Fagopyrum esculentum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
buckwheat common buckwheat Japanese buckwheat silverhull buckwheat
Fagopyrum esculentum

Medical use

Economic importance of Fagopyrum esculentum

Bee plants honey production
Environmental soil improver
Human food pseudocereal
Animal food foder
Medicines source of rutin
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Fagopyrum esculentum Fagopyrum esculentum Fagopyrum esculentum Fagopyrum esculentum Fagopyrum esculentum Fagopyrum esculentum Fagopyrum esculentum Fagopyrum esculentum Fagopyrum esculentum Fagopyrum esculentum Fagopyrum esculentum Fagopyrum esculentum

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; South Africa - Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Cape
    Cultivated
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • East Tropical Africa: Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    • South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Reunion
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    Cultivated
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand ; Vietnam
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Queensland
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
    Cultivated
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Sweden
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Germany
    • East Europe: Russian Federation - European part
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria
    Cultivated
    • Middle Europe: Poland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California
    Cultivated
    • Canada
    • United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Caribbean: Cuba
    • Brazil: Brazil

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Arachidonic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (13200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (3120 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (460 ppm)
5-HETE-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Seed (670000 ppm)
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (111000 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Seed (0.155 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Seed (2752 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hyperin found in Testa (50 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Vitexin found in Cotyledon ;found in Testa
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Salicylaldehyde found in Seed
Allelopathic
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
Syringic-acid found in Testa
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (13200 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (13200 ppm)
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Hypocotyl
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (8 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (13200 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (99000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (4480 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Seed (5045 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
AntiCVI
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
AntiMD
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Seed (9750 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (132 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Seed (9750 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Seed (7110 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (14 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (13200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (3120 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Phosphatidyl-choline found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (13200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (3120 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Seed (132 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.8 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (4480 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Vitexin found in Cotyledon ;found in Testa
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Seed (2750 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (14 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Hcn found in Seed (7 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf (15100 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorine found in Seed (138 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Hyperin found in Testa (50 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.155 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Malic-acid found in Leaf (15100 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Testa
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antibradiquinic
Vitexin found in Cotyledon ;found in Testa
Antibronchitic
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Hypocotyl
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (132 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.8 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.8 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (14 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.8 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.8 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (132 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.8 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Antichorea
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antichoreic
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Hypocotyl
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (5045 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (4480 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Arachidonic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (14 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Vitexin found in Cotyledon ;found in Testa
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Seed (99000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antidote
Hcn found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Antieczemic
Arachidonic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Quercitrin found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed (11910 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (9750 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (8140 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (2750 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (8140 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (23300 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Antiepitheleomic
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (14 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (4480 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (3120 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Malic-acid found in Leaf (15100 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (9750 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.8 ppm)
Antiglycosation
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Seed (0.155 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Arginine found in Seed (11910 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Seed
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorine found in Seed (138 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Lysine found in Seed (7110 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Vitexin found in Cotyledon ;found in Testa
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Seed (2752 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (23300 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Pantothenic-acid found in Seed (14 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Seed (11910 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (99000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (4480 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed (11910 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Seed (11910 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Antiischemic
Hyperin found in Testa (50 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.8 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Antileukotriene-B4
Arachidonic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (13200 ppm)
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (23300 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antilupus
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antimanic
Phosphatidyl-choline found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (132 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antimyoclonic
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Seed (2750 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Seed (670000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (92 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (99000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (92 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (8 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (3200 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (5045 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (2750 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed (6080 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.8 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (2750 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.8 ppm)
Antiplaque
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (23300 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (9750 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Seed (2270 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Seed (9750 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antipsoriatic
Arachidonic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (23300 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf (15100 ppm)
Antisenility
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorine found in Seed (138 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.155 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf (15100 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (111000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Antiserotoninic
Vitexin found in Cotyledon ;found in Testa
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Seed (9750 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Testa
Phenylalanine found in Seed (5045 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
Potassium found in Seed (4480 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Hypocotyl
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Seed
Antisterility
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Antistroke
Potassium found in Seed (4480 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antithalassemic
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antithrombotic
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antithromboxane-B2
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Vitexin found in Cotyledon ;found in Testa
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Seed (0.155 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Antitoxemic
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf (15100 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Hypocotyl
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (99000 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf (15100 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
Phytic-acid found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Hypocotyl
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Antitussive
Hcn found in Seed (7 ppm)
Hyperin found in Testa (50 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Seed (2750 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
(-)-epicatechin-3-o-gallate found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorine found in Seed (138 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hyperin found in Testa (50 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.155 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (92 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (5045 ppm)
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (23300 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (4480 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Vitexin found in Cotyledon ;found in Testa
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed (11910 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (92 ppm)
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Leaf (15100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (99000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (4480 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Seed (7 ppm)
Bruchifuge
Shikimic-acid found in Hypocotyl
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Leaf (15100 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Quercitrin found in Seed
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (111000 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Chlorine found in Seed (138 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Capillarifortificant
Hyperin found in Testa (50 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Hyperin found in Testa (50 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Hypocotyl
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Seed (99000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (4480 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (4480 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Cerebroprotective
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (13200 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
Quercitrin found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Circulatory-Stimulant
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Coagulant
Arachidonic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Cosmetic
Behenic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Myristic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (115 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (460 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Deodorant
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Depressant
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Seed (11910 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Seed (99000 ppm)
Hyperin found in Testa (50 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (4480 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Dye
Quercitrin found in Seed
Elastase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Emetic
Methionine found in Seed
Emollient
Starch found in Seed (670000 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Seed (2750 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Seed (6080 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (8140 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (7110 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed
Threonine found in Seed (5850 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (8140 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (92 ppm)
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (13200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (3120 ppm)
Salicylaldehyde found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (460 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (5850 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (8140 ppm)
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (111000 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorine found in Seed (138 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Iodine found in Seed (0.155 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
Phytic-acid found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Fungistat
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Testa
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Seed
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Seed (0.155 ppm)
Vitexin found in Cotyledon ;found in Testa
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Fagopyrin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (3120 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Leaf (15100 ppm)
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (111000 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Seed
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Myristic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (115 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (3120 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Seed (0 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (0 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Seed (0.155 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed (11910 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Seed (7110 ppm)
Hypocalcemic
Phytic-acid found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed (230 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (99000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (13200 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Seed (2270 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (460 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (92 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Salicylates found in Seed (0 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Plant (10800 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (99000 ppm)
Hyperin found in Testa (50 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (4480 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Vitexin found in Cotyledon ;found in Testa
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (99000 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Shikimic-acid found in Hypocotyl
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Testa
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Insecticide
Hcn found in Seed (7 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (13200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Insectiphile
Quercitrin found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Arachidonic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (13200 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (111000 ppm)
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoorientin found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (99000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Seed
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (115 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (3120 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (460 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
MAO-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Seed
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Methyl-Guanidine-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin-3-o-gallate found in Tissue Culture
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Seed (5045 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (2750 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Hypocotyl
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf (15100 ppm)
Myocontractant
Arachidonic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed (11910 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (115 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (3120 ppm)
Nephroprotective
(-)-epicatechin-3-o-gallate found in Tissue Culture
Nephrotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Seed (9750 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (23300 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (3200 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Seed (92 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Seed (6880 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (2750 ppm)
P21-Inducer
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Seed
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (13200 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (13200 ppm)
Salicylaldehyde found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (460 ppm)
Pesticide
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorine found in Seed (138 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Hcn found in Seed (7 ppm)
Hyperin found in Testa (50 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Isoorientin found in Testa
Malic-acid found in Leaf (15100 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (111000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Testa
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (3120 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Salicylaldehyde found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Hypocotyl
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Photoactive
Fagopyrin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Phytoalexin
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Testa
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Plant
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed (11910 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Seed (670000 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Iron found in Seed (132 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (6078 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (13200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (3120 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (460 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Testa
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Seed (0.155 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Pyrogenic
Arachidonic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Leaf (8200 ppm)
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (111000 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Hcn found in Seed (7 ppm)
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Rodenticide
Hcn found in Seed (7 ppm)
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Testa
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (92 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Leaf (15100 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (3120 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed (11910 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Salicylaldehyde found in Seed
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Seed (460 ppm)
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Thyroid-Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Vitexin found in Cotyledon ;found in Testa
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Seed (0.155 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (5045 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Seed (2065 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Testa
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Testa
Protocatechuic-acid found in Testa (134 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Testa
Vanillic-acid found in Testa
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (1880 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (9750 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (0 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (111000 ppm)
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Root ;found in Seed (26 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Arginine found in Seed (11910 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (1140 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (99000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (44 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (4480 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed (42 ppm)
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Seed (7 ppm)
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower (63700 ppm);found in Petiole (975 ppm);found in Plant (68300 ppm);found in Testa (43 ppm);found in Stem (50600 ppm);found in Seed (511 ppm);found in Leaf (63700 ppm)
Vasorelaxant
Proanthocyanidins found in Testa
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Seed ;found in Testa (50 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed ;found in Testa (25 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Root
Tissue Culture
(+)-epicatechin Tissue Culture
(-)-epicatechin Root
Seed 26
Tissue Culture
(-)-epicatechin-3-o-gallate Tissue Culture
3,4-dihydroxy-2-piperidinomethanol Plant
3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde Testa 61
Alanine Seed 6,880
Alpha-amyrin Seed
Arachidic-acid Seed 459
Arachidonic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Arginine Seed 11,910
Aromadendrin-3-o-beta-galactoside Seed
Ascorbic-acid Seed 0
Ash Seed 19,000 24,000
Aspartic-acid Seed 12,000
Behenic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Beta-amyrin Seed
Beta-sitosterol Seed 1,640 1,880
Boron Seed 4 8
Caffeic-acid Plant
Calcium Seed 241 1,140
Campesterol Seed 200 230
Carbohydrates Seed 650,000 817,700
Carnaubic-acid Seed 990 1,200
Chlorine Seed 138
Chlorogenic-acid Plant
Citric-acid Leaf 8,200
Cyanidin Plant
Cystine Seed 2,752
Docosenoic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Dodecadienoic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Dodecatrienoic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Eriodictyol-5-o-methyl-ether-7-o-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-(1,4)-o-beta-d-galactopyranoside Seed 670
Fagopyrin Flower
Plant
Fagopyrum-protease-inhibitor-bwi-1 Seed 25,000
Fagopyrum-protease-inhibitor-bwi-2 Seed 26,000
Fagopyrum-protease-inhibitor-bwi-3 Seed 6,000
Fagopyrum-tripeptide Seed
Fat Seed 19,800 24,000
Fiber Seed 42,400 99,000
Flavonoids Petiole 12,130 14,635
Seed 3,715 4,075
Glutamic-acid Seed 23,300
Glycine Seed 9,750
Hcn Seed 7
Heptadecenoic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Hexadecenoic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Hexan-1-al Seed
Histidine Seed 2,750
Homoorientin Cotyledon
Hyperin Testa 50
Hyperoside Seed
Testa 50
Iodine Seed 0.016 0.155
Iron Seed 30 132
Isoleucine Seed 6,080
Isoorientin Testa
Isovitexin Testa
Kilocalories Seed 3,350 3,897
L-saccharopine Seed
Lauric-acid Pollen Or Spore
Leucine Seed 8,140
Linoleic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Seed 3,960 6,078
Linolenic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Seed 917
Lysine Seed 7,110
Lysophosphatidylcholine Seed
Lysophosphatidylethanolamine Seed
Lysophosphatidylserine Seed
Malic-acid Leaf 15,100
Maltase Seed
Margaric-acid Pollen Or Spore
Methionine Seed
Molybdenum Seed 5.5
Myristic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Seed 115
Myristoleic-acid Pollen Or Spore
N-tetradecane Seed
Niacin Seed 20 44
Nickel Seed 1
Nonan-1-al Seed
Norvaline Seed
Octan-2-ol Seed
Oleic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Seed 6,650 13,200
Orientin Cotyledon
Oxalic-acid Leaf 111,000
P-coumaric-acid Testa
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Testa
Palmitic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Seed 2,574 3,120
Pantothenic-acid Seed 14
Pentadecanoic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Pentadecenoic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Phenylalanine Seed 5,045
Phosphatidyl-choline Seed
Phosphatidyl-ethanolamine Seed
Phosphatidyl-serine Seed
Phospholipids Seed 34,000
Phosphorus Seed 2,820 3,200
Phytic-acid Plant 10,800
Phytin Seed 12,000 24,000
Phytosterols Seed 1,980 2,270
Potassium Seed 3,715 4,480
Proanthocyanidins Testa
Procyanidin-b-2 Root
Tissue Culture
Procyanidin-b-2-3'-o-gallate Root
Tissue Culture
Procyanidin-b1-o-gallate Tissue Culture
Proline Seed 5,965
Protease-inhibitor-bwi-1 Seed
Protein Seed 103,000 129,000
Protocatechuic-acid Testa 134
Quercetin Plant
Sprout Seedling
Seed
Testa 25
Quercitrin Seed
Rhamnose Leaf 28,300
Riboflavin Seed 1.7 1.8
Rutin Flower 40,000 63,700
Petiole 505 975
Plant 1,000 68,300
Testa 43
Stem 600 50,600
Seed 87 511
Leaf 11,600 63,700
Salicylaldehyde Seed
Salicylates Seed 0
Saponaretin Cotyledon
Selenium Seed 0.2
Serine Seed 7,110
Shikimic-acid Hypocotyl
Silicic-acid Plant
Sodium Seed 0
Starch Seed 670,000
Stearic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Seed 460
Stigmasterol Seed 80 92
Syringic-acid Testa
Taxifolin-3-o-xyloside Seed
Thiamin Seed 2.7 9
Threonine Seed 5,850
Tocopherol Seed 42
Tridecan-1-oic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Tryptophan Seed 2,065
Tyrosine Seed 2,750
Valine Seed 8,140
Vanillic-acid Testa
Vitexin Cotyledon
Testa
Water Seed 110,000 128,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]