Coffea arabica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Arabian coffee arabica coffee coffee coffeetree

Coffea arabica is a species of Coffea originally indigenous to the mountains of the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia. It is also known as the "coffee shrub of Arabia", "mountain coffee" or "arabica coffee". Coffea arabica is believed to be the first species of coffee to be cultivated, being grown in southwest Ethiopia for well over 1,000 years. It is said to produce better tasting coffee than the other major commercially grown coffee species, Coffea canephora, because robusta cherries contain twice as much caffeine as arabica. Caffeine itself has a bitter taste, making robusta more bitter. C. arabica contains less caffeine than any other commercially cultivated species of coffee. Wild plants grow to between 9 and 12 m tall, and have an open branching system; the leaves are opposite, simple elliptic-ovate to oblong, 6–12 cm long and 4–8 cm broad, glossy dark green. The flowers are white, 10–15 mm in diameter and grow in axillary clusters. The fruit is a drupe 10–15 mm in diameter, maturing bright red to purple and typically contains two seeds.

Coffea arabica

Medical use

Economic importance of Coffea arabica

Food additives flavoring
Human food beverage base
Gene sources primary genetic relative of arabica cofe
Materials beads tanin/dyestuf
Medicines folklore
Social stimulant

Gallery

Coffea arabica Coffea arabica Coffea arabica Coffea arabica Coffea arabica Coffea arabica Coffea arabica Coffea arabica Coffea arabica Coffea arabica Coffea arabica

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia ; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya
    Cultivated
    • Western Indian Ocean: Reunion
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (23680 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Acaricide
Eugenol found in Seed
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (154 ppm)
Addictive
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Adenosine-Antagonist
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Seed
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Plant
O-cresol found in Seed
P-cresol found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Allelopathic
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Seed
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Analeptic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Analgesic-Synergist
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Anesthetic
Eugenol found in Seed
Guaiacol found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm);found in Seed (244000 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
AntiAddisonian
Cysteine found in Seed
AntiCRP
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
AntiLyme
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed
AntiUTI
Mannose found in Seed
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiadhesive
Mannose found in Seed
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Seed
Antiaflatoxin
Scopoletin found in Seed
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed
Salicylates found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiaging
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (1032 ppm);found in Seed (31 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (23680 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (23680 ppm)
Antianemic
Adenine found in Seed
Iron found in Leaf (1032 ppm);found in Seed (31 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Seed
Antiapneic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antiapoptotic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Seed
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Seed
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Seed
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Seed
Cycloeucalenol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Guaiacol found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Squalene found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antibiotic
Cysteine found in Seed
Antibradyarrhythmic
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Seed
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Seed
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (1032 ppm);found in Seed (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Cysteine found in Seed
Methionine found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Anticellulitic
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (1032 ppm);found in Seed (31 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Seed
Antichoreic
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Seed
Anticolitic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Anticystitic
Mannose found in Seed
Anticytotoxic
Cysteine found in Seed
Antidandruff
Allantoin found in Leaf
Antidecubitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm);found in Seed (244000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Antieczemic
Guaiacol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Methionine found in Seed
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiemetic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Antiemphysemic
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiesophagitic
Guaiacol found in Seed
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Antifatigue
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (23680 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Antigallstone
Pectin found in Seed
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antigastritic
Pectin found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Antigingivitic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antigranulocytopenic
Adenine found in Seed
Antihangover
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Seed
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Lignoceric-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Seed (270 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Seed
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
Trigonelline found in Seed (13000 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm);found in Seed (244000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Antihypotensive
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Antiinflammatory
Allantoin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Cafestol found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (10 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed (270 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Seed
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Seed
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Seed
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antilithic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed
Pectin found in Seed
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (1032 ppm);found in Seed (31 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Seed
Antimigraine
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed (13000 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Seed
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Seed
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
N-nonacosane found in Seed
O-cresol found in Seed
P-cresol found in Seed
Pectin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antinarcotic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Seed
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (270 ppm)
Antiobesity
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm);found in Seed (244000 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Seed (270 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Cysteine found in Seed
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1816 ppm);found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Antioxidant
Allantoin found in Leaf
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed (120 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Cholesterol found in Seed
Cyanidin found in Plant
Cysteine found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed
Methionine found in Seed
Myristic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (23680 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Spermidine found in Seed
Spermine found in Seed
Squalene found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed (270 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Methionine found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antipeptic
Allantoin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antipoliomyelitic
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Seed
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Seed (940 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Allantoin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Salicylates found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antiradicular
Allantoin found in Leaf
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Seed
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Citrostadienol found in Seed
Antirhinitic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Eugenol found in Seed
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Seed
Antiseptic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Guaiacol found in Seed
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Seed
M-cresol found in Seed
O-cresol found in Seed
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (154 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-cresol found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Trigonelline found in Seed (13000 ppm)
Antiserotonergic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Seed
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Seed
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cycloeucalenol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antistress
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Seed
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Seed
Antituberculic
Guaiacol found in Seed
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Seed
Cysteine found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm);found in Seed (244000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Seed
Squalene found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Antitussive
Pectin found in Seed
Antiulcer
Allantoin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Cysteine found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm);found in Seed (244000 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Antiviral
Adenine found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed (270 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1816 ppm);found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Seed
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Arrhythmigenic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (270 ppm)
Arteriodilator
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Astringent
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Bacteristat
Isoeugenol found in Seed
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm);found in Seed (244000 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Seed
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (154 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Adenine found in Seed
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Cysteine found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm);found in Seed (244000 ppm)
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed
Lanosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Methionine found in Seed
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
O-cresol found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-cresol found in Seed
Pectin found in Seed
Riboflavin found in Leaf (2 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Squalene found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed (270 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Candidistat
Isoeugenol found in Seed
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Xanthine found in Seed
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Seed
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm);found in Seed (244000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Seed
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Carminative
Eugenol found in Seed
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Catabolic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Seed
Squalene found in Seed
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Seed
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Cholinergic
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Coronary-Dilator
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Seed
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Demulcent
Pectin found in Seed
Dermal
Guaiacol found in Seed
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Detoxicant
Cysteine found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Seed
Diuretic
Adenine found in Seed
Asparagine found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm);found in Seed (244000 ppm)
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Emetic
Guaiacol found in Seed
Methionine found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Energizer
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Seed
Epidermal-Stimulant
Trigonelline found in Seed (13000 ppm)
Ergotamine-Enhancer
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Essential
Methionine found in Seed
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (270 ppm)
Expectorant
Guaiacol found in Seed
FLavor
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Guaiacol found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
P-cresol found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (23680 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (154 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Fetotoxic
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Seed
Stachyose found in Seed
Fumigant
M-cresol found in Seed
Fungicide
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Fungistat
Isoeugenol found in Seed
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Glutathionergic
Cysteine found in Seed
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Seed
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Hemolytic
M-cresol found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (23680 ppm)
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Seed
Citric-acid found in Seed
Pectin found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (154 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Methionine found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Herbicide
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Cafestol found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (23680 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Seed (10 ppm)
Hypertensive
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Hyperuricemic
Adenine found in Seed
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed (120 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm);found in Seed (244000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Phytosterols found in Seed (940 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (270 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed (13000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Salicylates found in Seed (10 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed (13000 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm);found in Seed (244000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm);found in Seed (244000 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Immunostimulant
Allantoin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1816 ppm);found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Insecticide
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Insectifuge
Adenine found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Guaiacol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Guaiacol found in Seed
M-cresol found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (154 ppm)
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Keratolytic
Allantoin found in Leaf
Larvicide
Eugenol found in Seed
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm);found in Seed (244000 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Lipotropic
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Squalene found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Adenine found in Seed
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Seed
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (23680 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Lypolytic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Memorigenic
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Motor-Depressant
Eugenol found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed
Motor-Stimulant
Isoeugenol found in Seed
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Seed
Mutagenic
Trigonelline found in Seed (13000 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Seed
Myocardiotonic
Adenine found in Seed
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Myostimulant
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Natriuretic
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Nematicide
Eugenol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (23680 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Glutamic-acid found in Seed
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Seed
Ophthalmic-Antialkali
Cysteine found in Seed
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Osmoregulator
Trigonelline found in Seed (13000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1816 ppm);found in Seed (1900 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Seed (270 ppm)
PKC-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed
Parasiticide
M-cresol found in Seed
P-cresol found in Seed
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Seed (300 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
M-cresol found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Seed
Pesticide
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Adenine found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Plant
Cycloeucalenol found in Seed
Cysteine found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Guaiacol found in Seed
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed
M-cresol found in Seed
O-cresol found in Seed
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (154 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-cresol found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (23680 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Squalene found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed (13000 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Seed
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Seed
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cyanidin found in Plant
Iron found in Leaf (1032 ppm);found in Seed (31 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (23680 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed (13000 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Secretor
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Seed
Guaiacol found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
Pyrogenic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Seed
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (154 ppm)
Respiraparalytic
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Respirastimulant
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed
Rodenticide
M-cresol found in Seed
O-cresol found in Seed
P-cresol found in Seed
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (270 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (23680 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Stimulant
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Sunscreen
Allantoin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Squalene found in Seed
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Suppurative
Allantoin found in Leaf
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Tachycardic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Teratogenic
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Termiticide
Eugenol found in Seed
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Transdermal
Guaiacol found in Seed
Trichomonicide
Eugenol found in Seed
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Seed
Isoeugenol found in Seed
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Seed
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (530 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Uricosuric
Salicylates found in Seed (10 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Seed
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Seed
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (154 ppm)
Vasodilator
Adenine found in Seed
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (20406 ppm);found in Seed (1281 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm);found in Seed (244000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Seed (14 ppm)
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Seed
Vulnerary
Allantoin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (80000 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (90000 ppm)
cAMP-Inhibitor
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
cGMP-Inhibitor
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)
cGMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Seed (32000 ppm)
Theobromine found in Leaf ;found in Seed (20 ppm)
Theophylline found in Leaf ;found in Seed (5 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
10-o-methylcafestol Seed
2,3,5-trimethylphenol Seed
2-ethylphenol Seed
2-methoxy-4-ethylphenol Seed
24-methylene-cycloartenol Seed
24-methylenephenol Seed
3,4-dicaffeoyl-quinic-acid Seed
3,5-dicaffeoyl-quinic-acid Seed
4,5-dicaffeoyl-quinic-acid Seed
4-ethylphenol Seed
4-methoxy-4-vinylphenol Seed
5-avenasterol Seed
7-stigmasterol Seed
Acetaldehyde Seed
Adenine Seed
Allantoic-acid Leaf
Allantoin Leaf
Alpha-tocopherol Seed
Arabinogalactose Seed
Arabinose Seed
Arachidic-acid Seed
Ash Seed 37,400
Asparagine Seed
Aspartic-acid Seed
Atractyligenin Seed
Beta-carotene Leaf 20 25
Beta-sitosterol Seed 520 530
Beta-tocopherol Seed
Cafesterol Seed
Cafestol Seed 6,000
Caffeic-acid Fruit
Leaf
Caffeine Seed 600 32,000
Caffeol Seed
Caffeoyl-3-quinic-acid Seed
Caffetannic-acid Seed 84,600
Cahweol Seed
Calcium Leaf 19,000 20,406
Seed 1,200 1,281
Campestanol Seed
Campesterol Seed 110 120
Caprinic-acid Seed
Carbohydrates Leaf 666,000 712,000
Seed 600,000 728,000
Carnaubic-acid Seed
Cellulose Seed
Chlorogenic-acid Seed 50,000 80,000
Cholestanol Seed
Cholesterol Seed
Choline Seed 300
Citric-acid Seed
Citrostadienol Seed
Coffeasterol Seed
Cyanidin Plant
Cycloeucalenol Seed
Cysteine Seed
Cystine Seed
Daturic-acid Seed
Dextrins Seed 8,700
Dihydrolanasterol Seed
Dihydrositosterol Seed
Dimethyl-5-alpha-cholest-7-en-3-beta-ol Seed
Dimethyl-5-alpha-cholest-8-en-3-beta-ol Seed
Ent-16-kauren-19-ol Plant
Eo Seed 1,000 2,000
Eugenol Seed
Fat Leaf 55,000 59,000
Seed 74,000 170,000
Fiber Leaf 175,000 187,000
Seed 229,000 244,000
Fufuryl-alcohol Seed
Furfuraldehyde Seed
Galactan Seed
Galactomannan Seed
Gamma-sitosterol Seed
Gamma-tocopherol Seed
Glucogalactomannan Seed
Glutamic-acid Seed
Guaiacol Seed
Guanosine Seed
Hemicellulose Seed
Homocellulose Seed
Hydrogen-sulfide Seed
Hypoxanthine Seed
Iron Leaf 966 1,032
Seed 29 31
Isochlorogenic-acid Seed
Isoeugenol Seed
Kahweol Seed 3,000
L-asparagine Fruit
L-aspartic-acid Fruit
Lanosterol Seed
Lignoceric-acid Seed
Linoleic-acid Seed
Linolenic-acid Seed 33,300 72,000
M-cresol Seed
Mannan Seed
Mannose Seed
Methionine Seed
Methyl-1-5-alpha-stigmast-7-en-3-beta-ol Seed
Myristic-acid Seed
N-nonacosane Seed
Niacin Leaf 52 56
Seed 13 14
Nitrogen Seed 16,000 23,000
O-cresol Seed
O-xylenol Seed
Obtusifoliol Seed
Oleic-acid Seed 5,920 12,800
Oxalic-acid Fruit 154
P-coumaric-acid Plant
P-cresol Seed
P-xylenol Seed
Palmitic-acid Seed 23,680
Pectin Seed
Pentosane Seed
Pentosans Seed
Phosphorus Leaf 1,700 1,816
Seed 1,780 1,900
Phytate Seed 7 370
Phytosterols Seed 920 940
Polyamines Seed
Protein Leaf 99,000
Seed 98,700 140,000
Putrescine Seed
Raffinose Seed
Rhamnose Seed
Riboflavin Leaf 2
Seed 1
Saccharose Seed
Salicylates Seed 0 10
Scopoletin Seed
Sinapic-acid Plant
Spermidine Seed
Spermine Seed
Squalene Seed
Stachyose Seed
Stearic-acid Seed 5,920 12,800
Stigmasterol Seed 240 270
Sugar Seed 4,300
Tannic-acid Seed
Tannin Seed 90,000
Tetracosic-acid Seed
Theobromine Leaf
Seed 18 20
Theophylline Leaf
Seed 5
Thiamin Seed 2
Trigonelline Seed 3,000 13,000
Water Seed 60,000 100,000
Wax Seed 10,000 14,000
Xanthine Seed
Xylan Seed
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]