Glaucium flavum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
horned-poppy sea-poppy yellow horned-poppy

Glaucium flavum is a summer flowering plant in the Papaveraceae family, which is native to Northern Africa, Macronesia, temperate zones in Western Asia and the Caucasus, as well as Europe. Habitat: the plant grows on the seashore and is never found inland. All parts of the plant, including the seeds, are toxic and can produce a range of symptoms up to and including respiratory failure resulting in death FDA poisonous plants database. It is a noxious weed in some areas of North America, where it is an introduced species. The thick, leathery deeply segmented, wavy, bluish-grey leaves are coated in a layer of water retaining wax. The sepal, petals and stamen have a similar structure and form to the Red Poppy except the sepals are not hairy. Prolific quantities of seeds are held in a distinctive horn shaped fruit some 15 to 30 cm in length, which is divided into two chambers.

Glaucium flavum

Medical use

Economic importance of Glaucium flavum

Environmental ornamental
Medicines source of glaucine
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Glaucium flavum Glaucium flavum Glaucium flavum Glaucium flavum Glaucium flavum Glaucium flavum Glaucium flavum Glaucium flavum Glaucium flavum Glaucium flavum Glaucium flavum

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Libya ; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Germany; Netherlands; Slovakia
    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

12-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Abortifacient
Protopine found in Root
Acidulant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Adrenalytic
Glaucine found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Protopine found in Root
Amphicholeretic
Protopine found in Root
Analgesic
Chelerythrine found in Root
Chelidonine found in Plant
Protopine found in Root
Anesthetic
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antiadrenergic
Isocorydine found in Root
Antiaggregant
Chelerythrine found in Root
Protopine found in Root
Antianaphylactic
Chelidonine found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Alpha-allocryptopine found in Root
Protopine found in Root
Antibacterial
Chelerythrine found in Root
Chelidonine found in Plant
Chelirubine found in Root
Dehydroglaucine found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Root
Protopine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antibronchitic
Chelidonine found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
O-methyl-atheroline found in Plant
Anticholinergic
Protopine found in Root
Anticholinesterase
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antidermatitic
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Antiedemic
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antifeedant
Isoboldine found in Plant
Antiflu
Chelidonine found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Chelidonine found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Chelerythrine found in Root
Protopine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antimitotic
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antineoplastic
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antineuromuscular
Magnoflorine found in Root
Antinociceptive
Glaucine found in Plant
Antiobesity
Isoboldine found in Plant
Antioxidant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antiperiodontic
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antiplaque
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antipsoriac
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Chelerythrine found in Root
Protopine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antispasmodic
Chelidonine found in Plant
Glaucine found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Root
Protopine found in Root
Antispermigenic
Protopine found in Root
Antisuperoxidogenic
Glaucine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antitrypanosomic
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antitumor
Chelerythrine found in Root
Corydine found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Antitussive
Chelerythrine found in Root
Chelidonine found in Plant
Glaucine found in Plant
Protopine found in Root
Antiviral
Chelerythrine found in Root
Chelidonine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
CNS-Depressant
Corydine found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
CNS-Inhibitor
Chelidonine found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Protopine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Candidicide
Chelerythrine found in Root
Dehydroglaucine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Cardioactive
Alpha-allocryptopine found in Root
Cardiodepressant
Corydine found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Cataleptic
Isocorydine found in Root
Convulsant
Protopine found in Root
Curaroid
Magnoflorine found in Root
Cytotoxic
Chelerythrine found in Root
Chelidonine found in Plant
DNA-Intercalator
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Diuretic
Chelidonine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Dopamine-Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Isoboldine found in Plant
Emetic
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Expectorant
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
FLavor
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Fungicide
Chelerythrine found in Root
Dehydroglaucine found in Plant
Isoboldine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Gastrocontractant
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Glaucomagenic
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Hepatotoxic
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Hypertensive
Chelerythrine found in Root
Protopine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Hypnotic
Corydine found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Glaucine found in Plant
Hypotensive
Chelerythrine found in Root
Chelidonine found in Plant
Glaucine found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Root
Protopine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Immunostimulant
Chelerythrine found in Root
Inotropic
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Irritant
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Lipase-Inhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Root
Chelidonine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Molluscicide
Chelerythrine found in Root
Chelirubine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Myocardiocontractant
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Myodepressant
Chelidonine found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Protopine found in Root
Narcotic
Isocorydine found in Root
Nematicide
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Occulotensive
Chelerythrine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Oxytocic
Alpha-allocryptopine found in Root
PAF-Inhibitor
Magnoflorine found in Root
Paralytic
Chelerythrine found in Root
Magnoflorine found in Root
Pesticide
Chelerythrine found in Root
Chelidonine found in Plant
Chelirubine found in Root
Dehydroglaucine found in Plant
Isoboldine found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Root
Protopine found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Pyrogenic
Glaucine found in Plant
Respiradepressant
Glaucine found in Plant
Respirainhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Root
Respirastimulant
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Respirodepressant
Corydine found in Plant
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
Chelidonine found in Plant
Sedative
Chelidonine found in Plant
Corydine found in Plant
Isocorydine found in Root
Protopine found in Root
Sialogogue
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Spasmogenic
Protopine found in Root
Stimulant
Isocorydine found in Root
Sympatholytic
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Tetanic
Chelerythrine found in Root
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Root
Toxic
Magnoflorine found in Root
Trichomonicide
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed
Uterotonic
Protopine found in Root
Vasodilator
Magnoflorine found in Root
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Sanguinarine found in Root ;found in Seed

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
6-iminosanguinarine Plant
Alpha-allocryptopine Root
Arosine Plant
Arosinine Plant
Aurotensine Plant
Cataline Plant
Chelerythrine Root
Chelidonine Plant
Chelirubine Root
Corunnine Plant
Corydine Plant
Dehydroglaucine Plant
Dimethylglaucine Plant
Dioxymaleic-acid Plant
Fat Seed 300,000 350,000
Fumaric-acid Plant
Glaucentrine Plant
Glaucine Plant
Glauflavine Plant
Glauvine Plant
Isoboldine Plant
Isocorydine Root
Magnoflorine Root
Norchelidonine Root
O-methyl-atheroline Plant
Pontevedrine Plant
Protopine Root
Sanguinarine Root
Seed
Scoulerine Plant
Sinactine Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]