Cuscuta europaea Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
European dodder greater dodder

The greater dodder or European dodder, Cuscuta europaea, is a parasitic plant native to Europe, which belongs to the family Convolvulaceae, but was formerly classified in the family Cuscutaceae. It grows on Asteraceae, Cannabaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Fabaceae, Urticaceae and other herbaceous plants, including garden plants such as Coleus and Impatiens. It is a notable parasite of lucerne.

Cuscuta europaea

Medical use

Economic importance of Cuscuta europaea

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye, Sakhalin
    • China: China - Gansu, Heilongjiang, Nei Monggol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Norway
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Maine

Biological activities

Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Root (25000 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antiamebic
Bergenin found in Root
Antiarrhythmic
Bergenin found in Root
Antibacterial
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Bergenin found in Root
Anticancer
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Bergenin found in Root
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Glucose found in Root (25000 ppm)
Antifeedant
Bergenin found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Root (25000 ppm)
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Bergenin found in Root
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Root (25000 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antioxidant
Leucoanthocyanin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antiradicular
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antitumor
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antitussive
Bergenin found in Root
Antiulcer
Bergenin found in Root
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Root (25000 ppm)
Antiviral
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Root (25000 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Root (25000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Pesticide
Bergenin found in Root
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Sedative
Bergenin found in Root
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Ash Plant 80,000
Bergenin Root
Glucose Root 25,000
K20 Plant 60,000
Leucoanthocyanin Plant
Phlobaphene Root 30,000
Tannin Root 60,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]