Hamelia patens Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
redhead

Hamelia patens is a large perennial shrub or small tree in the coffee family, Rubiaceae, that is native to the American subtropics and tropics. Its range extends from Florida in the southern United States to as far south as Argentina. Common names include Firebush, Hummingbird Bush, Scarlet Bush and Redhead.

Hamelia patens

Medical use

Economic importance of Hamelia patens

Environmental boundary/barier/suport ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Hamelia patens Hamelia patens Hamelia patens Hamelia patens Hamelia patens Hamelia patens Hamelia patens Hamelia patens Hamelia patens Hamelia patens Hamelia patens Hamelia patens

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Mexico, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda - Barbuda; Bahamas; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; St. Vincent and Grenadines - St. Vincent; Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil - Acre, Amazonas, Bahia, Federal District, Minas Gerais, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Chaco, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta; Paraguay

Biological activities

Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antibacterial
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Anticancer
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antileukemic
Isopteropodine found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antioxidant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antiradicular
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antitumor
Pteropodine found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antiviral
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Pteropodine found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Isopteropodine found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Pesticide
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Isopteropodine found in Plant
Pteropodine found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Isomaruquine Plant
Isopteropodine Plant
Maruquine Plant
Palmirine Plant
Pteropodine Plant
Rumberine Plant
Seneciophylline Plant
Stigmast-4-ene-3,6-dione Plant
Tannin Bark 150,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]