Geranium maculatum Health effects and herbal facts
Geranium maculatum, the spotted geranium, wood geranium, or wild geranium is a woodland perennial plant native to eastern North America, from southern Manitoba and southwestern Quebec south to Alabama and Georgia and west to Oklahoma and South Dakota. It is known as Spotted Cranesbill or Wild Cranesbill in Europe, but the Wood Cranesbill is another plant, the related G. sylvatium. Colloquial names are Alum Root, Alum Bloom and Old Maid's Nightcap. It grows in dry to moist woods and is normally abundant when found. It is a perennial herbaceous plant growing to 60 cm tall, producing upright usually unbranched stems and flowers in spring to early summer. The leaves are palmately lobed with five or seven deeply cut lobes, 10–12.5 cm broad, with a petiole up to 30 cm long arising from the rootstock. They are deeply parted into three or five divisions, each of which is again cleft and toothed. The flowers are 2.5–4 cm diameter, with five rose-purple, pale or violet-purple petals and ten stamens; they appear from April to June in loose clusters of two to five at the top of the stems.
Economic importance of Geranium maculatum
- NORTHERN AMERICA
- Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario , Quebec
- Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
- North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas , Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska , North Dakota , Oklahoma , South Dakota , Wisconsin
- Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia