotic
Inulin found in Tuber
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Tuber
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Iron found in Tuber (168 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Tuber (0.012 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Tuber (16852 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Plant (30 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Tuber (11627 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Sweetener
Levulose found in Tuber
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Tuber (0.012 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Tuber (2668 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Tuber (1811 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Tuber (6 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Glycine found in Tuber (2478 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Tuber (858 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Tuber (858 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Tuber (11627 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Calcium found in Tuber (9600 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (59000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Tuber (1800 ppm)
Niacin found in Tuber (64 ppm)
Potassium found in Tuber (39700 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Tuber (306 ppm)
Zinc found in Tuber (64 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2,7(14),9-bisabolatrien-11-ol Plant
Alanine Tuber 2,573
Arginine Tuber 11,627
Ascorbic-acid Tuber 40 306
Ash Tuber 11,000 115,500
Aspartic-acid Tuber 16,852
Beta-carotene Tuber 0 6
Betaine Tuber
Boron Root 3
Calcium Tuber 140 9,600
Carbohydrates Tuber 165,000 847,000
Catalase Tuber
Choline Tuber
Copper Plant 8 30
Cystine-(half) Tuber 1,715
Dilevan Tuber
Ent-12-acetoxy-16-kauren-19-oic-acid Plant
Fat Tuber 4,550 5,000
Fiber Tuber 8,000 59,000
Glucose Tuber
Glutamic-acid Tuber 26,493
Glycine Tuber 2,478
Heliangine Plant
Helianthin Tuber
Hemicellulose Tuber 7,000
Histidine Tuber 1,906
Inulase Tuber
Inulenin Tuber
Inulin Tuber
Iodine Tuber 0.012
Iron Tuber 6 168
Isoleucine Tuber 3,145
Kilocalories Tuber 70 3,520
Leucine Tuber 4,384
Levulose Tuber
Lysine Tuber 4,288
Magnesium Tuber 600 1,800
Manganese Tuber 3 228
Methionine Tuber 858
Niacin Tuber 1 64
Phenolase Tuber
Phenylalanine Tuber 2,668
Phosphatase Tuber
Phosphorus Tuber 660 5,200
Polyphenolase Plant
Potassium Tuber 3,820 39,700
Proline Tuber 2,573
Protein Tuber 18,000 132,000
Riboflavin Tuber 0.5 3
Serine Tuber 2,954
Sodium Tuber 140 2,400
Starch Tuber 262,600
Sugar Tuber 516,500
Synanthrin Tuber
Thiamin Tuber 2 10
Threonine Tuber 3,431
Tryptophan Tuber 1,811
Tyrosine Tuber 1,715
Valine Tuber 4,098
Water Tuber 370,000 860,000
Zinc Tuber 16 64
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]