Ephedra sinica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Chinese ephedra Chinese joint-fir

Ephedra sinica is a plant species native to Mongolia, Russia, and northeastern China.

Ephedra sinica

Medical use

Economic importance of Ephedra sinica

Medicines source of ephedrine & pseudoephedrine

Gallery

Ephedra sinica Ephedra sinica Ephedra sinica Ephedra sinica Ephedra sinica Ephedra sinica Ephedra sinica Ephedra sinica Ephedra sinica Ephedra sinica Ephedra sinica Ephedra sinica

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Hebei, Henan , Jilin, Nei Monggol, Shanxi

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Shoot
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Kaempferol found in Shoot
ACE-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Acaricide
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Adrenergic
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
L-ephedrine found in Stem
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
P-cresol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Tricin found in Shoot
Allergenic
Acetone found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Amphetaminagenic
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Analeptic
N-methyl-ephedrine found in Plant ;found in Plant
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
D-norpseudoephedrine found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (13200 ppm);found in Plant (13200 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Anorectic
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
Anorexic
D-norpseudoephedrine found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Shoot
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Plant
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (5.4 ppm);found in Plant (5.4 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Isomenthol found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Antiacne
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Tin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Antiaggregant
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Ligustrazine found in Stem
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Plant (21 ppm);found in Plant (21 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (5.4 ppm);found in Plant (5.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiamebic
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antianemic
Iron found in Plant (21 ppm);found in Plant (21 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (5.4 ppm);found in Plant (5.4 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Antiappetant
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Ephedroxane found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
Antiarrhythmic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (13200 ppm);found in Plant (13200 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (5.4 ppm);found in Plant (5.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Plant
L-alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Beta-ionone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Hexanal found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Tin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Plant (21 ppm);found in Plant (21 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Anticaries
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Beta-ionone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Fluoride found in Shoot (3.5 ppm)
Tricin found in Shoot
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Plant (21 ppm);found in Plant (21 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Shoot
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (13200 ppm);found in Plant (13200 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (5.4 ppm);found in Plant (5.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Plant (5.4 ppm);found in Plant (5.4 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Plant (5.4 ppm);found in Plant (5.4 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Ephedroxane found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
Antiembolic
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Antiemphysemic
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Antienuretic
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Antiepileptic
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (5.4 ppm);found in Plant (5.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (13200 ppm);found in Plant (13200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antifeedant
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antigiardial
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antigout
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antihiccup
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Feruloylhistamine found in Root
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (13200 ppm);found in Plant (13200 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiischemic
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Tricin found in Shoot
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Beta-ionone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Plant (21 ppm);found in Plant (21 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Antimutagenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Anisaldehyde found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Nonacosane found in Plant
P-cresol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Antimyasthenic
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antinarcoleptic
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Fluoride found in Shoot (3.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (5.4 ppm);found in Plant (5.4 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (3230 ppm);found in Plant (3230 ppm)
Silicon found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiosteosclerotic
Fluoride found in Shoot (3.5 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Antiototic
Manganese found in Plant (5.4 ppm);found in Plant (5.4 ppm)
Antioxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Feruloylhistamine found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Manganese found in Plant (5.4 ppm);found in Plant (5.4 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Tricin found in Shoot
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Shoot
L-ephedrine found in Stem
Antiperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Apigenin found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antipruritic
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antiradicular
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Hexanal found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Furfural found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Hexanal found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
P-cresol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiserotonic
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Plant (63 ppm);found in Plant (63 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ethyl-acetate found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (13200 ppm);found in Plant (13200 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Citronellol found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Citronellol found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antistress
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (13200 ppm);found in Plant (13200 ppm)
Antisyncopic
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (5.4 ppm);found in Plant (5.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antithrombotic
Ligustrazine found in Stem
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Antitumor
Alpha-curcumene found in Shoot (28 ppm)
Apigenin found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Tricin found in Shoot
Antitussive
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Aluminum found in Plant (63 ppm);found in Plant (63 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Nonacosane found in Plant
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (3230 ppm);found in Plant (3230 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (13200 ppm);found in Plant (13200 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Arrhythmigenic
L-ephedrine found in Stem
Arteriodilator
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Avifuge
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (13200 ppm);found in Plant (13200 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Plant
L-ephedrine found in Stem
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Acetone found in Shoot
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Ethyl-acetate found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
CNS-Stimulant
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
L-ephedrine found in Stem
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Ligustrazine found in Stem
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
P-cresol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Plant (63 ppm);found in Plant (63 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Octanoic-acid found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Cardiac
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Plant (4 ppm);found in Plant (4 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (13200 ppm);found in Plant (13200 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Silicon found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Cardiotonic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Plant (13200 ppm);found in Plant (13200 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
Carminative
Copaene found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Ethyl-acetate found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Catabolic
Tricin found in Shoot
Cerebrostimulant
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Cerebrotoxic
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Choleretic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Controlled
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Cytotoxic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
DNA-Binder
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Shoot
Decongestant
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
L-ephedrine found in Stem
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Shoot
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (13200 ppm);found in Plant (13200 ppm)
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Plant (63 ppm);found in Plant (63 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Plant (4 ppm);found in Plant (4 ppm)
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Tricin found in Shoot
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Decanoic-acid found in Shoot
Dihydrocarveol found in Essential Oil
Ethyl-acetate found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Furfural found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Hexanal found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Nonanoic-acid found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Shoot (6 ppm)
P-cresol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Anisaldehyde found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Beta-ionone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Furfural found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Glutathionalytic
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Hallucinogenic
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
Hepatocarcinogenic
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Feruloylhistamine found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Hepatoregenerative
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Herbicide
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Herbistat
Tricin found in Shoot
Histaminic
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Histidine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Feruloylhistamine found in Root
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Hypertensive
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
L-ephedrine found in Stem
Maokonine found in Root
Sodium found in Plant (430 ppm);found in Plant (430 ppm)
Hypnotic
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Hypocalcemic
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Manganese found in Plant (5.4 ppm);found in Plant (5.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Hypotensive
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Feruloylhistamine found in Root
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (13200 ppm);found in Plant (13200 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Alpha-curcumene found in Shoot (28 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Shoot
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Immunostimulant
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Plant (3230 ppm);found in Plant (3230 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Insecticide-Synergist
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Anisaldehyde found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Benzene found in Shoot
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Furfural found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Beta-terpineol found in Essential Oil (65000 ppm);found in Stem
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Apigenin found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Irritant
Citronellol found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Dihydrocarveol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Furfural found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Styrene found in Shoot
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Larvicide
Benzene found in Shoot
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Plant ;found in Plant
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Mucotropic
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Mydriatic
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
L-ephedrine found in Stem
Myocardiotonic
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Myorelaxant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Narcotic
Acetone found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Styrene found in Shoot
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Decanoic-acid found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Neurolytic
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Neuroprotective
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Plant (3230 ppm);found in Plant (3230 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Oxytocic
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Shoot
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Paralytic
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Parasiticide
P-cresol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Pediculicide
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Beta-terpineol found in Essential Oil (65000 ppm);found in Stem
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Nonanoic-acid found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Styrene found in Shoot
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Peroxynitrite-Scavenger
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Pesticide
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Aluminum found in Plant (63 ppm);found in Plant (63 ppm)
Anisaldehyde found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Benzene found in Shoot
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Beta-ionone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Beta-terpineol found in Essential Oil (65000 ppm);found in Stem
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Decanoic-acid found in Shoot
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Furfural found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Hexanal found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
P-cresol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (47 ppm)
Tin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Tricin found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Pigment
Herbacetin found in Shoot
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Pressor
L-ephedrine found in Stem
Progestational
Apigenin found in Shoot
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Iron found in Plant (21 ppm);found in Plant (21 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Protisticide
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Psychoactive
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Psychostimulant
D-norpseudoephedrine found in Plant
Pulifuge
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Pulmonotoxic
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Shoot
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
Respirastimulant
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Respirotoxic
Ethyl-acetate found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Rodenticide
P-cresol found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Rubefacient
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Schistosomicide
Elemicin found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Sclerosant
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Apigenin found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Stimulant
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Ethyl-acetate found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Sunscreen
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Surfactant
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Sympathomimetic
D-norpseudoephedrine found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
L-ephedrine found in Stem
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Tachycardic
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
L-ephedrine found in Stem
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
Taenicide
Tin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Plant (11 ppm)
Teratogenic
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Tracheorelaxant
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Pseudoephedrine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (21400 ppm);found in Stem
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Limonene found in Shoot (23 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Safrole found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Tremorilytic
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Beta-ionone found in Shoot (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Anisaldehyde found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Plant (37.3 ppm);found in Plant (37 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Ethanol found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Uterocontractant
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Uterosedative
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Uterotonic
Myristicin found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Shoot
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (1.2 ppm);found in Plant (1.2 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
Vasoconstrictor
D-norpseudoephedrine found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Plant (22500 ppm);found in Shoot (22700 ppm);found in Root
L-ephedrine found in Stem
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (4390 ppm);found in Plant (4390 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (2110 ppm);found in Plant (2110 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (90 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (13200 ppm);found in Plant (13200 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Shoot
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (130 ppm);found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (721 ppm);found in Plant (721 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (39 ppm);found in Stem
Zinc found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem
(-)-epigallocatechin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Shoot

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-isoephedrine Plant
(+)-methylephedrine Shoot 1,840
(+)-n-methylpseudoephedrine Plant
(+)-pseudoephedrine Plant 4,100
Shoot 1,300 7,300
(-)-alpha-terpineol Essential Oil
(-)-ephedrine Plant 9,800
Rhizome
Shoot 16,010
Shoot 7,300
(-)-epicatechin Stem
(-)-epigallocatechin Stem
(-)-methylephedrine Plant
Shoot 1,100
(-)-nor-ephedrine Plant
Shoot 100
Shoot 430
(n)-methyl-epsilon-ephedrine Plant
1,2,3-trimethyl-5-(2-propenyl)-benzene Shoot
1,4-cineole Shoot 11
1-acetyl-1,3-dimethylcyclohex-3-ene Essential Oil 53,000
1-methyl-3,4-dihydropyrrolopyrazine Shoot
1-methyl-4-isopropylbenzene Shoot 22
2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine Essential Oil
2,3-dihydro-2-methylbenzofuran Shoot 31
2-ethylphenol Shoot
2-hydroxy-5-methoxy-acetophenone Shoot 11
2-methyl-propan-1-ol Shoot
3,7,11-trimethyl-2,6,10-dodecatrien-1-ol Shoot 27
3-methoxyherbacetin Shoot
4-isopropyl-acetophenone Shoot 1
4-methyl-1-(1-propenyl)-benzene Shoot 15
Acetic-acid Shoot
Acetone Shoot
Alkaloids Plant 8,000 33,000
Alpha-alpha-4-trimethylcyclohex-3-ene-1-methanol Essential Oil 350,000
Alpha-curcumene Shoot 28
Alpha-terpinene Shoot 21
Alpha-terpineol Shoot 130
Stem
Alpha-thujene Shoot
Aluminum Plant 13 63
Plant 63
Anisaldehyde Shoot 1
Apigenin Shoot
Apigenin-5-o-rhamnoside Shoot
Ascorbic-acid Plant 151 721
Plant 721
Ash Plant 11,760 56,000
Plant 56,000
Benzaldehyde Shoot 15
Benzene Shoot
Benzoic-acid Shoot
Beta-carotene Plant 37.3
Plant 8 37
Beta-caryophyllene Shoot 15
Beta-ionone Shoot 7
Beta-terpinene Shoot 4
Beta-terpineol Essential Oil 65,000
Stem
Butan-1-ol Shoot 4
Calamenene Shoot 5
Calcium Plant 922 4,390
Plant 4,390
Carbohydrates Plant 171,570 817,000
Plant 817,000
Chromium Plant
Plant
Cinnamyl-alcohol Shoot 18
Cis-p-menth-2-en-7-ol Shoot 31
Citronellol Shoot 6
Cobalt Plant 0.8 4
Plant 4
Copaene Shoot 6
Cyclohex-3-ene-1-carboxaldehyde Essential Oil
D-n-methyl-pseudoephedrine Plant
D-norpseudoephedrine Plant
D-pseudoephedrine Stem 400 5,000
Decanoic-acid Shoot
Delta-cadinene Shoot 5
Dihydrocarveol Essential Oil
Eicosane Shoot
Elemicin Shoot 7
Ellagic-acid Plant
Eo Plant 1,000 4,000
Ephedradine-a Root
Ephedradine-b Root
Ephedradine-c Root
Ephedrine Plant 700 22,500
Shoot 1,700 22,700
Root
Ephedroxane Plant 10
Shoot 10
Epsilon-ephedrine Plant
Ethanol Shoot 2
Ethyl-acetate Shoot 1
Eugenol Shoot 4
Fat Plant 19,000
Plant 3,990 19,000
Feruloylhistamine Root
Fiber Plant 98,000
Fiber(crude) Plant 98,000
Fiber(dietary) Plant 319,000
Fluoride Shoot 3.5
Furfural Shoot 1
Gallic-acid Plant
Heneicosane Shoot
Heptanoic-acid Shoot 3
Herbacetin Shoot
Hexanal Shoot 4
Hydroxysuccinic-acid Shoot
Iron Plant 21
Plant 4.4 21
Isobutyrophenone Shoot 10
Isomenthol Shoot 7
Kaempferol Shoot
Kaempferol-rhamnoside Shoot
Kilocalories Plant 3,100
L-alpha-terpineol Plant
L-ephedrine Stem
L-n-methyl-ephedrine Plant
L-norephedrine Plant
Ligustrazine Stem
Limonene Shoot 23
Linalol Shoot 32
Longifolene Shoot 4
Magnesium Plant 2,110
Plant 443 2,110
Manganese Plant 5.4
Plant 1 5.4
Maokonine Root
Methyl-butanoate Shoot 28
Methyl-eugenol Shoot 23
Methyl-phenyl-carbinol Shoot 7
Methylbenzylamine Plant
Methylephedrine Plant 700
Shoot 310 1,340
Myrcene Essential Oil
Stem
Myristicin Shoot 2
N-methyl-ephedrine Plant
Plant
Niacin Plant 90
Plant 19 90
Nonacosan-10-ol Plant
Nonacosane Plant
Nonadecane Shoot
Nonanal Shoot 2
Nonanoic-acid Shoot 3
Nor-ephedrine Plant
Shoot 180 1,420
Nor-pseudoephedrine Plant
Shoot 1,100 1,420
Octadecane Shoot
Octanoic-acid Shoot 6
Oxalic-acid Shoot
P-cresol Shoot 1
P-menth-2-en-7-ol Essential Oil
Stem
P-mentha-1,5-dien-7-ol Shoot 1
Perillyl-acetate Shoot 5
Phosphorus Plant 3,230
Plant 678 3,230
Potassium Plant 13,200
Plant 2,772 13,200
Protein Plant 22,680 108,000
Plant 108,000
Pseudoephedrine Plant
Shoot 270 21,400
Stem
Pulegone Shoot 7
Riboflavin Plant 2.3 11
Plant 11
Safrole Shoot 2
Selenium Plant 1.2
Plant 0.3 1.2
Silicon Plant 3.1
Plant 0.7 3.1
Sodium Plant 90 430
Plant 430
Styrene Shoot
Terpinen-4-ol Essential Oil
Shoot 39
Stem
Tetramethyl-pyrazine Shoot 39
Thiamin Plant 47
Thiamine Plant 10 47
Tin Plant 11
Plant 2.3 11
Trans-p-menth-2-en-7-ol Shoot 2
Tricin Shoot
Trimethyl-pyrazine Shoot 1
Trocosan-1-ol Plant
Undecane Shoot 1
Verbenol Shoot 10
Water Plant 790,000
Plant 790,000
Zinc Plant 0.4 2.1
Plant 2.1
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]