Echinacea spp Health effects and herbal facts

Echinacea spp

Gallery

Echinacea spp Echinacea spp Echinacea spp Echinacea spp Echinacea spp Echinacea spp Echinacea spp Echinacea spp Echinacea spp

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Palmitic-acid found in Root
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Fruit
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Fruit
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Betaine found in Root
Acaricide
Limonene found in Fruit
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Aedifuge
Ponticaepoxide found in Root
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Root (200000 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Verbascoside found in Root
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Borneol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Limonene found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Plant
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Limonene found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Plant
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Root
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (111000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8090 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Leaf
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV-Integrase
Cichoric-acid found in Flower (31000 ppm);found in Root (21000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Cichoric-acid found in Flower (31000 ppm);found in Root (21000 ppm)
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (101 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Fruit
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Tin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Fruit
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Rutoside found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (4800 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (101 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antianemic
Iron found in Root (4800 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (101 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8090 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Root (8 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (101 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Plant
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (4800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Leaf
Rutoside found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Bark (3 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Bark (3 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (3 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (3 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (4800 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Leaf
Arabinogalactan found in Root
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8090 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (111000 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (200000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (101 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Root (200000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (101 ppm)
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Plant
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (101 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Cynarin found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (101 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Fruit
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8090 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Borneol found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Root (26 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Limonene found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Verbascoside found in Root
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cichoric-acid found in Flower (31000 ppm);found in Root (21000 ppm)
Echinacoside found in Root (17000 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Betaine found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigout
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Echinacoside found in Root (17000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Verbascoside found in Root
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Root
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (111000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8090 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Verbascoside found in Root
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Borneol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Verbascoside found in Root
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Arabinogalactan found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Root
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Cynarin found in Root
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilisteria
Vanillin found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antimalarial
Humulene found in Root (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (4800 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Plant
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Root
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Luteolin found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (111000 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (8 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (101 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (790 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Plant
Cichoric-acid found in Flower (31000 ppm);found in Root (21000 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (101 ppm)
Antioxidant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Manganese found in Root (101 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Bark (3 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Vanillin found in Plant
Verbascoside found in Root
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Humulene found in Root (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Borneol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Cichoric-acid found in Flower (31000 ppm);found in Root (21000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Plant
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Fruit
Verbascoside found in Root
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Antisickling
Vanillin found in Plant
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (12900 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Borneol found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8090 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antistaph
Echinacoside found in Root (17000 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Root
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Borneol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Cynarin found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cichoric-acid found in Flower (31000 ppm);found in Root (21000 ppm)
Echinacoside found in Root (17000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Cynarin found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8090 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Cichoric-acid found in Flower (31000 ppm);found in Root (21000 ppm)
Cynarin found in Root
Echinacoside found in Root (17000 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (101 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Plant
Antitumor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Root (111000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant
Verbascoside found in Root
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Fiber found in Root (111000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (12900 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Leaf
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Cichoric-acid found in Flower (31000 ppm);found in Root (21000 ppm)
Echinacoside found in Root (17000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside found in Leaf
Limonene found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Vanillin found in Plant
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Plant
Vanillin found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (790 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8090 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Attifuge
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Root (26 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Bacteristat
Cichoric-acid found in Flower (31000 ppm);found in Root (21000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (111000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8090 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Root (200000 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Fruit
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Root
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Cynarin found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutoside found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Tussilagine found in Root (60 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Root (111000 ppm)
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Bark (3 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Vanillin found in Plant
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (12900 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Borneol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Plant
Candidistat
Limonene found in Fruit
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root (148 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Betaine found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (111000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8090 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (8 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (8090 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Limonene found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Cynarin found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Borneol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Cynarin found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Rutoside found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Cynarin found in Root
Limonene found in Fruit
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Cichoric-acid found in Flower (31000 ppm);found in Root (21000 ppm)
Cynarin found in Root
Echinacoside found in Root (17000 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cynarin found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Verbascoside found in Root
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Betaine found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Cynarin found in Root
Fiber found in Root (111000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8090 ppm)
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Root
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (12900 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Fruit
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root (148 ppm)
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Root
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Betaine found in Root
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Inulin found in Root (200000 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Borneol found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Vanillin found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Fungicide
Borneol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant
Verbascoside found in Root
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Fruit
Fungistat
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Root (26 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Fruit
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Root (200000 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Betaine found in Root
Borneol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Cynarin found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatoregenerative
Cynarin found in Root
Hepatotonic
Cynarin found in Root
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Borneol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Histaminic
Limonene found in Fruit
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Cichoric-acid found in Flower (31000 ppm);found in Root (21000 ppm)
Echinacin found in Root
Luteolin found in Leaf
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Hyperemic
Cynarin found in Root
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (90 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Cynarin found in Root
Fiber found in Root (111000 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (200000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (200000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (101 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Cynarin found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Hypotensive
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (111000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8090 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Fruit
Hypotriglyceridemic
Cynarin found in Root
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Root (111000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Arabinogalactan found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Cichoric-acid found in Flower (31000 ppm);found in Root (21000 ppm)
Echinacoside found in Root (17000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Inulin found in Root (200000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (790 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Vanillin found in Plant
Verbascoside found in Root
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Plant
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Plant
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Echinacein found in Root (100 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Ponticaepoxide found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Borneol found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Root (26 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Arabinogalactan found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Fruit
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Borneol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Plant
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Echinolone found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Root (26 ppm)
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (111000 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (200000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Lipolytic
Cynarin found in Root
Inulin found in Root (200000 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Verbascoside found in Root
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Root (19 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mitogenic
Arabinogalactan found in Root
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Betaine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Borneol found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Limonene found in Fruit
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nematicide
Borneol found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (790 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Fruit
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Leaf
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Verbascoside found in Root
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Borneol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Plant
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Fruit
Phagocytotic
Arabinogalactan found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Cichoric-acid found in Flower (31000 ppm);found in Root (21000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Heteroxylan found in Root (800 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Root
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Fruit
Phytoalexin
Verbascoside found in Root
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Root (200000 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Probiotic
Inulin found in Root (200000 ppm)
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Root (200000 ppm)
Progestational
Apigenin found in Leaf
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Iron found in Root (4800 ppm)
Propecic
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Apigenin found in Leaf
Borneol found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Shoot
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Sialogogue
Echinacein found in Root (100 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Cynarin found in Root
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Taenicide
Tin found in Root (1.7 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Root (42 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Borneol found in Plant
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Vasodilator
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7760 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (111000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (1860 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (17 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8090 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2140 ppm);found in Root (843 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Echinacin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-tartaric-acid Plant
(e)-10-hydroxy-4,10-dimethyl-4,11-dodecadien-2-one Plant
13-hydroxyoctadeca-(9z,11e,15z)-trienoic-acid Shoot
2,3-o-diferuloyltartaric-acid Leaf
2-methyltetradeca-5,12-diene Plant
2-methyltetradeca-6,12-diene Plant
2-o-caffeoyl-3-(5-(alpha-carboxy-beta-(3,4,-dihydroxyphenyl... Plant
2-o-caffeoyl-3-o-cumaroyltartaric-acid Shoot
2-o-caffeoyl-3-o-feruloyltartaric-acid Leaf
2-o-caffeoyltartaric-acid Leaf
2-o-feruloyltartaric-acid Leaf
3,5-dicaffeoyl-quinic-acid Plant
4,5-o-dicaffeoylquinic-acid Plant
6-o-caffeoylechinacoside Root
Alkylamides Root 40 1,510
Alpha-pinene Fruit
Aluminum Root 786 12,900
Apigenin Leaf
Arabinogalactan Root
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 2,140
Root 843
Ash Root 80,000
Behenic-acid-ethyl-ester Root
Beta-carotene Root 2.2
Beta-farnesene Fruit
Beta-pinene Fruit
Beta-sitosterol Shoot
Betaine Root
Borneol Plant
Bornyl-acetate Plant
Caffeic-acid Plant
Calcium Root 3,290 7,760
Carbonate Root 7,100
Caryophyllene Root 42
Caryophyllene-epoxide Root 26
Chloride Root 760
Chlorogenic-acid Shoot
Chromium Root 19
Cichoric-acid Flower 12,000 31,000
Root 6,000 21,000
Cichoric-acid-methyl-ester Root 6,000 21,000
Cobalt Root 148
Cyanadin-3-o-(6-o-malonyl-beta-d-glycopyranoside) Flower
Cyanadin-3-o-(beta-d-glycopyranoside) Flower
Cynarin Root
Deca-(2e,4e,6e)-trienoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Des-rhamnosylverbascoside Root
Dodeca-(2e,4e)-dienoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Dodeca-(2e,6z,8e,10e)-tetraenoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Dodeca-2,4-dien-1-yl-isovalerate Root
Dodeca-2e,4e,8z,10e/z-tetraenoic-acid-isobutylamides Shoot
Echinacein Root 10 100
Echinacin Root
Echinacoside Root 3,000 17,000
Echinolone Root
Eo Flower 600 6,000
Leaf 100 6,000
Root 50 40,000
Epishiobunol Fruit
Fat Root 13,000
Ferulic-acid Plant
Fiber Root 111,000
Flavanoids Leaf 3,800 4,800
Germacrene-alcohol Root
Germacrene-d Root
Heptadeca-(8z,11z)-dien-2-one Root
Heteroxylan Root 800
Humulene Root 8 12
Inulin Root 59,000 200,000
Iron Root 700 4,800
Isochlorogenic-acid Shoot
Isorhamnetin-3-rutinoside Leaf
Isotussilagine Plant 15
Kaempferol Leaf
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside Leaf
Kaempferol-3-o-rutinoside Leaf
Kilocalories Root 2,800
L-pentadecene Root 400
Limonene Fruit
Luteolin Leaf
Luteolin-7-glucoside Leaf
Magnesium Root 1,170 1,860
Manganese Root 101
Methyl-p-hydroxycinnamate Essential Oil
Myrcene Fruit
N-triacontanol Shoot
Niacin Root 17
Palmitic-acid Root
Penta-(1,8z)-diene Root 400
Pentadeca-(8z)-en-11,13-diyn-2-one Root
Pentadeca-(8z)-en-2-one Root 4,000
Pentadeca-(8z,11z)-dien-2-one Root
Pentadeca-(8z,13z)-dien-11-yn-2-one Root
Pentadeca-8-en-2-one Root
Phosphorus Root 790
Polyacetylenes Root 20
Polysaccharides Root
Ponticaepoxide Root
Potassium Root 3,140 8,090
Protein Root 92,000
Quercetagetin-7-glucoside Leaf
Quercetin Leaf
Quercetin-3'-glucoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-0-galactoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-0-xyloside Leaf
Quercetin-3-robinoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-xylosylgalactoside Leaf
Rhamnoarabinogalactan Root
Riboflavin Bark 3
Rutin Leaf
Rutoside Leaf
Selenium Root 0.5
Silicate Root 15,340
Silicon Root 8
Sitosterol-3-beta-o-glucoside Shoot
Sodium Root 90
Stigmasterol Shoot
Sulfate Root 2,450
Tetradeca-(8z)-en-11,13-diyn-2-one Root
Thiamin Root 2.6
Tin Root 1.7
Trideca-1-en-3,5,7,9,10-pentayne Root
Tussilagine Root 15 60
Vanillin Plant
Verbascoside Root
Water Root 749,000
Zinc Root 5.1
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]