Elaeis guineensis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
African oil palm macaw-fat oil palm

Elaeis guineensis is a species of palm commonly called African oil palm or macaw-fat. It is the principal source of palm oil. It is native to west and southwest Africa, specifically the area between Angola and the Gambia; the species name guineensis refers to the name for the area, Guinea, and not the modern country which now bears that name. The species is also now naturalised in Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Sumatra, Central America, the West Indies and several islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The closely related American oil palm Elaeis oleifera and a more distantly related palm, Attalea maripa, are also used to produce palm oil. Human use of oil palms may date as far back as 5,000 years in West Africa; in the late 1800s, archaeologists discovered palm oil in a tomb at Abydos dating back to 3,000 BCE. It is thought that Arab traders brought the oil palm to Egypt.

Elaeis guineensis

Medical use

Economic importance of Elaeis guineensis

Environmental ornamental
Human food beverage base fruit oil/fat vegetable
Fuels petroleum substitute/alcohol
Materials beads fiber lipids
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Elaeis guineensis Elaeis guineensis Elaeis guineensis Elaeis guineensis Elaeis guineensis Elaeis guineensis Elaeis guineensis Elaeis guineensis Elaeis guineensis Elaeis guineensis Elaeis guineensis Elaeis guineensis Elaeis guineensis Elaeis guineensis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola
    Naturalized
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Sumatra; Malaysia

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (384930 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (69615 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Allelochemic
O-cresol found in Plant
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Anesthetic
Guaiacol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (43000 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antiaggregant
2,6-dimethoxyphenol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (61 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (384930 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (384930 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Fruit (61 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Plant
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (61 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (61 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Guaiacol found in Plant
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (43000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Guaiacol found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (384930 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Lignoceric-acid found in Fruit (820 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (43000 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (61 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
O-cresol found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (43000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3100 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Alpha-tocotrienol found in Fruit (165 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Gamma-tocotrienol found in Fruit (360 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (48320 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (384930 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
2,6-dimethoxyphenol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Plant
O-cresol found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Antituberculic
Guaiacol found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (43000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (43000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3100 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (43000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (43000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (48320 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
O-cresol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.7 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (43000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Guaiacol found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (48320 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (69615 ppm)
Dermal
Guaiacol found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (43000 ppm)
Emetic
Guaiacol found in Plant
Expectorant
Guaiacol found in Plant
FLavor
Guaiacol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (384930 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (69615 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (384930 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (48320 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (384930 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (43000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (69615 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (43000 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (43000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (125 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3100 ppm)
Insectifuge
Guaiacol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Irritant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (43000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (48320 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (384930 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (69615 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (48320 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (384930 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3100 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (69615 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Plant
O-cresol found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (384930 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (61 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (92550 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (429155 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (384930 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (69615 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Guaiacol found in Plant
Rodenticide
O-cresol found in Plant
Sedative
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (384930 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Fruit
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (69615 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Transdermal
Guaiacol found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (575 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1360 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (43000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (163 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-ethyl-3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxybenzene Plant
1-methyl-3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxybenzene Plant
2,6-dimethoxyphenol Plant
Alpha-tocopherol Fruit 75 125
Alpha-tocotrienol Fruit 100 165
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 120 163
Ash Fruit 9,000 17,000
Beta-carotene Fruit 365 575
Beta-tocotrienol Fruit 45 75
Calcium Fruit 820 1,360
Carbohydrates Fruit 105,000 364,000
Fat Fruit 460,000 819,000
Fiber Fruit 27,000 43,000
Gamma-tocotrienol Fruit 220 360
Guaiacol Plant
Iron Fruit 40 61
Kilocalories Fruit 5,370 7,460
Lignoceric-acid Fruit 460 820
Linoleic-acid Fruit 9,200 92,550
Myristic-acid Fruit 2,300 48,320
Niacin Fruit 13 19
Nol Plant
O-cresol Plant
Oleic-acid Fruit 183,080 429,155
Palmitic-acid Fruit 148,580 384,930
Palmitoleic-acid Fruit
Phosphorus Fruit 440 3,100
Protein Fruit 19,000 99,000
Riboflavin Fruit 1 1.7
Stearic-acid Fruit 4,600 69,615
Thiamin Fruit 2 3.5
Water Fruit 262,000 280,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]