Frangula alnus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
alder buckthorn frangula glossy buckthorn
Frangula alnus

Medical use

Economic importance of Frangula alnus

Environmental ornamental
Fuels charcoal
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Frangula alnus Frangula alnus Frangula alnus Frangula alnus Frangula alnus Frangula alnus Frangula alnus Frangula alnus Frangula alnus Frangula alnus Frangula alnus Frangula alnus Frangula alnus Frangula alnus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran ; Iraq ; Syria ; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • China: China - Xinjiang
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • United States

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
5-HETE-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
AGEs-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Allelochemic
Catechin found in Plant
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Emodin found in Bark
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Analgesic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Bark
AntiMD
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Emodin found in Bark
AntiMS
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antiaggregant
Catechin found in Plant
Emodin found in Bark
Frangulin-b found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiaging
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Catechin found in Plant
Antiallergic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antialzheimeran
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antianginal
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Emodin found in Bark
Antiarteriosclerotic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Catechin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antiatherosclerotic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiazotemic
Robinin found in Seed
Antibacterial
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Barbaloin found in Bark
Catechin found in Plant
Chrysophanol found in Bark
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Robinin found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
Antibronchitic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Seed
Robinin found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Anticariogenic
Catechin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Anticataract
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antichorea
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antichoreic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Anticytomegalovirus
Emodin found in Bark
Antidecubitic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antidementia
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark
Antidysmenorrheic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiedemic
Catechin found in Plant
Antiendotoxic
Catechin found in Plant
Antiepitheleomic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antifeedant
Catechin found in Plant
Emodin found in Bark
Antifertility
Aloin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antifibrositic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiflu
Catechin found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antiglycosation
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Catechin found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Catechin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark
Antiherpetic
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Aloin found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Barbaloin found in Bark
Catechin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antihyperlipidemic
Catechin found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Bark
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antiinfertility
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Amygdalin found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiischemic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antileukemic
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antileukotriene
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Catechin found in Plant
Antilithic
Anthraquinones found in Bark (70000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antilymphomic
Emodin found in Bark
Antimaculitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antimelanomic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Robinin found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
Antimyoclonic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Emodin found in Bark
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Bark
Antineuritic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Bark
Antiophthalmic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiosteotic
Catechin found in Plant
Antioxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Catechin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Robinin found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antiparkinsonian
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Catechin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antiplaque
Catechin found in Plant
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Emodin found in Bark
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Catechin found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antiradicular
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Catechin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Robinin found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark
Antirheumatic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Antisarcomic
Emodin found in Bark
Antisclerodermic
Catechin found in Plant
Antisenility
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antiseptic
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Chrysophanol found in Bark
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Physcion found in Bark
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antisickling
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Amygdalin found in Plant
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antispermatogenic
Aloin found in Plant
Antisprout
Emodin found in Bark
Antistaphylococcic
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antisterility
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antistress
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antistroke
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antisunburn
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antithalassemic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antithrombotic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antithromboxane-B2
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antitoxemic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antitubercular
Barbaloin found in Bark
Antitumor-Promoter
Armepavine found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Robinin found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
Antitumor
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antitussive
Amygdalin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Catechin found in Plant
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
Antiulcerogenic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Emodin found in Bark
Antiviral
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Aloin found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Apoptotic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Arylamine-N-Acetyltransferase-Inhibitor
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Astringent
Catechin found in Plant
Bird-Repellent
Anthraquinones found in Bark (70000 ppm)
Bitter
Amygdalin found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Emodin found in Bark
COMP-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Catechin found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Calcium-Antagonist
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Chrysophanol found in Bark
Physcion found in Bark
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Amygdalin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Catechin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Robinin found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Candidicide
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Chrysophanol found in Bark
Carcinogenic
Anthraquinones found in Bark (70000 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
Cardioactive
Armepavine found in Bark
Cardioprotective
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Gallo-tannin found in Plant
Cathartic
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Chrysophanol found in Bark
Emodin found in Bark
Physcion found in Bark
Cerebroprotective
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Cholagogue
Aloin found in Plant
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Circulatory-Stimulant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Circulotonic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Convulsant
Armepavine found in Bark
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Seed
Cyanogenic
Amygdalin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
Cytotoxic
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Differentiator
Emodin found in Bark
Diuretic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Robinin found in Seed
Emetic
Anthrone found in Bark
Estrogenic
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Expectorant
Amygdalin found in Plant
Fungicide
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Frangufoline found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Genotoxic
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Emodin found in Bark
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark
Gonadotropic
Emodin found in Bark
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Hemostat
Catechin found in Plant
Chrysophanol found in Bark
Hepatoprotective
Catechin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Catechin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Emodin found in Bark
Hypotensive
Kaempferol found in Seed
Hypothermic
Aloin found in Plant
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Immunomodulator
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Catechin found in Plant
Emodin found in Bark
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Emodin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Insulin-Sparing
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Irritant
Armepavine found in Bark
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Laxative
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Aloin found in Plant
Anthraquinones found in Bark (70000 ppm)
Barbaloin found in Bark
Leucocytogenic
Emodin found in Bark
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Litholytic
Anthraquinones found in Bark (70000 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
MMP-2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
MMP-7-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Mutagenic
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
NO-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Seed
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
P21-Inducer
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
PGE2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
PTK-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Peristaltic
Aloin found in Plant
Pesticide
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Aloin found in Plant
Barbaloin found in Bark
Catechin found in Plant
Chrysophanol found in Bark
Emodin found in Bark
Emodin-8-glucoside found in Plant
Frangufoline found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Physcion found in Bark
Robinin found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Pigment
Chrysophanol found in Bark
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Propecic
Catechin found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Seed
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark
Purgative
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Aloin found in Plant
Barbaloin found in Bark
Chrysophanol found in Bark
Emodin found in Bark
Physcion found in Bark
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Seed
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
Gallo-tannin found in Plant
Sedative
Frangufoline found in Plant
Spermistat
Emodin-8-glucoside found in Plant
Styptic
Emodin found in Bark
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Termitifuge
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Chrysophanol found in Bark
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Toxic
Amygdalin found in Plant
Anthraquinones found in Bark (70000 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Emodin found in Bark
Tuberculostatic
Aloe-emodin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Uricosuric
Aloin found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Vasodilator
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Vasorelaxant
Emodin found in Bark
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
iNOS-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Seed

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]