Coleus barbatus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
forskohlii
Coleus barbatus

Economic importance of Coleus barbatus

Environmental erosion control ornamental erosion control ornamental erosion control ornamental
Human food vegetable vegetable vegetable
Gene sources progenitor of hausa-potato progenitor of hausa-potato progenitor of hausa-potato
Medicines folklore folklore folklore

Gallery

Coleus barbatus Coleus barbatus Coleus barbatus Coleus barbatus Coleus barbatus Coleus barbatus Coleus barbatus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Rwanda; Zaire
    Cultivated
    • South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Yemen
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Thailand
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
ACTH-genic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Acaricide
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Adenylate-Cyclase-Activator
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Adrenergic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Stem Essent. Oil (63500 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11200 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11200 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (14000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (40100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (40100 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
Amebicide
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Analgesic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Anesthetic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (8100 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Stem Essent. Oil (63500 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antiallergic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Piperitone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (94300 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (94300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Dehydroabietane found in Root Essent. Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Stem Essent. Oil (63500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Stem Essent. Oil (63500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Antiedemic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2100 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Root Essent. Oil (14000 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-curcumene found in Root Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (40100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (40100 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Cuparene found in Root Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Antimalarial
Humulene found in Root Essent. Oil (17000 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Beta-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Antimitotic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Antioxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11200 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11200 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2100 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (8100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antiplaque
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Humulene found in Root Essent. Oil (17000 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Root Essent. Oil (14000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Antipyretic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (40100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (40100 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (40100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (40100 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (8100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (94300 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (94300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Stem Essent. Oil (63500 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antithrombotic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Antithyreotropic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-curcumene found in Root Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Alpha-humulene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (84800 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (84800 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antitussive
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Antiulcer
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Root Essent. Oil (14000 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (40100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (40100 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Candidistat
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Carminative
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Copaene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (30600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (30600 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Choleretic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Convulsant
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Counterirritant
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Stem Essent. Oil (63500 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Cytostatic
Dehydroabietane found in Root Essent. Oil
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Decongestant
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Deliriant
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (94300 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (94300 ppm)
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (94300 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (94300 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11200 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11200 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (94300 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (94300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (40100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (40100 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11200 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11200 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (8100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Piperitone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Fungicide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (94300 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (94300 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (40100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (40100 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Piperitone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm)
Hypotensive
Coleonol found in Leaf
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Alpha-curcumene found in Root Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Inotropic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (40100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (40100 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11200 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11200 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Piperitone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (94300 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (94300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (94300 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (94300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (40100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (40100 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Larvicide
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (94300 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (94300 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Lipolytic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (8100 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Osteoclastic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
P450-1A-Inducer
Alpha-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (14000 ppm)
P450-2B-Inducer
Alpha-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (14000 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Stem Essent. Oil (63500 ppm)
Pancreatonic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Perfume
Alpha-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (14000 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (84800 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (84800 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (94300 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (94300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (40100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (40100 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (8100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
Piperitone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Pesticide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (94300 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (94300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (40100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (40100 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11200 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11200 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Dehydroabietane found in Root Essent. Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Stem Essent. Oil (63500 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3800 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Piperitone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Rubefacient
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Secretogogue
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8100 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (8100 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Sialogogue
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (40100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (40100 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11200 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11200 ppm)
Spermicide
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Stem Essent. Oil (63500 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (11900 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66800 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (77000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (66800 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (40100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (54000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (40100 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Alpha-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (14000 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Beta-ionone found in Root Essent. Oil (64000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (24600 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (3900 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Vasodilator
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2900 ppm);found in Stem Essent. Oil (2900 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (42.9 ppm)
cAMP-genic
Forskolin found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Root (4400 ppm);found in Tuber (4630 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (500 ppm);found in Shoot (90 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-ferruginol Leaf
Stem 700
1,9-dideoxy-7-deacetyl-forskohlin Plant
1,9-dideoxycoleonol Root 80
1,9-dideoxyforskohlin Plant
1,9-dideoxyforskolin Root
Tissue Culture
1-acetoxy-coleosol Root 12
1-acetyl-forskolin Flower
1-alpha-6-beta-7-alpha-triacetyl-coleonol-b Flower
1-deoxyforskolin Root 10
16(r)-plectrinon-a Leaf 10.8
20-deoxocarnosol Stem 585
3beta-hydroxy-3-deoxybarbatusin Leaf 140
6-alpha-hydroxy-carnosol Stem
6-beta-7-beta-dihydroxy-8,13-epoxy-labd-14-en-11-one Root 24
6beta,7beta,9alpha-trihydroxy-8,13-epoxy-labd-14-en-11-one Plant
Root 26
6beta-hydroxy-8,13-epoxy-labd-14-en-11-one Plant
Root 20
6beta-hydroxy-carnosol Leaf
Plant
7-beta-acetoxy-1-alpha-6-beta-dihydroxy-8,13-epoxy-labd-14-en-11-one Root 56
7-beta-acetoxy-6-beta-hydroxy-8,13-epoxy-labd-14-en-11-one Root 90
7beta-acetoxy-6beta,9alpha-dihydroxy-8,13-epoxy-labd-14-en-11-one Plant
Root 130
8,13-epoxy-labd-14-en-11-one Plant
Root 26
9-alpha-hydroxy-8,13-epoxy-labd-14-en-11-one Root 18
9-deoxyforskohlin Plant
Acetyl-forskolin Tissue Culture
Allyl-royleanone Leaf
Alpha-copaene Root Essent. Oil 5,000
Alpha-curcumene Root Essent. Oil 13,000
Alpha-humulene Leaf Essent. Oil 84,800
Stem Essent. Oil 84,800
Alpha-ionone Root Essent. Oil 14,000
Alpha-phellandrene Leaf Essent. Oil 94,300
Stem Essent. Oil 94,300
Alpha-pinene Leaf Essent. Oil 66,800
Root Essent. Oil 77,000
Stem Essent. Oil 66,800
Alpha-terpinene Leaf Essent. Oil 4,000
Stem Essent. Oil 4,000
Alpha-terpineol Leaf Essent. Oil 1,000
Stem Essent. Oil 1,000
Alpha-terpinolene Leaf Essent. Oil 1,000
Stem Essent. Oil 1,000
Alpha-thujene Root Essent. Oil 3,000
Barbatusin Leaf 3,000
Plant
Barbatusol Leaf
Stem 1,500
Beta-bisabolene Root Essent. Oil 13,000
Beta-caryophyllene Leaf Essent. Oil 107,100
Stem Essent. Oil 107,100
Beta-elemene Root Essent. Oil 14,000
Beta-ionone Root Essent. Oil 64,000
Beta-phellandrene Root Essent. Oil 10,000
Beta-pinene Leaf Essent. Oil 40,100
Root Essent. Oil 54,000
Stem Essent. Oil 40,100
Borneol Leaf Essent. Oil 11,900
Stem Essent. Oil 11,900
Borneol-acetate Leaf Essent. Oil 4,300
Root Essent. Oil 200,000
Stem Essent. Oil 4,300
Caffeic-acid Root 42.9
Camphene Leaf Essent. Oil 11,200
Root Essent. Oil 64,000
Stem Essent. Oil 11,200
Camphor Leaf Essent. Oil 2,500
Stem Essent. Oil 2,500
Car-3-ene Leaf Essent. Oil 7,400
Stem Essent. Oil 7,400
Cariocal Stem 800
Carvacrol Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000
Stem Essent. Oil 2,000
Coleforsin Root
Coleforsine Root 500
Coleol Plant
Root 30
Coleon-e Leaf 516.7 2,100
Coleon-f Leaf 773.3
Coleon-o Leaf
Coleonol Leaf
Coleonol-b Flower
Tissue Culture
Root
Plant
Coleonol-c Root
Coleonol-d Root 7
Coleonolic-acid Root
Coleonols Tuber
Coleonone Root
Coleons Plant
Coleoside Root 28.6 42.8
Coleoside-b Root 71.4
Coleosol Plant
Root 70
Coleus-barbatus-seco-abientane-diterpene-1 Stem 60
Coleus-barbatus-seco-diterpene-2 Stem 10
Copaene Leaf Essent. Oil 30,600
Stem Essent. Oil 30,600
Crocetin-dialdehyde Root 20
Shoot
Cuparene Root Essent. Oil 16,000
Cyclobutatusin Leaf 80
Deacetyl-forskohlin Plant
Deacetyl-forskolin Flower
Root 51
Decan-3-one Root Essent. Oil 177,000
Dehydroabietane Root Essent. Oil
Delta-cadinene Stem Essent. Oil 63,500
Delta-selinene Root Essent. Oil 4,000
Deoxycoleonol Root
Forskolin Plant 500
Root 14 4,400
Tuber 4,630
Tissue Culture 500
Shoot 90
Gamma-curcumene Root Essent. Oil 50,000
Gamma-terpinene Leaf Essent. Oil 2,100
Stem Essent. Oil 2,100
Humulene Root Essent. Oil 17,000
Linalool Leaf Essent. Oil 3,900
Stem Essent. Oil 3,900
Linalyl-acetate Leaf Essent. Oil 8,100
Stem Essent. Oil 8,100
Manool-oxide Root Essent. Oil
Myrcene Leaf Essent. Oil 3,800
Root Essent. Oil 4,000
Stem Essent. Oil 3,800
Nonan-3-one Root Essent. Oil 6,000
P-cymene Leaf Essent. Oil 24,600
Stem Essent. Oil 24,600
Root Essent. Oil 2,000
Phytane Root Essent. Oil
Piperitone Leaf Essent. Oil 1,000
Plectrin Leaf 1,000
Plectrinon-b Leaf 2.5
Pristane Root Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 2,900
Stem Essent. Oil 2,900
Triacetyl-coleonol-b Tissue Culture
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]