Ferula assa-foetida Health effects and herbal facts

Ferula assa-foetida

Medical use

Gallery

Ferula assa-foetida Ferula assa-foetida Ferula assa-foetida Ferula assa-foetida Ferula assa-foetida Ferula assa-foetida Ferula assa-foetida

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Gum
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Cynaroside found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Fruit
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Analgesic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Luteolin found in Fruit
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Antiallergic
Azulene found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Antianemic
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Luteolin found in Fruit
Antiappetant
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Luteolin found in Fruit
Antibacterial
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Anticarcinomic
Luteolin found in Fruit
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Anticataract
Luteolin found in Fruit
Anticomplementary
Luteolin found in Fruit
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Fruit
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Glucose found in Gum
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Antiescherichic
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Cadinene found in Essential Oil
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Fruit
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Galbanic-acid found in Gum (20600 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Glucose found in Gum
Glucuronic-acid found in Gum
Antiherpetic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Antihistaminic
Azulene found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Antihysteric
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Antiinsomniac
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Gum
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Antileukemic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Antilipemic
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Antilipogenic
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Antilisteria
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Luteolin found in Fruit
Antimelanomic
Luteolin found in Fruit
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Antimutagenic
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Luteolin found in Fruit
Antioxidant
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Myristic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (212300 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Antiproliferative
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Antiprostaglandin
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Azulene found in Root
Antiradicular
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Antisickling
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Antitubercular
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Antitumor
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Fruit
Antiulcer
Azulene found in Root
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Gum
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Antiyeast
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Fruit
Apoptotic
Luteolin found in Fruit
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Arylamine-N-Acetyltransferase-Inhibitor
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Avifuge
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Bacteristat
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Calcium-Antagonist
Cynaroside found in Fruit
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Fruit
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Myristic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (212300 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Luteolin found in Fruit
Cholagogue
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Choleretic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (212300 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-2E1-Inhibitor
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Cytotoxic
Luteolin found in Fruit
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Detoxicant
Glucuronic-acid found in Gum
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Fruit
Diuretic
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Fruit
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Estrogenic
Luteolin found in Fruit
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Cadinene found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Fungicide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
GT-Inducer
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Hemolytic
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Hepatoprotective
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Hepatoregenerative
Azulene found in Root
Hepatotropic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (212300 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Gum
Hyperthermic
Phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (54800 ppm);found in Gum (64000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Cynaroside found in Fruit
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Foetidin found in Gum ;found in Root (500 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Hypotensive
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (54800 ppm);found in Gum (64000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Larvicide
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Lipolytic
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (212300 ppm)
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Gum
Metal-Chelator
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Molluscicide
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Mutagenic
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Luteolin found in Fruit
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
NO-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (212300 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Cadinene found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Pesticide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Cadinene found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Fruit
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Vanillin found in Plant (600 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Photoactive
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Piscicide
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Fruit
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (128000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (53000 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Radioprotective
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (54800 ppm);found in Gum (64000 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Sunscreen
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Sweetener
Galactose found in Gum
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Essential Oil
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (14300 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum (143000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Triglycerolytic
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
Tumor-Promoter
Phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (54800 ppm);found in Gum (64000 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (13000 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Vasodilator
Luteolin found in Fruit
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (127100 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit
Umbelliferone found in Essential Oil ;found in Gum
iNOS-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Fruit

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-(1-methyl-thio-propyl)-1-propenyldisulfide Gum
1-(methylthio)-propyl-1-propenyl-disulfide Gum
1-(methylthio)-propyl-cis-1-propenyl-disulfide Essential Oil 190,000 380,000
1-methylpropyl-1-propenyl-disulfide Gum
1-methylpropyl-3-(methylthio)-2-propenyl-disulfide Gum
2-butyl-3-methyl-thio-allyldisulfide Gum
2-butyl-trans-1-propenyl-disulfide Essential Oil 110,000 450,000
2-butylmethyl-disulfide Essential Oil
Gum
2-butylmethyl-tetrasulfide Gum
2-butylmethyl-trisulfide Essential Oil
Gum
2-butylpropenyldisulfide Gum
5-alpha-(3,4-diacetoxybenzoyl)-9-beta-angeloxy-jaeschkeanadiol Rhizome 190
5-alpha-(3-methoxy-4-hydroxybenzoyl)-jaeschkeanadiol Rhizome 1,200
5-alpha-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-9-beta-angeloxy-jaeschkeanodiol Rhizome 260
5-alpha-(p-hydroxybenzoyl)-jaeschkeanadiol Rhizome 1,500
5-hydroxyumbelliprenin Gum 363
8-acetoxy-5-hydroxyumbelliprenin Gum 175
8-hydroxyumbelliprenin Gum 1,550
9-beta-hydroxy-jaeschkeanadiol Rhizome 470
9-hydroxyumbelliprenin Gum 388
Allylpropyl-sulfide Gum
Alpha-phellandrene Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene Seed Essent. Oil 14,300
Essential Oil
Gum 143,000
Alpha-terpineol Seed Essent. Oil 127,100
Arabinose Gum
Asacoumarin-a Gum
Resin, Exudate, Sap 30
Asacoumarin-b Gum
Resin, Exudate, Sap 62
Asadisulfide Gum
Resin, Exudate, Sap 47
Asaresinotannoid-a Gum
Asaresinotannoid-b Gum
Asaresinotannol Gum
Asaresinotannol-a Gum
Asaresinotannol-b Gum
Ash Plant 15,000 100,000
Assafoetidin Gum
Azulene Root
Badrakemin Gum 1,750
Badrakemin-acetate Gum 1,500
Bassorin Gum
Beta-pinene Essential Oil
Borneol-acetate Seed Essent. Oil 93,300
Butylpropenyl-disulfide Essential Oil 400,000 450,000
Byakangelicol Plant
Cadinene Essential Oil
Coladonin Gum 1,250
Conferol Root 10
Cynaroside Fruit
Di-2-butyl-methyl-trisulfide Essential Oil
Di-2-butyldisulfide Essential Oil
Di-2-butyltetrasulfide Essential Oil
Di-2-butyltrisulfide Essential Oil
Diallyl-disulfide Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfate Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide Essential Oil
Gum
Dimethyl-trisulfide Essential Oil
Eo Gum 30,000 170,000
Episamarcandin Root 9
Farnesferol Gum
Farnesferol-a Gum
Farnesferol-b Gum
Farnesferol-c Gum
Farnesiferol-a Gum 6,000
Farnesiferol-b Gum
Root 200
Farnesiferol-c Gum 16,666
Root 19
Ferocolicin Gum
Feruginin Rhizome 90
Ferulic-acid Essential Oil
Gum
Resin, Exudate, Sap 13,000
Ferulic-acid-esters Resin, Exudate, Sap 600,000
Foetidin Gum
Root 500
Foliferidin Gum 500
Galactose Gum
Galbanic-acid Gum 20,600
Geraniol-acetate Seed Essent. Oil 77,100
Essential Oil
Glucose Gum
Glucuronic-acid Gum
Gum Plant 250,000
Gummosin Gum 1,500
Root 769
Isobutylpropanyldisulfide Essential Oil
Isopimpinellin Plant
Jaeschkeanadiol Rhizome 6,100
Kamolonol Gum 1,750
Plant
Karatavicinol Gum 3,000
L-arabinose Gum
Linoleic-acid Seed 128,000
Luteolin Fruit
Mogoltadone Gum
Myristic-acid Seed Essent. Oil 212,300
Oleic-acid Seed 53,000
Oxydase Plant
Petroselinic-acid Seed 765,000
Phellandrene Seed Essent. Oil 54,800
Gum 64,000
Polyanthin Gum
Polyanthinin Gum 1,500
Propenyl-sulfide Gum
Resin Plant 400,000 640,000
Rhamnose Gum
Samarcandin-acetate Gum 4,000
Sec-butyl-propenyl-disulfide Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap 4,500 7,650
Sec-butyl-propyl-disulfide Essential Oil
Umbelliferone Essential Oil
Gum
Umbelliferone-ethers Gum
Umbelliprenin Root 23
Undecyl-sulfonyl-acetic-acid Resin Essent. Oil 188,000
Valeric-acid Essential Oil
Vanillin Plant 600
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]