Cnicus benedictus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
blessed thistle
Cnicus benedictus

Medical use

Economic importance of Cnicus benedictus

Materials lipids
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Cnicus benedictus Cnicus benedictus Cnicus benedictus Cnicus benedictus Cnicus benedictus Cnicus benedictus Cnicus benedictus Cnicus benedictus Cnicus benedictus Cnicus benedictus Cnicus benedictus Cnicus benedictus Cnicus benedictus Cnicus benedictus Cnicus benedictus Cnicus benedictus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya
    Naturalized
    • Northern Africa: Morocco
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • China: China - Xinjiang
    Adventive
    • Caucasus: Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Queensland , Victoria
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia; Serbia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
    Naturalized
    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia
    Adventive
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany
    • East Europe: Russian Federation - European part
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, New Jersey, New York
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon, Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Utah
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Western South America: Ecuador - Chimborazo
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (186480 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Absorbent
Starch found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Acaricide
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citronellal found in Shoot
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Adrenergic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Astragalin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cosmosiin found in Shoot
Daucosterol found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Allergenic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot
Lignans found in Plant
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (186480 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (186480 ppm)
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (186480 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (26000 ppm);found in Plant (26000 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Plant
AntiEBV
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
AntiTNF
Arctigenin found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Tin found in Plant (25 ppm);found in Plant (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Plant (24 ppm);found in Plant (24 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (186480 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (186480 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Plant (24 ppm);found in Plant (24 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Potassium found in Plant (26000 ppm);found in Plant (26000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Silicon found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot
Cnicin found in Leaf (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Cosmosiin found in Shoot
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Tin found in Plant (25 ppm);found in Plant (25 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antibiotic
Cnicin found in Leaf (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Anticancer
Arctiin found in Seed
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Plant (24 ppm);found in Plant (24 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Plant (24 ppm);found in Plant (24 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticholinesterase
Fenchone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (26000 ppm);found in Plant (26000 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antienterococcic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Lignans found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (26000 ppm);found in Plant (26000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Cnicin found in Leaf (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Lithospermic-acid found in Fruit
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antigout
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Plant
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (26000 ppm);found in Plant (26000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Trachelogenin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Antiintegrase
Arctigenin found in Plant
Trachelogenin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Antiklebsiellic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antileukemic
Arctigenin found in Plant
Astragalin found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Daucosterol found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Trachelogenin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (186480 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Arctigenin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Trachelogenin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Plant (24 ppm);found in Plant (24 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Antimycotic
Lignans found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Alpha-amyrin-acetate found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (2700 ppm);found in Plant (2700 ppm)
Silicon found in Plant ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiotitic
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Antiototic
Manganese found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Arctigenin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Plant
Antipseudomonic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antischizophrenic
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Plant (85 ppm);found in Plant (85 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Apigenin-7-glycoside found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Daucosterol found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (26000 ppm);found in Plant (26000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citronellal found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Citronellal found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (26000 ppm);found in Plant (26000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Plant
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lithospermic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Plant
Antithyrotoxic
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antitopoisomerase-II
Arctigenin found in Plant
Trachelogenin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Arctigenin found in Plant
Artemisiifolin found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Cnicin found in Leaf (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Lignans found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Antiurease
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Plant (85 ppm);found in Plant (85 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Plant
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Antiviral
Arctigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Lignans found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (2700 ppm);found in Plant (2700 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (26000 ppm);found in Plant (26000 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Potassium found in Plant (26000 ppm);found in Plant (26000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Trachelogenin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Plant (85 ppm);found in Plant (85 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citronellal found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot
Cosmosiin found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Trachelogenin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Plant (3.8 ppm);found in Plant (3.8 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Potassium found in Plant (26000 ppm);found in Plant (26000 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Silicon found in Plant ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Plant (26000 ppm);found in Plant (26000 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Lignans found in Plant
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Catabolic
Rutin found in Plant
Cathartic
Lignans found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Choleretic
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (186480 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Chronotropic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Circulatory-Stimulant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Counterirritant
Fenchone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Cytostatic
Trachelogenin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Plant (200000 ppm);found in Plant (200000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Depressant
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Differentiator
Arctigenin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Diuretic
Arctiin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Potassium found in Plant (26000 ppm);found in Plant (26000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Embryotoxic
Citronellal found in Shoot
Emetic
Cnicin found in Leaf (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Plant (85 ppm);found in Plant (85 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Plant (3.8 ppm);found in Plant (3.8 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed
Expectorant
Astragalin found in Shoot
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
FLavor
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot
Fenchone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleic-acid found in Seed (186480 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Fungicide
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Arctigenin found in Plant
Trachelogenin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Herbicide
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot
Cnicin found in Leaf (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Histaminic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Plant (1220 ppm);found in Plant (1220 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Campesterol found in Plant
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Mucilage found in Plant (200000 ppm);found in Plant (200000 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (186480 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Daucosterol found in Shoot
Manganese found in Plant (2.1 ppm);found in Plant (2.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Astragalin found in Shoot
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Potassium found in Plant (26000 ppm);found in Plant (26000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Hypothermic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Immunomodulator
Arctigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Inotropic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Insecticide
Absinthin found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citronellal found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (186480 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Plant
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Insulinotonic
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Irritant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citronellal found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot
Cnicin found in Leaf (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot
Oleic-acid found in Seed (186480 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Juvabional
Rutin found in Plant
Larvicide
Absinthin found in Plant
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot
Larvistat
Rutin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lipolytic
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Plant (1.8 ppm);found in Plant (1.8 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Monoaminergic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Motor-Depressant
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Mutagenic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Narcotic
Arctiin found in Seed
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Nematicide
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin-7-glycoside found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Plant (2700 ppm);found in Plant (2700 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Plant
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (186480 ppm)
Perfumery
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot
Fenchone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleic-acid found in Seed (186480 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Plant (85 ppm);found in Plant (85 ppm)
Arctigenin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot
Cnicin found in Leaf (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (2.7 ppm)
Tin found in Plant (25 ppm);found in Plant (25 ppm)
Trachelogenin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Arctigenin found in Plant
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Poultice
Starch found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Iron found in Plant (24 ppm);found in Plant (24 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (65520 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (186480 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Protisticide
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Secretolytic
Fenchone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Sedative
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Sprout-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Taenicide
Tin found in Plant (25 ppm);found in Plant (25 ppm)
Teratogenic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot
Termiticide
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-Inhibitor
Trachelogenin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Toxic
Absinthin found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
Trypanocide
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Plant (133 ppm);found in Plant (133 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed (243 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (3.4 ppm);found in Plant (3.4 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (11200 ppm);found in Plant (11200 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Fiber found in Plant (98000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1770 ppm);found in Plant (1770 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (3.1 ppm);found in Plant (3.1 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (26000 ppm);found in Plant (26000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Vibriocide
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant ;found in Shoot

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Plant
2-acetylnortracheloside Plant
Absinthin Plant
Alpha-amyrenone Shoot
Alpha-amyrin Plant
Shoot
Alpha-amyrin-acetate Plant
Alpha-amyrine Plant
Aluminum Plant 85
Plant 11.3 85
Amyrenone Plant
Anabsinthin Plant
Apigenin-7-glycoside Plant
Arctigenin Plant
Arctiin Seed
Artemisifolin Plant
Artemisiifolin Plant
Ascorbic-acid Plant 30
Plant 4 30
Ash Plant 133,000
Seed 41,000
Plant 17,689 133,000
Astragalin Shoot
Benedictin Shoot
Benedictine Plant
Benedictinolide Shoot
Benzaldehyde Shoot
Benzoic-acid Plant
Beta-carotene Plant 133
Plant 18 133
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Seed 243
Caffeic-acid Plant
Calcium Plant 11,200
Plant 1,490 11,200
Campesterol Plant
Car-3-ene Shoot
Carbohydrates Plant 760,000
Plant 101,080 760,000
Ceryl-alcohol Plant
Chromium Plant 1.8
Plant 0.2 1.8
Cinnamaldehyde Flower
Plant
Shoot
Leaf
Citral Essential Oil
Shoot
Citronellal Shoot
Citronellol Shoot
Cnicin Leaf 100 18,000
Shoot 2,000 7,000
Plant 2,000 7,000
Cnicinolide Shoot
Cobalt Plant 3.8
Plant 0.5 3.8
Cosmosiin Shoot
Cuminaldehyde Shoot
Daucosterol Shoot
Docosan-1-ol Plant
Dodeca-1,11-dien-3,5,7,9-tetrayne Essential Oil 4,000
Eo Plant 3,000
Fat Plant 11,000
Plant 1,463 11,000
Seed 258,000 271,000
Fenchone Plant
Shoot
Ferulic-acid Plant
Shoot
Fiber Plant 98,000
Fiber(crude) Plant 98,000
Fiber(dietary) Plant 379,000
Germacranolide Plant
Iron Plant 3.2 24
Plant 24
Kaempferol-3-0-glucoside Plant
Kardollin-22 Plant
Kardollin-35 Plant
Kardollin-75 Plant
Kardollin-85 Plant
Kardollin-95 Plant
Kilocalories Plant 2,520
Labiatic-acid Plant
Lignans Plant
Linoleic-acid Seed 56,160 65,520
Lithospermic-acid Fruit
Luteolin Plant
Shoot
Luteolin-diglucoside Plant
Shoot
Magnesium Plant 1,770
Plant 235 1,770
Manganese Plant 0.3 2.1
Plant 2.1
Mucilage Plant 120,000 200,000
Plant 15,960 200,000
Multiflorenol Plant
Shoot
Multiflorenol-acetate Plant
Shoot
N-decane Shoot
N-dodecane Shoot
N-nonacosane Plant
Seed
Shoot 308
N-nonane Shoot
N-tridecane Shoot
N-undecane Shoot
Niacin Plant 0.4 3.1
Plant 3.1
Nicotinic-acid Leaf
Plant
Nortracheloside Fruit
Plant
Oleanolic-acid Plant
Shoot
Oleic-acid Seed 159,840 186,480
P-cymene Essential Oil
Shoot
Phenyl-ethyl-alcohol Shoot
Phenylpropanes Plant
Phosphorus Plant 359 2,700
Plant 2,700
Potassium Plant 26,000
Plant 3,458 26,000
Protein Plant 12,768 96,000
Seed 138,000 175,000
Plant 96,000
Riboflavin Plant 2.1
Plant 0.3 2.1
Rutin Plant
Salonitenolide Fruit
Plant
Shoot
Selenium Plant 0.5 3.4
Plant 3.4
Sesquiterpenes Plant 2,000 7,000
Silicon Plant
Plant
Sitosteryl-glycoside Plant
Sodium Plant 162 1,220
Plant 1,220
Starch Plant 10,640 80,000
Sterol Plant
Stigmasterol Plant
Shoot
Seed
Sugars Plant 15,960 120,000
Syringoside Leaf
Tannins Plant 80,000
Thiamin Plant 2.7
Thiamine Plant 0.4 2.7
Tin Plant 3.3 25
Plant 25
Trachelogenin Fruit
Plant
Tricec-1-ene-3,5,7,9-tetrayne Shoot
Tridec-1-ene-3-5-7-9-11-pentayne Shoot
Ursolic-acid Plant
Water Plant 867,000
Plant 867,000
Zinc Plant
Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]