Grindelia squarrosa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
curly-cup gumweed grindelia gumweed

Grindelia squarrosa, also known as a curly-top gumweed or curlycup gumweed, is a small North American biennial or short-lived perennial plant which grows to a maximum height of 90 cm and bears flowers with yellow petals from July until late September. It was used by Great Plains Tribes as a medicinal herb to treat illnesses such as asthma, bronchitis or skin rashes. The Gosiute Shoshone name for the plant is mu’-ha-kûm.

Grindelia squarrosa

Medical use

Economic importance of Grindelia squarrosa

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Grindelia squarrosa Grindelia squarrosa Grindelia squarrosa Grindelia squarrosa Grindelia squarrosa Grindelia squarrosa Grindelia squarrosa Grindelia squarrosa Grindelia squarrosa Grindelia squarrosa Grindelia squarrosa Grindelia squarrosa

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • Caucasus: Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Liaoning
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    Adventive
    • Northern Europe: Sweden
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic
    • Southeastern Europe: Romania
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, Nevada, Utah
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario, Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon, Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Kentucky, Maryland, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California

Biological activities

Allelochemic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Analgesic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antibacterial
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Luteolol found in Plant
Anticapillary-Fragility
Luteolol found in Plant
Quercetol found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antifeedant
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antiinflammatory
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antipyretic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antispasmodic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antistaphylococcic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Essential Oil
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Essential Oil
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Candidicide
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Choleretic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
FLavor
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Fungicide
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Hepatoprotective
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Herbicide
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Immunostimulant
Luteolol found in Plant
Inhalant
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Insectifuge
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Irritant
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Myorelaxant
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Nematicide
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Perfumery
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Pesticide
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Sedative
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Tranquilizer
Borneol found in Essential Oil

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
3-methylkampferol Plant
3-methylquercetol Plant
6-oxygrindelic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
7alpha,8alpha-oxydihydrogrindelic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ash Seed 34,000
Borneol Essential Oil
Eo Plant 3,000
Fat Seed 196,000
Grindelic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Grindeline Plant
Luteolol Plant
Matricarianol Plant
Matricarianol-acetate Plant
Oxygrindelic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-oxybenzoic-acid Plant
Protein Seed 138,000
Quercetol Plant
Resin Plant 200,000
Tannins Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]