Erythrophleum suaveolens Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
erun ordealtree red-water-tree sasswoodtree sassy-bark-tree sassybark

Erythrophleum suaveolens is a species of plants that can be found in Mozambique and Zimbabwe. The species are 20 metres in height, and have a rough and blackish bark. The plants liaves have 2–3 pairs of pinnae, which carry 7–13 leaflets. The leaflets are 5 by 2.5 centimetres, are green coloured and ovate. The flowers have fluffy spikes, and are creamy-yellow coloured. Fruits are hard, the pod of which is flat. The bark of the tree has been used in Liberia to make a toxic concoction used for a form of trial by ordeal called "sassywood".

Erythrophleum suaveolens

Medical use

Economic importance of Erythrophleum suaveolens

Materials wod
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Erythrophleum suaveolens Erythrophleum suaveolens Erythrophleum suaveolens Erythrophleum suaveolens Erythrophleum suaveolens Erythrophleum suaveolens Erythrophleum suaveolens Erythrophleum suaveolens Erythrophleum suaveolens Erythrophleum suaveolens Erythrophleum suaveolens Erythrophleum suaveolens Erythrophleum suaveolens

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe

Biological activities

Abortifacient
Erythrophleine found in Bark
Analgesic
Cassaidine found in Bark
Cassamine found in Bark
Erythrophlamine found in Bark
Erythrophleine found in Bark
Homophleine found in Bark
Anesthetic
Cassaidine found in Bark
Cassaine found in Bark
Cassamine found in Bark
Erythrophlamine found in Bark
Homophleine found in Bark
Antiseptic
Cassaidine found in Bark
Cassaine found in Bark
Cassamine found in Bark
Erythrophlamine found in Bark
Erythrophleine found in Bark
Homophleine found in Bark
Cardiac
Erythrophlamine found in Bark
Homophleine found in Bark
Cardiotonic
Cassaidine found in Bark
Cassaine found in Bark
Cassamine found in Bark
Erythrophleguine found in Bark
Erythrophleine found in Bark
Convulsant
Cassaine found in Bark
Cytotoxic
Cassaine found in Bark
Digitalic
Cassaidine found in Bark
Erythrophleguine found in Bark
Diuretic
Erythrophleguine found in Bark
Hemolytic
Erythrophleine found in Bark
Homophleine found in Bark
Insectifuge
Erythrophleine found in Bark
Pesticide
Cassaidine found in Bark
Cassamine found in Bark
Erythrophlamine found in Bark
Erythrophleine found in Bark
Homophleine found in Bark
Uterotonic
Erythrophleine found in Bark
Vasoconstrictor
Erythrophleine found in Bark

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]