Colchicum autumnale Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
autumn-crocus colchicum meadow-saffron

Colchicum autumnale, commonly known as autumn crocus, meadow saffron or naked lady, is a flower that resembles the true crocuses, but blooms in autumn. The name "naked lady" comes from the fact that the flowers emerge from the ground long after the leaves have died back. The species is commonly cultivated as an ornamental in temperate areas. Colchicum autumnale is the only species of its genus native to the United Kingdom, with notable populations under the stewardship of the County Wildlife Trusts. It also occurs across mainland Europe from Portugal to Ukraine, and is reportedly naturalized in Denmark, Sweden, European Russia, the Baltic States and New Zealand.

Colchicum autumnale

Medical use

Economic importance of Colchicum autumnale

Environmental ornamental
Medicines source of colchicine, colchicine amide, & demecolcine
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Colchicum autumnale Colchicum autumnale Colchicum autumnale Colchicum autumnale Colchicum autumnale Colchicum autumnale Colchicum autumnale Colchicum autumnale Colchicum autumnale Colchicum autumnale

Geografical distribution

  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Poland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Absorbent
Starch found in Tuber (210000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Analgesic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Anesthetic
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Tuber
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Tuber
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antiaggregant
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antiamyloidosic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antiarrhythmic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antiarthritic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antibacterial
Apigenin found in Tuber
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Anticirrhotic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antieczemic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antierythemic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antiflu
Colchamine found in Tuber
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Apigenin found in Tuber
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Demecolcine found in Plant
Antimalarial
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Antimeningitic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antimitotic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Demecolcine found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Tuber (210000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiotitic
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Antioxidant
Apigenin found in Tuber
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipericarditis
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antipodagric
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Demecolcine found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipolyserositic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antipsoriac
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipyretic
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antirheumatic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antisalmonella
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Antisarcomic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antistress
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antithrombocytopenic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Tuber
Antitrypanosomic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Antitubulin
2-demethylcolchicine found in Tuber
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Demecolcine found in Plant
Antitumor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Demecolcine found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antivasculitic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Antiviral
Apigenin found in Tuber
Colchamine found in Tuber
Antiwart
Chelidonic-acid found in Plant
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Tuber
CNS-Paralytic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Apigenin found in Tuber
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Cardioactive
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Choleretic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Comedolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Cytotoxic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Tuber
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Dermatitigenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Tuber
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Emetic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Tuber (210000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Expectorant
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
FLavor
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Fungicide
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Hepatoprotective
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Hypertensive
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Hypotensive
Apigenin found in Tuber
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Insectifuge
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Irritant
Chelidonic-acid found in Plant
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
MDR-Inhibitor
Demecolcine found in Plant
Marrow-Suppresant
Demecolcine found in Plant
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Tuber
Myorelaxant
Apigenin found in Tuber
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Neoplastic
Colchamine found in Tuber
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Tuber
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Tuber
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Pesticide
Apigenin found in Tuber
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Colchamine found in Tuber
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Poultice
Starch found in Tuber (210000 ppm)
Progestational
Apigenin found in Tuber
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Purgative
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Tuber
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Tuber
Respiradepressant
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Sedative
Apigenin found in Tuber
Sunscreen
Apigenin found in Tuber
Sympathomimetic
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Teratogenic
Colchamine found in Tuber
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Ulcerogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Uricosuric
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Colchicine found in Tuber (12300 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Tuber
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
Vasodilator
Apigenin found in Tuber
Vulnerary
Benzoic-acid found in Tuber
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Tuber

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]