Echinacea angustifolia Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
black sampson black-sampson echinacea echinacea Kansas snakeroot narrow-leaf echinacea narrow-leaf purple-coneflower narrow-leaf-coneflower

Echinacea angustifolia is a herbaceous plant species in Asteraceae. The plants grow 40 to 70 centimetres tall with spindle-shaped taproots that are often branched. The stems and leaves are moderately to densely hairy. E. angustifolia blooms late spring to mid summer. It is found growing in dry prairies and barrens with rocky to sandy-clay soils. There are two subspecies: E. a. angustifolia is native from Saskatchewan and Manitoba in the north to New Mexico, Texas, and Louisiana in the south, while E. a. strigosa has a more limited range in Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and Louisiana. Many Native American groups used this plant for a variety of medicinal purposes, including pain relief and relief of colds and toothaches.

Echinacea angustifolia

Medical use

Economic importance of Echinacea angustifolia

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Echinacea angustifolia Echinacea angustifolia Echinacea angustifolia Echinacea angustifolia Echinacea angustifolia Echinacea angustifolia Echinacea angustifolia Echinacea angustifolia Echinacea angustifolia Echinacea angustifolia Echinacea angustifolia Echinacea angustifolia Echinacea angustifolia Echinacea angustifolia Echinacea angustifolia

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba , Saskatchewan
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Iowa , Kansas, Minnesota , Missouri , Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado , Montana , Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico , Texas

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Betaine found in Root (1000 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Root (69200 ppm)
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Root (90000 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Root
Analgesic
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV-Integrase
Chicoric-acid found in Root
Cichoric-acid found in Root
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Leaf
Chicoric-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cichoric-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiLegionella
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Root
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antiacne
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutoside found in Leaf
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cynarin found in Root
Echinacoside found in Flower (10000 ppm);found in Root (13000 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Anticancer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutoside found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticataract
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Inulin found in Root (90000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Root (90000 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Cynarin found in Root
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiflu
Chicoric-acid found in Root
Cichoric-acid found in Root
Echinacoside found in Flower (10000 ppm);found in Root (13000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Betaine found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antigonadotropic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Antihemolytic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Echinacoside found in Flower (10000 ppm);found in Root (13000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Root (69200 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihypercholesterolemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Leaf
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Antileukotriene
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipolytic
Cynarin found in Root
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimelanogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinitrosaminic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Root (69200 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Caftaric-acid found in Root
Cichoric-acid found in Root
Antioxidant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Root
Sucrose found in Root (69200 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiproliferant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antiradicular
Chicoric-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cichoric-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Antiseptic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistaph
Echinacoside found in Flower (10000 ppm);found in Root (13000 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Cynarin found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Chicoric-acid found in Root
Cichoric-acid found in Root
Echinacoside found in Flower (10000 ppm);found in Root (13000 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Cynarin found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Apigenin found in Leaf
Antisunburn
Chicoric-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cichoric-acid found in Root
Cynarin found in Root
Echinacoside found in Flower (10000 ppm);found in Root (13000 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor
1-pentadecene found in Root
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiviral
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot
Chicoric-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cichoric-acid found in Root
Echinacoside found in Flower (10000 ppm);found in Root (13000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Root (69200 ppm)
Attifuge
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Shoot
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Caftaric-acid found in Root
Cichoric-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Root (90000 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Root (1000 ppm)
CNS-Active
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cynarin found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutoside found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Luteolin found in Leaf
Tussilagine found in Root (60 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Leaf
Myristic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Root
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Betaine found in Root (1000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cynarin found in Root
Choleretic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cynarin found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Root
Rutoside found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Cynarin found in Root
Clastogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Collagen-Sparing
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cichoric-acid found in Root
Cynarin found in Root
Echinacoside found in Flower (10000 ppm);found in Root (13000 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Root (69200 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Root
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Cynarin found in Root
Cytotoxic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Root (69200 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Betaine found in Root (1000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cynarin found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Root (1000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Root
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Root (1000 ppm)
Expectorant
Betaine found in Root (1000 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot
Inulin found in Root (90000 ppm)
FLavor
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Root (69200 ppm)
Fungicide
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Fungistat
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Shoot
Gastroprotective
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Root (90000 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Betaine found in Root (1000 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cynarin found in Root
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoregenerative
Cynarin found in Root
Hepatotonic
Cynarin found in Root
Herbicide
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caftaric-acid found in Root
Cichoric-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Sucrose found in Root (69200 ppm)
Hyperemic
Cynarin found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Cynarin found in Root
Inulin found in Root (90000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Inulin found in Root (90000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Cynarin found in Root
Hypotensive
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Hypotriglyceridemic
Cynarin found in Root
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Immunostimulant
Chicoric-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cichoric-acid found in Root
Echinacoside found in Flower (10000 ppm);found in Root (13000 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (90000 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Insecticide
Echinacein found in Root (100 ppm)
Insectifuge
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Irritant
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Oleic-acid found in Root
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Echinolone found in Root (3 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Shoot
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Laxative
Inulin found in Root (90000 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lipolytic
Cynarin found in Root
Inulin found in Root (90000 ppm)
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Root (1000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Mucogenic
Betaine found in Root (1000 ppm)
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nematicide
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Root
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Root
Perfumery
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Oleic-acid found in Root
Pesticide
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Betaine found in Root (1000 ppm)
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Shoot
Chicoric-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cichoric-acid found in Root
Cynarin found in Root
Echinacein found in Root (100 ppm)
Echinacoside found in Flower (10000 ppm);found in Root (13000 ppm)
Echinolone found in Root (3 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Shoot
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Phagocytotic
Chicoric-acid found in Root
Cichoric-acid found in Root
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Shoot
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Root (90000 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Root (69200 ppm)
Probiotic
Inulin found in Root (90000 ppm)
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Root (90000 ppm)
Progestational
Apigenin found in Leaf
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Leaf
Sedative
Apigenin found in Leaf
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Root
Sialogogue
Echinacein found in Root (100 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Apigenin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cynarin found in Root
Sucrose found in Root (69200 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Borneol found in Shoot ;found in Shoot
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Root (69200 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Root (69200 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Apigenin found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Echinacin-b found in Root
Sucrose found in Root (69200 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-pentadecene Root
2-methyltetradeca-5,12-diene Root
2-methyltetradeca-6,12-diene Root
3,4-epoxy-trideca-1,5-diene-7,9,11-triyne Flower
Root 8,000 10,000
Stem 100
8-hydroxy-pentadec-trans-9-ene-11,13-diyn-2-one Root
8-hydroxy-pentadeca-trans-9-en-11,13-diyn-2-one Root
Alkanes(c10-c33) Leaf
Alkylamides Root
Apigenin Leaf
Behenic-acid-ethyl-ester Root
Beta-sitosterol Root
Betaine Root 1,000
Borneol Shoot
Shoot
Bornyl-acetate Shoot
Caftaric-acid Root
Caryophyllene Shoot
Shoot
Caryophyllene-epoxide Shoot
Cerotic-acid Root
Chichoric-acid Flower
Root
Stem
Leaf
Chichoric-acid-dimethyl-ether Flower
Leaf
Root
Stem
Chichoric-acid-monomethyl-ether Flower
Leaf
Stem
Root
Chicoric-acid Root
Chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Cichoric-acid Root
Cynarin Root
Doceca-2e,4e,8z,10e/z-tetraenoic-acid-isobutylamides Root
Shoot
Dodeca-2,4,8,10-tetraen-1-oic-acid-isobutylamide Root 298.5
Dodeca-2,4-dien-1-yl-isovalerate Root
Dodeca-2-trans-4-cis-10-cis-trien-8-ynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Dodeca-2-trans-4-cis-diene-8,10-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Shoot
Dodeca-2-trans-4-trans-10-cis-trien-8-ynoic-acid-isobutylamide Shoot
Dodeca-2-trans-4-trans-8-cis-10-cis-tetraenoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Shoot
Dodeca-2-trans-4-trans-8-cis-10-trans-tetraenoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Shoot
Dodeca-2-trans-4-trans-8-cis-trienoic-acid-isobutylamide Shoot
Dodeca-2-trans-4-trans-dienoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Shoot
Dodeca-2-trans-ene-8,10-diynoic-acid-2-methyl-butylamide Root
Dodeca-2-trans-ene-8,10-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Dodeca-cis-2-trans-4-diene-8,10-diyn-1-oic-acid-isobutylamide Root 298.5
Dodeca-trans-2-cis-4-cis-10-trien-8-ynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root 13.7
Dodeca-trans-2-cis-4-diene-8,10-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root 6.8
Dodeca-trans-2-ene-8,10-diynoic-acid-2-methyl-butylamide Root 6.8
Dodeca-trans-2-ene-8,10-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root 241.3
Dodeca-trans-2-trans-4-cis-8-cis-10-tetraenoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Dodeca-trans-2-trans-4-cis-8-trans-10-tetraenoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Dodeca-trans-2-trans-4-dienoic-acid-isobutylamide Root 103.4
Echinacea-factor-a Root
Echinacea-factor-b Root
Echinacea-polysaccharide Tissue Culture
Echinacein Root 4 100
Echinacin-b Root
Echinacoside Flower 1,000 10,000
Root 3,000 13,000
Echinacoside-1 Root
Echinacoside-2 Root
Echinolone Root 3
Eo Root 400 13,000
Fructans Root
Germacrene-d Shoot
Glycine-betaine Flower 8,050
Leaf 1,130
Stem 4,900
Root 3,100
Hexadeca-2-trans-9-cis-diene-12,14-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Hexadeca-trans-2-cis-9-diene-12,14-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root 6.8
Hydrocarbons Root Essent. Oil
Inulin Root 50,000 90,000
Isobutylamides Root 90 1,510
Isochlorogenic-acid Leaf
Isorhamnetin Leaf
Isotussilagin Plant
Isotussilagine Root 15 60
Kaempferol Leaf
Kaempferol-glucoside Leaf
Linoleic-acid Root
Linolenic-acid Root
Luteolin Leaf
Luteolin-7-glucoside Leaf
Myristic-acid Root
N-triacontanol Root
Oleic-acid Root
Palmitic-acid Root
Penta-(1,8z)-diene Root
Pentadec-1-ene Root Essent. Oil
Root
Pentadec-8-en-2-one Root 3,600 4,000
Pentadeca-1-cis-8-diene Root Essent. Oil
Pentadeca-2-trans-9-cis-diene-12,14-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Pentadeca-8-en-2-one Shoot
Pentadeca-trans-2-cis-9-diene-12,14-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root 13.7
Pentadeca-trans-9-cis-13-dien-11-yn Root
Quercetagetin-7-glucoside Leaf
Quercetin Leaf
Rutoside Leaf
Sitosterol-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
Stigmasterol Root
Sucrose Root 69,200
Tridec-1-ene-3-5-7-9-11-pentayne Flower 800
Root 3 9,000
Stem 500
Trideca-1,3-diene-5,7,9,11-tetrayne Root 100
Trideca-1-11-diene-3-5-7-9-tetrayne Root 100
Trideca-2-trans-7-cis-diene-10,12-diynoic-acid-isobutylamine Root
Trideca-8,10,12-triene-2,4,6-triyne Flower
Root 100 200
Trideca-trans-2-cis-7-diene-10,12-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root 6.8
Tussilagin Plant
Tussilagine Root 15 60
Undeca-2-cis-4-trans-diene-8,10-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Undeca-2-cis-ene-8,10-diynoic-acid-2-methyl-butylamide Root
Undeca-2-cis-ene-8,10-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Undeca-2-trans-4-cis-8,10-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Undeca-2-trans-4-cis-diene-8,10-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Shoot
Undeca-2-trans-ene-8,10-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root
Undeca-cis-2,8,10-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root 31
Undeca-cis-2-ene-8,10-diynoic-acid-2-methyl-butylamide Root 6.8
Undeca-cis-2-ene-8,10-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root 103.4
Undeca-cis-2-trans-4-diene-2,4-diyn-1-oic-acid-isobutylamide Root 298.5
Undeca-cis-2-trans-4-diene-8,10-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root 13.7
Undeca-trans-2-cis-4-diene-8,10-diynoic-acid-isobutylamide Root 10.3
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]