Helianthus annuus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
sunflower

Helianthus annuus, the common sunflower, is an annual species of sunflower grown as a crop for its edible oil and edible fruits. This species of sunflower is also used as bird food, as livestock forage, and in some industrial applications. The plant was first domesticated in the Americas. Wild Helianthus annuus is a widely branched annual plant with many flower heads. The domestic sunflower, however, possesses a single large inflorescence atop an unbranched stem. The name sunflower may derive from the flower's head's shape, which resembles the sun, or from the false impression that the blooming plant appears to slowly turn its flower towards the sun as the latter moves across the sky on a daily basis. Sunflower seeds were brought to Europe from the Americas in the 16th century, where, along with sunflower oil, they became a widespread cooking ingredient.

Helianthus annuus

Medical use

Economic importance of Helianthus annuus

Bee plants honey production
Environmental ornamental
Human food oil/fat pseudocereal seds starch
Animal food foder
Fuels potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol
Gene sources potential for cytoplasmic male sterility in sunflower primary genetic relative of sunflower
Materials fiber lipids
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Helianthus annuus Helianthus annuus Helianthus annuus Helianthus annuus Helianthus annuus Helianthus annuus Helianthus annuus Helianthus annuus Helianthus annuus Helianthus annuus Helianthus annuus Helianthus annuus Helianthus annuus Helianthus annuus Helianthus annuus Helianthus annuus

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta , British Columbia , Manitoba , Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    Naturalized
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (515 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
5-HETE-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Flower
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Seed (4880 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Seed
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Acidulant
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Seed (0.042 ppm)
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Tartaric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Flower
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Daucosterol found in Seed
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Hymenoxin found in Plant
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Pectolinarigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Hexahydro-2h-azepin-2-one found in Sprout Seedling
Limonene found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Verbenone found in Flower
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Grandifloric-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Seed
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Flower
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (100000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
Amebicide
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Borneol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Seed (100000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (323000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7280 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Ant-Repellent
Loliolide found in Flower
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Sabinol found in Flower
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Seed (48000 ppm)
AntiAddisonian
Cysteine found in Seed (16000 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
AntiCRP
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (27 ppm)
AntiCorpus-Luteum
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Shoot
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Lignin found in Pericarp (300000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
AntiMD
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Pufa found in Seed (345900 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
AntiPAF
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Flower
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower
Isomenthol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower
Antiacid
Glycine found in Seed (15400 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Pufa found in Seed (345900 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (4880 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Hispidulin found in Plant
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antiaging
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (70 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Flower
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Seed (15400 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Flower
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Linalool found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Phosphatidyl-choline found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (19 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (70 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Potassium found in Seed (7280 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (19 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (4880 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiataxic
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (27 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Flower
Antibacillus
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antibiotic
Cysteine found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Borneol found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Plant
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (27 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Lignin found in Pericarp (300000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Phytic-acid found in Seed
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (70 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Cysteine found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (20500 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (70 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antichilblain
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Antichorea
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Flower
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Lignin found in Pericarp (300000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Anticytotoxic
Cysteine found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Antidandruff
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (4880 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (48000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7280 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (19 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (323000 ppm)
Fructose found in Flower
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Maltose found in Flower
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Flower
Lignin found in Pericarp (300000 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Flower
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antieczemic
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (20500 ppm)
Pufa found in Seed (345900 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Faradiol found in Flower (7800 ppm)
Glucose found in Seed
Isoferulic-acid found in Seed (1700 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower
Lupeol found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Plant
Taraxasterol found in Shoot
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Flower
Antiencephalitic
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed (82000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (15400 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (7035 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiepitheleomic
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Flower
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Copper found in Seed (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7280 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Argophyllin-a found in Leaf
Argophyllin-b found in Leaf (176 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Grandifloric-acid found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Lupeol found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antigallstone
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antigastritic
Glycine found in Seed (15400 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Antigingivitic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Flower
Antiglycosation
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Seed (0.042 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Seed (4880 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Antihangover
Fructose found in Flower
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Flower
Sabinene found in Flower
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Phylloquinone found in Seed Oil (0.06 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Seed (82000 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Seed (20500 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Glucose found in Seed
Hispidulin found in Plant
Lignoceric-acid found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Sinapic-acid found in Seed (5700 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (650 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Flower
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Shoot
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Seed (82000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (323000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7280 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed (82000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Arginine found in Seed (82000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Flower
Copper found in Seed (19 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Flower
Faradiol found in Flower (7800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (27 ppm)
Isoferulic-acid found in Seed (1700 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (100000 ppm)
N-hentriacontane found in Seed
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Seed (650 ppm)
Taraxasterol found in Shoot
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Flower
Glucose found in Seed
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Antileishmanic
Citral found in Flower
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Antileukorrheic
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (100000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antilisteria
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Antilithic
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Lupeol found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antimalarial
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Lupeol found in Shoot
Myrtenal found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Flower
Antimanic
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Phosphatidyl-choline found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (70 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antimigraine
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Flower
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (25800 ppm)
Antimorphinistic
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Cryptoxanthin found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
N-nonacosane found in Seed
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antimyoclonic
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Flower
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Lignin found in Pericarp (300000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Flower
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (19 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (650 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Flower
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (323000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiodontalgic
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (650 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Cysteine found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Sulfur found in Seed (4880 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Flower
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Shoot
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Seed (11800 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed (770 ppm)
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Cholesterol found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Cysteine found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Delta-7-avenasterol found in Seed
Delta-tocopherol found in Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (27 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Hispidulin found in Plant
Histidine found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoferulic-acid found in Seed (1700 ppm)
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Lignin found in Pericarp (300000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower
Lupeol found in Shoot
Lutein found in Flower
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (20500 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (900 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Seed (5700 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed (650 ppm)
Sucrose found in Flower
Syringic-acid found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (20500 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (48000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (7035 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed (46500 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Hispidulin found in Plant
Lupeol found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Seed
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Seed (5700 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (7035 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Myrtenal found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Antipoliomyelitic
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Seed (345900 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Antiprogesterone
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (27 ppm)
Lupeol found in Shoot
Scopoletin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (15400 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Seed (5642 ppm)
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Flower
Glycine found in Seed (15400 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antirabies
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Hispidulin found in Plant
Lutein found in Flower
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Syringic-acid found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Flower
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed
Lupeol found in Shoot
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Antisclerodermic
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Sulfur found in Seed (4880 ppm)
Antisenility
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antiseptic
(-)-kaur-16-en-19-oic-acid found in Flower
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Annuithrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Iodine found in Seed (0.042 ppm)
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Sabinene found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Plant
Sulfur found in Seed (4880 ppm)
Trachyloban-19-oic-acid found in Flower
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Antisickling
Glycine found in Seed (15400 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Phenylalanine found in Seed (48000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Borneol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Flower
Daucosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7280 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Antispermatogenic
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antisprue
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antisterility
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antistress
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7280 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antitartar
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Antitestosterone
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antithalassemic
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antithrombotic
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antithromboxane-B2
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Flower
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Seed (0.042 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antitoxemic
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Grandifloric-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Cysteine found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Seed
Delta-tocopherol found in Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (323000 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (27 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Hispidulin found in Plant
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Lignin found in Pericarp (300000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Lupeol found in Shoot
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Niveusin-c found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Squalene found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Cysteine found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Fiber found in Seed (323000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (15400 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Sabinene found in Flower
Threonine found in Seed (9805 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (7035 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Shoot
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Seed
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.042 ppm)
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Lignin found in Pericarp (300000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Lupeol found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
P-cymene found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (650 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (48000 ppm)
Antivulvitic
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Antixerotic
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Flower
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7280 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed (82000 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Flower
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Delta-tocopherol found in Oil
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Limonene found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (650 ppm)
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Flower
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Avicide
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Leaf
N-hexacosane found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (323000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Potassium found in Seed (7280 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Bradycardic
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Bronchoconstrictor
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
Bronchomucolytic
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Bronchomucotropic
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Flower
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Plant
Bronchorrheic
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Bronchostimulant
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
Bruchifuge
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Borneol found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Flower
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Seed (11800 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Flower
Cysteine found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (323000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (15400 ppm)
Hispidulin found in Plant
Hymenoxin found in Plant
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (20500 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (100000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (900 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Pectolinarigenin found in Plant
Phytic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Serine found in Seed (11400 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Seed (5700 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed (650 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (7035 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Candidistat
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (19 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (323000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (27 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Potassium found in Seed (7280 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (7280 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
Carminative
Camphor found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Flower
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Cerebroprotective
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Chelator
Lignin found in Pericarp (300000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Borneol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (100000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Quinic-acid found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Flower
Cholinergic
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Ciliotoxic
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Circulatory-Stimulant
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Coleopterifuge
Verbenone found in Flower
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Flower
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Rubixanthin found in Flower
Violaxanthin found in Flower
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Seed (4880 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Congestant
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (19 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Cosmetic
Behenic-acid found in Seed
Camphor found in Flower
Myristic-acid found in Seed (900 ppm)
N-hentriacontane found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Arnidiol found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Flower
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (27 ppm)
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower
Lupeol found in Shoot
Niveusin-c found in Leaf (114 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Deliriant
Camphor found in Flower
Demulcent
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Flower
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Flower
Iodine found in Seed (0.042 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (100000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
Detoxicant
Cysteine found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Diaphoretic
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Seed (82000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (323000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
N-hentriacontane found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Potassium found in Seed (7280 ppm)
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Flower
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Emetic
Camphor found in Flower
Methionine found in Seed (20500 ppm)
Emmenagogue
Sabinol found in Flower
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Flower
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Flower
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Seed (46500 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (20500 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (9805 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (650 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Flower
Citral found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Borneol found in Flower
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Flower
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Cumin-alcohol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower
Methyl-acetate found in Flower
Mufa found in Seed (100000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Flower
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Terpinyl-acetate found in Flower
Threonine found in Seed (9805 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Shoot
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Pericarp
Stachyose found in Seed
Sucrose found in Flower
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Borneol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower
Capric-acid found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.042 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Seed Oil (0.06 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Sinapic-acid found in Seed (5700 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Flower
Fungistat
Limonene found in Flower
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Flower
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Flower
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Gastrosedative
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Flower
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Glutathionergic
Cysteine found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Flower
Methionine found in Seed (20500 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Seed (0.042 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Hemolytic
Helianthoside-a found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Seed
Cephalin found in Seed (1230 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (20500 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Hepatotoxic
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Borneol found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Hexahydro-2h-azepin-2-one found in Sprout Seedling
Limonene found in Flower
Myrtenal found in Flower
P-cymene found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Histaminic
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Flower
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (900 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Flower
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Seed
Salicylates found in Seed (1 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (32 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Seed (0.042 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Flower
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed (82000 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Seed (9900 ppm)
Hypocalcemic
Phytic-acid found in Seed
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed (770 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (19 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed
Delta-tocopherol found in Oil
Fiber found in Seed (323000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (27 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Lignin found in Pericarp (300000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (100000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Seed
Phytosterols found in Seed (5642 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (650 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Seed
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Hypokalemic
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Seed
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (323000 ppm)
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
Lupeol found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Phylloquinone found in Seed Oil (0.06 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7280 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Hypothermic
Isoferulic-acid found in Seed (1700 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (323000 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (622 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (19 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Inhalant
Borneol found in Flower
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Borneol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Flower
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (100000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower
Terpinyl-acetate found in Flower
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Verbenone found in Flower
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Insulin-Sparing
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Borneol found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Capric-acid found in Seed
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Malonic-acid found in Leaf
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (100000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower
Tartaric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Juvabional
(-)-kaur-16-en-19-oic-acid found in Flower
Brassinolide found in Pollen Or Spore
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Trachyloban-19-oic-acid found in Flower
Keratolytic
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Sulfur found in Seed (4880 ppm)
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Flower
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Grandifloric-acid found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Fiber found in Seed (323000 ppm)
Fructose found in Flower
Lignin found in Pericarp (300000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower
Sulfur found in Seed (4880 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Libidolytic
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Flower
Lipotropic
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed (2300 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (20500 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (900 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Memorigenic
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Seed
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Seed (48000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (7035 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Mutagenic
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Hymenoxin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Borneol found in Flower
Citral found in Flower
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Limonene found in Flower
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Myostimulant
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed (82000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Flower
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (27 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Natriuretic
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (27 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Borneol found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Citral found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (900 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Nematistat
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Flower
Neurodepressant
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (25800 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Seed (15400 ppm)
Neuropathogenic
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (24 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Nociceptive
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Flower
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Ophthalmic-Antialkali
Cysteine found in Seed (16000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Seed (650 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Seed (11800 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Flower
P21-Inducer
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Citral found in Flower
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
PKC-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (27 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Paralytic
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Seed (4880 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Seed (100000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Perfumery
Aconitic-acid found in Leaf
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Borneol found in Flower
Citral found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Methyl-acetate found in Flower
Mufa found in Seed (100000 ppm)
Myrtenal found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Flower
Sabinene found in Flower
Sabinol found in Flower
Squalene found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Terpinyl-acetate found in Flower
Vanillin found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Seed
Verbenone found in Flower
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Flower
Pectin found in Plant (110000 ppm)
Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Flower
Phytoalexin
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Plant
Phytohormonal
Brassinolide found in Pollen Or Spore
Heliangin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Pigment
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed (82000 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Sucrose found in Flower
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (70 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower
Lutein found in Flower
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (350000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (178000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Flower
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Seed (0.042 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Lutein found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inhibitor
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Radioprotective
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Flower
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Flower
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (25800 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Seed (4880 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (19 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Borneol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Citral found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
P-cymene found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Seed (650 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (515 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed (82000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Flower
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Fructose found in Flower
Galactose found in Flower
Maltose found in Flower
Sucrose found in Flower
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Shoot
Tachycardic
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
Teratogenic
Citral found in Flower
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Delta-cadinol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Flower
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Seed (0.042 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Toxic
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Seed Oil (0.06 ppm)
Sabinol found in Flower
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Flower
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (48000 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Citral found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
P-cymene found in Flower
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Flower
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Flower
Trypanocide
Citral found in Flower
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Flower
Methyl-acetate found in Flower
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Flower
Tryptophan found in Seed (15900 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (11 ppm);found in Seed (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.3 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed
Lutein found in Flower
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Syringic-acid found in Seed
Violaxanthin found in Flower
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (3510 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Flower
Uricosuric
Glycine found in Seed (15400 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (1 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed (20500 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed (20500 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (3 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Uterotonic
Grandifloric-acid found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Flower
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Seed (82000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1225 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Fiber found in Seed (323000 ppm)
Histamine found in Tissue Culture
Magnesium found in Seed (5176 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (48 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7280 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (34000 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower
Vasorelaxant
Isoliquiritigenin found in Plant
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Flower
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Flower
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Flower
Menthol found in Flower Essent. Oil (310000 ppm)
Vitamin-A-Activity
Cryptoxanthin found in Flower
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Sucrose found in Flower
Zinc found in Seed (54 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore (4 ppm);found in Seed (1800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic-acid Stem
(-)-ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic-acid-thujanol-ester Flower
(-)-ent-kauran-16-beta-19-diol Flower
(-)-ent-kauran-16-beta-ol Flower
(-)-kaur-16-en-19-oic-acid Flower
(-)-trachyloban-19-oic-acid-thujanol-ester Flower
1,2-anhydrido-4,5-dihydo-niveusin-a Leaf 161
1,2-anhydrido-niveusin-a Leaf 228
1,8-cineole Flower
1-methoxy-4,5-dihydo-niveusin-a Leaf 207
1-o-methyl-4,5-dihydo-niveusin-a Leaf 207
1-o-methyl-hemi-ketal-4,5-dihydo-niveusin-a Leaf 207
12n-tricosane Seed
15-beta-hydroxy-trachyloban-19-oic-acid-methyl-ester Flower
15-hydroxy-3-dehydro-deoxy-fruticin Leaf 78
15-hydroxy-deoxy-3-dehydro-fruticin Leaf
17-hydroxy-ent-isokaur-15(16)-en-19-oic-acid Leaf
2,4-methylene-cholesterol Pollen Or Spore
Pollen Or Spore
2-methyl-propan-1-ol Flower
23-dehydro-beta-sitosterol Pollen Or Spore
23-dehydro-campestanol Pollen Or Spore
23-dehydro-cholesterol Pollen Or Spore
24-ethyl-24(25)-dehydrolathosterol Seed
24-ethyl-cholesterol Seed
24-ethyl-trans-22-dehydrocholesterol Seed
24-ethyllathosterol Seed
24-methyl-cholesterol Seed
24-methyl-lathosterol Seed
24-methyl-trans-22-dehydrocholesterol Seed
24-methylene-25-methylcholesterol Seed
24-methylene-cycloartenol Plant
24z-ethylidenecholesterol Seed
24z-ethylidenelathosterol Seed
25-dehydro-sitostanol Pollen Or Spore
28-isoavenasterol Seed
3-ethoxy-niveusin-b Leaf 11
3-ethoxyniveusin-a Leaf
3-hydroxy-3,4-seco-dammara-4,24-diene Pollen Or Spore 79
3-hydroxy-deoxy-3-dehydro-fruticin Leaf
3-keto-15-hydroxy-deoxy-fruticin Shoot 45
4,5-dihydro-8,9-dehydro-theaspirone Flower
4,5-dihydro-niveusin-a Leaf
5-dehydro-avenasterol Seed
6-alpha,7-alpha-17-tetrahydroxy Plant
7,24-stigmastadien-3beta-ol Plant
7-alpha,16-beta-17-trihydroxy Plant
7-dehydro-avenasterol Seed
Abscisic-acid Seed
Acetic-acid-ethyl-ester Flower
Acetoin Flower
Aconitic-acid Leaf
Agrophyllin-a Leaf
Agrophyllin-b Leaf
Alanine Seed 11,170 11,800
All-trans-lutein-epoxide Flower
Alpha-amyrin Seed
Alpha-pinene Plant
Alpha-terpinene Flower
Alpha-terpineol Flower
Alpha-tocopherol Oil 622
Annuithrin Leaf
Shoot 40
Arabinose Seed
Arginine Seed 24,030 82,000
Argophyllin-a Leaf
Argophyllin-b Leaf 176
Arnidiol Flower
Artemisia-ketone Flower
Ash Seed 26,000 49,300
Aspartic-acid Seed 24,460 25,800
Ayapin Root
Behenic-acid Seed
Benzoic-acid-pentyl-ester Flower
Beta-amyrin Seed
Beta-carotene Seed 0 0.3
Beta-pinene Flower
Beta-sitosterol Seed 3,490 3,510
Borneol Flower
Borneol-acetate Flower
Brassicasterol Pollen Or Spore
Brassinolide Pollen Or Spore
Brein Shoot
Caffeic-acid Pollen Or Spore 4
Seed 1,600 1,800
Calcium Seed 917 1,225
Calenduladiol Seed
Campest-7-en-beta-ol Seed
Campesterol Seed 750 770
Camphene Essential Oil
Campholenal Flower
Camphor Flower
Capric-acid Seed
Caproic-acid-methyl-ester Flower
Carbohydrates Seed 133,000 213,000
Castasterone Pollen Or Spore
Cellulose Seed
Cephalin Seed 615 1,230
Chlorogenic-acid Seed 1,900 28,000
Cholesterol Seed 1,500
Choline Seed 1,200
Ciliaric-acid Leaf
Cinnamic-acid Seed
Cis-13'-lutein-epoxide Flower
Cis-13-violaxanthin Flower
Cis-5,6-lutein-epoxide Flower
Cis-9'-lutein Flower
Cis-xanthoxin Flower
Citral Flower
Citric-acid Seed 1,900
Copper Seed 15 19
Cryptoxanthin Flower
Cumin-alcohol Flower
Cutin Flower
Cycloartenol Seed
Cysteine Seed 4,510 16,000
Daucic-acid Plant
Daucosterol Seed
Deca-2,5-dien-1-al Flower
Delta-7-avenasterol Seed
Delta-cadinol Flower
Delta-tocopherol Oil
Demethoxy-encecalin Root 10
Demethoxy-encecalol Root 19
Dihydro-phaseic-acid Seed
Dioxindole-3-acetic-acid Seed
Echinocystic-acid Flower
Ent-15-beyeran-19-oic-acid Flower
Ent-atisan-16-alpha-ol Flower
Ent-atisan-16-beta-ol Flower
Ent-iso-kaur-15(16)-en-19-oic-acid Leaf
Ent-kaur-16-en-19-al Leaf
Ent-trachyloban-19-al Flower
Eo Flower
Erythrodiol Shoot
Eugenol Flower
Faradiol Flower 7,800
Fat Seed 222,000 523,800
Ferulic-acid Pollen Or Spore 2 3
Fiber Seed 37,550 323,000
Fructose Flower
Fumaric-acid Leaf
Gadoleic-acid Seed 480 505
Galactose Flower
Galacturonic-acid Flower
Gamma-tocopherol Oil 27
Geraniol-acetone Flower
Gibberellins Seed
Glucose Seed
Glutaminic-acid Seed 55,790 58,900
Glycerol-alpha-monopalmitate Pollen Or Spore 102
Glycine Seed 14,610 15,400
Glycolate-oxidase Cotyledon
Gossypol Seed 10
Grandifloric-acid Flower
Heliangin Plant
Helianthoside-a Flower
Heliantriol-b Flower 700
Heliantriol-c Flower 100
Heliantriol-f Flower 5
Heliantriols Plant
Hemicellulose Flower
Hex-trans-2-en-1-al Flower
Hexahydro-2h-azepin-2-one Sprout Seedling
Hexan-1-al Seed
Hispidulin Plant
Histamine Tissue Culture
Histidine Seed 6,320 20,000
Hymenoxin Plant
Iodine Seed 0.042
Iron Seed 60 70
Isochlorogenic-acid Plant
Isoferulic-acid Seed 1,400 1,700
Isofucosterol Pollen Or Spore
Isoleucine Seed 11,390 46,500
Isoliquiritigenin Plant
Isomenthol Flower
Jasmonic-acid Seed
Kilocalories Plant 6,022
Lactic-acid Leaf
Lecithin Seed 385 2,300
Leucenopine Tissue Culture
Leucenopine-lactam Tissue Culture
Leucine Seed 16,590 35,500
Lignin Pericarp 250,000 300,000
Lignoceric-acid Seed
Limonene Flower
Linalool Flower
Linalyl-acetate Flower
Linoleic-acid Seed 89,000 350,000
Linolenic-acid Seed 690 730
Loliolide Flower
Lupeol Shoot
Lutein Flower
Lutein-epoxide Flower
Lysine Seed 9,370 9,900
Magnesium Seed 3,540 5,176
Malic-acid Leaf
Malonic-acid Leaf
Maltose Flower
Manganese Seed 20 21
Melobiose Flower
Menthol Flower Essent. Oil 235,000 310,000
Methionine Seed 4,940 20,500
Methyl-acetate Flower
Mufa Seed 94,620 100,000
Myristic-acid Seed 500 900
Myrtenal Flower
N-docosane Seed
N-eicosane Seed
N-heneicosane Seed
N-hentriacontane Seed
N-heptacosane Seed
N-heptadecane Seed
N-hexacosane Seed
N-hexadecane Seed
N-nonacosane Seed
N-nonadecane Seed
N-octadecane Seed
N-pentacosane Seed
N-tetracosane Seed
N-tridec-2-one Flower
Neo-chlorogenic-acid Seed
Niacin Seed 45 48
Niveusin-b Leaf
Niveusin-c Leaf 114
Nuclein Seed 5,100
O-hydroxybenzoic-acid Seed
Oleanolic-acid Flower
Oleic-acid Seed 36,000 178,000
P-coumaric-acid Pollen Or Spore 11
Seed 900 1,100
P-cymene Flower
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Seed
Palmitic-acid Seed 14,250 32,000
Palmitoleic-acid Seed 490 515
Pectin Plant 110,000
Pectolinarigenin Plant
Pentan-2-one Seed
Pentosans Pericarp 240,000 290,000
Perillyl-acetate Flower
Phenyl-acetaldehyde Flower
Phenylalanine Seed 11,690 48,000
Phosphatidyl-choline Seed
Phosphatidyl-ethanolamine Seed
Phosphatidyl-serine Seed
Phosphorus Seed 6,930 7,450
Phylloquinone Seed Oil 0.06
Phytate Seed 16,000 17,030
Phytic-acid Seed
Phytin Seed
Phytosterols Seed 5,340 5,642
Potassium Seed 6,890 7,280
Proline Seed 11,820 12,500
Propiovanillone Flower
Protein Seed 135,000 248,615
Pufa Seed 327,350 345,900
Quercetin Flower 100 400
Leaf 60 210
Quercetin-3'-glucoside Flower
Quercetin-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Pollen Or Spore 22
Quinic-acid Seed
Raffinose Pericarp
Rhamnose Seed
Riboflavin Seed 2 3
Rubber Leaf 5,500
Shoot 2,600
Rubixanthin Flower
Sabinene Flower
Sabinol Flower
Salicylates Seed 1
Scopoletin Plant
Serine Seed 10,750 11,400
Sfa Seed 51,950 54,900
Shikimic-acid Seed
Sinapic-acid Seed 4,800 5,700
Sodium Seed 30 32
Squalene Seed
Stachyose Seed
Stearic-acid Seed 9,000 28,000
Stigmast-7-en-3-beta-ol Seed
Stigmasterol Seed 610 650
Succinic-acid Leaf
Sucrose Flower
Sulfur Seed 2,574 4,880
Syringic-acid Seed
Taraxanthin Flower
Taraxasterol Shoot
Tartaric-acid Seed 1,900
Terpinen-1-en-4-ol Flower
Terpinyl-acetate Flower
Thiamin Seed 22 24
Threonine Seed 9,280 9,805
Tigitanin-a Leaf
Tocopherol Seed 34,000
Trachyloban-19-oic-acid Flower
Trans-5,6-lutein-epoxide Flower
Trans-abscisic-acid Seed
Trans-cinnamic-acid Seed 500 700
Tryptophan Seed 3,480 15,900
Tyrosine Seed 6,660 7,035
Uronic-acid Pericarp 65,000 77,600
Valine Seed 13,150 50,000
Vanillin Root 0.9
Seed
Verbenone Flower
Violaxanthin Flower
Water Seed 53,600 72,900
Wax Pericarp 4,200 4,600
Zinc Seed 46 54
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]