Daphne mezereum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
February daphne mezereon paradise-plant

Daphne mezereum, commonly known as mezereon, is a species of Daphne in the flowering plant family Thymelaeaceae, native to most of Europe and Western Asia, north to northern Scandinavia and Russia. In southern Europe it is confined to medium to higher elevations and in the subalpine vegetation zone, but descends to near sea level in northern Europe. It is generally confined to soils derived from limestone. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 1.5 m tall. The leaves are soft, 3–8 cm long and 1–2 cm broad, arranged spirally on the stems. The flowers are produced in early spring on the bare stems before the leaves appear. They have a four-lobed pink or light purple perianth 10–15 mm diameter, and are strongly scented. The fruit is a bright red berry 7–12 mm diameter; it is very poisonous for people, though fruit-eating birds like thrushes are immune and eat them, dispersing the seeds in their droppings.

Daphne mezereum

Medical use

Economic importance of Daphne mezereum

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Daphne mezereum Daphne mezereum Daphne mezereum Daphne mezereum Daphne mezereum Daphne mezereum Daphne mezereum Daphne mezereum Daphne mezereum Daphne mezereum

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Finland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part ; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

Biological activities

Aggregant
Sucrose found in Plant
Analgesic
Hesperidin found in Plant
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anti-LDL
Hesperidin found in Plant
AntiDNA
Hesperidin found in Plant
AntiRNA
Hesperidin found in Plant
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiallergenic
Hesperidin found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Malic-acid found in Bark
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Bark
Antibradykinic
Hesperidin found in Plant
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hesperidin found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Daphnoretin found in Bark
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Malic-acid found in Bark
Antiflu
Hesperidin found in Plant
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Hesperidin found in Plant
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hesperidin found in Plant
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Mezerein found in Fruit (1000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Hesperidin found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Plant
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hesperidin found in Plant
Sucrose found in Plant
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hesperidin found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiseborrheic
Malic-acid found in Bark
Antiseptic
Malic-acid found in Bark
Antistomatitic
Hesperidin found in Plant
Antitriglyceride
Hesperidin found in Plant
Antitubercular
Malic-acid found in Bark
Antitumor
12-hydroxydaphnetoxin found in Plant
Daphnoretin found in Bark
Malic-acid found in Bark
Mezerein found in Fruit (1000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Hesperidin found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Hesperidin found in Plant
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hesperidin found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Hesperidin found in Plant
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Plant
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Bark
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Bark
CNS-Depressant
Hesperidin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Hesperidin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Hesperidin found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Catabolic
Hesperidin found in Plant
Choleretic
Hesperidin found in Plant
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Hesperidin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Mezerein found in Fruit (1000 ppm)
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Plant
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Bark
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Sucrose found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hesperidin found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Hesperidin found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Malic-acid found in Bark
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hesperidin found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Bark
Preservative
Sucrose found in Plant
ProHLDL
Hesperidin found in Plant
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Bark
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Sweetener
Sucrose found in Plant
Toxic
Daphnetoxin found in Bark ;found in Seed (200 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Plant
Vasopressor
Hesperidin found in Plant
Vulnerary
Sucrose found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
12-hydroxydaphnetoxin Plant
6-methoxy-7-hydroxy-3,7'-dicoumarylether Fruit
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Cocognine Fruit
Cocogninic-acid Fruit
Daphnetoxin Bark
Seed 200
Daphnin Plant
Daphnopside Plant
Daphnoretin Bark
Fat Seed 60,000 654,000
Hesperidin Plant
Malic-acid Bark
Mezerein Fruit 1,000
Protein Seed 75,000 244,000
Sucrose Plant
Umbellifertone Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]