Daucus carota Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
black carrot carrot eastern carrot Mediterranean carrot purple carrot Queen Anne's-lace queen's-lace salosi sea carrot wild carrot

Daucus carota is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to temperate regions of Europe, southwest Asia and naturalised to North America and Australia. Domesticated carrots are cultivars of a subspecies, Daucus carota subsp. sativus.

Daucus carota

Medical use

Gallery

Daucus carota Daucus carota Daucus carota Daucus carota Daucus carota Daucus carota Daucus carota Daucus carota Daucus carota Daucus carota Daucus carota Daucus carota Daucus carota

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Naturalized
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Liechtenstein; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain - Baleares

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (935 ppm)
Arachidonic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1885 ppm);found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Root (165 ppm);found in Seed (1725 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (80 ppm);found in Seed (1240 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Esculetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Root (28 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Astragalin found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Root (216 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Root (116 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm)
Betaine found in Root (35 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (25200 ppm)
Acaricide
Alpha-terpinene found in Root (28 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Root (216 ppm)
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Root (56 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Root (1635 ppm)
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Root
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Root
Addictive
Acetaldehyde found in Root
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Root
Tartaric-acid found in Root
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Root (655 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Root (339000 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Root (28 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Astragalin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Cosmosiin found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Root
Daucosterol found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root (216 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Borneol found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Root
Terpinolene found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Seed (10 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed (70 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Syringic-acid found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Allergenic
Acetone found in Root
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Alpha-ionone found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Seed (300 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (4 ppm);found in Seed (5500 ppm);found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Carvone found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Root
Dipentene found in Root
Ethanol found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (655 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Root
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
Amphetaminagenic
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Borneol found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Camphor found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root (88 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gentisic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Ribonuclease found in Tissue Culture
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Boron found in Root (36 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Root (655 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
Anesthetic
Camphor found in Seed
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Coumarin found in Root
Ethanol found in Root
Ethylene found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (46360 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Ethanol found in Root
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Root (1 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Fruit
Phenylalanine found in Root (2620 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
AntiAddisonian
Cysteine found in Tissue Culture
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Lupeol found in Root
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Seed
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chrysin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Myricetin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
AntiMDR
Chrysin found in Seed
AntiMS
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (6300 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (62 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
AntiUTI
Mannose found in Root
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Root
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Alpha-terpinene found in Root (28 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Root (216 ppm)
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Root (2455 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (6300 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (1635 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Tin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiadhesive
Mannose found in Root
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Root
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Fruit
Chrysin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (935 ppm)
Apigenin found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chrysin found in Seed
Coumarin found in Root
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Eugenin found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root (88 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (300 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Root
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Glutamine found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (62 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Root (2455 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Root (3275 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Niacin found in Root
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1885 ppm);found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Lecithin found in Root
Niacin found in Root
Phosphatidyl-choline found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Seed
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Niacin found in Root
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1885 ppm);found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Iron found in Root (300 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (62 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Chrysin found in Seed
Lupeol found in Root
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Antiapertif
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Root
Antiappetant
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (5 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (46360 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Root (1310 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (91 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (62 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Ribonuclease found in Tissue Culture
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (1635 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiasphyctic
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Hcn found in Root
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Antiataxic
Lecithin found in Root
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Root
Ethanol found in Root
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Lutein found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Antibacillary
Chrysin found in Seed
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Apigenin found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Beta-ionone found in Seed (300 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Borneol found in Root
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant ;found in Root (24 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Chrysin found in Seed
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Root
Cosmosiin found in Leaf
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed
Delta-3-carene found in Seed (120 ppm)
Dipentene found in Root
Esculetin found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root (88 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gentisic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Root (165 ppm);found in Seed (6280 ppm)
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Root
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Sabinene found in Root (160 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Sakuranetin found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Tin found in Root (3 ppm)
Trans-isoasarone found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Antibiotic
Cysteine found in Tissue Culture
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Root
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Root
Antibrucellosic
Coumarin found in Root
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Root
Anticancer
Alpha-carotene found in Root (25 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (300 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Esculetin found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Seed (300 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (5 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Cysteine found in Tissue Culture
Luteolin found in Plant
Methionine found in Root (575 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Root (5 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (17 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (5 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (5 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Iron found in Root (300 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (5 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Root
Antichoreic
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Lecithin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Root
Heraclenin found in Root
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Seed
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Asarone found in Seed (400 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Shikimic-acid found in Root
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Anticystitic
Mannose found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Anticytotoxic
Cysteine found in Tissue Culture
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (1635 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Root (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Lecithin found in Root
Niacin found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Glutamine found in Root
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root (2620 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (46360 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Arachidonic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Maltose found in Root
Manganese found in Root (62 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Xylose found in Root
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Seed
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (62 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Antidote
Hcn found in Root
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Seed
Esculetin found in Leaf
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Lecithin found in Root
Manganese found in Root (62 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root
Antieczemic
Arachidonic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Lecithin found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (575 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (6300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Root (350 ppm);found in Seed (350 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Root
Quercitrin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Taraxasterol found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Antielleptic
Asarone found in Seed (400 ppm)
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Seed
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Root (3520 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2455 ppm)
Leucine found in Root (3520 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (1640 ppm)
Valine found in Root (3600 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (16545 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (62 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Esculetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiesherichic
Coumarin found in Root
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chrysin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Root (6000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (6000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (17 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (46360 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Borneol found in Root
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant ;found in Root (24 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Root (350 ppm);found in Seed (350 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Root (216 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Myricetin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Root
Terpinolene found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Seed (10 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1885 ppm);found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Seed
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Seed
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Lupeol found in Root
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Antigastric
Myricetin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Seed
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Betaine found in Root (35 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2455 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Myricetin found in Fruit
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Plant
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (5 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Myricetin found in Fruit
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Antigout
Chrysin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Root (1635 ppm)
Antihalitosic
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Niacin found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Sabinene found in Root (160 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Xylitol found in Root
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Plant (0.1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Root (3520 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Root
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Root (575 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chrysin found in Seed
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Lysine found in Root (3275 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Root (339000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Myricetin found in Fruit
Niacin found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Root (35 ppm)
Cystine found in Root (655 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Seed
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (16545 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (17 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Root
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (935 ppm)
Arginine found in Root (3520 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (46360 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Antihypoxic
Crocetin found in Leaf
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Antiileus
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Root (3520 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Arginine found in Root (3520 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Alpha-curcumene found in Seed
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (935 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Apigenin found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Root (4 ppm);found in Seed (5500 ppm);found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Borneol found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Root (350 ppm);found in Seed (350 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Delta-3-carene found in Seed (120 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Root (6000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (6000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gentisic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Heraclenin found in Root
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Lupeol found in Root
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (655 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
N-hentriacontane found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Taraxasterol found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Antijet-lag
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (5 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Root
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antileucodermic
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Astragalin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chrysin found in Seed
Daucosterol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Antileukodermic
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Antileukotriene-B4
Arachidonic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (935 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (655 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Root
Antilipogenic
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root (16545 ppm)
Lecithin found in Root
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Lupeol found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Antilymphedemic
Coumarin found in Root
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Lutein found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antimalarial
Beta-selinene found in Seed (410 ppm)
Lupeol found in Root
Osthole found in Plant (610 ppm);found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Antimanic
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Lecithin found in Root
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Phosphatidyl-choline found in Tissue Culture
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Beta-ionone found in Seed (300 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (935 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Iron found in Root (300 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (935 ppm)
Apigenin found in Fruit
Coumarin found in Root
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Antimitotic
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Antimononuccleotic
Coumarin found in Root
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Root (11220 ppm)
Antimorphinistic
Lecithin found in Root
Antimutagenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Apigenin found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Chrysin found in Seed
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Citric-acid found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Crocetin found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root (88 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit
N-nonacosane found in Seed
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Antimycoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Root
Antimycotic
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Root (35 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Seed
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Root
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Root (1310 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (25200 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Seed
Niacin found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Root (28 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Terpinolene found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Root
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (91 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiophthalmic
Cysteine found in Tissue Culture
Sucrose found in Root (339000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Boron found in Root (36 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (1635 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Boron found in Root (36 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (62 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (5090 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (91 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (62 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Root
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Root (4830 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Apigenin found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Campesterol found in Root
Camphene found in Seed (70 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Cholesterol found in Leaf
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Crocetin found in Leaf
Cyanidin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside found in Tissue Culture
Cysteine found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Fumaric-acid found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root (216 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Histidine found in Root (1310 ppm)
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Root (165 ppm);found in Seed (6280 ppm)
Lupeol found in Root
Lutein found in Root
Luteolin found in Plant
Luteolin-7-o-beta-glucoside found in Root (100 ppm);found in Seed
Lycopene found in Root (140 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (62 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (575 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit
Myristic-acid found in Root (80 ppm);found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Myristoleic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1885 ppm);found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Root (5 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Sucrose found in Root (339000 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Seed (10 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Seed
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (575 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Phenylalanine found in Root (2620 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (1640 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Root (3360 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (5 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Myricetin found in Fruit
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Seed
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Lupeol found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Syringic-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (1640 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (5 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antiplaque
Folacin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Seed
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Beta-selinene found in Seed (410 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiplatelet
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Eugenin found in Tissue Culture
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Root (6300 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-carotene found in Root (25 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Apigenin found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Lutein found in Root
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Seed
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (935 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root (16545 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2455 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Lycopene found in Root (140 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Root (980 ppm)
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Seed
Ethanol found in Root
Glycine found in Root (2455 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antipsittacotic
Coumarin found in Root
Antipsoriac
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Fumaric-acid found in Root
Lecithin found in Root
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antipsoriatic
Arachidonic-acid found in Plant
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Asarone found in Seed (400 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Borneol found in Root
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Lutein found in Root
Lycopene found in Root (140 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Root
Syringic-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Root (16545 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Lupeol found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Root (116 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Root
Chrysin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antisclerodermic
Lecithin found in Root
Antiscleromyxoedemic
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Root
Lecithin found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Sulfur found in Root (1635 ppm)
Antisecretory
D-glucose found in Root (80000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Root (4 ppm);found in Seed (5500 ppm);found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Camphor found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Root
Esculetin found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root (88 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
Myricetin found in Fruit
Oxalic-acid found in Root (56 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Sabinene found in Root (160 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Sakuranetin found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Root
Sulfur found in Root (1635 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiserotonic
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antishigellic
Chrysin found in Seed
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antisickling
Glutamine found in Root
Glycine found in Root (2455 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Phenylalanine found in Root (2620 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (1050 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Root (28 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Apigenin found in Fruit
Asarone found in Seed (400 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (4 ppm);found in Seed (5500 ppm);found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Borneol found in Root
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant ;found in Root (24 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Camphor found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Potassium found in Root (46360 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Shikimic-acid found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Antisprue
Lecithin found in Root
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Borneol found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antistress
Apigenin found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Diosgenin found in Root (6000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (6000 ppm)
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (46360 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (62 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antitachycardic
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Antithrombic
Chrysin found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antitoxoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Root
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Seed
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Root
Falcarindiol found in Root (88 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Crocetin found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Oxypeucedanin found in Root
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Shikimic-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antitumor
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Alpha-curcumene found in Seed
Alpha-humulene found in Root (12 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Apigenin found in Fruit
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Seed (300 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Root (350 ppm);found in Seed (350 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Cysteine found in Tissue Culture
Daucosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Root
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Lupeol found in Root
Luteolin found in Plant
Lycopene found in Root (140 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Antitussive
Hcn found in Root
Luteolin found in Plant
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Beta-bisabolene found in Root (116 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Cysteine found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Glutamine found in Root
Glycine found in Root (2455 ppm)
Histidine found in Root (1310 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Sabinene found in Root (160 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Threonine found in Root (3110 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (1640 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Root (1310 ppm)
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Root
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (1050 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Apigenin found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Root (116 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant ;found in Root (24 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chrysin found in Seed
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Dipentene found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gentisic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Root (165 ppm);found in Seed (6280 ppm)
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Lupeol found in Root
Luteolin found in Plant
Myricetin found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antivitiligic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Phenylalanine found in Root (2620 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Root
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Glutamic-acid found in Root (16545 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (5090 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (46360 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Plant
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Root (3520 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Butyric-acid found in Root
Chrysin found in Seed
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Myricetin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Chrysin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Root (339000 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Bacteriophagicide
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Bacteristat
Coumarin found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (46360 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Bilirubinolytic
Xylitol found in Root
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Seed
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Root
Bronchospasmolytic
Trans-isoasarone found in Plant
Bruchifuge
Butyric-acid found in Root
Shikimic-acid found in Root
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Root (35 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Root
Bufocide
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Acetone found in Root
Apigenin found in Fruit
Asarone found in Seed (400 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Ethanol found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (56 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Root
Camphor found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Root
COMP-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Fruit
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Root (165 ppm);found in Seed (6280 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Root (165 ppm);found in Seed (6280 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
CYP1A1-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Seed
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Root (350 ppm);found in Seed (350 ppm)
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Osthole found in Plant (610 ppm);found in Root
Oxypeucedanin found in Root
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Seed
Cancer-Preventive
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Alanine found in Root (4830 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (935 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Apigenin found in Fruit
Arachidonic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Seed (300 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Camphor found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Chrysin found in Seed
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Cysteine found in Tissue Culture
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2455 ppm)
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Luteolin-7-o-beta-glucoside found in Root (100 ppm);found in Seed
Lycopene found in Root (140 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (575 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (655 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit
Myristic-acid found in Root (80 ppm);found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (17 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Root (5 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Serine found in Plant ;found in Root (2865 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Root
Tyrosine found in Root (1640 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (1050 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (4 ppm);found in Seed (5500 ppm);found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Borneol found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cosmosiin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Root (165 ppm);found in Seed (6280 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Candidistat
Carvone found in Seed
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Seed
Carcinogenic
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Shikimic-acid found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Cardiodepressant
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Asarone found in Seed (400 ppm)
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Esculetin found in Leaf
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root (0.058 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Betaine found in Root (35 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Potassium found in Root (46360 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (91 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Coumarin found in Root
Quercitrin found in Plant
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (46360 ppm)
Carminative
Camphor found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Caspase-3-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Seed
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caspase-9-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Seed
Catabolic
Glutamine found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Cerebrostimulant
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Luteolin-7-o-beta-glucoside found in Root (100 ppm);found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Root
Choleretic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Borneol found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Crocetin found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Mufa found in Root (655 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Quercitrin found in Plant
Quinic-acid found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Cholinergic
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Lecithin found in Root
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Clastogenic
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Coagulant
Arachidonic-acid found in Plant
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Root (339000 ppm)
Colorant
Alpha-carotene found in Root (25 ppm)
Antheraxanthin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Beta-cryptoxanthin found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Crocetin found in Leaf
Epsilon-carotene found in Root
Gamma-carotene found in Root
Lutein found in Root
Lycopene found in Root (140 ppm)
Neoxanthin found in Leaf
Violaxanthin found in Leaf
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Root (1635 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Convulsant
Camphor found in Seed
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Plant
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Seed
Esculetin found in Leaf
Myristic-acid found in Root (80 ppm);found in Seed (36300 ppm)
N-hentriacontane found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Root (80 ppm);found in Seed (1240 ppm)
Counterirritant
Camphor found in Seed
Formic-acid found in Plant
Crustacicide
Carotatoxin found in Root
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Seed (300 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Apigenin found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chrysin found in Seed
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root (88 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Lupeol found in Root
Luteolin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
DME-Inhibitor
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Oxypeucedanin found in Root
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root
DNA-Binder
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chrysin found in Seed
Decongestant
Camphor found in Seed
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Plant
Luteolin-7-o-beta-glucoside found in Root (100 ppm);found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Deliriant
Camphor found in Seed
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Demulcent
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Root (339000 ppm)
Deodorant
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Seed (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Dermatitigenic
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Delta-3-carene found in Seed (120 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (655 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Cysteine found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Root
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Root
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Arginine found in Root (3520 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Betaine found in Root (35 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
N-hentriacontane found in Seed
Potassium found in Root (46360 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Xylitol found in Root
Dye
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Root
Xylose found in Root
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Seed
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Asarone found in Seed (400 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed
Coumarin found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (575 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Root (35 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root (25200 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (1050 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Seed
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root (0.058 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Root (1310 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Root (3360 ppm)
Leucine found in Root (3520 ppm)
Lysine found in Root (3275 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (575 ppm)
Threonine found in Root (3110 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Valine found in Root (3600 ppm)
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Boron found in Root (36 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Diosgenin found in Root (6000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (6000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Root
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Root (35 ppm)
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Astragalin found in Seed
Beta-phellandrene found in Shoot (177 ppm)
Betaine found in Root (35 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant ;found in Root (24 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed (70 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Dipentene found in Root
Ethanol found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Root (28 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (4 ppm);found in Seed (5500 ppm);found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Borneol found in Root
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant ;found in Root (24 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed (70 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Root
Citronellyl-acetate found in Seed (200 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed
Delta-3-carene found in Seed (120 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root (216 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Geranyl-formate found in Seed
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (655 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1885 ppm);found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (80 ppm);found in Seed (1240 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Root
Terpinolene found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Seed (10 ppm)
Threonine found in Root (3110 ppm)
Valine found in Root (3600 ppm)
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Root
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Root (56 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ferulosys-genic
Falcarindiol found in Root (88 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Root (339000 ppm)
Flatulent
Xylitol found in Root
Fungicide
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Acetaldehyde found in Root
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Asarone found in Seed (400 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Seed (300 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Shoot (177 ppm)
Borneol found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Camphor found in Seed
Capric-acid found in Seed (7065 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Root (350 ppm);found in Seed (350 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chrysin found in Seed
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root (88 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Plant (0.1 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Sakuranetin found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Seed (10 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Fungistat
Carvone found in Seed
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Genotoxic
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
Glutathionergic
Cysteine found in Tissue Culture
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (575 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Hallucinogenic
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1885 ppm);found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Root
Hemorrhagic
Coumarin found in Root
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (56 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Seed
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Arachidonic-acid found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Betaine found in Root (35 ppm)
Borneol found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Diosgenin found in Root (6000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (6000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Lecithin found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Methionine found in Root (575 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Xylitol found in Root
Hepatoregenerative
Azulene found in Seed
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Coumarin found in Root
Ethanol found in Root
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (4 ppm);found in Seed (5500 ppm);found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Borneol found in Root
Camphor found in Seed
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Herbistat
Pipecolic-acid found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Histaminic
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Hormone
Indole-acetic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Plant
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Root (165 ppm);found in Seed (6280 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Root (80 ppm);found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1885 ppm);found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Sucrose found in Root (339000 ppm)
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Root
Sodium found in Root (9504 ppm)
Hypertrichotic
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Hyperuricemic
Xylitol found in Root
Hypnotic
Coumarin found in Root
Ethanol found in Root
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Root (3520 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Root (3275 ppm)
Hypocalcemic
Ethanol found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Seed (300 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Campesterol found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Crocetin found in Leaf
Diosgenin found in Root (6000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (6000 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Lecithin found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Lycopene found in Root (140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (655 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Root (980 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (80 ppm);found in Seed (1240 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Daucosterol found in Root
Manganese found in Root (62 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit
Niacin found in Root
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root
Hypotensive
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (935 ppm)
Apigenin found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Astragalin found in Seed
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Ethanol found in Root
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Lupeol found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Plant (0.1 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (46360 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Hypothalmic-Depressant
Asarone found in Seed (400 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Alpha-curcumene found in Seed
Hypouricemic
Chrysin found in Seed
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Chrysin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Plant
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Root
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (788 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (935 ppm)
Arachidonic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Astragalin found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Phosphorus found in Root (5090 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Root
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Root
Camphor found in Seed
Insecticide-Synergist
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Root (28 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Root (350 ppm);found in Seed (350 ppm)
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Hcn found in Root
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Root (28 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (4 ppm);found in Seed (5500 ppm);found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Borneol found in Root
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant ;found in Root (24 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Camphene found in Seed (70 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Delta-3-carene found in Seed (120 ppm)
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root (216 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (655 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Terpineol-acetate found in Shoot (746 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Luteolin-7-o-beta-glucoside found in Root (100 ppm);found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Root (2 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Arachidonic-acid found in Plant
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Apigenin found in Fruit
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (4 ppm);found in Seed (5500 ppm);found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Borneol found in Root
Camphor found in Seed
Capric-acid found in Seed (7065 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Root
Citronellyl-acetate found in Seed (200 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed
Delta-3-carene found in Seed (120 ppm)
Dipentene found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-bisabolene found in Root (264 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Root (216 ppm)
Geranyl-acetone found in Seed (300 ppm)
Isobutyric-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Methyl-amine found in Root (3970 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (655 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Root (56 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Osthole found in Plant (610 ppm);found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Root (1635 ppm)
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Myricetin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Seed
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (1635 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Xylitol found in Root
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Lipolytic
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Crocetin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Root (35 ppm)
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Lecithin found in Root
Methionine found in Root (575 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Esculetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Myricetin found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Cadmium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Root (80 ppm);found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1885 ppm);found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (80 ppm);found in Seed (1240 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (935 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Lymphokinetic
Coumarin found in Root
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
MAO-B-Inhibitor
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Chrysin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Seed
Mastogenic
Diosgenin found in Root (6000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (6000 ppm)
Melaninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Melatoninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Memorigenic
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Miotic
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Molluscicide
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Root (2620 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (1640 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Betaine found in Root (35 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Mucotropic
Ethanol found in Root
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Root
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Asarone found in Seed (400 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Myricetin found in Fruit
Oxypeucedanin found in Root
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Shikimic-acid found in Root
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Root
Falcarindiol found in Root (88 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
Myocontractant
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Arachidonic-acid found in Plant
Myopic
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Myorelaxant
Apigenin found in Fruit
Asarone found in Seed (400 ppm)
Borneol found in Root
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant ;found in Root (24 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Myotonic
Acetyl-choline found in Root
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Seed
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Root (3520 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chrysin found in Seed
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Seed
Narcotic
Acetone found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Seed (300 ppm)
Borneol found in Root
Camphor found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root (88 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Root (80 ppm);found in Seed (36300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1885 ppm);found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Nematistat
Butyric-acid found in Root
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Root
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Lithium found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Mercury found in Root (0.045 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Root (11220 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Root (2455 ppm)
Neurolytic
Ethanol found in Root
Neuroprotective
Crocetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Carotatoxin found in Root
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root (16545 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Fruit
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Seed
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Root
Ophthalmic-Antialkali
Cysteine found in Tissue Culture
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (5090 ppm)
Ovicide
Coumarin found in Root
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Root
Oxidant
Alanine found in Root (4830 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Histidine found in Root (1310 ppm)
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Fruit
Oxytocic
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Fruit
P450-1A-Inducer
Alpha-ionone found in Root
P450-2B-Inducer
Alpha-ionone found in Root
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Root (28 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Seed (300 ppm)
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Paralytic
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Root (1635 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Choline found in Root (36 ppm);found in Shoot (73 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Root (655 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
Perfume
Alpha-ionone found in Root
Gamma-bisabolene found in Root (264 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetaldehyde found in Root
Alpha-humulene found in Root (12 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Root (28 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Root (116 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Shoot (177 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (4 ppm);found in Seed (5500 ppm);found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Beta-selinene found in Seed (410 ppm)
Borneol found in Root
Carvone found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Root (216 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Geranyl-acetone found in Seed (300 ppm)
Geranyl-formate found in Seed
Mufa found in Root (655 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
Pyrrolidine found in Plant
Sabinene found in Root (160 ppm);found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (80 ppm);found in Seed (1240 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Root
Terpinolene found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Seed (10 ppm)
Tiglic-acid found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Peristaltic
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Pesticide
Acetaldehyde found in Root
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Root (28 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Aluminum found in Root (1050 ppm)
Apigenin found in Fruit
Arsenic found in Root (1 ppm)
Asarone found in Seed (400 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Seed (300 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (4 ppm);found in Seed (5500 ppm);found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Betaine found in Root (35 ppm)
Borneol found in Root
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant ;found in Root (24 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Camphene found in Seed (70 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed
Capric-acid found in Seed (7065 ppm)
Carotatoxin found in Root
Carvone found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Root (350 ppm);found in Seed (350 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Chrysin found in Seed
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed
Cysteine found in Tissue Culture
Delta-3-carene found in Seed (120 ppm)
Dipentene found in Root
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root (88 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Root (216 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Hcn found in Root
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Lupeol found in Root
Luteolin found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Root
Myrcene found in Seed (250 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Osthole found in Plant (610 ppm);found in Root
Oxalic-acid found in Root (56 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1885 ppm);found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (188000 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Plant (0.1 ppm)
Pipecolic-acid found in Plant
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant
Sakuranetin found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Root
Sulfur found in Root (1635 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Terpineol-acetate found in Shoot (746 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Seed (10 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (6 ppm)
Tin found in Root (3 ppm)
Trans-isoasarone found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
Photoactive
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Photocarcinogenic
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Photodermatitigenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Phototoxic
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Falcarindiol found in Root (88 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Root
Piscicide
Bergapten found in Root (0.3 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (1.6 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Root (3520 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Seed
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Root (25200 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Formic-acid found in Plant
Sucrose found in Root (339000 ppm)
Previtamin-A
Alpha-carotene found in Root (25 ppm)
Gamma-carotene found in Root
Progestational
Apigenin found in Fruit
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Iron found in Root (300 ppm)
Lutein found in Root
Lycopene found in Root (140 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (935 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (5485 ppm);found in Seed (43400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (490 ppm);found in Seed (230300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1885 ppm);found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (80 ppm);found in Seed (1240 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (935 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Seed
Psychoactive
Asarone found in Seed (400 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Pyrogenic
Arachidonic-acid found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Seed
Lutein found in Root
Myricetin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Seed
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Fruit
Chrysin found in Seed
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Root
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (56 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Seed
Respiraparalytic
Acetaldehyde found in Root
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Seed
Hcn found in Root
Respirodepressant
Coumarin found in Root
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Root (11220 ppm)
Rodenticide
Coumarin found in Root
Hcn found in Root
Rubefacient
Camphor found in Seed
Ethanol found in Root
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Root (1635 ppm)
Schistosomicide
Elemicin found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Sclerosant
Ethanol found in Root
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Secretolytic
Trans-isoasarone found in Plant
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Amylase found in Tissue Culture
Apigenin found in Fruit
Asarone found in Seed (400 ppm)
Borneol found in Root
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant ;found in Root (24 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Carvone found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Coumarin found in Root
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed
Dipentene found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root (47 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Root
Serotoninergic
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Sialogogue
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1885 ppm);found in Seed (11500 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Root (165 ppm);found in Seed (1725 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Root (28 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (4 ppm);found in Seed (5500 ppm);found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed (70 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Root (3520 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Seed
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Root (116 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Sunscreen
Apigenin found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Esculetin found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Root (80 ppm);found in Seed (1240 ppm)
Surfactant
Ethanol found in Root
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Fructose found in Root
Galactose found in Root
Maltose found in Root
Sucrose found in Root (339000 ppm)
Xylitol found in Root
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Root
Tachycardic
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Taenicide
Tin found in Root (3 ppm)
Teratogenic
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Ethanol found in Root
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Root (200 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Testosterogenic
Chrysin found in Seed
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Chrysin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Myricetin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Seed
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Seed
Myricetin found in Fruit
Psoralen found in Root (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Phylloquinone found in Plant (0.1 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Asarone found in Seed (400 ppm)
Borneol found in Root
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Root (48 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (4 ppm);found in Seed (5500 ppm);found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed
Isobutyric-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Root (150 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Alpha-ionone found in Root
Phenylalanine found in Root (2620 ppm)
Tremorilytic
Ethanol found in Root
Trichomonicide
Beta-ionone found in Seed (300 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (8120 ppm);found in Seed (8120 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (12 ppm);found in Seed (160 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Root (339000 ppm)
Trypanocide
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Root (900 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Acetaldehyde found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Seed (200 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Seed
UV-Screen
Esculetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (673 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Lutein found in Root
Neoxanthin found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root
Syringic-acid found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Violaxanthin found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed
Ethanol found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Root (339000 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2455 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Root (575 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Root (575 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Uterotonic
Myristicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Seed
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Chrysin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root (0.02 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Root (56 ppm)
Vasodilator
Acetyl-choline found in Root
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (935 ppm)
Apigenin found in Fruit
Arginine found in Root (3520 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5710 ppm)
Chrysin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1870 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1980 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit
Niacin found in Root
Potassium found in Root (46360 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Root
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Plant
Vasorelaxant
Chrysin found in Seed
Vermicide
Carvone found in Seed
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Seed (7000 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Seed
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Seed
Vitamin-A-Activity
Beta-cryptoxanthin found in Root
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (28 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Plant
Sucrose found in Root (339000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (28 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (79 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chrysin found in Seed
Esculetin found in Leaf
Folacin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-6-hydroxy-mellein Root
(-)-6-methoxy-mellein Root
2-methoxy-3-sec-butyl-pyrazine Root
2-octanone Seed
3'-nucleotidase Tissue Culture
3,4-dimethoxy-allyl-benzene Root
3-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxy-propyl-benzene Root
4-(beta-d-glucopyranosyloxy)-benzoic-acid Seed 65
4-hydroxy-proline Plant
4-methyl-iso-propenyl-benzene Seed
5,7-dihydroxy-2-methyl-chromone Root
5-methoxy-psoralen Plant
6-(gamma,gamma-dimethyl-allyl-amino)-purine Tissue Culture
8-hydroxy-6-methoxy-3-methyl-3,4-dihydro-isocoumarin Tissue Culture
Acetaldehyde Root
Acetone Root
Acetyl-choline Root
Acorenone Seed
Alanine Root 590 4,830
Aldolase Tissue Culture
Alpha-amyrin Root
Alpha-bergamotene Root 2,000
Alpha-carotene Root 17 25
Alpha-caryophyllene Root
Alpha-curcumene Seed
Alpha-glucosidase Tissue Culture
Alpha-gurjunene Seed
Alpha-humulene Root 12
Alpha-ionone Root
Alpha-keto-glutaric-acid Root
Alpha-linolenic-acid Seed 270 935
Alpha-phellandrene Root
Alpha-pinene Root 48
Shoot 12
Seed 12 1,300
Alpha-terpinene Root 28
Seed 20 40
Alpha-terpineol Root 28
Alpha-thujene Shoot 12
Alpha-tocopherol Leaf 788
Root 4 36
Aluminum Root 1 1,050
Ammonia(nh3) Root 3,970
Amylase Tissue Culture
Aniline Root 31
Antheraxanthin Leaf
Apigenin Fruit
Apigenin-4'-o-beta-d-glucoside Seed
Apigenin-7-o-beta-d-galactomannoside Plant
Apigenin-7-o-beta-d-galactopyranosyl-(1,4)-o-beta-d-mann... Plant
Apigenin-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Seed
Apigenin-7-o-beta-d-rutinoside Seed
Arabinoside Root
Arachic-acid Seed 270 936
Arachidonic-acid Plant
Arginine Root 430 3,520
Arsenic Root 0.003 1
Asaraldehyde Seed
Asarone Seed 400
Ascorbic-acid Root 91 775
Ash Root 56,000 79,000
Aspartic-acid Root 1,370 11,220
Astragalin Seed
Azulene Seed
Barium Root 1.7 150
Benzoic-acid-4-o-beta-d-glucoside Root 11
Benzyl-amine Root 2.8
Bergamotene Seed 200 700
Bergapten Root 0.3
Beta-amyrin Root
Beta-bisabolene Root 116
Shoot 38
Seed 100 3,500
Beta-carotene Root 27 673
Beta-caryophyllene Seed 55 170
Shoot 24
Beta-cryptoxanthin Root
Beta-elemene Plant
Beta-farnesene Root 12
Beta-galactosidase Tissue Culture
Beta-glucosidase Tissue Culture
Beta-glucuronidase Tissue Culture
Beta-ionone Seed 300
Beta-phellandrene Shoot 177
Beta-pinene Root 4
Seed 50 5,500
Shoot 44
Beta-selinene Seed 118 410
Beta-sitosterol Root
Beta-sitosterol-glycoside Plant
Betaine Root 35
Biphenyl Root 4
Borneol Root
Bornyl-acetate Plant
Root 24
Boron Root 1 36
Bromine Root 1 9
Butyric-acid Root
Cadmium Root 0.012 0.6
Caffeic-acid Root
Caffeic-acid-4-o-beta-d-glucoside Plant
Caffeoylquinic-acid Root
Calcium Root 210 5,710
Campesterol Root
Camphene Seed 1 70
Camphor Seed
Capric-acid Seed 1,360 7,065
Car-6-ene Seed 56 112
Carbohydrates Root 101,000 850,000
Carota-1,4-beta-oxide Seed 0.2 0.5
Carotatoxin Root
Carotol Root 8
Seed 1,150 8,000
Shoot 1,450
Carvone Seed
Caryophyllene Root 200
Seed 134 1,000
Caryophyllene-oxide Root 310 350
Seed 310 350
Chlorogenic-acid Root
Chlorophyll Plant
Cholesterol Leaf
Choline Root 36
Shoot 73
Chromium Root 0.005 1.5
Chrysin Seed
Cinnamic-acid Tissue Culture
Cis-beta-bergamotene Root
Cis-gamma-bisabolene Root 8
Citral Seed 200
Citric-acid Root
Citronellyl-acetate Seed 150 200
Cobalt Root 0.005 0.058
Copper Root 0.3 18
Cosmosiin Leaf
Coumarin Root
Crocetin Leaf
Cuminaldehyde Seed
Cyanidin-3,5-digalactoside Tissue Culture
Cyanidin-3-(sinapoyl-xylosyl-glucosyl)-galactoside Leaf
Cyanidin-3-galactoside Tissue Culture
Cyanidin-3-glucogalactoside Tissue Culture
Cyanidin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Tissue Culture
Cyanidin-diglycoside Root
Cysteine Tissue Culture
Cystine Root 80 655
D-glucose Root 80,000
Daucarin Seed
Daucene Seed 200
Daucic-acid Root
Daucine Plant
Daucol Seed 60 1,960
Shoot 535
Daucosterol Root
Dec-2-en-1-al Root 1.6
Deca-trans-2,trans-4-dien-1-al Plant
Root
Dehydroascorbic-acid Root
Dehydroxydaucol Seed
Delta-3-carene Seed 12 120
Deoxy-ribonuclease Tissue Culture
Diosgenin Root 5,400 6,000
Tissue Culture 5,400 6,000
Dipentene Root
Dodecan-1-al Root
Elemicin Seed 2,000
Eo Root 4,000
Shoot 4,000
Seed 4,000 8,000
Epoxydihydrocaryophyllene Seed 250 2,000
Epsilon-carotene Root
Esculetin Leaf
Ethanol Root
Ethyl-amine Root 1
Ethyl-methyl-amine Root 7
Ethylene Tissue Culture
Eugenin Tissue Culture
Eugenol Seed 7,000
Falcarindiol Root 88
Falcarinol Root 10 47
Fat Root 1,700 29,000
Seed 87,000 302,000
Ferulic-acid Root
Ferulic-acid-o-beta-d-glucoside Shoot
Fiber Root 10,000 134,000
Fluorine Root 0.03 1.8
Folacin Root 0.1 1.2
Formic-acid Plant
Fructose Root
Fumarase Tissue Culture
Fumaric-acid Root
Galactose Root
Gamma-bisabolene Root 264
Gamma-carotene Root
Gamma-decalactose Seed
Gamma-decanolactone Root
Gamma-linolenic-acid Seed 540 1,870
Gamma-muurolene Root 3,000
Gamma-terpinene Root 216
Gentisic-acid Tissue Culture
Geraniol Root 10 8,120
Seed 10 8,120
Geranyl-2-methyl0butyrate Seed 3,000
Geranyl-acetate Shoot 265
Geranyl-acetone Seed 300
Geranyl-formate Seed
Geranyl-isobutyrate Seed 500
Glutamate-oxalacetate-transaminase Tissue Culture
Glutamate-pyruvate-transaminase Tissue Culture
Glutamic-acid Root 2,020 16,545
Glutamine Root
Glycine Root 300 2,455
Hcn Root
Heptan-1-al Root 2
Heraclenin Root
Histidine Root 160 1,310
Indole-acetic-acid Tissue Culture
Invertase Tissue Culture
Ionene Root
Iron Root 3 300
Isobutyric-acid Plant
Isochlorogenic-acid Leaf
Isocitric-acid Root
Isoleucine Root 410 3,360
Isopimpinellin Root
Isoprene Root
Kaempferol Seed
Kaempferol-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Root
Kilocalories Resin, Exudate, Sap 2,710
Root 430 3,520
Lauric-acid Root 20 165
Seed 1,810 6,280
Lead Root 0.01 2
Lecithin Root
Lecithinase Plant
Leucine Root 430 3,520
Limonene Root 150
Seed 20 1,500
Shoot 26
Linalol Root 32
Seed 4 600
Linoleic-acid Root 670 5,485
Seed 9,360 43,400
Linolenic-acid Root 100 820
Lithium Root 0.23 0.6
Lupeol Root
Lutein Root
Luteolin