Cucurbita pepo Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
acorn squash bitter bottle gourd bush squash cocozelle courgette fordhook squash marrow ornamental gourd pattypan squash pumpkin scallop squash spaghetti squash squash straightneck squash summer crookneck squash table queen squash Texas gourd vegetable marrow wild marrow zucchini

Cucurbita pepo is a cultivated plant of the genus Cucurbita. It yields varieties of winter squash and pumpkin, but the most widespread varieties belong to Cucurbita pepo subsp. pepo, called summer squash. It has been domesticated in the New World for thousands of years. The Zuni people have several uses for this plant. Some authors maintain that Cucurbita pepo is derived from Cucurbita texana, while others suggest that C. texana is merely feral C. pepo. They have a wide variety of uses, especially as a food source and for medical conditions. C. pepo seems to more closely related to Cucurbita fraterna though there are disagreements about the exact nature of that connection too.

Cucurbita pepo

Medical use

Economic importance of Cucurbita pepo

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Cucurbita pepo Cucurbita pepo Cucurbita pepo Cucurbita pepo Cucurbita pepo Cucurbita pepo Cucurbita pepo Cucurbita pepo Cucurbita pepo Cucurbita pepo

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Missouri , Oklahoma
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, Louisiana , Mississippi
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas
    Naturalized
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Kentucky

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (2750 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (5360 ppm);found in Fruit (4405 ppm);found in Seed (64530 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Flower (1030 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm);found in Seed (1064 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (30710 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Glutathione found in Root
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Juice (400 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Fruit (700 ppm);found in Seed (3234 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Seed (14000 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Mufa found in Flower (1855 ppm);found in Seed (153180 ppm);found in Fruit (1548 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Analeptic
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Analgesic
Adenosine found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Boron found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Flower (1855 ppm);found in Seed (153180 ppm);found in Fruit (1548 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (130000 ppm);found in Seed (26538 ppm);found in Fruit (130952 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (35670 ppm);found in Fruit (40476 ppm);found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (3810 ppm);found in Seed (22845 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
AntiCRP
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Flower
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (15 ppm);found in Fruit (13.1 ppm);found in Seed (4.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Pufa found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (224581 ppm);found in Fruit (595 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiacid
Glycine found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Seed (39220 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Pufa found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (224581 ppm);found in Fruit (595 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Tin found in Seed (23 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Adenosine found in Flower
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (2750 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Seed (22000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Flower (144 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Seed (39220 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (21120 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (5360 ppm);found in Fruit (4405 ppm);found in Seed (64530 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (5360 ppm);found in Fruit (4405 ppm);found in Seed (64530 ppm)
Antianemic
Adenine found in Flower
Copper found in Seed (25 ppm)
Iron found in Flower (144 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Flower (15 ppm);found in Fruit (13.1 ppm);found in Seed (4.9 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Adenosine found in Flower
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (35670 ppm);found in Fruit (40476 ppm);found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Fruit (1905 ppm);found in Seed (9615 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (25 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antiataxic
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Lutein found in Flower
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lauric-acid found in Flower (205 ppm);found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Seed (472 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Squalene found in Seed
Tin found in Seed (23 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Phytic-acid found in Seed (22000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Flower (144 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Cucurbitacin-i found in Seed
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Flower (15 ppm);found in Fruit (13.1 ppm);found in Seed (4.9 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (1310 ppm);found in Seed (7885 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Flower (15 ppm);found in Fruit (13.1 ppm);found in Seed (4.9 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (15 ppm);found in Fruit (13.1 ppm);found in Seed (4.9 ppm)
Anticerebrotic
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (15 ppm);found in Fruit (13.1 ppm);found in Seed (4.9 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Flower (144 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (15 ppm);found in Fruit (13.1 ppm);found in Seed (4.9 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Anticholesteremic
Ornithine found in Flower
Antichoreic
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Anticirrhotic
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticytotoxic
Glutathione found in Root
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (15 ppm);found in Fruit (13.1 ppm);found in Seed (4.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (3810 ppm);found in Seed (22845 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (35670 ppm);found in Fruit (40476 ppm);found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (25 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (130000 ppm);found in Seed (26538 ppm);found in Fruit (130952 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Adenosine found in Flower
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Glutathione found in Root
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (1310 ppm);found in Seed (7885 ppm)
Pufa found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (224581 ppm);found in Fruit (595 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (81280 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Seed (39220 ppm)
Leucine found in Fruit (5476 ppm);found in Seed (35835 ppm)
Ornithine found in Flower
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (5000 ppm);found in Seed (12235 ppm)
Valine found in Fruit (4165 ppm);found in Seed (22725 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Adenosine found in Flower
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm);found in Seed (101820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (25 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (35670 ppm);found in Fruit (40476 ppm);found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (5360 ppm);found in Fruit (4405 ppm);found in Seed (64530 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Seed (39220 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Pheophytin-a found in Plant
Antigibberellin
Cucurbitacin-i found in Seed
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Flower (15 ppm);found in Fruit (13.1 ppm);found in Seed (4.9 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigout
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Antigranulocytopenic
Adenine found in Flower
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Antihelminthic
Cucurbitin found in Seed (66300 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (81280 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Glutathione found in Root
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Fruit (1310 ppm);found in Seed (7885 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lysine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (21120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Seed (14000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Fruit (700 ppm);found in Seed (3234 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm);found in Seed (101820 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Flower
Trigonelline found in Sprout Seedling
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Antihypertensive
Adenosine found in Flower
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (2750 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Arginine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (81280 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (130000 ppm);found in Seed (26538 ppm);found in Fruit (130952 ppm)
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (35670 ppm);found in Fruit (40476 ppm);found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (81280 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Arginine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (81280 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (2750 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Alpha-spinasterol found in Flower ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Copper found in Seed (25 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Mufa found in Flower (1855 ppm);found in Seed (153180 ppm);found in Fruit (1548 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Pheophytin-a found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antiinsomniac
Adenosine found in Flower
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Gaba found in Seed
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Flower (15 ppm);found in Fruit (13.1 ppm);found in Seed (4.9 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antilethargic
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cucurbitacin-i found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (2750 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Mufa found in Flower (1855 ppm);found in Seed (153180 ppm);found in Fruit (1548 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Adenosine found in Flower
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm);found in Seed (101820 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antimalarial
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimanic
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (2750 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Iron found in Flower (144 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (2750 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (15 ppm);found in Fruit (13.1 ppm);found in Seed (4.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Sprout Seedling
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit (12143 ppm);found in Seed (41080 ppm)
Antimorphinistic
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cryptoxanthin found in Flower ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Pheophytin-a found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Fruit (1905 ppm);found in Seed (9615 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Seed (25 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Flower
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (130000 ppm);found in Seed (26538 ppm);found in Fruit (130952 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Seed
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Seed (14000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (25 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Flower (10100 ppm);found in Fruit (5238 ppm);found in Seed (12982 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Flower
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Fruit (3333 ppm);found in Seed (24420 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Campesterol found in Seed
Cholesterol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Glutathione found in Root
Histidine found in Fruit (1905 ppm);found in Seed (9615 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lauric-acid found in Flower (205 ppm);found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Seed (472 ppm)
Lupeol found in Flower
Lutein found in Flower
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (1310 ppm);found in Seed (7885 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Flower (1030 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm);found in Seed (559 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (5360 ppm);found in Fruit (4405 ppm);found in Seed (64530 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Seed (22000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Flower (15 ppm);found in Fruit (13.1 ppm);found in Seed (4.9 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Sucrose found in Seed (14000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (1310 ppm);found in Seed (7885 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (3810 ppm);found in Seed (22845 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (5000 ppm);found in Seed (12235 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Fruit (3690 ppm);found in Seed (19825 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (15 ppm);found in Fruit (13.1 ppm);found in Seed (4.9 ppm)
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (5000 ppm);found in Seed (12235 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (15 ppm);found in Fruit (13.1 ppm);found in Seed (4.9 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (224581 ppm);found in Fruit (595 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lutein found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Lupeol found in Flower
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (2750 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm);found in Seed (101820 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Seed (39220 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Fruit (1428 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Seed (39220 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Antipyretic
Alpha-spinasterol found in Flower ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Salicylates found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lutein found in Flower
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm);found in Seed (101820 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Lupeol found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Antisclerodermic
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oxalic-acid found in Juice (400 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Trigonelline found in Sprout Seedling
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Seed (39220 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (3810 ppm);found in Seed (22845 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Adenosine found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (35670 ppm);found in Fruit (40476 ppm);found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Antisprue
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (35670 ppm);found in Fruit (40476 ppm);found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antitachycardic
Adenosine found in Flower
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cucurbitacin-d found in Seed
Cucurbitacin-i found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Flower (130000 ppm);found in Seed (26538 ppm);found in Fruit (130952 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Phytic-acid found in Seed (22000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Antitussive
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (130000 ppm);found in Seed (26538 ppm);found in Fruit (130952 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Seed (39220 ppm)
Histidine found in Fruit (1905 ppm);found in Seed (9615 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Threonine found in Fruit (3452 ppm);found in Seed (9701 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (5000 ppm);found in Seed (12235 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Fruit (1905 ppm);found in Seed (9615 ppm)
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Flower
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Antiviral
Adenine found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lauric-acid found in Flower (205 ppm);found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Seed (472 ppm)
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (3810 ppm);found in Seed (22845 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Adenosine found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm);found in Seed (101820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Flower (10100 ppm);found in Fruit (5238 ppm);found in Seed (12982 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (35670 ppm);found in Fruit (40476 ppm);found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (81280 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Arteriodilator
Adenosine found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Seed (14000 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Flower (130000 ppm);found in Seed (26538 ppm);found in Fruit (130952 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (35670 ppm);found in Fruit (40476 ppm);found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bruchifuge
Xanthophyll found in Flower
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
CNS-Inhibitor
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Juice (400 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Adenine found in Flower
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Flower (205 ppm);found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Seed (472 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lauric-acid found in Flower (205 ppm);found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Seed (472 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Fruit (3333 ppm);found in Seed (24420 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (2750 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Flower (130000 ppm);found in Seed (26538 ppm);found in Fruit (130952 ppm)
Glutathione found in Root
Glycine found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Seed (39220 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (1310 ppm);found in Seed (7885 ppm)
Mufa found in Flower (1855 ppm);found in Seed (153180 ppm);found in Fruit (1548 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Flower (1030 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm);found in Seed (559 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Seed (22000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Flower (15 ppm);found in Fruit (13.1 ppm);found in Seed (4.9 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Serine found in Fruit (6100 ppm);found in Seed (19825 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Tyrosine found in Fruit (5000 ppm);found in Seed (12235 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Seed (11 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Flower (205 ppm);found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Seed (472 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (143 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (25 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (130000 ppm);found in Seed (26538 ppm);found in Fruit (130952 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (35670 ppm);found in Fruit (40476 ppm);found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Flower (35670 ppm);found in Fruit (40476 ppm);found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Mufa found in Flower (1855 ppm);found in Seed (153180 ppm);found in Fruit (1548 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Cholinergic
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Seed (14000 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Beta-cryptoxanthin found in Flower
Lutein found in Flower
Neoxanthin found in Flower
Violaxanthin found in Flower
Zeaxanthin found in Flower
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (25 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Flower (1030 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm);found in Seed (559 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (30710 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cucurbitacin-d found in Seed
Cucurbitacin-i found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Demulcent
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Seed (14000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Mufa found in Flower (1855 ppm);found in Seed (153180 ppm);found in Fruit (1548 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Adenine found in Flower
Arginine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (81280 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (130000 ppm);found in Seed (26538 ppm);found in Fruit (130952 ppm)
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (35670 ppm);found in Fruit (40476 ppm);found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Emetic
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (1310 ppm);found in Seed (7885 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Seed (11 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Epidermal-Stimulant
Trigonelline found in Sprout Seedling
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (143 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Fruit (1905 ppm);found in Seed (9615 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Fruit (3690 ppm);found in Seed (19825 ppm)
Leucine found in Fruit (5476 ppm);found in Seed (35835 ppm)
Lysine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (21120 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (1310 ppm);found in Seed (7885 ppm)
Threonine found in Fruit (3452 ppm);found in Seed (9701 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Valine found in Fruit (4165 ppm);found in Seed (22725 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Boron found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Seed
FLavor
Mufa found in Flower (1855 ppm);found in Seed (153180 ppm);found in Fruit (1548 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (5360 ppm);found in Fruit (4405 ppm);found in Seed (64530 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (30710 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Threonine found in Fruit (3452 ppm);found in Seed (9701 ppm)
Valine found in Fruit (4165 ppm);found in Seed (22725 ppm)
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Flower
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Juice (400 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Seed (14000 ppm)
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Seed (22000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Glucogonogenic
Adenosine found in Flower
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Fruit (1310 ppm);found in Seed (7885 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (5360 ppm);found in Fruit (4405 ppm);found in Seed (64530 ppm)
Hemostat
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Juice (400 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (1310 ppm);found in Seed (7885 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zeaxanthin found in Flower
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Flower (205 ppm);found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Seed (472 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Flower (1030 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm);found in Seed (559 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (5360 ppm);found in Fruit (4405 ppm);found in Seed (64530 ppm)
Sucrose found in Seed (14000 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Flower (1030 ppm);found in Seed (193 ppm);found in Fruit (119 ppm)
Hyperuricemic
Adenine found in Flower
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (81280 ppm)
Ornithine found in Flower
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (21120 ppm)
Ornithine found in Flower
Hypocalcemic
Phytic-acid found in Seed (22000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Adenosine found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (25 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (130000 ppm);found in Seed (26538 ppm);found in Fruit (130952 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Mufa found in Flower (1855 ppm);found in Seed (153180 ppm);found in Fruit (1548 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Seed (22000 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Fruit (1428 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (30710 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Trigonelline found in Sprout Seedling
Hypoglycemic
Adenosine found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Trigonelline found in Sprout Seedling
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Seed (22000 ppm)
Hypotensive
Adenosine found in Flower
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (2750 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (130000 ppm);found in Seed (26538 ppm);found in Fruit (130952 ppm)
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (35670 ppm);found in Fruit (40476 ppm);found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Flower (130000 ppm);found in Seed (26538 ppm);found in Fruit (130952 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Adenosine found in Flower
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (119 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (25 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (2750 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Flower (10100 ppm);found in Fruit (5238 ppm);found in Seed (12982 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Adenine found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cucurbitacin-d found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Mufa found in Flower (1855 ppm);found in Seed (153180 ppm);found in Fruit (1548 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Xanthophyll found in Flower
Insectiphile
Cucurbitacin-d found in Seed
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Insulinic
Adenosine found in Flower
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Irritant
Mufa found in Flower (1855 ppm);found in Seed (153180 ppm);found in Fruit (1548 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Juice (400 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Leaf
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Laxative
Adenosine found in Flower
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (130000 ppm);found in Seed (26538 ppm);found in Fruit (130952 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lipolytic
Adenosine found in Flower
Lipotropic
Lecithin found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (1310 ppm);found in Seed (7885 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Squalene found in Seed
Lithogenic
Adenine found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Flower (1030 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm);found in Seed (559 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (5360 ppm);found in Fruit (4405 ppm);found in Seed (64530 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (30710 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (2750 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Seed (17 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (3810 ppm);found in Seed (22845 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (5000 ppm);found in Seed (12235 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Trigonelline found in Sprout Seedling
Myocardiotonic
Adenine found in Flower
Myorelaxant
Adenosine found in Flower
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (81280 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Flower (1030 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm);found in Seed (559 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (5360 ppm);found in Fruit (4405 ppm);found in Seed (64530 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit (12143 ppm);found in Seed (41080 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Glycine found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Seed (39220 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm);found in Seed (101820 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Osmoregulator
Trigonelline found in Sprout Seedling
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Flower (10100 ppm);found in Fruit (5238 ppm);found in Seed (12982 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Oxidant
Alanine found in Fruit (3333 ppm);found in Seed (24420 ppm)
Histidine found in Fruit (1905 ppm);found in Seed (9615 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Adenosine found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PKC-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Flower (1855 ppm);found in Seed (153180 ppm);found in Fruit (1548 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Perfumery
Mufa found in Flower (1855 ppm);found in Seed (153180 ppm);found in Fruit (1548 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (30710 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Pesticide
Adenine found in Flower
Aluminum found in Seed (11 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cucurbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Cucurbitin found in Seed (66300 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Juice (400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (5360 ppm);found in Fruit (4405 ppm);found in Seed (64530 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Thiamin found in Flower (8.6 ppm);found in Seed (3.7 ppm);found in Fruit (5.9 ppm)
Tin found in Seed (23 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Sprout Seedling
Xanthophyll found in Flower
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Phytohormonal
Cucurbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (81280 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Sucrose found in Seed (14000 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Iron found in Flower (144 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (2750 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Fruit (238 ppm);found in Seed (260000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (825 ppm);found in Seed (234570 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (5360 ppm);found in Fruit (4405 ppm);found in Seed (64530 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (30710 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Sprout Seedling
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (2750 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Pyrogenic
Adenosine found in Flower
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lutein found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zeaxanthin found in Flower
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Juice (400 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Adenosine found in Flower
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit (12143 ppm);found in Seed (41080 ppm)
Schistosomicide
Cucurbitin found in Seed (66300 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (25 ppm)
Secretomotor
Adenosine found in Flower
Sedative
Adenosine found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (5360 ppm);found in Fruit (4405 ppm);found in Seed (64530 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Flower (1030 ppm);found in Fruit (714 ppm);found in Seed (1064 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (81280 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Squalene found in Seed
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (30710 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Sweetener
Mannitol found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Seed (14000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Flower
Taenicide
Tin found in Seed (23 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Gaba found in Seed
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (3810 ppm);found in Seed (22845 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Seed (14000 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1800 ppm);found in Seed (4630 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Flower (240 ppm);found in Fruit (114 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Lutein found in Flower
Neoxanthin found in Flower
Violaxanthin found in Flower
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (120 ppm);found in Seed
Salicylic-acid found in Seed
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Seed (14000 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Seed (39220 ppm)
Salicylates found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Fruit (1310 ppm);found in Seed (7885 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Fruit (1310 ppm);found in Seed (7885 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Juice (400 ppm)
Vasodilator
Adenine found in Flower
Adenosine found in Flower
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Flower (410 ppm);found in Seed (2750 ppm);found in Fruit (357 ppm)
Arginine found in Fruit (6429 ppm);found in Seed (81280 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (8041 ppm);found in Fruit (2500 ppm);found in Seed (2960 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (130000 ppm);found in Seed (26538 ppm);found in Fruit (130952 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Flower (4950 ppm);found in Seed (8500 ppm);found in Fruit (1429 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (142 ppm);found in Seed (22 ppm);found in Fruit (71 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (35670 ppm);found in Fruit (40476 ppm);found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vitamin-A-Activity
Beta-cryptoxanthin found in Flower
Cryptoxanthin found in Flower ;found in Seed
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (5773 ppm);found in Fruit (1071 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Sucrose found in Seed (14000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (200 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-cis-abscisic-acid Plant
(+)-dehydrovomifoliol Plant
Seed 0.5
(+)-trans-2-abscisic-acid Seed 0.05
(+)-trans-abscisic-acid Plant
(+)-vomifoliol Seed
1-o-feruloyl-beta-d-glucose Fruit
1-o-p-coumaroyl-beta-d-glucose Fruit
2,4-methylene-cholesterol Seed
2-carboxyarabinitol Leaf
22-dihydro-spinasterol Seed
22-dihydrobrassicasterol Seed
24-beta-ethyl-25(27)-dehydrolathosterol Seed
24-ethyl-5-alpha-cholesta-5,22-dien-3-beta-ol Seed
24-ethyl-5-alpha-cholesta-7,22,25-trien-3-beta-ol Seed
24-ethyl-5-alpha-cholesta-7,25-dien-3-beta-ol Seed
24-methyl-cholest-7-en-3-beta-ol Seed
24-methyl-lathosterol Seed
24alpha-ethyllathosterol Plant
25(27)-dehydro-chondrillasterol Seed
25(27)-dehydro-fungisterol Seed
25(27)-dehydro-poriferasterol Seed
5-alpha-stigmasta-7,25-dien-3-beta-ol Plant
7beta,12alpha-dihydroxykaurenolide Seed
9,10-dihydroxy-octadec-12-enoic-acid Seed 0.5
Abscisic-acid Seed 0.03
Adenine Flower
Adenosine Flower
Alanine Fruit 280 3,333
Seed 11,580 24,420
Alpha-amino-adipic-acid Flower
Alpha-amino-butyric-acid Flower
Alpha-keto-beta-methyl-butyric-acid Juice 100
Alpha-keto-beta-methyl-valerainic-acid Juice 180
Alpha-linolenic-acid Flower 20 410
Seed 1,810 2,750
Fruit 30 357
Alpha-spinasterol Flower
Seed
Alpha-spinasteryl-beta-d-glucoside Flower
Alpha-tocopherol Fruit 10 119
Leaf
Stem
Aluminum Seed 11
Apigenin-7-o-beta-d-glucosyl-6-c-glucoside Shoot
Arachidic-acid Seed 200 3,445
Arginine Fruit 370 6,429
Seed 40,330 81,280
Ascorbate-oxidase Fruit
Ascorbic-acid Flower 280 5,773
Fruit 90 1,071
Ash Flower 4,800 98,970
Seed 47,530 70,000
Fruit 7,500 95,238
Aspartic-acid Fruit 1,020 12,143
Seed 24,770 41,080
Auroxanthin Flower
Avenasterol Seed
Beta-amino-isobutyric-acid Flower
Beta-carotene Flower 12 240
Fruit 9.6 114
Seed 2 2.5
Beta-cryptoxanthin Flower
Beta-hydroxybutyric-acid Fruit
Beta-pyrazoalanine Seed
Beta-sitosterol Fruit 120
Seed
Beta-tocopherol Seed
Boron Fruit 1
Caffeic-acid Leaf
Calcium Flower 390 8,041
Fruit 210 2,500
Seed 240 2,960
Campesterol Seed
Carbohydrates Flower 32,800 676,290
Seed 60,000 191,341
Fruit 65,000 773,809
Chlorophyll-b Plant
Cholesterol Plant
Chondrillasterol Seed
Chromium Seed 17
Clerosterol Seed
Cobalt Seed 143
Codecarboxylase Plant
Codisterol Seed
Copper Seed 14 25
Cryptoxanthin Flower
Seed
Cucurbic-acid Plant
Seed 1.2
Cucurbic-acid-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Seed 7
Cucurbic-acid-3-o-beta-d-glucoside-methyl-ester Seed 1
Cucurbic-acid-glucoside Plant
Cucurbic-acid-methyl-ester Plant
Cucurbic-acid-methyl-ester-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Seed
Cucurbita-ribosomal-inactivating-protein(mw-30000) Seed
Cucurbitacin-d Seed
Cucurbitacin-i Seed
Cucurbitaxanthin Fruit
Cucurbitin Seed 16,600 66,300
Cucurbitol Seed
Cucuroic-acid-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Seed
Cystine Fruit 30 700
Seed 3,010 3,234
Dehydroascorbic-acid Seed
Delta-5-sterols Seed
Delta-7,22,25(27)-stigmastatrien-3-beta-ol Seed
Delta-7,22,25(27)-stigmastatrien-3-beta-ol-glycoside Seed
Delta-7,25(27)-stigmastadien-3-beta-ol Seed
Delta-7,25(27)-stigmastadien-3-beta-ol-gylcoside Seed
Delta-7-ergostenol Seed
Delta-8-sterols Seed
Delta-hydroxylysine Flower
Dl-citrullin Seed
Edestine Seed
Eicosadienoic-acid Seed 500 3,095
Ethyl-asparagine Seed
Fat Flower 700 14,430
Seed 300,000 520,000
Fruit 1,000 11,905
Ferulic-acid Plant
Fiber Flower 6,300 130,000
Seed 19,690 26,538
Fruit 11,000 130,952
Fixed-oil Seed
Flavoxanthin Flower
Juice
Gaba Seed
Gadoleic-acid Seed 2,740 6,055
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid Seed
Gamma-tocopherol Seed
Gibberellin-a-29 Seed 1
Gibberellin-a39 Plant
Seed
Gibberellin-a48 Plant
Seed 0.5
Gibberellin-a49 Plant
Seed 0.06
Glutamic-acid Fruit 1,840 35,000
Seed 43,150 101,820
Glutathione Root
Glutinol Flower
Glycine Fruit 270 8,000
Seed 17,960 39,220
Glyoxalic-acid Juice 200
Guanosine Sprout Seedling
Histidine Fruit 140 1,905
Seed 6,810 9,615
Hydroxybrenztrauben-acid Fruit
Iron Flower 7 144
Seed 86 200
Isofucosterol Seed
Isoleucine Fruit 310 3,690
Seed 12,640 19,825
Isorhamnetin-3-o-rutinoside-4'-o-rhamnoside Flower
Kaempferol Leaf
Kilocalories Flower 150 3,092
Fruit 220 3,095
Seed 2,730 5,980
Lauric-acid Flower 10 205
Fruit 10 119
Seed 440 472
Lecithin Seed 4,000
Leucine Fruit 460 5,476
Seed 20,790 35,835
Linoleic-acid Flower 20 410
Fruit 20 238
Seed 33,025 260,000
Lupeol Flower
Lutein Flower
Lysine Fruit 470 6,429
Seed 15,580 21,120
M-carboxyphenylalanine Seed
Magnesium Flower 240 4,950
Seed 5,140 8,500
Fruit 120 1,429
Manganese Seed 40 100
Mannitol Fruit 150,000 200,000
Methionine Fruit 110 1,310
Seed 5,195 7,885
Mufa Flower 90 1,855
Seed 142,580 153,180
Fruit 130 1,548
Mutatoxanthin Flower
Myristic-acid Flower 50 1,030
Fruit 60 714
Seed 200 559
Neoxanthin Flower
Niacin Flower 7 142
Seed 14 22
Fruit 6 71
Oleic-acid Flower 40 825
Seed 70,000 234,570
Fruit 60 714
Ornithine Flower
Oxalic-acid Juice 400
Oxycerotic-acid Seed
Oxycerotinic-acid Seed
Palmitic-acid Flower 260 5,360
Fruit 370 4,405
Seed 44,800 64,530
Palmitoleic-acid Flower 50 1,030
Fruit 60 714
Seed 990 1,064
Pectin Seed 30,000
Peponin Seed
Phenylalanine Fruit 300 3,810
Seed 12,220 22,845
Pheophytin-a Plant
Phospholipids Seed
Phosphorus Flower 490 10,100
Fruit 440 5,238
Seed 10,600 12,982
Phytic-acid Seed 15,000 22,000
Phytosterols Fruit 120 1,428
Plastocyanin Plant
Potassium Flower 1,730 35,670
Fruit 3,400 40,476
Seed 5,540 25,000
Proline Fruit 260 17,100
Seed 10,000 10,743
Protein Fruit 10,000 140,000
Seed 86,000 510,000
Proteinase-inhibitor Seed
Pufa Flower 40 825
Seed 209,040 224,581
Fruit 50 595
Quercetin Leaf
Rhamnazin-3-rutinoside Flower
Riboflavin Flower 0.7 15
Fruit 1.1 13.1
Seed 2.7 4.9
Salicylates Fruit 1 12
Salicylic-acid Seed
Schottenol Seed
Selenium Seed 0.08 0.4
Serine Fruit 440 6,100
Seed 11,480 19,825
Sfa Flower 360 7,425
Seed 86,740 93,180
Fruit 520 6,190
Silicon Seed
Sodium Flower 50 1,030
Seed 180 193
Fruit 10 119
Spinasterol Seed
Squalene Seed
Stearic-acid Flower 20 410
Seed 22,670 30,710
Fruit 30 357
Steroids Seed 10,000
Stigmast-7-enol Flower
Stigmast-7-enyl-d-glucoside Flower
Stigmasterol Seed
Sucrose Seed 14,000
Thiamin Flower 0.4 8.6
Seed 1.9 3.7
Fruit 0.5 5.9
Threonine Fruit 250 3,452
Seed 6,205 9,701
Tin Seed 23
Trigonelline Sprout Seedling
Tryptophan Fruit 120 1,800
Seed 4,310 4,630
Tyrosine Fruit 130 5,000
Seed 9,275 12,235
Urease Seed
Valine Fruit 350 4,165
Seed 19,720 22,725
Violaxanthin Flower
Vomifoliol Seed 0.16
Water Fruit 916,000
Seed 65,200 73,110
Xanthophyll Flower
Zeaxanthin Flower
Zinc Seed 75 200
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]